As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
On 16 March, FAO announced that it had started the distribution of seeds and tools to the 39,000 targeted households in the departments of South, Grand’Anse and Nord-Ouest for the spring season. Cash-for-work will start next month for the rehabilitation of irrigated perimeters and watersheds, involving 3 267 households in the most affected areas by Hurricane Matthew. (FAO, 16 Mar 2017)
To bring life-saving assistance to scattered people affected by Hurricane Matthew, humanitarian organizations have to navigate a complex access situation. The very diverse geography, patchy road network, uneven damage to infrastructure caused by the hurricane and sometimes unpredictable security situation have forced aid agencies to use a variety of means to deliver relief. Cut-off communities in hard-to-reach mountainous areas are proving the most difficult to assist.
2,7 milliards sur 3 ans pour le relèvement des départements affectés par le cyclone Mathieu
L´évaluation des besoins après le désastre par les autorités nationales et leurs partenaires internationaux identifie le logement et l´agriculture comme les secteurs prioritaires.
LA COMMISSION EUROPÉENNE, vu le traité sur le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne, vu le règlement (UE) 2015/322 du Conseil du 2 mars 2015 relatif à la mise en œuvre du 11e Fonds européen de développement1 , et notamment son article 9, paragraphe 3, vu le règlement (UE) 2015/323 du Conseil du 2 mars 2015 portant règlement financier applicable au 11e Fonds européen de développement2 , et notamment son article 26, considérant ce qui suit:
2.1 million affected people, of which 894,000 are children.
1.4 million people require humanitarian assistance.
806,000 people severely food insecure.
The overall security situation is calm and WFP operations continue without incident at the moment.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 2015 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund1 and in particular Article 9(3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/323 of 2 March 2015 on the financial regulation applicable to the 11th European Development Fund2 and in particular Article 26 thereof Whereas:
P-au-P, 14 févr. 2017 [AlterPresse] — Quatre mois après le passage de l’ouragan Matthew, les 3 et 4 octobre 2016, l’insécurité alimentaire frappe de plein fouet le département de la Grande Anse, selon les témoignages recueillis par AlterPresse.
« La vie devient amère en raison des difficultés économiques auxquelles nous faisons face », après le cyclone, se plaint Sanithe Comte, ancienne mairesse de la commune des Irois.