Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu as an extremely destructive category 5 cyclone on the evening of 13 Mar 2015, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving debris strewn across the capital. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2015) As of 26 Mar, the storm had affected around 166,000 people on 22 islands who are in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Approximately 15,000 homes have been reported to be destroyed or damaged throughout the provinces of Penama, Malampa, Shefa and Tafea, and 75,000 are in need of emergency shelter. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2015)
Following severe inundation from storm surges and sea swells generated by TC Pam, the Government of Tuvalu declared a State of Emergency on 13 Mar. Seven islands have been affected. The worst affected were the northern islands of Nanumaga and Nanumea, and the central islands of Nui and Vaitupu. The main impacts are to shelter, infrastructure, food crops and livestock, and water and sanitation. The Kiribati Government reported severe damage in its three southern islands following high winds and sea surges from TC Pam, while in the Solomon Islands, there have been reports of inundation and damage to islands in Malaita and Temotu Province. IFRC estimates that more than 30,000 people are affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian action plan: Tropical Cyclone Pam, 1 May 2015
- LogIK - Logistics Information About In-Kind Relief Aid
- SPC Cyclone Pam Spatial Data Resources
- - Collected by the ReliefWeb team
Anote Tong, former President of the Republic of Kiribati
Climate change poses the most significant moral challenge to the global community and an existential threat to the future of many communities worldwide. With the projected rise in sea levels by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of up to one metre within the century, the most vulnerable coastal communities and low-lying island states — several of which are in Pacific — face the real possibility of their islands and communities being submerged well within the next hundred years.
A new report has spelt out the lessons learnt from Cyclone Pam, urging better warning systems and co-ordination between the Vanuatu government and community groups.
Read the full story here.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
World Bank funds further work on infrastructure damaged by Tropical Cyclone Pam
WASHINGTON, June 17, 2016 – The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved US$50 million to fund further reconstruction and improvements to Vanuatu’s roads, schools and public buildings damaged by Tropical Cyclone Pam.
The Vanuatu Reconstruction and Improvement Project will fund both repairs and climate-resilient upgrades, strengthening key infrastructure across the country against future natural disasters and the impacts of climate change.
Agile, resilient and sustainable supply chains for children
Improving accessibility, bridging financial gaps, generating savings and strengthening supply chains with governments
or 70 years, securing the health and wellbeing of children around the world has been at the heart of everything UNICEF says and does.
Chris Bramwell, in Vanuatu - @chrisbramwell
More than a year after Cyclone Pam brought devastation to Vanuatu, many small businesses and schools are struggling to find their feet.
The humanitarian impact of the 2015-2016 El Niño remains deeply alarming, now affecting over 60 million people. Central America, East Africa (particularly Ethiopia), the Pacific and Southern Africa remain the most affected regions. The El Niño phenomenon is now in decline, but projections indicate the situation will worsen throughout at least the end of the year, with food insecurity caused primarily by drought not likely to peak before December. Therefore, the humanitarian impacts will last well into 2017 .
CARE Australia has today launched its online Disaster Response Depot, allowing Australians to help the organisation keep its emergency response warehouse in Brisbane stocked to meet future humanitarian crises.
CARE Australia’s Emergency Response Manager Adam Poulter said the launch comes as we’re seeing the highest levels of human suffering since the Second World War.
“Hundreds of thousands of people live in fear of natural disasters and while we can’t stop an earthquake or cyclone, we can reduce their impact,” Mr Poulter said.
Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world. It is also home to a number of long-running conflicts that exact a human toll. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) places women and girls at the center of humanitarian response. Every year the number and frequency of disasters (whether natural or conflict-related) is increasing, with millions of people displaced from their homes.
Vanuatu - Tropical Cyclone Pam, a Category 5 cyclone which struck Vanuatu last March 2015 was the worst natural disaster in the history of the Pacific archipelago nation, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving many communities in need of humanitarian assistance. Now that the emergency has passed, attention has turned to preparing for and surviving disasters.
It's the single biggest contributor to child mortality in the Pacific
Just over a year ago Cyclone Pam decimated the Pacific Island of Vanuatu.
As the country continues to rebuild, it is now also dealing with the effects of drought driven by El Nino -- the dry conditions stunting the growth of crops and availability of food, leading to severe acute malnutrition amongst the islands children.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
The ADB program in Vanuatu has provided loans, grants and technical assistance to grow the country’s economy and improve the lives of people, particularly the poor, women, children and other vulnerable groups.
Vanuatu joined ADB in 1981 and has since received over $178 million for loans, grants, and technical assistance projects.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands, continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout in includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.
18 April 2016 – As Fiji and Governments of more than 100 other United Nations Member States are preparing this week for the historic signing of the Paris Agreement, back in Fiji, residents of the South Pacific country are clearing debris and trying to recover from one of the region’s fiercest storms.
Fiji was hit by Cyclone Winston, a Category 5 storm, on 20 February, less than a week after the country became the first to ratify the Paris Agreement, which establishes a long term, worldwide framework to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions.
FOREWORD BY THE EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR
The seven key diagrams highlighted in this article illustrate clearly the main initiatives which are required for effective Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The also clearly describe some of the main initiatives which took place following the March 2015 Tropical Cyclone (TC) Pam in Vanuatu, as well as the 2015/16 el Nino-related drought. The key strengths of each of these diagrams are summarised in the pages below.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.