As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
On 12 April, FAO-Haiti announced the spring season (January to March 2017) distribution of: 205 tonnes of agricultural seeds and 10.3 million tonnes of cassava cutting and sweet potatoes to 17,300 households or 86,500 persons; 21,500 farmers received 1,300 kg vegetable seeds and 6,500 of them received agricultural tools. Also announced were the March to June 2017 cash-for-work activities in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments. More than 2,000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3,670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
Hurricane Matthew, an overview of comprehensive action during and after the emergency
Hurricane Matthew tested readiness levels of Caribbean countries’ health services and their staff, as well as the technical capacity of PAHO/WHO for mobilization and response.
The Category 5 hurricane put thousands of people at risk in Cuba, the Turks and Caicos Islands, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and the United States, and Colombia.
Ce rapport est produit par le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la Coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA) en Haïti en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires et couvre la période du 20 au 25 avril 2017.
Des pluies diluviennes sont tombées du jeudi 20 au lundi 24 avril sur les départements du Sud, du SudEst, de la Grand’Anse et des Nippes causant des inondations, des éboulements, et des glissements de terrain. Le département du Sud est le plus touché.
Cayes (Haïti), 24 avril 2017 [AlterPresse] --- Une nouvelle situation d’urgence environnementale prévaut dans le département du Sud d’Haïti, moins de 24 heures après les intempéries qui ont provoqué des inondations dans différentes communes, selon les informations rassemblées par l’agence en ligne AlterPresse.
2 morts, d’importants dégâts, pertes agricoles et dans le bétail : tel est un bilan provisoire de la situation dans la presqu’île du Sud, après plusieurs jours de pluies diluviennes.
Projected food assistance needs for October 2017
Bruxelles, le 21 avril 2017
M. Neven Mimica annonce l'apport d'un soutien supplémentaire en faveur d'Haïti à l'occasion d'une visite officielle dans le pays
Au cours d'une visite officielle en Haïti à la suite de la désignation d'un nouveau gouvernement, le commissaire chargé de la coopération internationale et du développement, M. Neven Mimica, a annoncé l'adoption d'un nouvel ensemble de mesures d'aide de l'UE.
Heavy rains in the South Department from 20 to 23 April have caused severe damages and affected areas that have not yet recovered from the passage of cyclone Matthew.
Commissioner Neven Mimica announces further EU support to Haiti on an official visit to the country
During an official visit to Haiti after the appointment of a new Government, Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica announced a new EU aid package.
Visite du commissaire au développement Neven Mimica en Haïti: Lancement d'un projet de 4 millions d'euros pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire dans le Sud
Port-au-Prince, le 21 avril 2017. En présence du commissaire européen au développement,
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 900,000 people and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April.
The main components of the recovery projects will consist of malnutrition prevention activities for 27,000 children and 25,000 pregnant and nursing mothers, targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and Asset Creation activities targeting 100,000 people.
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP supports the strengthening of drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the use of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP continues strengthening the bean value-chain stakeholders through trainings, technical support and equipment.
An independent team is conducting an evaluation of WFP Cuba Country Programme.
by Marta López Fesser
Hurricane Matthew was the strongest recorded storm ever to hit the province of Guantanamo, Cuba. When a weather event of this scale unleashes its full force, protecting the life of each child is a huge challenge that requires meticulous preparation.
In the case of Cuba, careful disaster planning paid off. There was no loss of human life and material damage was kept to a minimum, allowing the affected communities to focus on recovery and to coordinate a rapid return to the classroom for all school students.
“The most important thing is to make sure people get information about what, when and where. That takes a way a lot of frustration”, says NORCAP protection expert, Helene Ruud. She recently finished her first mission to the World Food Programme, in Haiti.
Ruud was the first protection officer to work for WFP in the emergency response to hurricane Matthew in October last year. Her job was to look at protection issues in relation to food distributions to people affected by the hurricane.
By Robert Glasser, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction, and Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization
A nightmare scenario for any community is to be taken by surprise in the middle of the night by a sudden disaster such as the mudslide that swept away hundreds of lives earlier this month in the Amazonian town of Mocoa in Putamayo, Colombia.
ACTED has been mobilised in the Sud and Grand’Anse departments since hurricane Matthew hit the region on 4 October 2016 to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations. In all sectors, needs reached high levels: Matthew caused terrible damages, casualties and losses, destroying houses, infrastructure and crops, and leaving 1.4 million Haitians in need of humanitarian assistance.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016 as a Category 4 hurricane, causing massive destruction mainly in the departments of Grand-Anse, Sud, Nippes, and Nord-Ouest and to a lesser extent in Sud-Ouest and Ouest departments. The government reported 546 deaths and 439 injuries because of the hurricane. About 2.1 million people were affected, including 806,000 people in need of urgent food assistance.
L'amélioration de la qualité des centres de traitement, l'augmentation du nombre d'équipes d'intervention rapide et la campagne de vaccination ont contribué au contrôle de la maladie vu dans les deux premiers mois de l'année. En Février 1 341 cas suspects ont été enregistrés, le plus faible chiffre mensuel depuis août 2014 (1 024 cas suspects). Les départements touchés par l’ouragan Matthew ont retourné aux tendances plus faibles observés avant la catastrophe avec 43 cas suspects dans la Grande Anse, 77 dans le Sud et 94 dans le Nippes.
The improvement in quality of treatment centers, the increase in the number of rapid response teams and the vaccination campaign contributed to the control of the disease seen in the first two months of the year. In February 1,341 suspected cases were registered, the lowest monthly figure since August 2014 (1,024 suspected cases). In southern departments hit by Hurricane Matthew the figures returned to the lower trends seen prior to the disaster with 43 suspected cases in Grand’Anse, 77 in Sud and 94 in Nippes.