As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
On 16 March, FAO announced that it had started the distribution of seeds and tools to the 39,000 targeted households in the departments of South, Grand’Anse and Nord-Ouest for the spring season. Cash-for-work will start next month for the rehabilitation of irrigated perimeters and watersheds, involving 3 267 households in the most affected areas by Hurricane Matthew. (FAO, 16 Mar 2017)
APRÈS DEUX ANNÉES CONSÉCUTIVES DE SÉCHERESSE
LES ZONES LES PLUS PRODUCTIVES EN HAÏTI ONT ÉTÉ FRAPPÉES PAR UN OURAGAN DE NIVEAU LE 3-4 OCTOBRE 2016
61% DES MÉNAGES ONT ÉTÉ DIRECTEMENT TOUCHÉS
MATTHEW A CAUSÉ UNE RÉDUCTION SIGNIFICATIVE DES SOURCES DE REVENU
UNE GRANDE PARTIE DE LA POPULATION NE POURRAIT PAS SOUTENIR SON BIEN-ÊTRE D’ICI À JUIN 2017
PLUS DE 50% DES MENAGES ONT UNE CONSOMMATION ALIMENTAIRE INACCEPTABLE
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016 as a Category 4 hurricane, causing massive destruction mainly in the departments of Grand’Anse, Sud, Nippes, and Nord-Ouest and to a lesser extent in Sud-Ouest and Ouest departments.
The government reported 546 deaths and 439 injuries as a consequence of the hurricane. About 2.1 million people were affected, including 806,000 people in need of urgent food assistance.
Brussels, 7 February 2017
La Commission européenne renforce son aide à Haïti avec une contribution additionnelle de 35 millions d'euros pour l'année 2017, dont 16 millions d'euros en aide humanitaire et 19 millions d'euros comme soutien au développement.
Cette nouvelle aide vise à répondre aux conséquences du passage de l'ouragan Matthew en octobre dernier qui a dévasté Haïti et créé des besoins humanitaires et de développement très importants dans un pays déjà fragile.
Food security improves substantially in hurricane-affected areas, WFP reports
USAID/OFDA partners assist more than 15,000 displaced people to return home
USAID/OFDA provides additional $2.5 million for hurricane-affected families
Number of suspected cholera cases continues to decline
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
LE PLAN DE REPONSE HUMANITAIRE EN BREF
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 1
Renforcer la résilience des personnes affectées à travers une assistance vitale à temps, la protection, un meilleur accès aux services de base et à la restauration immédiate des moyens de subsistance.
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 2
Assurer une réponse rapide et effective (eau, hygiène et assainissement, santé) aux flambées de choléra et autres maladies d'origine hydrique.
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 3
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
Situation in Numbers
3,200,000 total people affected (OCHA-HNO)
1,100,000 /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
1,600,000 /# of adults in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA-HNO)
41,110 suspected cholera cases and 441 fatalities (MSPP – 1 Jan to 24 Dec 2016) of which approximately 50 children under five years old (UNICEF)
Más de 2,500 postes, 300 transformadores y 884 kilómetros de redes eléctricas en viviendas e instituciones públicas tuvieron que ser sustituidos para subsanar los daños ocasionados por el huracán.
Fueron afectados cerca de 300 centros educacionales en la provincia de Guantánamo, 25 de ellos fueron destruidos totalmente.
Tras el paso del huracán, se habilitaron aulas temporales en viviendas de 220 familias.
More than 2,500 electricity pylons, 300 power transformers and 884 kilometers of electricity grids were replaced in houses and public institutions to repair damages caused by the Hurricane.
More than 300 educational centers were affected in Guantánamo province, 25 were completely destroyed.
After the passing of the Hurricane, temporary school facilities were created in houses of 220 families.
In Baracoa municipality, the recovery phase has been delayed due to permanent rainfalls.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened and to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.
A minimum expenditure basket for recurrent Multi-Purpose Grant (MPG) transfers was recently agreed for piloting in Haiti. The MPG involves three sectors: Food Security, WASH and Shelter/NFIs.
WFP has established a hotline service to allow people affected by the hurricane to ask questions and provide feedback on assistance provided, including cash-based transfers.
Recent emergencies in Philippines, Nepal and Haiti show the value of sound construction
When a natural disaster hits an SOS Children’s Village, the ability of its infrastructure to resist the forces of nature is crucial to keep the children and staff safe. That no fatalities due to natural disaster have been reported in the history of the organisation is testimony to the construction standards it maintains.