Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 May 2017. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) estimates that 10,074,699 people were living in regions that were exposed to wind speeds of 120 km/h or more, and that some districts near Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong were hit with gusts that topped 130 km/h.
There were at least six lives lost, as well as 136 people injured, according to the National Health Crisis Management Centre and Control Room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Government sources have estimated that approximately 52,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, leaving 260,000 people in possible need of shelter. In particular, Cox’s Bazaar district was heavily hit, with approximately 17,000 residences damaged. Housing for undocumented Myanmar nationals near Cox’s Bazaar was severely damaged. Rohingya refugees are currently without reliable shelter, food, and fuel. (UN RC, 31 May 2017)
An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA, which made landfall in Chittagong Division on 30 May...As of 3 June, 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing. Six Rohingya settlements in the area have reportedly been severely affected, with up to 70 per cent of shelters as well as latrines, clinics and other infrastructure damaged. Agencies working in Cox’s Bazar and other affected areas, are providing assistance in support of the Government response. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
The storm damaged all UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces in Cox's Bazar. These facilities had been supporting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities. According to UNICEF, children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation, as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods; as a result, children are often left unattended for long periods. This could increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks. (UNICEF, 20 Jun 2017)
In Myanmar, TC Mora affected the state of Rakhine, particularly Northern Rakhine. The estimate for total number of people affected by the cyclone in Myanmar is not yet available. However, initial results from Myanmar Red Cross Society rapid assessments, conducted 30 and 31 May, indicated that the storm impacted 12 of 17 townships in Rakhine State. The initial figures showed that 3,517 houses were partially damaged while 967 houses were completely damaged in Maungdaw township. 823 houses were damaged in Sittwe, Minbya and Rathedaung townships. A significant number of longhouses and other infrastructure, including latrines and temporary learning spaces, have been destroyed or severely damaged in existing IDP camps in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships. The most urgent needs identified are food, clean drinking water and other forms of basic assistance, including tarpaulins. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2017)
The Government of Myanmar and international and national humanitarian partners are conducting assessments and responding to needs following Tropical Cyclone MORA. As of 2 June, the Government reported that over 4,600 houses were destroyed and 11,700 houses damaged. The most severely affected areas are in the northern part of Rakhine State. In the IDP camps in central Rakhine State, hundreds of shelters, temporary learning spaces and latrines also suffered damage or collapsed due to the strong winds. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
As of 13 June, official estimates for the total number of people affected in Myanmar were not yet available. Complicating the issue are the decades of protracted tension and communal violence in Rakhine state, where the cyclone hit. Access to some areas, including by humanitarian organizations, remains constricted. Although authorities have allowed some organizations to conduct needs assessments in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, the data is still to be verified and a comprehensive assessment has not been conducted, according to the IFRC. As of 13 June, distribution of NFIs had not yet started in these townships; authorities continued to invoke security concerns to postpone access. (IFRC, 13 Jun 2017)
- IFRC: Bangladesh: Cyclone Mora - Emergency appeal n° MDRBD019
- IOM Bangladesh | Cyclone Mora Emergency Response (Jun-Dec 2017
16 year old Fatima lives with her husband, Usanama, and their baby in a makeshift shelter in Thae Chaung camp near Sittwe in Myanmar’s Rakhine State.
Almost 12,000 mostly Kaman Muslim people live in Thae Chaung in flimsy dirt-floored shacks made of tarpaulins stretched over bamboo.
These structures provided little protection when Cyclone Mora brought destructive winds and rain to Rakhine State at the end of May.
DHAKA – The Australian Government has announced additional support of AUD3.9 million to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to improve nutrition and build community resilience in Cox’s Bazar.
Undernutrition and food insecurity are at crisis levels in Cox’s Bazar and poverty is well above the national average. More than 30,000 people live in official refugee camps and more than one hundred thousand others are in makeshift camps or hosted in the community.
UNICEF requires US$20.7 million to implement its 2017-2018 Response Plan for Undocumented Myanmar National (UMN) children. For 2017, to address the needs of affected children and their families, UNICEF is seeking US$9.45 million.
National Natural Disaster Management Committee concluded its survey trip to the Cyclone Mora-affected areas in Rakhine State yesterday after reviewing aid supply, reconstruction of buildings and disaster awareness.
Representatives of five work committees under the National Natural Disaster Management Committee together with representatives of Rakhine state government yesterday visited camps for the internally displaced persons in Sittway.
National Natural Disaster Management Committee has visited Cyclone Mora-affected areas in Rakhine State, reviewing aid supply, reconstruction of buildings and disaster awareness. Representatives of five work committees under the National Natural Disaster Management Committee together with representatives of Rakhine state government launched the trip on 16 June and .inspected Sittway, Shwepya ward, Satyokya Middle School, Kyaytaw B ward and Satyonesu 1 IDP camp to look into the situation.
Singapore, 16 June 2017 - Singapore Red Cross (SRC) has committed a total of US$100,000 in relief supplies for people affected by Cyclone Mora in Bangladesh and Myanmar. SRC disaster responders are also on standby for possible deployment to the affected areas.
SRC has contributed US$50,000 to the Bangladesh Red Crescent to provide food, shelter, livelihoods, water, sanitation and hygiene for 50,000 affected people.
Facts & Figures
One of the most natural disasterprone countries in the world
The highest population density in the world: 1 237.51 persons/km2
The country hosts a large number of Rohingya refugees* coming from Myanmar
Francoise Jacob, Stefan Kohler
Are we creating the perfect conditions for a dramatic disaster to happen?
Torrential rainfall, extreme flooding and massive landslides have claimed more than 200 lives in Sri Lanka over the past few days. Property and livelihoods were destroyed or damaged, with devastating consequences for more than half a million people. Cyclone Mora formed while leaving the shores of the island.
By Raqibul Alam, IFRC
At least 140 people, most of them women and young children, have been reported dead after landslides triggered by days of severe rain swept down Chittagong Hills, just two weeks after Cyclone Mora battered the same region. An estimated 3.3 million people were affected by the cyclone, which damaged more than 50,000 houses in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar districts alone.
• Heavy rain in Bangladesh over the past few days have led to several landslides in the Chittagong Division.
• Local media, as of 14 June, reported that landslides have caused 142 deaths.
• In addition to mudslides, the rains caused severe flooding in low lying areas, causing significant damage to road and communication infrastructure. Remote communities in Bandarban, Chittagong and Rangamati districts have been cut off and remain without water, electricity, and food supplies.
Five philanthropic organizations teamed up and delivered aid to police families and people on 9th June affected by Cyclone Mora in northern Rakhine.
The group includes Shwe Latt Myar philanthropic group and Yarkkhita Swan Arr young philanthropic group.
The ceremony to hand over the aid to the people affected by Cyclone Mora was held in the meeting room of No.1 Border Police detachment in Maungtaw Township on 9 June.
This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,296,519 Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to 50,000 people for six months. The operation focuses on the following sectors: water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH); shelter; food security and livelihoods; disaster risk reduction (DRR) and National Society capacity building. The Appeal also reflects the allocation of 64,273 Swiss francs to support the IFRC’s role as convenor of the IASC Shelter Cluster.
Dhaka/Kuala Lumpur, 13 June 2017 – Southeast Bangladesh is reeling from the effects of the monsoon season as days of severe rains have triggered landslides in the Chittagong Hills, reportedly killing more than 40 people and leaving dozens missing.
BANGLADESH - The United Nations remains concerned about the safety and welfare of victims of Severe Cyclone Storm Mora, two days after it damaged homes and facilities across the southern part of Bangladesh.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
By Gurvinder Singh, IFRC
3 Makeshift settlements
2 Refugee Camps
Partners: IOM, ACF, UNHCR, UNICEF, Save the Children
• A total 9,300 households with severe shelter damage, and lacking the capacity to self-repair, are targeted for the first phase (4,000 targeted for Kutupalong, 1,500 for Balukhali, 2,300 for Leda, 1,500 for Shamlapur) of response for emergency shelter and NFI distribution in three makeshift settlements and Shamlapur.