As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
On 12 April, FAO-Haiti announced the spring season (January to March 2017) distribution of: 205 tonnes of agricultural seeds and 10.3 million tonnes of cassava cutting and sweet potatoes to 17,300 households or 86,500 persons; 21,500 farmers received 1,300 kg vegetable seeds and 6,500 of them received agricultural tools. Also announced were the March to June 2017 cash-for-work activities in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments. More than 2,000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3,670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) activities have started in the Department of Grande Anse in the communes of Corail, Pestel, Les Irois, and Anse D’Haineault. A total of 10,000 people are participating in activities aiming at rebuilding livelihoods of communities affected by Hurricane Matthew. WFP is working with 9 partners, among them UNDP and FAO, to ensure the projects benefits from complementary expertise and community knowledge. Participants will receive cash in exchange for their work to address their families’ immediate food needs. Additional FFA projects will start in June targeting 7,000 participants in Nippes and Artibonite. (WFP, 31 May 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
Commissioner Neven Mimica announces further EU support to Haiti on an official visit to the country
During an official visit to Haiti after the appointment of a new Government, Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica announced a new EU aid package.
Visite du commissaire au développement Neven Mimica en Haïti: Lancement d'un projet de 4 millions d'euros pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire dans le Sud
Port-au-Prince, le 21 avril 2017. En présence du commissaire européen au développement,
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 900,000 people and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April.
The main components of the recovery projects will consist of malnutrition prevention activities for 27,000 children and 25,000 pregnant and nursing mothers, targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and Asset Creation activities targeting 100,000 people.
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP supports the strengthening of drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the use of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP continues strengthening the bean value-chain stakeholders through trainings, technical support and equipment.
An independent team is conducting an evaluation of WFP Cuba Country Programme.
by Marta López Fesser
Hurricane Matthew was the strongest recorded storm ever to hit the province of Guantanamo, Cuba. When a weather event of this scale unleashes its full force, protecting the life of each child is a huge challenge that requires meticulous preparation.
In the case of Cuba, careful disaster planning paid off. There was no loss of human life and material damage was kept to a minimum, allowing the affected communities to focus on recovery and to coordinate a rapid return to the classroom for all school students.
“The most important thing is to make sure people get information about what, when and where. That takes a way a lot of frustration”, says NORCAP protection expert, Helene Ruud. She recently finished her first mission to the World Food Programme, in Haiti.
Ruud was the first protection officer to work for WFP in the emergency response to hurricane Matthew in October last year. Her job was to look at protection issues in relation to food distributions to people affected by the hurricane.
By Robert Glasser, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, and Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization
A nightmare scenario for any community is to be taken by surprise in the middle of the night by a sudden disaster such as the mudslide that swept away hundreds of lives earlier this month in the Amazonian town of Mocoa in Putamayo, Colombia.
ACTED has been mobilised in the Sud and Grand’Anse departments since hurricane Matthew hit the region on 4 October 2016 to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations. In all sectors, needs reached high levels: Matthew caused terrible damages, casualties and losses, destroying houses, infrastructure and crops, and leaving 1.4 million Haitians in need of humanitarian assistance.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016 as a Category 4 hurricane, causing massive destruction mainly in the departments of Grand-Anse, Sud, Nippes, and Nord-Ouest and to a lesser extent in Sud-Ouest and Ouest departments. The government reported 546 deaths and 439 injuries because of the hurricane. About 2.1 million people were affected, including 806,000 people in need of urgent food assistance.
L'amélioration de la qualité des centres de traitement, l'augmentation du nombre d'équipes d'intervention rapide et la campagne de vaccination ont contribué au contrôle de la maladie vu dans les deux premiers mois de l'année. En Février 1 341 cas suspects ont été enregistrés, le plus faible chiffre mensuel depuis août 2014 (1 024 cas suspects). Les départements touchés par l’ouragan Matthew ont retourné aux tendances plus faibles observés avant la catastrophe avec 43 cas suspects dans la Grande Anse, 77 dans le Sud et 94 dans le Nippes.
The improvement in quality of treatment centers, the increase in the number of rapid response teams and the vaccination campaign contributed to the control of the disease seen in the first two months of the year. In February 1,341 suspected cases were registered, the lowest monthly figure since August 2014 (1,024 suspected cases). In southern departments hit by Hurricane Matthew the figures returned to the lower trends seen prior to the disaster with 43 suspected cases in Grand’Anse, 77 in Sud and 94 in Nippes.
La nación europea refrendó este jueves dos documentos que permitirán continuar trabajando en la recuperación de la provincia, afectada tras el paso de Matthew.
Rusia siempre está dispuesta a ayudar a sus amigos, expresó el embajador de esa nación europea en Cuba, Mikhail L. Kamynin, tras la firma de dos documentos que facilitarán la entrega de recursos destinados a la recuperación de la provincia de Guantánamo, afectada por el huracán Matthew.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Uncertain prospects for 2017 cereal production
Cereal imports forecast at high level for 2016/17 marketing year
Prices of cereals remain relatively unchanged in most markets in March, prices in south remain at high level
FAO’s Response to Hurricane Matthew
Uncertain prospects for 2017 cereal production
Thousands of Haitians who fled Hurricane Matthew are being forced to make way for deportees expected from Trump's USA. The Mexican border town of Tijuana is struggling with a humanitarian crisis, reports Clément Detry.
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
7920E SÉANCE – MATIN
Le Conseil de sécurité, qui s’apprête à proroger pour une dernière période de six mois le mandat de la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH), a pris acte ce matin des progrès accomplis par cette opération depuis son déploiement il y a 13 ans dans un pays qui vient d’achever avec succès un cycle électoral, sonnant ainsi « le retour à l’ordre constitutionnel ».