The current Zika virus outbreaks have caused increasing alarm in countries across the world, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean. Recently, The World Health Organization (WHO) revealed that “based on research, there is scientific consensus that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrom” - intensifying even more its harmfulness and the need for preventive action.
- ZIKV continues to spread: 65 countries around the world report continuing mosquito-borne transmission; 40 of these countries are in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region.
- 22,446 cases of Zika virus disease in pregnant women were reported through laboratory-confirmed by RT-PC.
- Over 520,383 suspected/confirmed ZIKV cases in the LAC region as of 21 July 2016.
- 1,745 confirmed cases of microcephaly and other fetal malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection reported in Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, …
ZIKV continues to spread: 61 countries or territories around the world report continuing mosquito-borne transmission; 40 of these are in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region.
5 LAC countries have reported person-toperson ZIKV transmission, probably via a sexual route.
Over 454,976 suspected/confirmed ZIKV cases in the LAC region as of 24 June 2016.
Washington, DC, June 22, 2016 (PAHO/WHO)—The long-term outlook for the Americas resulting from the Zika virus outbreak is uncertain and the number of people affected is difficult to gauge, but the Pan American Health Organization is responding with a strong, four-tiered strategy to support its countries, according to Dr. Sylvain Aldighieri, PAHO's incident manager for Zika.
Summary: Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus predominately transmitted through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquitoes (A.aegypti and A.albopictus) - the same type of mosquitoes that spreads dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. The Zika virus is spreading rapidly and increasing scientific evidence is demonstrating the impact of the virus, especially on pregnant women and their infants is far greater than first reported.
Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) officially launched its new agricultural research and development indicators for Latin America and the Caribbean at a roundtable event at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) on Wednesday April 27.
Over 35 participants from 26 countries will be trained at the IAEA laboratories this month in the use of a nuclear-derived technique to quickly and accurately detect the Zika virus. The effort is part of the IAEA’s assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean in response to the Zika outbreak, which includes strengthening countries’ capacity to detect the virus and to control the mosquitos spreading the disease.
This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2,380,409 Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the National Societies in the Americas region to deliver assistance and support to 200,000 people through direct intervention and 1 million people through indirect community engagement, with a focus on health, water, sanitation, hygiene promotion and preparedness. This regional Emergency Appeal is launched on a preliminary basis pending further assessment and revision in the coming weeks.
13 million people were affected by disasters during 2015.
A study conducted by UNHCR points to violence and lack of protection by the authorities as reasons of why women are fleeing El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
El Niño in 2015 has been considered among the strongest since 1950 and several countries and regional institutions implement measures to address its negative effects.
PARAGUAY: Four people have died and 130,000 have been evacuated due to the heavy rains and flooding in recent days.
ARGENTINA: Two people died and 20,000 people were evacuated in three northeastern provinces of Argentina, due to the rising of the Parana and Uruguay rivers.
URUGUAY: 11,357 people have been displaced due to heavy rains and river flooding.
BRAZIL: The strong flow of the Uruguay River killed two people and forced about 9,000 people to evacuate in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul.
VOLCANIC ACTIVITY: Up to 500,000 people could be affected by an eruption of the Cotopaxi volcano. The Government of Ecuador declared a state of exception for its heightened activity.
FLOODS: Heavy rains caused rivers to over-flow affecting 2,326 people in Uruguay.
COLD WEATHER: More than 70,000 people are affected by cold weather in Bolivia.
EL NIÑO: The Government of Panama declared a 60-day state of emergency for effects of El Niño.