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24 Jun 2015 description

Situation Overview

The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season, which stretches from October to May , saw severe floods in the east of the region. The remainder of the region experienced poor rains that were late to arrive and irregular.

Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar were hit by multiple floods between December 2014 and April 2015 (accounting for 97% of all flood affected people) . A total of 10 tropical storm systems were monitored during the season, with tropical storms Chedza and Fundi affecting Madagascar in early 2015.

24 Feb 2015 description

Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

On 24 March 2014, Comoros was hit by heavy rains, particularly on the island of Anjouan. On 26 March, 2014 a storm alert as a result of cyclone Hellen in the Mozambique Channel was issued. On 29 March, based on the intensity of the rain and the strong winds, the Comorian civil security increased the alert to yellow and in the following days the rain intensified and spread to the islands of Grande Comoros and Mohéli.

09 Feb 2015 description

This is a preliminary final report. All activities under this operation have been completed and the final report will be issued in one months’ time when the final financial report is available.

Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

16 Jun 2014 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Average rice production outlook for the 2014 crop

  • Rice prices decrease in the second quarter of 2014 and remain close to their year-earlier values

  • Food security conditions are expected to improve this year compared to last year

Rice production in 2014 expected to recover

27 May 2014 description

Situation Overview

During the 2013/2014 rainfall season (October 2013 - May 2014), severe weather events caused flooding in several Southern African countries, with almost all affected by some level of flooding. Nine tropical cyclones were recorded during the season, compared to the seasonal average of ten, of which three made landfall: Hellen, Amara and Deliwe. A total of 383,256 people were affected and 117 deaths reported. 195,000 USD was issued in the form of OCHA emergency cash grants to assist in response activities.

27 May 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.

  • Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.

  • In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.

23 May 2014 description

Most markets continue to experience price decreases

Key Messages

Currently, Minimal acute food insecurity outcomes (IPC Phase 1) are generally found across the country. Food availability and access at the household level remains adequate throughout the country as the harvest continues. In the areas affected by flooding and heavy rains earlier this year, humanitarian assistance will continue until July.

22 May 2014 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Average rice production outlook for the 2014 crop

  • Rice prices decrease in the second quarter of 2014 and remain close to their year-earlier values

  • Food security conditions are expected to improve this year compared to last year

21 May 2014 description

Regional Update (updated 16 of May 2014)

Despite an erratic and delayed start of season, the overall regional perspective reflects that the 2014/15 consumption season in terms of cereals supplies is much better than last year’s with bumper harvests being recorded in Zambia, South Africa and an improvement in Zimbabwe compared to last season.Malawi and Mozambique are expecting good production despite late onset of rains and localized mid-season dryness. Angola and Namibia were more negatively affected by adverse weather conditions during the season.

15 May 2014 description

Conditions éco-météorologiques durant la troisième décade de Mars 2014

Durant la troisième décade de mars 2014, les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient que la pluviométrie était hyper-déficitaire à déficitaire dans toute la Grande-Île (figure 1) par rapport aux besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache dont la plage optimale pluviométrique (annexe 1) était réalisée dans quelques localités de l’Aire grégarigène : Manja (13,7 mm, AMI-NO), Tanandava (20,0 mm, AMI-S), Soahazo (15,5 mm, ATM-N) et Behara (32,0 mm, ATM-S).

12 May 2014 description

South Africa:

The 2014 South African general election was held on 7 May, without major incident. The National Assembly election was won by the African National Congress (ANC) with 62.1%, followed by the Democratic Alliance (DA) with 22.2% and the Economic Freedom Fighters with 6.4%. In the Western Cape, the only province not won by the ANC, the DA won with 59.4%.

Madagascar:

Fresh dahalo attacks are being reported in southern Madagascar, where 128 houses have been torched in the village of Andranondambo. A total of 500 people have been displaced.

05 May 2014 description

Madagascar:
Attacks by the dahalo (cattle raiders) have resumed in the south, specifically in Amboasary and Betroka districts. The most recent attack on 30 April, resulted in 500 stolen cattle and 2 deaths. On 25 April, armed dahalo men killed a lieutenant of the Malagasy army, in Morombe district. Due to increased rural insecurity, people have been forced to leave their villages.
The displaced people are hosted by inhabitants of villages in the neighboring Amboasary district.

01 May 2014 description

Household food availability improves and food security is expected to remain stable until September

Key Messages

  • Currently, the majority of rural households throughout the country are able to meet their basic food requirements through own production and are experiencing Minimal acute food insecurity outcomes (IPC Phase 1). Exceptions include localized areas that were adversely affected by this year’s heavy rainfall and flooding and that are now receiving emergency assistance.

29 Apr 2014 description

Malawi:
Floods are being reported in the northern district of Karonga. Assessments are still ongoing, but preliminary information indicates that around 2,200 households have been affected, with 600 houses destroyed. A red locust outbreak has been sighted over parts of Lake Chilwa in southern Malawi, which may impact food security. A joint response is ongoing.

29 Apr 2014 description

Syria: The security situation had deteriorated with escalating violence in the West of the country resulting in population displacement and hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Large numbers of newly displaced are heading to the calmer regions of Idleb governorate, which hosts over 500,000 IDPs. In the East, Iraqi helicopters hit an opposition convoy in the first strike claimed by Iraq inside Syria since the conflict began.

23 Apr 2014 description

Snapshot 16–23 April

Central African Republic: Renewed clashes between anti-balaka and Seleka fighters occurred in several locations in central, northern, and southwestern provinces. MISCA soldiers are being redeployed to cover areas previously secured by the Chadian contingent. A Christian religious leader was killed and four were abducted in two northern towns, while 30 Christian civilians were reportedly killed in a central town.

22 Apr 2014 description

Comoros:
UNESCO and the Indian Ocean Commission sent experts from 16 to 18 April to assess the cracked soil and landslide in Anjouan, following rains from Tropical Cyclone Hellen and an earlier 4.8 magnitude earthquake on 12 March 2014. Both experts recommended that in some parts of the village La Mahale, displaced people can return to their homes, but not to all parts of the village.

15 Apr 2014 description

Syria: Violence is intensifying in Damascus, with increased attacks from both the Government and the opposition. In Aleppo, fighting between Syrian troops and opposition fighters is causing further casualties. In the east, infighting between rival opposition factions has led to a reinforcement of Iraqi troops’ positions on the Iraqi side of the border. To date, over nine million people are in need of assistance, and more than 2.6 million have fled the country. In early April, humanitarian assistance was allowed in besieged areas in Aleppo for the first time since June.