As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
On 12 April, FAO-Haiti announced the spring season (January to March 2017) distribution of: 205 tonnes of agricultural seeds and 10.3 million tonnes of cassava cutting and sweet potatoes to 17,300 households or 86,500 persons; 21,500 farmers received 1,300 kg vegetable seeds and 6,500 of them received agricultural tools. Also announced were the March to June 2017 cash-for-work activities in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments. More than 2,000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3,670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Human Rights Council adopts Universal Periodic Review outcome on Haiti
The humanitarian context in Haiti remains challenging as the country continue to be affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises further aggravated by Hurricane Matthew and which has severely impacted the pre-existing humanitarian situation. Despite immediate humanitarian response provided so far, post Hurricane Matthew’s humanitarian needs are still high with an estimated 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Additionally, 1.5 million vulnerable Haitians are currently food insecure and 280 K highly food insecure and in need of urgent food assistance.
Après un pic du nombre de cas suspects de choléra dans les départements du Sud et de la Grand Anse dans les deux mois suivant l'ouragan Matthew, le nombre de cas suspects de choléra a diminué drastiquement dans les deux départements au mois de décembre.
After a spike in the number of suspected cholera cases in the departments of Sud and Grand Anse in the two months following Hurricane Matthew, the number of suspected cases of cholera reduced drastically in both departments in the month of December. Meanwhile, there was a significant reduction in the number of suspected cases in the three departments where the incidence of cholera has been historically higher: Centre, Artibonite and Ouest.
BARACOA, Cuba, 17 mar 2017 (IPS) - Claros en los montes circundantes con árboles caídos, casas todavía techadas con lonas y obreros que arreglan daños en el empinado viaducto La Farola atestiguan el embate hace cuatro meses del huracán Matthew en la primera villa establecida por los conquistadores españoles en Cuba.
HAITI – Quand Matthew a frappé Haïti en octobre 2016, de nombreuses communautés ont été paralysées par les pluies diluviennes, les routes coupées et l’interruption du réseau téléphonique et du signal radio. En plus d’une assistance humanitaire, les populations affectées avaient besoin d’autre chose: un accès à des informations utiles et vérifiées.
Five months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operations and planning the transition to recovery programming.
The main component of the recovery projects will consist of Asset Creation activities in the departments of Grande-Anse and Nippes, in addition to the ongoing malnutrition prevention projects.
An IPC assessment conducted in February showed that due to the multiple crisis faced in 2016, out of Haiti’s ten departments, six are in IPC 3 Crisis and three in IPC 2 Stress.
1.55 million people food insecure of which 280 000 severely
2 out of 3 farmers have lost ¾ of their stocks
Food insecurity halved in the hardest-hit areas
USD 19.3 million still needed to support 700 000 people under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul district, Salahuddin governorate
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 43,000 new displacements between January and 5 March
P-au-P, le 16 mars 2017 [AlterPresse] --- Les ménages dans le Nord-Est, le Haut Artibonite (département de l’Artibonite), le Plateau central, le Sud-Est, le Sud, les Nippes et la Grande Anse (Sud-Ouest) font face à une détérioration considérable de leur pouvoir d’achat.
C’est ce qui ressort d’un document de la Coordination nationale de la sécurité alimentaire (Cnsa), valable jusqu’au mois de mai 2017 et consulté par l’agence en ligne AlterPresse.
Hospital will provide care to more than 50,000 vulnerable, underserved residents
CÔTES-DE-FER, HAITI, March 16, 2017 – CMMB – Healthier Lives Worldwide will open a new, state-of-the-art health center in Côtes-de-Fer in southeast Haiti, which will serve more than 50,000 community members who previously did not have access to quality healthcare. A dedication will take place on Monday, March 20th, 2017.
HAITI - When Hurricane Matthew ripped through Haiti in October 2016, many communities struggled to recover amid torrential rains, blocked routes and the interruption of radio stations and telephone networks. In addition to humanitarian assistance, people were desperate for something else: access to accurate, useful information.
De jeunes enfants, patients du centre de santé de Cavaillon, dans le département du Sud, observent les allées et venues des ouvriers, attirés par leurs gilets orange fluo. Dans la salle d'attente, les mamans patientent avec leurs jeunes enfants, et autour d’eux, le personnel s’affaire. Le centre reçoit plus d'une quarantaine de patients par jour.
Durante 2017 podrán tener nuevas viviendas unas 2,000 familias, de las más de 8,000 que perdieron totalmente sus casas por el impacto del huracán Matthew, indican reportes de la prensa local.
A la pérdida de los cafetos, se suma la destrucción de más de 150,000 posturas de café en los viveros que obligó a resembrarlas nuevamente para avanzar en la recuperación del principal cultivo de Maisí.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster.
Conseil des droits de l’homme
27 février-24 mars 2017
Point 10 de l’ordre du jour
Assistance technique et renforcement des capacités
Note du Secrétariat
L’Expert indépendant sur la situation des droits de l’homme en Haïti continue à considérer que la situation est complexe mais surmontable, à condition que tous les efforts pour y parvenir soient coordonnés dans une même direction.