On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
OVERVIEW OF CRISIS
Magnitude of the cyclone
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, a category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March and then moved southward across central and south parts of the country while declining to a tropical depression before exiting the country on the morning of 10 March 2017.
Population and areas affected
(Antananarivo, 23 March 2017) – The United Nations and humanitarian partners are appealing for US$20 million to address the devastating consequences of Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar.
Cyclone Enawo struck the coast of Madagascar as a Category 4 cyclone on 7 March, causing extensive damage due to high winds and flooding in northeastern parts of the country. Between 8 and 10 March, the cyclone traced an arc nearly the length of the island nation, bringing heavy rainfall and flooding to central and southeastern areas.
Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.
Cyclone Enawo's impact on CBM projects in Madagascar
On 07 March 2017 cyclone ENAWO was hitting the North East of Madagascar, bringing winds and storms between 180-200 km/h, provoking flooding and damages in many regions on its passage for almost three days. The cyclone left 81 human fatalities, while 18 persons remained missing. 253 people were injured, and 433 612 displaced from their houses.
Le réseau routier à Madagascar est très limité. il pose généralement de nombreuses contraintes pour le transport de personnes et de marchandises dans certaines régions notamment celles affectées par le cyclone ENAWO. L'accès aux zones frappées par le cyclone reste difficile en raison des routes bloquées - par des arbres ou la montée des eaux - et des infrastructures endommagées, y compris les ponts et ferries, ce qui limite la capacité des organisations humanitaires à répondre aux besoins des populations affectées.
UNE VUE D'ENSEMBLE DE LA CRISE
Echelle et magnitude du cyclone
Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo, cyclone de catégorie 4 sur l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson, a touché terre dans la région de SAVA (Sambava-Andapa-Vohémar-Antalaha) au nord-est de Madagascar le 7 mars 2017, puis s’est déplacé en tant que dépression tropicale vers le sud en suivant la forme d’un arc traversant le centre et le sud du pays, avant de quitter le pays dans la matinée du 10 mars.
Population et zones affectées
• Tropical Cyclone Enawo affects approximately 434,000 people in Madagascar
• USAID assists cyclone-affected populations in Madagascar and Mozambique
• Food security conditions in Southern Africa likely to improve when April/May harvests begin
Good performance of the current growing season (Oct 2016 – April 2017) is critical for Southern Africa, after suffering from two consecutive droughts induced by a long lasting El Niño event which led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
As of 17 March, over 433,000 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar between 7-10 March.
Over 81 people have been killed, 253 wounded, and 247,000 displaced. Floods have damaged health facilities, leaving over 250,000 people without access to health services. An estimated 175,000 people do not have access to safe potable water, and water-borne diseases are on the rise.
On March 21, the Government of Japan decided to provide emergency relief goods (tents and plastic sheets) to the Republic of Madagascar, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in response to the serious damage caused by the recent cyclone.
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north-eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km/hour. On March 8, Enawo weakened to a moderate tropical storm and exited Madagascar on Friday 10 March 2017, after traversing nearly the length of the island over two days. Enawo affected communities across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions-approximately 34,377 people were affected.
This report is written following a very quick (3 hours) assessment one displacement sites and sites of origin in Antananarivo, on 15 March approximately one week after Cyclone Enawo.
Formé dans l'océan Indien, le cyclone Enawo (catégorie 4) a frappé le 7 mars 2017 les côtes nord-est de Madagascar, dans la région d'Antalaha, accompagné de pluies diluviennes et de vents soufflant en rafales jusqu'à 290 km/h.
Il a le lendemain touché Antananarivo, la capitale située en plein centre de l'île, avant d'être reclassé par les services météorologiques en "dépression tropicale" puis de quitter le territoire malgache.
This map illustrates satellite-detected flood waters extent and evolution between 10 and 08 March 2017 over Maroantsetra area, Analanjirofo region in Madagascar as detected by TerraSAR-X acquired on 10 and 08 March 2017 and Radarsat-2 image acquired on 04 May 2014.
CYCLONE ENAWO DISPLACEMENT - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION OF DISPLACEMENT: As of 17 March 2017 there were 6,334 displaced persons in 5 regions across Madagascar. In total there have been approximately 250,000 persons displaced since the onset of the disaster at the beginning of the month. DTM has identified 126 displacement sites in nine of the 15 affected regions.