Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu as an extremely destructive category 5 cyclone on the evening of 13 Mar 2015, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving debris strewn across the capital. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2015)
The archipelago, consisting of more than 80 islands with a population of approximately 270,000 people, suffered widespread damage across all of its six provinces – Torba, Sanma, Penama, Malampa, Shefa, and Tafea. Tropical Cyclone Pam’s eye passed close to Efate Island in Shefa Province, where the capital Port Vila is located, with winds at around 250 km/hr and gusts peaking at 320 km/hr. A total of 166,600 people were estimated to have been affected by the cyclone – more than half the country’s population. Shefa and Tafea were the hardest hit provinces. In Erromango Island, up to 90 per cent of shelters were wiped out, whilst in Tanna Island 50 per cent of shelters were destroyed. Food stocks were also destroyed and water sources destroyed or contaminated. Estimates were that 95 per cent of crops were destroyed in the affected areas, leaving communities food insecure. (UNDAC, 4 Apr 2015)
The Prime Minister of Vanuatu and the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Vanuatu launched a humanitarian response Flash Appeal on 24 March...The Flash Appeal seeks US$29.9 million to ensure that initial support provided by the Government, donors and humanitarian partners can be sustained to cover the needs of affected people until 24 June 2015. (OCHA, 24 Mar 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian action plan: Tropical Cyclone Pam, 1 May 2015
- LogIK - Logistics Information About In-Kind Relief Aid
- SPC Cyclone Pam Spatial Data Resources
- - Collected by the ReliefWeb team
The following statement was formed at the Second Pacific Islands Climate Outlook Forum.
Who are the regional Pacific Food Security Cluster?
What do we do?
WHO: The Regional Pacific Food Security Cluster (rPFSC) is composed of a cluster support team, consisting of specialists in Cluster Coordination and Information Management.
The Regional Pacific Food Security Cluster is led at the global and regional level by FAO and WFP, two U.N. agencies with a mandate and expertise in the food security sector.
Tropical Cyclone Pam Recovery
Category-5 Tropical Cyclone Pam devastated Vanuatu in March 2015. Red Cross continues to work with communities in recovery.
Currently working in Paama, the Shepherd Islands, Tanna, Efate and Efate offshore islands, Red Cross focuses on the areas of shelter, WASH, livelihoods and DRR. Work is completed in partnership with the International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent, Australian Red Cross and French Red Cross. In August, the VRCS CEO,
Why this research?
A hail storm in Vanuatu's Shepherds group has destroyed seven houses.
Chief David Maripu of Tongamea village on Emae Islands said some of the destroyed thatch houses were built after last year's Cyclone Pam.
Read the story here.
The use of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) to provide humanitarian assistance so that people may access the goods and services they need before, during and following a crisis has been gaining momentum over the past decade.
Despite the considerable use of cash and vouchers by government and non-state actors in major emergencies in Asia, the use of CTP in humanitarian response in the South Pacific islands has been relatively small-scale, and limited to only a few countries.
There are reports from Vanuatu that some promises of aid after last year's Cyclone Pam have not yet been received by the government.
Read the story here.
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural disasters such as cyclones, floods, droughts and earthquakes. Pacific countries rank among the highest in the world in terms of numbers of casualties and people affected. The European Commission provides humanitarian assistance to the region both in terms of disaster preparedness and emergency relief when major disasters strike.
2015 was a year of transformation for the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC). The adoption of the ETC2020 Strategy in the first half of the year, radically expanding the vision, scope and approach of the cluster, set the network on a much more impactful, but challenging, trajectory. 2015 was characterised by the adoption and commenced implementation of ETC2020 as well as the most concurrent emergencies ever responded to; and the invaluable contributions of its members and partners without which, the ETC would not exist.
27SM Niue News: 2015 SPREP Annual Report is now launched
The SPREP Annual Report for 2015 is now available online having been presented at the 27th SPREP Meeting in Niue on Day one. The Report, available in both English and French outlines the activities and project implemented with members and partners in 2015 as the region strives to achieve the SPREP vision - a Pacific environment that sustains our livelihoods and natural heritage in harmony with our cultures.
Suva, Fiji: Rural and urban markets in Vanuatu are central to the livelihoods of the people especially the poorer households who depend heavily on the income they earn from their small scale market operations.
To reach the people we serve and assist partners, our supply chain operates a complex network of sourcing, contracting, storing and transporting food, goods and services. Our planning, logistics and procurement capacity is core to our success.
Shepard’s Islands, Vanuatu: The offshore islands of Efate extending to the Shepard’s have been part of the hardest hit islands during Tropical Cyclone Pam early last year, which caused much destruction on their livelihood.
While the people depend on sustainable farming to meet their basic needs, the islands are rich with marine resources that they also depend on for their daily income. Local fishermen pay for schools fees and their basic needs with the little income they earn from fishing.
Pacific island countries are working hard to address the escalating realities of climate change, including the impact on land, livelihoods, and on the food and water security of their most vulnerable communities. The need for accessible, predictable, adequate and appropriate financial support to meet the climate crisis is urgent and growing.
Type of system: Indago Multi-copter Microdrones by Lockheed Martin, 960L by Allign, Phantom 2 Vision+ by DJI and Fixed wing model UX-5 by Trimble
Deploying agency: World Bank
Piloting agency: Heliwest, Australia, and X-Craft, New Zealand, coordinated by UAViators
Dates of Deployment: 28 March to 12 April 2015
Authors: Patrick Meier, Denise Soesilo
A United Nations Development Programme-commissioned project to build a 500-metre-long seawall is underway on the Tuvalu atoll of Nukufetau.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
The development objective of the Infrastructure Reconstruction and Improvement Project for Vanuatu is to reconstruct and/or improve the disaster and climate resilience of selected public sector assets in provinces impacted by Tropical Cyclone (TC) Pam, and to provide immediate and effective response to an Eligible Crisis or Emergency.
Pacific women's voices crucial for disaster management.
The region is often hit by natural disasters with major cyclones devastating Vanuatu and Fiji in the past 18 months.
Aleta Miller of the UN Women's Fiji office says women are more affected than men in the aftermath and should be included in disaster management planning.
But she said aid agencies often cast women as victims first and risk ignoring what is truly needed.