Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017Ongoing
Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 May 2017. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) estimates that 10,074,699 people were living in regions that were exposed to wind speeds of 120 km/h or more, and that some districts near Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong were hit with gusts that topped 130 km/h.
There were at least six lives lost, as well as 136 people injured, according to the National Health Crisis Management Centre and Control Room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Government sources have estimated that approximately 52,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, leaving 260,000 people in possible need of shelter. In particular, Cox’s Bazaar district was heavily hit, with approximately 17,000 residences damaged. Housing for undocumented Myanmar nationals near Cox’s Bazaar was severely damaged. Rohingya refugees are currently without reliable shelter, food, and fuel. (UN RC, 31 May 2017)
An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA, which made landfall in Chittagong Division on 30 May...As of 3 June, 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing. Six Rohingya settlements in the area have reportedly been severely affected, with up to 70 per cent of shelters as well as latrines, clinics and other infrastructure damaged. Agencies working in Cox’s Bazar and other affected areas, are providing assistance in support of the Government response. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
The storm damaged all UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces in Cox's Bazar. These facilities had been supporting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities. According to UNICEF, children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation, as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods; as a result, children are often left unattended for long periods. This could increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks. (UNICEF, 20 Jun 2017)
According to data made available by the Government of Bangladesh, some 52,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed, leaving more than 200,000 people displaced. The worst-hit area is Cox’s Bazar district. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Myanmar, TC Mora affected the state of Rakhine, particularly Northern Rakhine. The estimate for total number of people affected by the cyclone in Myanmar is not yet available. However, initial results from Myanmar Red Cross Society rapid assessments, conducted 30 and 31 May, indicated that the storm impacted 12 of 17 townships in Rakhine State. The initial figures showed that 3,517 houses were partially damaged while 967 houses were completely damaged in Maungdaw township. 823 houses were damaged in Sittwe, Minbya and Rathedaung townships. A significant number of longhouses and other infrastructure, including latrines and temporary learning spaces, have been destroyed or severely damaged in existing IDP camps in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships. The most urgent needs identified are food, clean drinking water and other forms of basic assistance, including tarpaulins. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2017)
The Government of Myanmar and international and national humanitarian partners are conducting assessments and responding to needs following Tropical Cyclone MORA. As of 2 June, the Government reported that over 4,600 houses were destroyed and 11,700 houses damaged. The most severely affected areas are in the northern part of Rakhine State. In the IDP camps in central Rakhine State, hundreds of shelters, temporary learning spaces and latrines also suffered damage or collapsed due to the strong winds. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
As of 13 June, official estimates for the total number of people affected in Myanmar were not yet available. Complicating the issue are the decades of protracted tension and communal violence in Rakhine state, where the cyclone hit. Access to some areas, including by humanitarian organizations, remains constricted. Although authorities have allowed some organizations to conduct needs assessments in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, the data is still to be verified and a comprehensive assessment has not been conducted, according to the IFRC. As of 13 June, distribution of NFIs had not yet started in these townships; authorities continued to invoke security concerns to postpone access. (IFRC, 13 Jun 2017)
According to assessments, the cyclone damaged close to 50,000 structures in the northern part of Rakhine State, including more than 21,000 houses and shelters for internally displaced people and more than 26,000 sanitation facilities. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Maungdaw District, an inter-agency rapid damage and needs assessment conducted from 31 May to 6 June indicated that there are a total 21,504 houses that were damaged; the government’s assessment indicated that a total of 14,990 houses were damaged. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2017)
- IFRC: Bangladesh: Cyclone Mora - Emergency appeal revision n° MDRBD019
- IOM Bangladesh | Cyclone Mora Emergency Response (Jun-Dec 2017)
More than 9 million people already displaced globally in 2017
August 2017 (Geneva)
Conflict, violence and disasters have caused more than 9 million new internal displacements globally in the first half of 2017, according to new estimates released today by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
Of the 9.1 million new internal displacements, 4.6 million were caused by conflict, a figure which is already two-thirds of last year’s total. The countries with the highest new internal displacement by conflict are:
The Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) mobilises resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. It provides funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations for activities that are in line with the United Nations and Partners Humanitarian Response Plan. As of 10 August 2017, a total of US$ 3.1 million has been allocated, to 8 projects targeting 73,600 people in need in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan States.
By Melissa Winkler and Raqibul Alam, IFRC
Every year, monsoon rains cause the Jamuna River to overflow, flooding villages in Sirajganj, Bangladesh and damaging or destroying homes and livelihoods across the district.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 1,674,188 Swiss francs (increased from1,296,519 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to 80,000 people (increased from 50,000 people) for eight months.
On 30 May 2017, Cyclone Mora made landfall in Bangladesh’s coastal region at 6 AM. According to government sources, nearly 300,000 people were evacuated from a ected areas on the southern coast. Houses and property were extensively damaged in Cox’s Bazar. The ISCG launched initial rapid assessment in four makeshift settlements and host communities in the district.
Islamic Relief is building good quality shelters for over 3,400 people in Myanmar left homeless by a powerful and destructive storm in late May
Starting in Sri Lanka as torrential rains, then moving across to Bangladesh and Myanmar as a full-scale cyclone producing sustained winds of 65-70 miles per hour, Cyclone Mora left chaos and devastation in its wake.
Complementing Government of Bangladesh’s efforts, Humanitarian Partners are supporting the response in line with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) developed by the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) based on the related needs assessment prepared by the Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG). This report presents a synthesis of the main relief activities implemented in the month of July. Detailed cluster/sector responses can be requested to cluster/sector focal points indicated in the HRP.
As several parts of India face the fury of floods this year, it is worth examining what are reasons for India's high exposure to flooding and what can be done differently to mitigate the adverse impact of this recurrent catastrophe. There are many mitigation measures that can be adopted to reduce the debilitating impact of floods.
The WFP Bangladesh Country Strategic Plan came into effect as of 1 April 2017. It replaces both the Country Programme and the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation.
Cyclone storm Mora made landfall on 30 May in the south-eastern coastal regions of Bangladesh. 148,000 people in 6 Rohingya camps are in need of immediate direct humanitarian assistance. WFP is providing micronutrient fortified biscuits to 134,000 people in the most affected areas.
Monsoon-related flooding temporarily displaces at least 91,000 people
Tropical Cyclone Mora affects approximately 150,000 people in May
Insecurity in Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan drives sporadic displacement, limits humanitarian access
A. Situation analysis
Description of the crisis
Tropical cyclone (TC) Mora hit the coast of Bangladesh between Cox's Bazaar and the city of Chittagong on 30 May. The impact of the strong winds and heavy rains from the cyclone also caused damage to houses and IDP shelters in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, particularly in the northern areas of the state. States/regions of Chin, Ayeyarwady, Magway and Sagaing were also affected but with limited damages.
by Hassan Ahmadul, Climate Centre, Dhaka
The Chinese Red Cross has donated US$100,000 to the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to assist with its ongoing monsoon flood-relief operation in wetland haor areas of the country’s north-east region.
“Vast areas of Bangladesh have been suffering a series of floods since March [leading] to crop destruction and food shortages,” a BDRCS news report announcing the donation said last week.
Friday, 14 July 2017 00:30 GMT
The worst violence in the refugee camps since the Rohingya began fleeing Buddhist-majority Myanmar more than a quarter of a century ago
By Krishna N. Das
KUTUPALONG MAKESHIFT CAMP, Bangladesh, July 14 (Reuters) - As fellow Muslims were celebrating the end of Ramadan late in June, Noor Ankis and her neighbours buried her husband at the refugee camp in Bangladesh where he had lived for years.
The Humanitarian News Digest is a monthly compilation of links to reports, web stories, press releases, and other public products published online by organizations with humanitarian operations in Myanmar. The content and views expressed in these publications do not necessarily reflect the views of OCHA.
A. Situation Report
Natural Calamities like floods and landslides has affected the State of Manipur for past two month. The State was hit by Cyclone “ MORA’’ accompanied by heavy rainfall and windstorms on month of May, 2017 causing floods and landslides that led to huge damage to property, infrastructures, paddy field and loss of lives.
June 2017 extended the spell of “exceptional global warmth” that has now lasted since mid-2015, according to the latest analysis from the Europe Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting Copernicus Climate Change Service. Average surface air temperatures were the second hottest on record, after June 2016.
Dhaka/Yangon - 06 July 2017 – The European Union is providing € 1.5 million in humanitarian aid funding for emergency relief assistance to populations affected by Tropical Cyclone Mora, which ripped through parts of Bangladesh and Myanmar in late May. The aid will be targeted at the most vulnerable people in storm-struck localities of the two neighbouring countries.
Stateless Rohingya in Myanmar (Burma) continue to face systematic persecution that poses an existential threat to their community. Recent counter-insurgency operations and ongoing human rights violations against the Rohingya may amount to crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
On 30 May 2017, Cyclone Mora made landfall on Bangladesh’s coastal district of Cox’s Bazar. High winds, heavy rain and tidal surges triggered severe floods and landslides and immediately killed 7 people. 55,000 houses were destroyed and 3.3 million people were affected in Cox’s Bazar, Chittagong, Bandarban, and Rangmati districts. Two weeks after the landfall, torrential rains continued to batter the country, more landslides have killed an additional 144 people and injured over 700 people.