BMC International Health and Human Rights 2015, 15:9
The situation in South Sudan remains among the world's biggest humanitarian crises since the outbreak of civil war in December 2013.
Over 2 million people have fled their homes, including over half a million who have sought refuge in neighboring countries (70% of them are children). At the same time, the country hosts around a quarter of a million refugees, mainly from Sudan.
EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, who is visiting South Sudan, announces that the Commission is requesting new vital support in the amount of €50 million from the European Union for the victims of this humanitarian crisis.
"I have witnessed first-hand the immense suffering of the people of South Sudan. People who have been forced to leave their homes and desperately look for a safe place to live. People who lack the opportunity to earn a living. They have suffered enough!" said Commissioner Stylianides.
UNHCR distributed medicines and medical supplies to all refugee camps in South Sudan, which will suffice for the next six months.
There were 772 new arrivals at the Bentiu Protection of Civilians (POC) site, mostly women and children from Rubkkona and Mayom counties (Unity State) who said that they were fleeing inter-communal fighting and lacked food.
Switzerland - In 2013, there were about 198 million malaria cases in the world and an estimated 584,000 deaths from the disease. The countries endemic for malaria are also some of the poorest countries in the world. The burden of malaria on the poor, including migrants and displaced populations in these countries further fuels the cycle of poverty. IOM works with governments and partners, mostly in Africa and Asia, to ensure universal access to health care, including malaria prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment services among migrants and hard-to-reach populations.
Little rainfall expected over atypically dry areas of northern Ethiopia
Erratic, below-average rainfall in February and early March, followed by four consecutive weeks of little to no rainfall since mid-March has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia. The absence of mid-season rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities in Belg-producing areas of the country.
By JEFF OTIENO
What is normal rainfall?
•Above average rainfall, normal rainfall and below average rainfall are calculated using the long-term average rainfall of a particular ecological zone. The long-term average rainfall of a region is the mean rainfall amount for the past 30 years. It is calculated for both the long rains and short rains.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation has launched a project to stem post-harvest losses in Africa.
Mireille Totobesola, FAO project manager, said the $2.7 million project will give small grants of about $1,000 to smallholder farmers in Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burkina Faso to reduce food losses through the provision of modern storage facilities.
The funding will also support establishment of an online platform, where African governments can pick up some lessons and seek the help of experts who are available on a chatroom.
Leaders Gather in Jeddah for World Malaria Day; Call for Increased Investment to Save Lives & Advance Development Efforts
In early March 2015 the Ugandan army exhumed and returned to Uganda the remains of top LRA commander Okot Odhiambo. According to unofficial sources, DNA samples from the remains matched samples from known members of Odhiambo’s family living in Uganda. Believed to have been killed in a battle with Ugandan soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2013, Odhiambo’s remains were found after reliable testimony from former LRA combatants who recently defected.
Very poor rains across northern Ethiopia expected to negatively affect “Belg” season cropping activities.
Average to above-average rains continue across parts of Kenya, Tanzania, and southern Somalia.
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has more than 3,100 local staff and 340 international staff working in South Sudan, responding to a wide range of medical emergencies. MSF is also running programmes to provide healthcare to the South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries as part of its response to the humanitarian crisis.
The following is a Monthly Conflict Scan Report produced in Uganda by the USAID Supporting Access to Justice, Fostering Equity and Peace (SAFE) Program.
UNICEF and partners support over 144,455 South Sudanese refugees of which 87 per cent are women and children including 12,793 in Arua, 33,381 in Kiryandongo, 91,743 in Adjumani and 7,538 in Kampala.
A Polio house to house immunisation campaign was carried out amongst the refugees and host communities. According to the U-report Poll, 82% of respondents indicated that Polio vaccinators came to their home to vaccinate all the children under five years.
Launched in June 2005 by President George W. Bush, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) represented a major 5-year, $1.265 billion expansion of U.S. Government resources for malaria control. The Initiative is led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). PMI funds programs in 19 focus countries in Africa and one regional program in the Greater Mekong Subregion of Southeast Asia (see Appendix 1).
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
WFP requires USD45 million for the next six months to meet the needs of all refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
The rate of new arrivals has recently slowed in Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia but is subject to periodic spikes. However, renewed fighting in Upper Nile State has resulted in an increased number of refugees crossing into Sudan. About 5,000 people crossed into Sudan on 13 April alone.
Relocation of refugees to more appropriate sites is ongoing in Ethiopia and Sudan.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR OCTOBER 2015
South Sudan: IOM drills two temporary water points in Bentiu until the drilling of two boreholes by UNICEF is complete.
Kenya: Since the onset of the crisis, IOM has provided transportation assistance to a total of 24,026 refugees.
Sudan: Since the onset of the crisis, IOM has registered 67,404 refugees.
Over 50 Australian aid agencies are bracing for cuts to aid programs as the Treasurer brings the axe down on Australia’s aid budget, according to the Australian Council for International Development.
$1 billion is set to be slashed from Australia’s aid budget in the upcoming Federal Budget and aid agencies are preparing for the worst, said the ACFID Executive Director, Marc Purcell.
“For over 40 years, Australian Governments have supported the work of Australian aid agencies, alongside generous donations from the Australian public,” Mr Purcell said.