Cyclone Phailin left a trail of destruction along India's east coast and at least seven people dead after making landfall on 12 Oct 2013 in Orissa state. Officials in Orissa said 873,000 people moved before the cyclone made landfall, while at least another 100,000 were evacuated further south in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Residents were also evacuated from coastal regions of West Bengal state. As emergency teams began assessing damage from the country's biggest cyclone in 14 years, a massive relief effort went into full swing to distribute food to an estimated one million evacuees, clear roads and help the injured. Some 600,000 people were left homeless after the ferocious storm swept through 14,000 villages mainly in coastal districts. (AFP, 13 Oct 2013)
India is highly vulnerable to natural disasters including cyclones, floods, earthquakes and drought; strengthening people’s resilience to natural disasters is an essential part of the humanitarian effort.
Three protracted crises, Jammu & Kashmir, the North-Eastern States and Naxal-affected areas in central India have created emergency needs. Years of conflict have displaced populations and left many without means to provide for themselves. Providing protection, health and nutrition remains a priority.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
This technical paper provides evidence-based estimates of the likelihood of disaster-induced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
The impact of cyclone Phailin, that struck Odisha on 12 October 2013, was not limited to Gopalpur, in Ganjam district where it made landfall, but was felt across 17 districts of the state as well affecting 10 million people. In the days that followed, heavy rain caused floods in the 10 major river systems and cyclone-affected districts.
RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
• The World Bank is providing $910 million in funding to scale up risk management efforts in ten states along India’s vast coastline. This is being carried out through the two-phased National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project, as well as the Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project.
Key Note Message
Dear friends and colleagues,
It is a real delight to welcome and wish all our readers a Very Happy New Year 2015! The work of Sphere India as a coalition body has been able to effectively respond well to humanitarian crisis in the past 10 years through coordination and collaborative efforts of member agencies.
Cyclone Phailin which hit India’s coastal state of Odisha was the strongest storm to hit the country in more than a decade, destroying millions of dollars worth of infrastructure, crops, buildings and homes. Wind speeds of over 200 km/hour destroyed an estimated 250,000 homes, many of which were built using mud and bamboo.
GFDRR supports resilient reconstruction planning and post-disaster assessments, helping more than 50 disaster-affected countries with these approaches since its launch in 2007.
Why Resilience Matters for Recovery
Ten years after the catastrophic Indian Ocean tsunami, the investments of coastal governments in India, in systems that alert people early about disasters, are helping save millions of lives.
For a country of 1.2 billion, where nearly one-third of the population lives in coastal areas – at risk from not only tsunamis, but also cyclones and storm surges – these early warning systems are proving vital time and again.
Greetings from Sphere India
We are happy to restart the publication of Sphere India newsletter. Broadly, this issue covers the information of last six months. It includes the key note message, updates from Member organizations, stories from Inter-Agency Groups, Sphere India programme updates, case studies-innovations and voice from community and other upcoming events and training programmes.
ActionAid's livelihood restoration programme for Fisher folk in Odisha through Phailin Response
Disaster Vulnerability and Donor Opportunity in South and Southeast Asia outlines opportunities for donors of all kinds to support disaster preparedness and risk reduction programs in six of the world's most at-risk countries. It offers strategic advice for donors to make the most impact with each investment, and how to integrate resilience into current strategies.
Last year's Cyclone Phailin was the largest on record in India, affecting some 12 million people and requiring the evacuation of over half a million. Our partners at Oxfam describe the current situation, a year later, for villager women who now just regained direct access to drinking water.
Tairah Firdous, Oxfam
The definition of disaster is now all encompassing, which includes not only the events emanating from natural and man-made causes, but even those events which are caused by accident or negligence. There was a long felt need to capture information about all such events occurring across the sectors and efforts made to mitigate them in the country and to collate them at one place in a global perspective. This book has been an effort towards realising this thought.
Balanasi is a place where sand is everywhere—in the street, on the trees, underneath the covers. It reveals the closeness of the village with the water: Balanasi sits on an isthmus that straddles Chilika Lagoon, the largest body of water of its kind in South Asia. Here, nearly every one of the 145 residents squeezes out a living by fishing the nearby waters. In October 2013, Cyclone Phailin hit Balanasi, and pounded the village for hours. In its wake, almost every house was damaged and half of the boats were lost.
Results & Achievements
Nearly one million coastal residents were relocated in a massive evacuation effort ahead of Cyclone Phailin, partly enabled by the shelters and emergency roadways that were funded through the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP), as well as frequent mock drills and extensive community-level preparation.
Cyclone Phailin devastated the Odisha coast in October 2013. ActionAid India manager Debabrat Patra reports on how local fishing communities have started to rebuild their lives after the disaster.
In the aftermath of the cyclone, it was coastal fishing villages in districts like Ganjam, Odisha that bore the brunt of the damage. When I visited the area just after the disaster, many lives had been lost and the damage to houses, livestock, crops and infrastructure was immense.
Devastation in Nolia Nua Gaon
Message from Mr. Nirmal Singh, Chairperson, Sphere India
Greetings and a warm welcome to this fifth issue of Response Bulletin!
In a time when the frequency of disasters have touched epic proportions, the loss to lives, property and sustainable livelihoods needs to be minimalized. A unified and a strategic response through effective partnership in serving the affected community are vital.
Period covered by this update: 14 October 2013 to 14 May 2014 CHF 500,000 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 15,000 families (75,000 beneficiaries) and to replenish disaster preparedness stocks.
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 114, July 2014:
Cities and urban citizens are moving centre stage from HFA to HFA2 process. And that is overdue.
We live in an era of unprecedented urbanization. Since 2008, for the first time in human history, more people live in cities and towns as compared to the countryside.
Moreover, the number of city and town dwellers is expected to swell up to 5 billion by 2030. This great number has huge implications for the risk profile of urban centres.
About 120,000 people in the state will benefit from disaster resilient houses with better capacity to manage and respond to disasters
NEW DELHI, July 11, 2014 – The Government of India, the Government of Odisha and the World Bank today signed a $153 million credit agreement to help the state build disaster resilient houses, improve the slums and city level infrastructure as well as strengthen its capacity for disaster risk management, following a severe cyclone that hit the state last year.