Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development Cooperation Alexander De Croo has released a budget of 10.5 million EUR for six humanitarian projects of Belgian NGOs in Yemen, Uganda, South Sudan and Nigeria. The aid is part of the promise of Minister De Croo to double donations to the Famine 12-12 campaign.
Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, lance un appel de fonds supplémentaire pour un montant additionnel de 9,5 millions de dollars afin d’intensifier ses activités au nord-est du Nigéria, en raison d’une hausse subite des retours spontanés de réfugiés nigérians depuis le début de l’année, principalement en provenance du Cameroun.
In several areas of the region, food prices have begun to seasonally rise as household stocks decline and market demand increases. The lean season is expected to further exacerbate the food crisis, and the rainy season will limit humanitarian access by drastically impacting road deliveries.
Emergency Appeal start date:19 April 2017
Covered by this update: 19 April to 21 June 2017
314.0 M required for 2017
72.4 M contributions received, representing 23% of requirements
241.5 M funding gap for West Africa
Niamey – Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) au Niger a reçu une contribution d’un montant de 5,3 millions de dollars US (environ 3 milliards de FCFA) de la part du Gouvernement du Japon qui témoigne de son engagement à aider les nigériens les plus vulnérables à sortir de la pauvreté de manière durable.
« La généreuse contribution du Japon permettra au PAM de poursuivre ses activités en matière de résilience et de maintenir les résultats déjà acquis » a déclaré Benoit Thiry, Représentant du PAM au Niger.
UNHCR seeks additional support to respond to the Nigeria situation
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is launching a supplementary appeal for an additional $9.5 million to scale up its activities in north-east Nigeria, as a result of an unexpected surge in self-organized returns of Nigerian refugees since the beginning of the year, mainly from Cameroon.
• Les communes de Gossi et Ouinerdène ont subi une mauvaise campagne agro-pastorale 2016 – 2017, caractérisée par une insuffisance des pluies et leur mauvaise répartition dans le temps et dans l’espace. A ces facteurs dégradants s’ajoute, l’installation des éleveurs venus de différent horizons pour la recherche de pâturage et d’eaux.
Déplacement de 300 ménages de Boulekessi (Commune de Mondoro, Cercle de Douentza) à N’Tillit (Commune de Gao, Cercle de Gao)
Le déplacement a eu lieu en mars 2017 par craintes de possibles représailles après l’affrontement entre de groupes djihadistes et les Force Armées Malienne
Dans la nuit du 11 au 12 juillet vers 2 heures du matin, une pluie torrentielle s’est abattue sur la commune d’Aguel-hoc, surprenant les populations endormies. La concentration des eaux dans la vallée a ouvert des brèches sur la diguette de canalisation des flots et a inondé une grande partie de la ville
By Moustapha Diallo, IFRC
In Lambago, like in most of villages in Diery, Matam, in north-eastern Senegal, the soils are dry and without vegetation. Mile upon mile, there is no water to be found. Only thorns on parched grass; mainly acacia and jujube trees. Here, crops depend on rainfall and the irregularity of the latter remains a major handicap.
“The plants did not reach maturity due an early end of the rains last year. Most of us almost harvested nothing,” said Aissatou Gueda Guissé, a resident of Dendoudi, a few kilometres away from Lambago.
202 individuals (INDs) arrived at Bama during the reporting period. These include 62 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Mura in Cameroon, 56 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from neighbouring wards in Bama, 34 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Jere LGA and 50 INDs who arrived at General Hospital Camp from Abbaram and Wasala wards in Bama.
41 INDs arrived at Chibok Whuntaku from Korongilum ward of Chibok LGA
Famine has been declared in parts of South Sudan and the food security situation is of grave concern in 7 other countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, and Yemen. In these countries, 42.5 million are in need of humanitarian assistance and 41.8 million are in phase 3-5 Integrated Phase Classification between June and September 2017.
The reality of the escalating famine lingers among some of the world’s most vulnerable groups of people in Eastern Africa, and beyond. Having already endured the effects of civil war, poverty, and terrorism, the intensifying need for humanitarian assistance continues to increase throughout Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen, and northern Nigeria.
• Recent increases in oil revenues are driving Nigeria’s economy out of recession gradually as major economic indicators continue to improve (increased foreign reserve levels and declining inflation) (Figures 1, 2, and 3). The 2017Q1 GDP also stood at -0.52 percent compared to -1.73 percent of 2016Q4.