On 26 Dec 2004, the fourth-largest earthquake in a century erupted underwater off the Indonesian province of Aceh, causing a tsunami that accelerate to speeds of more than 600 kilometres per hour and barreled one-fifth of the way around the earth. More than 228,000 people died in 14 countries in Southeast Asia and South Asia, and as far away as Africa; most were women – in some places three times the number of men – the elderly and children. The dead included citizens of 40 nations, and the damage totaled nearly US$10 billion. In all, nearly 2.5 million people were affected, losing their families, their homes, and their means of making even a meagre living. All these people already were vulnerable, with many of them chronically poor, subject to wide inequalities within their own societies, displacement, environmental issues from over fishing and deforestation, human rights violations, and longstanding armed conflicts. Households headed by women particularly were pushed deeper into poverty. When the tsunami was finished, it was the most destructive disaster of its kind in history. (Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project: The tsunami legacy - Innovation, breakthroughs and change)
Jakarta, Indonesia, 24 Nov 2014 -- With the ten year anniversary of the devastating Indian Ocean Tsunami just weeks away, representatives from ASEAN member countries are assessing the lessons they’ve learned and action taken since then to increase the resilience of agricultural livelihoods to natural disasters.
Ten years ago, a tsunami inflicted devastation and enormous suffering on large parts of South-East Asia. GIZ supported the reconstruction process on behalf of the German Government and initiated many improvements.
PICHAVARAM, India, Nov 13 2014 (IPS) - When the Asian tsunami washed over several Indian Ocean Rim countries on Boxing Day 2004, it left a trail of destruction in its wake, including a death toll that touched 230,000.
Millions lost their jobs, food security and traditional livelihoods and many have spent the last decade trying to pick up the pieces of their lives. But for a small tribe in southern India, the tsunami didn’t bring devastation; instead, it brought hope.
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
Data on the 2004 tsunami found that women were more affected than men. It’s time to recognise gender in disaster response
Philippa Ross in Suva
Disasters triggered by climate change are not blind to gender and age. They affect men and women, the old and the young, very differently. Sex and age are some of the most powerful indicators of how individuals will experience a disaster: who survives and who dies. Despite this, we have worryingly little data on the issue.
Ten years after the strongest tsunami in living memory in 2004, 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim* will participate in a large scale simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 9 and 10 September to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. The goal is to measure the capacity and response times of the various stakeholders involved to address such rare but potentially destructive events.
By Malini Shankar
CAR NICOBAR, India, Sep 5 2014 (IPS) - When the 2004 Asian Tsunami lashed the coasts and island territories of India, one of the hardest hit areas were the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI), which lie due east of mainland India, at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
Remote and isolated, the tribal communities that occupy these idyllic isles have lived for centuries off the land, eschewing all forms of modern ‘development’ and sustaining themselves off the catch from the rich seas that surround them.
BANGKOK, 23 juillet 2014 (IRIN) - En préparation du Sommet mondial sur l'aide humanitaire, des gouvernements, universitaires, acteurs humanitaires, responsables militaires et activistes de toute la région Asie-Pacifique se réunissent à Tokyo aujourd'hui, le 23 juillet, pour tirer des enseignements de l'expertise de la région en matière de réponse aux crises humanitaires.
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 14 Jul 2014 07:00 GMT
Author: Alisa Tang
After disasters strike, communities sometimes have no choice but to build a new life in a new place.
By Malini Shankar
CAR NICOBAR, India, May 2 2014 (IPS) - While the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is sparing no effort to fill a rapidly widening sinkhole in Florida since Apr. 23, India’s Geological Survey has closed its field station in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands where sinkholes have sprung up all over as an aftermath of the 2004 Asian tsunami.
By Michael Klaus
BANDA ACEH, Indonesia, 4 March 2014 – Cut Adelia had not even been born when the Indian Ocean tsunami hit Aceh province in Indonesia’s far west. But to meet Cut Adelia is to catch a glimpse of the long-term outcomes of the massive relief effort that followed – after the tsunami devastated large parts of Aceh, including her home of Sabang island, on 26 December 2004.
The Asia and Pacific region is the world’s most disasterprone area. Between 1970 and 2010, the average number of people in the region exposed to yearly flooding increased from 30 million to 64 million, and the population living in cyclone-prone areas grew from 72 million to 121 million.
Women—with their extensive knowledge of communities, social roles of managing natural environmental resources, and caring responsibilities—increasingly play a critical role in disaster risk management. Empowering women is the key to strengthening disaster resilience of communities.
A lot more need to be known to reach HFA goals and far more needs to be done during HFA2 process.
The 2004 tsunami left destruction and misery in its wake. Nine years later the Indonesian coast has orphans as landowners and huge discrepencies in housing quality, but the one legacy of value was a lasting truce between warring factions
Read the full story on the Guardian.
QUEZON CITY, Jan 24 -- To gain more insights on how the disaster relief and recovery efforts were undertaken in the aftermath of the 2004 Aceh Tsunami in Indonesia, select officials and employees of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) held on Tuesday a video conference with key individuals in Indonesia who were part of the overall disaster response.
Experts consider the Aceh post-disaster relief and recovery operations as the biggest humanitarian effort and reconstruction project in developing countries to date.
President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom has said 427 families who survived the devastating 2004 tsunami still require permanent housing.
During a speech on the occasion of the National Unity Day – commemorating the impact of the tsunami – Yameen pledged to provide all families with housing in the next year.
“This government will provide housing for all those who were deprived of it with the tsunami, we will do it in 2014 according to the government’s manifesto” Yameen said.
Sri Lanka will commemorate today (26), the 9th anniversary of tsunami and the 7th anniversary of National Safety Day
The national event on the theme "Line up to eradicate Disasters".will be held at the Kalutara District Secretariat premises from 9 a.m. with Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne as the Chief Guest on the invitation of Disaster Management Minister Mahinda Amaraweera and Deputy Minister Dulip Wijesekara.