Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu as an extremely destructive category 5 cyclone on the evening of 13 Mar 2015, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving debris strewn across the capital. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2015) As of 26 Mar, the storm had affected around 166,000 people on 22 islands who are in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. Approximately 15,000 homes have been reported to be destroyed or damaged throughout the provinces of Penama, Malampa, Shefa and Tafea, and 75,000 are in need of emergency shelter. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2015)
Following severe inundation from storm surges and sea swells generated by TC Pam, the Government of Tuvalu declared a State of Emergency on 13 Mar. Seven islands have been affected. The worst affected were the northern islands of Nanumaga and Nanumea, and the central islands of Nui and Vaitupu. The main impacts are to shelter, infrastructure, food crops and livestock, and water and sanitation. The Kiribati Government reported severe damage in its three southern islands following high winds and sea surges from TC Pam, while in the Solomon Islands, there have been reports of inundation and damage to islands in Malaita and Temotu Province. IFRC estimates that more than 30,000 people are affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian action plan: Tropical Cyclone Pam, 1 May 2015
- LogIK - Logistics Information About In-Kind Relief Aid
- SPC Cyclone Pam Spatial Data Resources
- - Collected by the ReliefWeb team
CARE Australia has today launched its online Disaster Response Depot, allowing Australians to help the organisation keep its emergency response warehouse in Brisbane stocked to meet future humanitarian crises.
CARE Australia’s Emergency Response Manager Adam Poulter said the launch comes as we’re seeing the highest levels of human suffering since the Second World War.
“Hundreds of thousands of people live in fear of natural disasters and while we can’t stop an earthquake or cyclone, we can reduce their impact,” Mr Poulter said.
Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world. It is also home to a number of long-running conflicts that exact a human toll. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) places women and girls at the center of humanitarian response. Every year the number and frequency of disasters (whether natural or conflict-related) is increasing, with millions of people displaced from their homes.
Vanuatu - Tropical Cyclone Pam, a Category 5 cyclone which struck Vanuatu last March 2015 was the worst natural disaster in the history of the Pacific archipelago nation, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving many communities in need of humanitarian assistance. Now that the emergency has passed, attention has turned to preparing for and surviving disasters.
It's the single biggest contributor to child mortality in the Pacific
Just over a year ago Cyclone Pam decimated the Pacific Island of Vanuatu.
As the country continues to rebuild, it is now also dealing with the effects of drought driven by El Nino -- the dry conditions stunting the growth of crops and availability of food, leading to severe acute malnutrition amongst the islands children.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
The ADB program in Vanuatu has provided loans, grants and technical assistance to grow the country’s economy and improve the lives of people, particularly the poor, women, children and other vulnerable groups.
Vanuatu joined ADB in 1981 and has since received over $178 million for loans, grants, and technical assistance projects.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands, continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout in includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.
18 April 2016 – As Fiji and Governments of more than 100 other United Nations Member States are preparing this week for the historic signing of the Paris Agreement, back in Fiji, residents of the South Pacific country are clearing debris and trying to recover from one of the region’s fiercest storms.
Fiji was hit by Cyclone Winston, a Category 5 storm, on 20 February, less than a week after the country became the first to ratify the Paris Agreement, which establishes a long term, worldwide framework to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions.
FOREWORD BY THE EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR
The seven key diagrams highlighted in this article illustrate clearly the main initiatives which are required for effective Disaster Risk Management (DRM). The also clearly describe some of the main initiatives which took place following the March 2015 Tropical Cyclone (TC) Pam in Vanuatu, as well as the 2015/16 el Nino-related drought. The key strengths of each of these diagrams are summarised in the pages below.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.
Thanks to the generosity of donors and supporters from across the globe, Oxfam’s response to Tropical Cyclone Pam has reached close to 25,000 people in the year since the cyclone struck Vanuatu.
WHAT OXFAM IS DOING
Water, sanitation and hygiene — providing clean water, rehabilitating water sources, constructing groundwater wells, distributing hygiene kits, carrying out hygiene awareness activities, and running workshops and activities that help communities protect their crops and ability to earn an income during droughts caused by El Niño.
A national debriefing workshop to identify lessons learned following Tropical Cyclone Pam (TC Pam) was facilitated by the Vanuatu National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) with support from the Pacific Community (SPC) and the European Union (EU). Technical support was also provided by SPC through the Building Safety and Resilience in the Pacific (BSRP) project and in close cooperation with sector partners.
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and cyclones. Pacific countries rank among the highest in the world in terms of casualties and people affected per number of inhabitants. The European Commission provides humanitarian assistance to the region both in terms of disaster preparedness and emergency relief when major disasters strike.
By Patrick Fuller and Navinesh Kumar, IFRC
A year ago on March 13th, Cyclone Pam tore through the Pacific Island Nation of Vanuatu. The Category Five storm left immense damage in its wake affecting more than 200,000 people across five countries. Although Vanuatu bore the brunt of the disaster, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea were also severely impacted.
A year after Tropical Cyclone Pam cut a path of destruction across Vanuatu, Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands and Kiribati, the Pacific is again grappling with the devastating aftermath of a Category 5 cyclone – the worst ever to hit the South Pacific. After impacting on the islands of central Tonga, Tropical Cyclone Winston unleashed its El Niño-fueled fury on Fiji on 20-21 February, killing more than 40 people and leaving 40 per cent of the population in humanitarian need.
The eye of category 5 Tropical Cyclone Pam passed close to Efate Island in Shefa Province, where the capital Port Vila is located one year ago.
The cyclone recorded winds of around 250 km per hour, and gusts peaking at 320 km per hour.
188,000 people were affected and 11 people died.
Early warning systems and the provision of evacuation centres by the
Government of Vanuatu prevented a higher death toll.