As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
On 16 March, FAO announced that it had started the distribution of seeds and tools to the 39,000 targeted households in the departments of South, Grand’Anse and Nord-Ouest for the spring season. Cash-for-work will start next month for the rehabilitation of irrigated perimeters and watersheds, involving 3 267 households in the most affected areas by Hurricane Matthew. (FAO, 16 Mar 2017)
The annual report is a global Food Security Cluster accountability product that must be read in conjunction with the evolving global humanitarian environment.
In 2014, the Joint FAO/WFP Evaluation of the Food Security Cluster Coordination was endorsed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Programme Committee and the World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Board, recommendations of which formed the backbone of the global Food Security Cluster (gFSC)
Strategic Plan 2015–2016.
Magnus Boding Hansen
Regular IRIN contributor based in Latin America
The church’s roof peeled off an hour before dawn, killing three of the villagers sheltering under it and forcing the rest into a flooded field where they sat hand-in-hand waiting for the hurricane to pass. The next morning, they took stock. Most people had lost their homes, livestock and all their crops.
6 March 2017 – There was a call today for urgent support to improve disaster risk management in Haiti following a damning investigation of the country’s losses from Hurricane Matthew six months ago.
The UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mr. Robert Glasser said: “Hurricane Matthew revealed disturbing truths about least developed countries which lack the capacity to respond adequately to climate change and the rising intensity and frequency of weather-related disasters.
When Hurricane Matthew hit Haiti on October 4, 2016 it left behind a balance of 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, including 806,000 people in urgent need of food assistance” according to the October 2016 EFSA”, thousands of houses, schools and health facilities damaged and thousands of families displaced.
Five months after the hurricane, humanitarian partners have managed to reach about 1 million people through food and NFI distributions, Water and Sanitation services, rehabilitation of schools and health structures, among others.
In the five months after Hurricane Matthew struck southwestern Haiti on 4 October 2016, humanitarian partners reached over 1,000,000 people with humanitarian assistance in the most affected regions of Grand’Anse, Sud and Nippes.
The emergency response is coming to an ending and the focus is shifting to early recovery in all of the sectors. It is essential to support on-going self-recovery efforts, including building back safer and strengthening the capacity of affected communities to face the coming hurricane season.