On 22 Aug 2011, the Haitian Government issued a red alert ahead of Hurricane Irene, with heavy downpours, violent winds, floods and landslides particularly expected in the North, Centre and Artibonite regions.
On 28 Aug, President Obama declared major disaster for Puerto Rico (FEMA, 28 Aug 2001).
The Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF) later reported localized damage but no major losses in six of its member countries (Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, the Bahamas, Haiti, St. Kitts & Nevis and the Turks & Caicos Islands) (CCRIF, 29 Aug 2011).
The northeastern US states of New York and Vermont eventually battled record flooding and the death toll in the country climbed above 30 (AFP, 29 Aug 2011).
In the Dominican Republic, more than 37,740 people had to be evacuated (REDLAC, 30 Aug 2011).