Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 2/10/2016 - 21:41 GMT
by Bukar HUSSAIN
Two female suicide bombers killed at least 58 at a camp for people made homeless by Boko Haram's Islamist insurgency in northeast Nigeria, emergency services said on Wednesday, in the latest violence to hit the remote region.
The attack happened in Dikwa, some 90 kilometres (55 miles) from the Borno state capital, Maiduguri, on Tuesday morning and is believed to be a reprisal for a military strike on Boko Haram strongholds in the area last week.
Addis Ababa, 8 February 2016: Following an invitation from the Government of the Republic of Niger, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), Her Excellency Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, has approved the deployment of an African Union Short-Term Election Observation (STO) Mission to the Republic of Niger’s General Elections 28 February 2016.
Nigeria continues to face a severe protection crisis, with Boko Haram insurgency and counter-insurgency measures in the North East resulting in chronic insecurity and endemic violations of human rights and humanitarian standards, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of forced displacement. Bauchi and Taraba are also prone to inter-communal violence which has spurred further displacement. Over 2.2 million people have been internally displaced and over 23,000 are estimated to have been killed in the insurgency.
En 2015, des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont dû faire face aux conséquences du conflit armé qui sévit dans la région de Diffa.
Des combats et des attaques ont fait de nombreuses victimes et poussé des milliers de personnes à fuir la région de Diffa. Cette région a été le lieu d'accueil de milliers de déplacés fuyant eux-mêmes les violences et le conflit au nord-est du Nigeria.
12 MORTS DANS L’ÉPIDÉMIE DE FIÈVRE DE LASSA
Au 5 février, 25 cas suspects de fièvre de Lassa, dont 12 décès, avaient été signalés dans le pays. La maladie a été détectée pour la première fois le 5 janvier suite à la mort d'un patient dans un hôpital de la localité centrale de Tchaourou. Parmi les mesures de prévention, le gouvernement et les partenaires de la santé procèdent à l'enregistrement des contacts, la mise en place d’unités d’isolation et le stockage de médicaments et d'équipements.
12 DEAD IN LASSA FEVER OUTBREAK
As of 5 February, 25 suspected cases of Lassa fever including 12 deaths had been reported in the country. The disease was first detected on 5 January following the death of a patient at a hospital in the central Tchaourou locality. Among other prevention measures, the Government and health partners are registering contacts, have set up isolations units and are stocking up on medication and equipment.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Haile Menkerios, head of the United Nations (UN) office to the African Union (AU), speaks to the PSC Report about the ‘division of labour’ between the UN and the AU when it comes to peacekeeping.
He also addresses the issue of UN funding for AU peacekeeping missions and whether the two institutions see eye to eye on the issues of human rights and robust peace enforcement.
Who is responsible for peace and security and fighting terrorism in Africa, the UN or the AU?
Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Wednesday 2/10/2016 - 09:35 GMT
At least six civilians were killed and over 30 injured Wednesday in a double suicide attack in Cameroon's northern border region with Nigeria, which is regularly attacked by Boko Haram fighters, security sources said.
The attackers, who were also killed, were both female, said a source.
"Six civilians were killed as well as two suicide bombers who blew themselves up" during a funeral wake in the village of Nguetchewe, a source told AFP, adding that between 30-50 people were injured.
Le lac Tchad, dont la superficie atteignait les 25 000 km2 en 1963, couvre aujourd’hui moins de 2500km2. Pourtant, la catastrophe avait été prévue et annoncée, et une Commission du Bassin du Lac Tchad avait été créée dès 1964 par ses quatre pays limitrophes, le Cameroun, le Tchad, le Niger et le Nigeria, afin de gérer ses eaux de manière durable et coopérative. Aujourd’hui, les eaux ont reculé au point que seuls le Cameroun et le Tchad comptent encore une rive au sein de leurs frontières.
Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | mercredi 10/02/2016 - 09:12 GMT
Au moins six civils ont été tués et une trentaine blessés mercredi matin dans un double attentat-suicide à Nguetchewe, village de l'extrême-nord du Cameroun, région frontalière du Nigeria régulièrement attaquée par les islamistes de Boko Haram, selon une source sécuritaire.
Ibadan, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 2/10/2016 - 03:56 GMT
by Aderogba OBISESAN
Cassava, the starch rusty-coloured root that is a staple in Nigeria, is a paradigm of the problem the import-dependent nation now faces as the plunge in oil prices crimps the economy.
The root is used to make "eba" and "fufu" -- filling pastes that are beloved dishes in Nigerian homes -- but there are a myriad of uses for cassava, including making flour and beer.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 2/9/2016 - 03:27 GMT | 756 words
by Phil HAZLEWOOD
Bitrus Yakubu has an uplifting story about how he was reunited with his pregnant wife weeks after they were separated fleeing from Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria.
His wife, Maryam, then gave birth to twins Grace and Sidi seven months ago. They all now live together in a tent in one of more than a dozen camps that dot Maiduguri for those made homeless by the conflict.
• Due to the security situation, humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic. This results in difficulties for UNICEF and humanitarians partners to procure assistance to people in need.
Nairobi, 8 février 2016 (IRIN) - Depuis quelques semaines, les forces de l’ordre sont sur le qui-vive dans la capitale sénégalaise, Dakar. La police et l’armée, présentes dans les rues, procèdent à des fouilles de voiture et appréhendent les militants islamistes présumés.