On 15 May 2016, Sri Lanka was hit by a severe tropical storm that caused widespread flooding and landslides in 22 districts out 25 districts in the country, destroying homes and submerging entire villages. At least 104 people are known to have died following this disaster; 99 people are still missing, many as the result of a landslide in Aranayake, Kegalle District, which devastated three villages. An estimated 301,602 people have been affected by this disaster, including at least 21,484 people who remain displaced from their homes. (OCHA, 26 May 2016)
In Bangladesh, Cyclone Roanu made landfall on 21 May 2016, causing floods, landslides and submerging homes. Initial reports indicate at least 24 are deceased and up to half a million people have been affected. The death toll may increase as more information becomes available and emergency services reach more remote areas. Widespread rainfall totals of 150-300 mm are expected, raising significant concerns for life-threatening flooding and landslides. Some communities could be cut off by damaged or flood-ravaged roads and bridges. (ECHO, 22 May 2016). On 3 June, IFRC launched Emergency Appeal for 2,031,716 Swiss francs (CHF) to support 55,000 people. On 5 June, Humanitarian Coordination Task Team released Joint Response Plan which requests US$ 12 million to assist more than 432,000 vulnerable people in the severely affected areas.
In Myanmar, after passing Chin State and Sagaing Region from 21 to 22 May, Cyclone Roanu has finally dissipated. According to the Government Relief and Resettlement Department, so far there have been no reports of deaths or of any significant displacement caused by the rains or landslides. The Government deactivated its Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) in Nay Pyi Taw on the afternoon of 22 May. (OCHA, 22 May 2016)
At times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence increase. Reproductive health services—including prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth and emergency obstetric care—are often impacted and sometimes unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to unsafe sex leading to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and sexual exploitation. And many wom- en lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
An initiative in collaboration with Alwaleed Philanthropies and the Government of Sri Lanka to rebuild the lives of families affected by landslides
The South Asia region is prone to flooding, landslides, droughts and earthquakes, and faces a number of protracted conflicts and related internal and cross-border population displacement. By the end of March 2017, the refugee return crisis from Pakistan and Iran to Afghanistan – brought about by the obligatory or forced repatriation of Afghan refugees from both Pakistan and Iran to their country of origin – will affect an estimated 1.5 million people, 60 per cent of whom are children under 18.
17-19 May 2016: Cyclone Roanu originated from a low pressure area that formed south of Sri Lanka, and gradually drifted north towards the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha and intensified into a cyclonic storm. The BDRCS mobilized volunteers to provide immediate assistance, including evacuation services.
- Emergency response to the victims of cyclone Roanu, using the Government’s social safety net ‘Divineguma’ for cash-based transfers for the first time, successfully concluded.
- Lessons learnt workshop was conducted to pave the way forward for a joint potential agreement between the Government of Sri Lanka and WFP on implementing strengthened emergency response, using cash-based transfers through the Government’s safety net programme.
- Joint response plan of HCTT targeted 35,000 HHs to provide support in terms of emergency shelter and NFIs.
- People displaced by floods are staying on the nearest high ground to their houses. This includes roof tops, roads, and embankments as well as in flood shelters and schools.
- Over 250,000 houses have been damaged or completely destroyed.
- 16,770 houses have been washed away due to river erosion and over 65,000 houses/ homesteads have been damaged due to erosion.
The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and WFP signed a three-year agreement to roll out activities that improves food security, nutrition and resilience to climate-related shocks in nine disaster-prone districts of Sri Lanka.
WFP is monitoring the ongoing drought in Sri Lanka that has affected 216,000 families. The Meteorological Department has expressed its concern that there will be 50 percent less rainfall than expected.
Tropical storm Roanu made landfall in the southern coastal region of Bangladesh on 21 May 2016. Yasmin Begum and her family live near Chittagong city in a place called Laldiarchar. They have sought refuge in the nearby cyclone shelter at least eight times over the past decade.
WFP, together with UNICEF, is responding to significant monsoon flooding in the north-west of Bangladesh. Food Security, Nutrition and WASH assistance will be provided to 150,000 people following confirmation of funding from the United Kingdom. The joint response has been informed by a Multi-sector Rapid Needs Analysis undertaken in August. WFP will provide food assistance to 42,500 people in the four most affected districts with unconditional cash transfers for three months beginning in November.
The rainfall during monsoon season (June-September) over the country as a whole was 97% of its long period average (LPA).
Seasonal rainfalls over Northwest India, Central India, South Peninsula and Northeast India were 95%, 106%, 92% and 89% of respective LPA.
Jointly organized with the Bangladesh Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, an earthquake simulation brought together key emergency response agencies, including government officials, NGOs and United Nations agencies in Sylhet on 30 August. The simulation exercise is designed to improve logistical readiness in order to reduce the impact of a future urban disaster.
The WFP emergency operation (EMOP 200990) provided assistance to 6,651 households affected by Cyclone Roanu, while continuing to provide technical support in scaling up the Government’s social safety net scheme, Divineguma, for future use in emergencies.
Due to funding shortages, a distribution in the supply of Super Cereal Plus will force a suspension in the treatment of children aged 6-59 months who suffer moderate acute malnutrition
Facts & Figures
One of the most natural disasterprone countries in the world
One of the highest population density in the world: 1 237.51 persons/km2
The country hosts a large number of Rohingya refugees* coming from Myanmar Total EU* humanitarian aid to Bangladesh since 2007: €146 million including €11 million for 2016, out of which €2.7 million are for Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Preparedness and Resilience
This update is based on internal displacement figures made available to IDMC across 16 countries from January-August 2016. These figures will be updated and expanded upon regularly and can be accessed via IDMC’s Global Internal Displacement Database (GIDD) which can be viewed at http://www.internal-displacement.org/database.
COLOMBO, September 5, 2016—Sri Lanka and the World Bank today signed a US$42 million credit to protect people and infrastructure from climate-related risks and support the government in responding effectively to disasters.
This financing comes as additional financing for the ongoing Climate Resilience Improvement Project (CRIP) approved in April 2014, to scale up the repair and disaster proofing of irrigation and flood control infrastructure and road infrastructure which are damaged by recent extreme weather events
WFP and the Government of Sri Lanka signed a Letter of Understanding to provide food assistance to victims of Cyclone Roanu through cash-based transfers using the Devineguma Community Based Banking Network.
Current funding is sufficient to secure food for 18,968 victims of Cyclone Roanu.
WFP is preparing to assist 20,000 flood-affected people, in Southern Bangladesh, with cash transfers following the effects of Cyclone Roanu. A senior woman in each of the 4,000 participating households will receive 4,000 taka per month over the next two months (totalling USD 100) to replenish food and other necessities lost. The funding is provided by the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).