Highlights of GAO-16-819, a report to the Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate
Why GAO Did This Study?
This report by the Escola de Cultura de Pau (School for a Culture of Peace) and Centre Delàs d’Estudis per la Pau, with the support of the Catalan Agency for Development Cooperation, examines the situation affecting the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Although the intensity of the conflict has been gradually reduced over the past two decades, in the east of the country the instability and the situation of violence and remain active.
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
A large number of people in the Horn of Africa have grown up in the midst of armed conflict. They are never far from violence and danger. The abundance of weapons in the region and the constant influx of new arms play a large role in these conflicts. In the report 'Armed and insecure', PAX provides a unique overview of the manner in which armed conflict and the arms trade reinforce each other.
In early 2015, former LRA commander and International Criminal Court (ICC)-indictee Dominic Ongwen surrendered to security forces in the Central African Republic (CAR) and was later transferred to the custody of the ICC to await trial in The Hague, where he remains now that trial proceedings have begun.
5,304 people fled to Uganda from South Sudan on the 26rd and 27th September. The average rate of new arrivals from South Sudan for September is 2,829 per day, compared to 1,594 and 1,727 per day in August and July respectively.
Increasing cases of inter-ethnic hostilities are reported in the settlement, including between nationals and refugees. UNHCR, together with partner agency, are addressing such incidents.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
July 2016: In the month following an escalation of violence in South Sudan, 80,354 people have crossed into Uganda at a rate of approximately 2,592 people per day. Crossings are occurring at Elegu, Arua, Kyriandongo, Moyo and Lamwo.
It is often people’s immediate community that provides the first, last and perhaps best tactical response for many people affected by or under threat of displacement. In the 23 feature theme articles in this issue of FMR, authors from around the world – including authors who are themselves displaced – explore the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community.
FMR 53 also includes eight ‘general’ articles on other aspects of forced migration.
180.6 M required for 2016
79.6 M contributions received, representing 44% of requirements
101.0 M funding gap for the Burundi Situation
Average prices for maize grain reduced across Karamoja in August compared to July by 10% due to increased supply from farmers.
However, prices for both maize and sorghum were higher this year compared to August 2015 and the long-term average 2013-2015 signifying increasing costs of living.
Pastoralists benefited from the high goat prices during the month as Muslims prepared for Eid Al-Adha.
5,625 people fled to Uganda from South Sudan on the 23rd, 24th and 25th September. The average rate of new arrivals from South Sudan for September is 2,854 per day, compared to 1,594 and 1,727 per day in August and July respectively.
A new settlement areas has been opened in Adjumani district to accommodate new arrivals. Ajogo settlement is expected to have capacity to host up to 3,000 refugees. The capacity will be confirmed once site planning and demarcation of plots has been completed.
- 1.61 million internally displaced people (OCHA est.)
- 1,009,854 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR est.)
- 169,418 people seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS est.)
- 4.8 million people in emergency or crisis level food insecurity (IPC, May - July 2016)
- UNHAS cargo deliveries have exceeded pre-July crisis levels as agencies continue to scale up assistance to meet increased humanitarian needs.
- Average number of South Sudanese arriving per day in Uganda exceeds 3,000.
- Inflation levels …
Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.