On 26 Dec 2004, the fourth-largest earthquake in a century erupted underwater off the Indonesian province of Aceh, causing a tsunami that accelerate to speeds of more than 600 kilometres per hour and barreled one-fifth of the way around the earth. More than 228,000 people died in 14 countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia, and as far away as Africa; most were women – in some places three times the number of men – the elderly and children. The dead included citizens of 40 nations, and the damage totaled nearly US$10 billion. In all, nearly 2.5 million people were affected, losing their families, their homes, and their means of making even a meagre living. All these people already were vulnerable, with many of them chronically poor, subject to wide inequalities within their own societies, displacement, environmental issues from over fishing and deforestation, human rights violations, and longstanding armed conflicts. Households headed by women particularly were pushed deeper into poverty. When the tsunami was finished, it was the most destructive disaster of its kind in history. (Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project: The tsunami legacy - Innovation, breakthroughs and change)
Table of content
- Remembering the Indian Ocean tsunami
- Colombo hosts first regional legislative drafting workshop on International Humanitarian Law
- Health care in Detention: An interview with the Colombo delegation's detention doctor
- Discussing acts of terror and International Humanitarian Law
- 25 years later - A personal journey through the ICRC in Sri Lanka
- ICRC activities: Ocotober-December 2014
Food for the Hungry (FH) started working in Indonesia after the December 2004 tsunami that killed 283,000 people. We help people in devastated communities to rebuild their lives and their homes. In 2011, we began long-term development work in agriculture, education and income generation. Here are some of the areas in which we’ve been engaged:
During the past 10 years since the end of December 2004, we have been able to support living of more than 200,000 people by receiving about 620 million yens for emergency aid from Ajinomoto Co. Inc., the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kao Corporation, Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Insurance Inc. , Japan Platform, Japan Team of Young Human Power, Chabo!, Felissimo, Smile Heart Club of Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Co., Ltd. Management Organization for Postal Savings and Postal Life Insurance, Yomiuri Light and Humanity Association and many other individuals.
Displacement, whether due to conflict, natural disasters or development, not only directly and negatively affects those who are displaced, but also can have far-reaching effects on the culture and society as a whole. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of displacement, caused by both the civil war and the 2004 tsunami – on Sri Lanka’s dowry systems – and the subsequent consequences for women’s livelihoods, family life and social traditions.
Ten years have passed since the Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami of December 2004. With a view to gathering, learning and sharing from experiences of the 2004 earthquake and tsunami, and other disasters in the region that occurred between 1993 and 2013, the Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project (TGLLP) was created. The project sought to deliver three principle outcomes: a global lessons learned study, a Discovery Channel documentary tracking the recovery, and a disaster recovery toolkit for recovery practitioners.
Introduction and purpose of the study
On 26th of December 2004, an earthquake 240 kilometres off the coast of Indonesia triggered a massive Tsunami which devastated nearby coastal areas of South-east and South Asia and affected countries as far away as East Africa. In total, an estimated 230,000 people were killed and 1.8 million people were displaced and in Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and India there was widespread destruction of houses and livelihoods.
Purpose of the study 1
This update seeks to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better communicate with disaster-affected communities. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
Incidences of hydro-meteorological disasters increase significantly
Call for more early warning system following landslides in Banjarnegara
2,443 people (795) families remain displaced at IDP sites by Mt. Sinabung eruption
THE HUMEDICA AID MEASURES AFTER THE TSUNAMI 2004
by Lina Koch, 2014/12/26
It happened exactly ten years ago, on December 26th, when one of the strongest earthquakes ever measured in the Indian Ocean provoked a row of devastating tsunamis. What followed was one of the worst humanitarian catastrophes of the modern era: 230,000 people lost their lives in the floods, 110,000 were injured, 1.7 million inhabitants of the coastline were without any shelter. These numbers and facts seem unreal, in reality however, they have involved countless painful fates.
Key Note Message
Dear friends and colleagues,
It is a real delight to welcome and wish all our readers a Very Happy New Year 2015! The work of Sphere India as a coalition body has been able to effectively respond well to humanitarian crisis in the past 10 years through coordination and collaborative efforts of member agencies.
The government has announced the completion of all housing units constructed by the state for people made homeless in the 2004 tsunami disaster.
In a joint press conference held today by the housing and finance ministries, Minister for Housing and Infrastructure Dr Mohamed Muizzu declared that 298 housing units in four islands in Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll, and 41 housing units in Thaa Madifushi have now been completed.
B Sivakumar,TNN | Jan 9, 2015, 07.32 AM IST
The 2004 tsunami resulted in many voluntary organizations from across the globe setting up base in Tamil Nadu. But it also led to a proliferation of fraudulent non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the state. They made use of the enormity of the calamity to swindle funds. Quite a few of them had a religious tinge too. As money poured in from within the country and abroad, they went about buying costly sports utility vehicles and splurging on themselves. Many NGOs, for instance, functioned for months together out of star hotels.
On Boxing Day 2004 a devastating tsunami ripped through villages in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand, killing more than 230,000 people. Millions of people from Sumatra to Somalia lost their homes, possessions and means of making a living.
Laura Storr, from our communications team, shares her experience of meeting Vinashathamy, a fisherman from Navaledi in eastern Sri Lanka. In his community over half the population were killed by the devastating wave.
Vinashathamy and Ujini
By Jonathan Fowler
GENEVA, 2 January 2015 - The Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 was the springboard for an international accord on reducing disaster risks, the Hyogo Framework for Action, which was adopted just weeks later.
Now, commemorations of the tragedy’s anniversary have led to calls for similar momentum towards a successor agreement charting out the path to a resilient future, which will be on the table at the looming Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction which take place in March.
Jonatan A. Lassa and Goh Tian, Singapore | Opinion | Tue, December 30 2014, 10:28 AM
Great progress has been achieved in rebuilding the lives of farmers in Aceh 10 years after the catastrophic Indian Ocean tsunami. The hardest hit province is also a fertile learning ground for governments and organizations to develop necessary plans for agricultural restoration after a big disaster.
KALMUNAI, Sri Lanka, Dec 31 2014 (IPS) - About six months after a massive tsunami slammed the island nation of Sri Lanka on Dec. 26, 2004, large plumes of smoke could be frequently seen snaking skywards from the beach near the village of Sainathimaruthu, just east of Kalmunai town, about 300 km from the capital, Colombo.
A petrified population had devised a makeshift early-warning system that would alert their fellow villagers of any incoming tsunami – burning rubber tires on the sand by the sea.
26/12/2014 – Colombo, Sri Lanka: The Sri Lanka Red Cross Society today commemorated the tenth commemoration of the Indian Ocean Tsunami that swept across the island nation ten years ago, killing over 35,000 people and affecting over two million.
Work continues to help protect people in the event of another natural disaster.
In 2011, Islamic Relief and OCHA studied the potential of running a religious building-based disaster preparedness project. Preliminary Study on the Potential Role of the Mosque in disaster situation in Indonesia looked at the role of six mosques in West Sumatra and West Java.
HEAVY RAINS: Yellow alert in Uruguay for heavy storms. At least four deaths in the USA after a tornado hit Mississippi and Louisiana.
EARTHQUAKE: A 5.5 degree (Richter) earthquake occurred on Friday, December 26, in Panama causing no damage.
10 YEARS AFTER THE TSUNAMI IN INDONESIA: On the 10th anniversary of the tsunami that devastated Indonesia, the United Nations highlights the importance of disaster preparedness activities.
LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Alerta amarilla en Uruguay por fuerte temporal y, al menos, cuatro fallecidos en EEUU tras el paso de un tornado por Mississippi y Louisiana.
SISMO: Un sismo de 5.5 grados en la escala de Richter se registró el viernes, 26 de diciembre, en Panamá sin causar daños ni afectaciones.
10 AÑOS DE TSUNAMI EN INDONESIA: Naciones Unidas destaca la importancia de las actividades de preparación ante desastres cuando se cumplen 10 años del tsunami que arrasó Indonesia.