As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
On 16 March, FAO announced that it had started the distribution of seeds and tools to the 39,000 targeted households in the departments of South, Grand’Anse and Nord-Ouest for the spring season. Cash-for-work will start next month for the rehabilitation of irrigated perimeters and watersheds, involving 3 267 households in the most affected areas by Hurricane Matthew. (FAO, 16 Mar 2017)
Este reporte ha sido elaborado desde la Oficina de la Coordinadora Residente del Sistema de Naciones Unidas en Cuba. Cubre el período de las 14:00 del 3 de marzo a las 14:00 del 16 de marzo (hora local). El siguiente reporte será emitido el 30 de marzo de 2017.
El huracán destruyó el 67 por ciento del patrimonio forestal de la provincia de Guantánamo, donde las plantaciones de cacao, coco y café, principales renglones económicos del territorio, sufrieron graves afectaciones.
This report is produced by the Office of the Resident Coordinator, United Nations System in Cuba. It covers the period from March 3, 14:00 to 14:00 to March 16 (local time). The next report will be issued on or around March 30, 2017.
The hurricane destroyed 67% of the forest heritage in the province of Guantanamo and the cocoa, coconut, and coffee plantations – main sources of livelihood in the region – suffered severe damages.
Cubadebate - Familias campesinas del oriente de Cuba agradecieron al Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) la entrega de recursos a fin contrarrestar los estragos que provocó el huracán Matthew.
Funcionarios del PNUD recorrieron localidades afectadas en Guantánamo, donde dialogaron con vecinos de la comunidad cafetalera de Lavadero y con autoridades del gobierno provincial y de los municipios de Maisí y San Antonio del Sur.