As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
On 12 April, FAO-Haiti announced the spring season (January to March 2017) distribution of: 205 tonnes of agricultural seeds and 10.3 million tonnes of cassava cutting and sweet potatoes to 17,300 households or 86,500 persons; 21,500 farmers received 1,300 kg vegetable seeds and 6,500 of them received agricultural tools. Also announced were the March to June 2017 cash-for-work activities in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments. More than 2,000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3,670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) activities have started in the Department of Grande Anse in the communes of Corail, Pestel, Les Irois, and Anse D’Haineault. A total of 10,000 people are participating in activities aiming at rebuilding livelihoods of communities affected by Hurricane Matthew. WFP is working with 9 partners, among them UNDP and FAO, to ensure the projects benefits from complementary expertise and community knowledge. Participants will receive cash in exchange for their work to address their families’ immediate food needs. Additional FFA projects will start in June targeting 7,000 participants in Nippes and Artibonite. (WFP, 31 May 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
La sécurité alimentaire devrait s’améliorer avec les récoltes de printemps en juin/juillet
La sécurité alimentaire en Haiti devra s'améliorer dès juin/juillet avec les récoltes de printemps et la baisse des prix qui y est associées. Entre juillet et septembre 2017, le pays sera en insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC) et dans les zones affectées par l’ouragan Matthew, en Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC).
On this sunny Wednesday morning of June, some thirty people gathered in the church of the Savanne, Les Cayes city, on the occasion of a community workshop to raise awareness and discuss solutions to prevent violence against children. "Child protection is our responsibility. Each one of us has a key role to play in the community to prevent its members from being subject to violence, and to tackle violence", says the Chairman of the Protection Committee. Participants agreed with the president’s speech, punctuated by laughter and cries of young children playing near the place.
In October 2016, Jérémie, the chief town of the Grand'Anse department, was one of the most affected by Hurricane Matthew, with extreme on access to water because of destroyed infrastructures, mudflows and difficult sanitary conditions. This paved the way to a new cholera outbreak. The number of suspected cases doubled between September and October.
Fort des projets menés par sa filiale CA17 International ces dernières années, le groupe CACG s’investit dans le développement agricole en Haïti.
CA 17 International intervient dans le pays depuis 2013 auprès du Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Ressources Naturelles et du Développement Rural (MARNDR). Les actions misent en place par CA17 international en 4 ans ont bénéficié à plusieurs milliers de producteurs locaux à travers différents projets :
The humanitarian community mobilized to support the Government in the event of an emergency.
5.82 million people face acute food insecurity, of whom 2.35 million are in severe situation (IPC February - May 2017).
Eight months after Hurricane Matthew, affected people still live in precarious conditions, particularly in hard-to-reach areas.
En octobre 2016, Jérémie, chef-lieu du département de la Grand’Anse, a été une des localités les plus touchées par l’ouragan Matthew, dont les conséquences ont été particulièrement extrêmes sur l’accès à l’eau potable, entre infrastructures détruites, coulées de boue et conditions sanitaires difficiles. Cette situation a entraîné une recrudescence de choléra, avec un nombre de cas suspects multiplié par deux entre septembre et octobre.
En ce mercredi de juin, une trentaine de personnes se sont réunies dans l’église du quartier de Savanne, aux Cayes, à l’occasion d’un atelier communautaire de sensibilisation et d’échanges sur la prévention des violences subies par les enfants. « Nous sommes responsables de la protection des enfants. Chacun de nous a un rôle à jouer dans la communauté pour empêcher que ses membres ne subissent des violences, et pour lutter contre elles », exhorte Le président du Comité de protection.
Today’s global challenges continue to grow. We currently have five ongoing emergencies ranked at the highest level of operational complexity and urgency in Iraq, Nigeria, South Sudan, in the Syria region and Yemen. While the majority of these are conflict emergencies, the frequency of natural disasters is also on the rise – with Cyclone Winston hitting Fiji in February 2016 and Hurricane Matthew striking Haiti last October. The need to strengthen preparedness and resilience is becoming more and more critical.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti reste compliqué étant donné que le pays fait face à une suite de crises humanitaires encore aggravée par l'ouragan Matthew et qui a sévèrement affecté la situation humanitaire préexistante. En dépit de la réponse humanitaire immédiate fournie jusqu'à présent, les besoins humanitaires post-Ouragan Matthew persistent. L’ouragan qui a affecté plus de 2 millions de personnes a laissé 1.4 millions dans le besoin d’assistance humanitaire. Plus de 2.3 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire aigue sévère.
The humanitarian context in Haiti remains challenging as the country continually faces humanitarian crises such sudden onset natural disasters, droughts and return of migrants from the Domini can Republic. Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 severely worsened the pre-existing humanitarian situation, affecting more than 2 million people with 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Despite the immediate humanitarian response provided so far, the humanitarian needs post-Hurricane Matthew persist. More than 2.35 million people are experiencing severe acute food insecurity.
Blurb: When sexual and gender-based violence spiked in Haiti after Hurricane Matthew, MCC used donations to help its partner SOFA respond to the needs of survivors.
By Paul Shetler Fast
July 3, 2017
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — When people think of disasters, such as Hurricane Matthew that battered Haiti in the fall of 2016, the images that often come to mind are of flattened houses, destroyed infrastructure, fleeing families and hungry people. The suffering is clear and public.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2017 forecast at average level
Cereal imports anticipated to decline in 2017 marketing year
Cereal production in 2017 forecast at average level