As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
On 12 April, FAO-Haiti announced the spring season (January to March 2017) distribution of: 205 tonnes of agricultural seeds and 10.3 million tonnes of cassava cutting and sweet potatoes to 17,300 households or 86,500 persons; 21,500 farmers received 1,300 kg vegetable seeds and 6,500 of them received agricultural tools. Also announced were the March to June 2017 cash-for-work activities in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments. More than 2,000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3,670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) activities have started in the Department of Grande Anse in the communes of Corail, Pestel, Les Irois, and Anse D’Haineault. A total of 10,000 people are participating in activities aiming at rebuilding livelihoods of communities affected by Hurricane Matthew. WFP is working with 9 partners, among them UNDP and FAO, to ensure the projects benefits from complementary expertise and community knowledge. Participants will receive cash in exchange for their work to address their families’ immediate food needs. Additional FFA projects will start in June targeting 7,000 participants in Nippes and Artibonite. (WFP, 31 May 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
Port Salut – The Norwegian Ambassador, Ingrid Mollestad is visiting Southern Haiti to support green recovery and environmental rehabilitation efforts carried out by Haitian institutions with the support of UN Environment and International Labor Organization, in the wake of the devastating passage of Hurricane Matthew.
Este reporte ha sido elaborado desde la Oficina de la Coordinadora Residente del Sistema de Naciones Unidas en Cuba. Cubre el período de las 14:00 del 3 de marzo a las 14:00 del 16 de marzo (hora local). El siguiente reporte será emitido el 30 de marzo de 2017.
El huracán destruyó el 67 por ciento del patrimonio forestal de la provincia de Guantánamo, donde las plantaciones de cacao, coco y café, principales renglones económicos del territorio, sufrieron graves afectaciones.
This report is produced by the Office of the Resident Coordinator, United Nations System in Cuba. It covers the period from March 3, 14:00 to 14:00 to March 16 (local time). The next report will be issued on or around March 30, 2017.
The hurricane destroyed 67% of the forest heritage in the province of Guantanamo and the cocoa, coconut, and coffee plantations – main sources of livelihood in the region – suffered severe damages.
Cubadebate - Familias campesinas del oriente de Cuba agradecieron al Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) la entrega de recursos a fin contrarrestar los estragos que provocó el huracán Matthew.
Funcionarios del PNUD recorrieron localidades afectadas en Guantánamo, donde dialogaron con vecinos de la comunidad cafetalera de Lavadero y con autoridades del gobierno provincial y de los municipios de Maisí y San Antonio del Sur.