As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
The Critical Needs Overview published on 5 November revised the initial Flash Appeal and increased the requirements to US$139 million. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2016)
As of 24 January, the total humanitarian funding covered 62% of the US$139 million required. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2017)
Written by Ellen Ward, IT Coordinator at Concern
Imagine the frustration that organizations face when they have the resources to respond to vulnerable communities, but lack the technology to navigate to them? Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, is one urban area with “off the map” locations that prevent humanitarian aid from reaching those in need. In September 2016, we embarked on a crowdsourced initiative to fill the gaps in digital maps.
During the three months of humanitarian response to hurricane Matthew, access and humanitarian presence have continued to improve and reach increasingly aected populations with life-saving assistance. Road network progressively opened and damaged road infrastructures were cleaned up. The security situation remained a challenge to humanitarian organizations as humanitarian convoys were regularly attacked and looted on the way. This has necessitated military escorts provided by MINUSTAH and PNH personnel to secure humanitarian operations.
More than 1,300,000 people have beneficiated of food distribution since 3 months on.
Additionnally, 520,687 people have been provided with safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
The security situation in Grand’Anse has deteriorated following the arrest of senator-elect Guy Philippe, on 05 January with many demonstrations and road blocks reported and affecting humanitarian operations which were either temporally suspended or limited
The preliminary results of a new Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) show that food security and availability in markets have improved in the communes affected by Matthew with the levels of inadequate food consumption decreasing in both Sud and Grand’Anse.
At the beginning of 2017, approximately 65 million people worldwide are displaced from their homes and 130 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of ongoing violence, conflict and natural disaster.
Ireland is responding to these people’s urgent needs through our humanitarian assistance programme, managed by Irish Aid.
ACTED, présente en Haïti auprès des populations les plus vulnérables depuis 2004, est mobilisée depuis le passage de l’ouragan Matthew sur le Sud et la Grand’Anse le 4 octobre 2016 pour fournir une aide humanitaire d’urgence aux populations touchées par la catastrophe.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
3.2 million total people affected (HNO)
2.7 million /# of people in need of humanitarian assistance, of which
1.1 million /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
40,462 suspected cholera cases and 429 fatalities since 1 January 2016 (MSPP SE50)
1,633 number of schools damaged by hurricane Matthew, per assessments conducted by UNICEF and Education sector actors and partners. MoE figures remain at 716.
2.1 million affected people, of which 894,000 are children.
1.4 million people require humanitarian assistance.
806,000 people severely food insecure.
En prévision de la réponse humanitaire post-ouragan Matthew, une équipe mixte de l’UNFPA et de la coordination du bureau départemental du MCFDF s’est rendue sur le terrain en vue de procéder à une évaluation rapide de la Violence Basée sur le Genre (VBG) du 12 au 16 Octobre 2016 dans les départements de les Nippes (Miragôane, Paillant, Petite Rivière de Nippes, Petit Trou de Nippes, Anse A Veau) et dans la Grande Anse (Jérémie, Abricot, Dame Marie).
L’ouragan Matthew de catégorie 4 sur l’échelle de gravité 5 de Saffir-Simpson est passé par l’ouest de l’île d’Hispaniola le 4 octobre 2016, laissant une grande partie du territoire d’Haïti, notamment la péninsule du Sud-Ouest, totalement dévastée.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, le 4 janvier 2017 – Près de trois mois après le passage de l'ouragan de catégorie 4 , l’UNICEF et ses partenaires continuent d’apporter une aide aux personnes affectées.
P-au-P, 5 jan. 2017 [AlterPresse] --- La fréquence des grèves dans les hôpitaux, la résurgence de nouveaux cas de choléra dans les zones touchées par l’ouragan Matthew et l’apparition de nouvelles maladies infectieuses comme le Zika ont eu un impact considérable sur le système sanitaire haïtien déjà bancal, observe AlterPresse.
Une grève des personnels de santé des hôpitaux publics, débutée en mars 2016 pour prendre fin en juillet 2016, a été reprise le 5 décembre 2016.
El fenómeno hidrometeorológico dañó 42 338 moradas, las cuales representan el 72 % del fondo habitacional de los cinco municipios azotados por el meteoro: Baracoa, Maisí, Imías, San Antonio del Sur y Yateras
GUANTÁNAMO.—El proceso de recuperación de los cuantiosos daños ocasionados por el huracán Matthew a la población, la economía y la infraestructura general de esta provincia, avanza a paso firme, sin pausa y ordenadamente.
A number of devastating earthquakes and powerful storms made 2016 the costliest twelve months for natural catastrophe losses in the last four years. Losses totalled US$ 175bn, a good two-thirds more than in the previous year, and very nearly as high as the figure for 2012 (US$ 180bn). The share of uninsured losses – the so-called protection or insurance gap – remained substantial at around 70%. Almost 30% of the losses, some US$ 50bn, were insured.
UNICEF teams were among the first to arrive in affected areas after hurricane Matthew.
For multimedia content click http://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFM2233
PORT-AU-PRINCE, 4 January 2017 – Almost three months after hurricane Matthew, UNICEF and its partners continue to deliver humanitarian aid to those most affected by the category 4 storm.