The monsoon depression over the northeast Bay of Bengal and adjoining Bangladesh coast intensified into a cyclonic storm named ‘Komen’ on 29 July 2015, threatening to cause further downpours in regions already affected by recent two-phased flash floods and landslides which started since end of June 2015. Since mid-July, IFRC has been monitoring the situation and working closely with BDRCS on necessary response. (IFRC, 11 Aug 2015)
Cyclone Komen also brought high winds and further heavy rain to several states and regions in Western and Northern Myanmar, with twelve regions and states affected by flooding. On 31 July, Myanmar’s President declared Chin and Rakhine states and the regions of Sagaing and Magwa, to be natural disaster zones. (IFRC, 4 Aug 2015)
Following landfall by the cyclone on the Bangladesh coast, heavy storms lashed India's West Bengal and Odisha on 1-2 August, exacerbating the situation in already flooded areas. (ACT Alliance, 4 Aug 2015)
Myanmar, and especially Rakhine State, is part of the most disaster-affected regions in the world in terms of frequency, scale, and severity, and is particularly negatively impacted by tropical cyclones and floods. In 2015, cyclone Komen made landfall in Northern Rakhine State, resulting in massive floods and landslides, exacerbating the monsoonal flooding. Coupled with overall underdevelopment, reoccurring conflicts, and low resilience, the population in Rakhine State is extremely vulnerable to changes in weather patterns and are often ill-prepared to withstand the impact of disasters.
South East Asia is particularly prone to natural disasters: a situation which is compounded by the fact that more than half the countries in the region are low or lower income. In addition, three countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar) are considered least developed.
119,876 people remain displaced across 36 camps/camp like settings as a result of two spates of violence/burning of houses in 2012. 20-25% decrease in IDP population in 2015 due to individual housing solutions.
Cyclone Komen and flooding in August 2015 resulted in severe damage to over 13,000 houses.
Violence/displacement in northern Rakhine State.
2012-2013: Emergency shelter response for 140,000 persons (see images above/top left & right).
- In Rakhine, 119,876 people remain displaced across 36 camps or camp-like settings. In Kachin/Northern Shan, over 97,500 IDPs are mostly dispersed over 150 camps or camp-like settings but around 10,000 with host families.
One year on from the devastating floods that struck the country, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support for their recovery from MRCS and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Out of that number, 58,000 people were covered through IFRC’s emergency appeal. An infographic of Red Cross milestones from July 2015 to September 2016 is provided on the next page.
H.E. Mr. Tateshi HIGUCHI, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar, and Chairpersons of the School Construction Committees concerned signed the grant contracts for five projects today. Under these contracts, Japan’s Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme will provide a total of US$ 719,857 as follows:
The Project for Construction of Nga Pyaw Taw Village Basic Education Primary School in Letpadan Township, Bago Region (US$ 101,071);
H.E. Mr. Tateshi HIGUCHI, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar, and Chairpersons of the various construction committees from the States and Regions concerned signed the grant contracts for four projects today. Under these contracts, Japan’s Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme will provide a total of US$532,304 as follows:
The Project for Construction of Kone Ma Hat Village Bridge in Bamaw Township, Kachin State (USD 121,957)
Posted by Global New Light of Myanmar Date: November 29, 2016
Displacement linked to climate change is not a future hypothetical – it’s a current reality.
As activities get underway in Marrakech at COP22, the 22nd Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, here are answers to some frequently asked questions about climate change and displacement.
By Mariana Palavra
Rakhine State in western Myanmar has seen years of ethnic tensions, causing death, displacement and loss of livelihoods. UNICEF and the NGO Community and Family Services International (CFSI) are working together to make sure that children and adolescents are shielded from the effects of inter-communal conflict, discrimination and poverty.
Myanmar/Burma has experienced internal conflicts for more than six decades, involving fighting between ethnic groups and the army in different locations throughout the country.
Inter-communal violence in Rakhine State has resulted in the displacement of over 140 000 people since 2012 and a de facto segregation between communities. Efforts to resettle displaced people are currently ongoing.
Melanie Hilton, Yee Mon Maung and Virginie Le Masson
This case study is one of four commissioned by BRACED to assess the links between resilience and gender in partners’ projects. It documents approaches used to promote gender equality within the BRACED Myanmar Alliance, as well as the latent challenges and opportunities in this process.
This update provides an overview of the progress made during nine months of the operation with focus on the latest three months considering that operations update no. 3 was an account of the first six month of operations.
B. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The European Union has been at the forefront of the international community's re-engagement with Myanmar as it has advanced in making remarkable reforms and opened up to the world. The European Union is firmly committed to support the country and its people on its path to democracy, peace and prosperity. Myanmar's successful democratisation and socio-economic development will further strengthen the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN), the EU's natural partner in South-East Asia.
Myanmar's democratic transition
Daw Thein Shwe’s house in Taung Ywar Ward appears to be leaning. The roof is patched together with tarpaulin and bamboo and slopes precariously over the single-storey structure. It looks unlikely to withstand a strong storm, let alone the impending monsoon rains. Reflecting on the torrential rains that struck the township of Buthidaung in July and August last year, Daw Thein Shwe expresses her desire to maintain the house. “I don’t know how the future weather conditions will be and so I want to improve the house,” she told FAO.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.