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Myanmar: A country prone to a range of natural disasters

Myanmar ranks first on OCHA’s list of most at-risk Asia-Pacific countries in 2012.
The country is vulnerable to a wide range of hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis. The likelihood for medium to large-scale natural disasters to occur every couple of years is high, according to historical data.

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Myanmar: Natural Disasters 2002 - 2012

Myanmar ranks first as the ‘most at risk’ country in Asia the Pacific according to the UN Risk Model. The country is vulnerable to a wide range of hazards, including floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis. The likelihood for medium to large-scale natural disasters to occur every couple of years is high, according to historical data.

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The HC Interview: Myanmar

Last year, OCHA ranked Myanmar as the most at-risk Asia-Pacific country. It is vulnerable to devastating natural disasters, poverty and conflicts. Despite being a resource-rich country with a strong agricultural base, its population of over 50 million people are among the poorest in the world. Years of conflict and unresolved ethnic differences have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people and an influx of refugees in neighbouring countries.

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Afghanistan + 25 others
OCHA Annual Report 2010

Foreword

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Myanmar: Post-Giri Consolidated Action Plan

(extract)

3. CYCLONE GIRI EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Cyclone Giri, reaching a category four status on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in western coast of Myanmar's Rakhine State on 22 October 2010. The Townships of Kyaukpyu, Myebon, Minbya and Pauktaw were the most severely affected by the storm, which caused severe damage to houses and infrastructure including roads and bridges in coastal areas. The Government has confirmed that at least 45 people were dead or missing while over 100,000 people were homeless. At least

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 11, 20 December 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, together with UNHCR, WFP country representatives and the OCHA head of office visited the cyclone affected areas on 13-15 December. The UN delegation travelled to Sittwe, Myebon, Pauktaw townships and visited severely affected villages to obtain first-hand information from international/local partners and communities on state of progress as well as remaining gaps and needs in key sectors such as food, shelter and livelihoods.

- A total of 6,487mt of mixed food commodities

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Myanmar: Chin Humanitarian Update November 2010

This update covers the period from 1 October to 30 November 2010 and is issued on 3 December 2010.

I. Highlights

=B7 Cyclone Giri hit Southern Chin State on 23 October causing various levels of damage to farm lands, irrigation systems, bridges and roads.

=B7 The findings of an assessment undertaken in November by WFP Hakha Office in 14 villages in Mindat and Kanpetlet Townships indicate that the communities have lost approximately 90% of their cultivated crops due to rat infestation. The crops damage results in a food shortage since mid October.

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 10, 30 November 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The Prime Minister made a second visit to the affected areas in Myebon, Kyaukpyu and Sittwe Townships on 24 November 2010.

- The USG/ERC has approved CERF (Central Emergency Response Fund) funding amounting to approximately US$ 6 million for the response to Cyclone Giri.

- As of 26 November 2010, 9, 306 tarpaulins and 6,037 Emergency Shelter Kits (ESK)/NFI kits are in the final stage of distribution to beneficiaries in the affected area, mainly in villages in Myebon and Minbya Townships and a few villages in Pauktaw Township.

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 9, 23 November 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- As of 22nd of November, a total of 1,718mt of food has been distributed to nearly 200,000 beneficiaries in the 4 most affected townships.

- The State Health authorities have emphasized the need to prioritize the rebuilding of the health infrastructure.

- Clusters have identified funding needs close to US$53 million including emergency and early recovery phases. Out of these, donors have already pledged up to US$18 million.

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 8, 16 November 2010

HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES:

The first food distribution is expected to be completed by 20 November with 1,355 Mt of rice for nearly 200,000 beneficiaries.

Due to the severe damages to the livelihoods assets, it is anticipated that there will be very limited job opportunities for farm laborers over the next three months.

Increased storage capacity by WFP in both Myebon and Kyaukpyu with 800 metric tons or 900 cubic meter is now available to humanitarian organisations.

Findings available so far indicate that

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 7, 10 November 2010

This report was issued by OCHA Myanmar. It covers the period from 06 to 10 November. The next report will be issued on or around 16 November.

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- Transportation to the areas affected remains difficult for relief activities on the ground. Road access between Ann and Minbya is still hampered by damages to bridges, while most of the affected areas are only accessible through waterways. WFP as cluster lead for logistics is providing mobile storage units and has set up a logistics hub in Sittwe. The Government continues to provide boat transport for relief

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 6, 05 November 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The Prime Minister of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar visited affected areas in Myebon and Kyaukpyu Townships on 04 November 2010.

- The Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator and the Humanitarian Country Team in Myanmar have activated the cluster system for the response to Cyclone GIRI.

- According to latest figures shared by local authorities, 101,923 people remain homeless after the cyclone.

- Of a total 480,221 acres cropped in the monsoon season by about 86,000 farming households, 51% of the total

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 5, 02 November 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

=B7 National and international humanitarian partners are providing emergency relief assistance to the population in the most affected areas of Myebon, Pauktaw, Kyaukpyu and Minbya Townships, while assessments continue in order to confirm the exact impact of the cyclone. Food, shelter, WASH and health remain the most urgent needs.

=B7 Partners in the livelihoods sector report that approximately 50,000 acres of aquaculture ponds and a large number of fishing boats and gear were also destroyed by the cyclone in six of the affected townships.

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Myanmar: Chin Humanitarian Update October 2010

This update covers the period from 1 to 31 October 2010 and is issued on 31 October 2010.I. Highlights

- Continuous rains in Chin State during the first and second week of October damaged roads, bridges, paddy fields, upland farms and irrigation canals in Chin State.

- Increased food assistance is required in the Southern townships following the recent rat infestation which caused damages to the crops in the area.

- WFP has completed a food security assessment and the findings will be shared with the partner soon.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 4, 29 October 2010

This report was issued by OCHA Myanmar. It covers the period from 26 to 29 October. The next report will be

issued on or around 01 November.

I.        HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- According to the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Myebon, Pauktaw, Kyaukpyu and Minbya are amongst the seven townships most affected by Cyclone GIRI, with Kyuntharyar (in Myebon) and East Phayonkar Island in Pauktaw Township most severely impacted.

- The Government confirmed that 45 people deaths have been recorded to date, while at least 10 remain missing and

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 3, 26 October 2010

This report was issued by OCHA Myanmar. It covers the period from 24 to 26 October. The next report will be issued on or around 28 October.

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The most affected areas are reported to be Kyaukpyu, Myebon, Minbya, Munaung and Pauktaw. According to assessments conducted by the Red Cross, the number of affected persons is confirmed to be at least 176,823. According to local authorities, 70,795 people remain homeless.

- Although there is severe damage to infrastructure, it is reported that major loss of life has been avoided,

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Myanmar: Cyclonic Storm GIRI Situation Report # 2, 24 October 2010

I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES

- The Myanmar Meteorology and Hydrology Department reports that the storm has weakened into a tropical depression. Tropical Storm Risk has removed cyclone GIRI from its tracking system since it weakened.

- The Myanmar Red Cross Society is conducting assessments in seven affected townships of Rakhine State. Preliminary results in Kyaupyu indicate that at least 4,500 people have been affected, while at least 700 people have been affected in Munaung Township (an island off the coast of Rakhine State).

- A donation centre has been established

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OCHA Situation Report No. 1 - Myanmar - Cyclone Giri

HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES:

Preliminary reports of the Government indicate severe damage to at least 400 houses and buildings in Kyaukpyu on the western coast of Rakhine State following the landfall of Cyclonic Storm GIRI of Category 4 during the night of 22 to 23 October with gusts winds of 110 mph.

No loss of life has been reported so far.

Communications with Kyaukpyu have been severed and electricity is reportedly down.

Kyaukpyu's hospital has been severely damaged according to the Government's Health Authorities.

The Government of the Union of Myanmar

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