Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 19 August 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 28% funded. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Par Alexandre Brecher
En recueillant trois jeunes filles déplacées à la suite de l’attaque de leur village par Boko Haram, François Sakotai ne se doutait pas que ce geste généreux serait à l’origine d’un miracle : la réunion d’une mère avec ses enfants.
DZAWANDAI, Cameroun, 25 août 2016 – Lorsqu’on lui demande son âge, François Sakotai se contente de sourire. « Je ne sais pas, répond-il, 70 ans, 80 peut-être ? Tout ce que je sais, c’est que je suis vieux. Je suis vieux et j’étais seul, jusqu’à ce qu’Élisabeth, Delphine et Waibai arrivent chez moi. »
The Diffa region continues to be affected by the Nigeria crises, with 6 attacks in July. Attacks included the looting of a WFP warehouse, an ambush to army patrol killing 5 soldiers and a major attack at the end of July to two villages on Lake Chad islands, with over 90 civilians estimated to have been executed and over 10 reported kidnapped.
West and Central Africa Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (August 2016)
Seventy-four (74) percent of both Internally Displaced Population (IDPs) and host population households in Gujba and Gulani Local Government Areas (LGAs) are food insecure. One-third of IDP households is severely food insecure.
Malnutrition rates among children under five years exceed the WHO emergency thresholds, with prevalence higher than 15 percent.
WHAT : Emergency Food Security Assessment
WFP urgently needs USD 13.5 million to cover costs to maintain operations in support of the vulnerable populations in Mauritania, including refugees. With no additional resources, WFP will be forced to suspend its operations at the end of September until December 2016.
Purchase from Africans from Africa (PAA Africa) is set to launch in July.
A consultative process has been initiated between the WFP, the Gambia Government, and the FAO, along with partner organisations in the country.
The lean season distributions are ongoing in all regions. Assistance has been provided to 250,000 people, including children 6-59 months and pregnant women and nursing mothers.
The construction of the large Watershed project on four sites in Niger have been completed in three sites. The Toughfini site completed at 50 percent due to the rainy season. The project involves land regeneration and water mobilization. The expected completion is in October.
• Le 04 Aout 2016, le programme Education de IRC a organisé une rencontre avec les conseillers pédagogiques et les directeurs de 18 écoles ciblées pour le projet Education in Emergencies:
Le violent conflit dans le Bassin du lac Tchad n’a cessé de s’aggraver. Les raids et les attentats suicides de Boko Haram sur les civils causent des traumatismes généralisés, empêchant les gens d’accéder aux services essentiels et détruisant les infrastructures vitales. Environ 21 millions de personnes vivent dans les zones touchées des quatre pays riverains du Lac Tchad. Le nombre de personnes déplacées dans les zones les plus affectées a triplé depuis les deux dernières années.
In early August, heavy rains in the Tahoua district of Niger caused severe flooding, killing one person, washing away over 500 houses, and leaving 1,940 households in a dire situation. Many homeless families have been left sheltering in public buildings, some in need of medical attention and most worried about their future.
A Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) military operations against Boko Haram launched.
266,000 people in need of immediate food assistance in Borno states, Nigeria.
480,000 beneficiaries targeted through cash-based transfers in Borno and Yobe states, Nigeria.
2.1 million displaced in northeast Nigeria, more than a million are children.
3 million people in severe food insecurity linked to Boko Haram in Nigeria.
1.0 Background and Current Situation
Des années de violence causées par le groupe Boko Haram dans le bassin du Lac Tchad ont entraîné une aggravation de la crise humanitaire, forçant 1,4 million d’enfants à fuir et prenant au piège 1 million d’autres dans des zones difficiles à atteindre, selon un nouveau rapport du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF) publié jeudi.
4.5 million People severely food insecure (CH Phases 3, 4 and 5)
2.4 million People internally displaced by ongoing crisis
146 000 People reached by FAO to-date in 2016
USD 8 million needed under the 2016 HRP
Almost 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis, released on 19 August.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 8/25/2016 - 23:02 GMT-4
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Starving and alone, five-year-old Umar was left for dead in a camp for internally displaced people in northeast Nigeria.
The reason? He is the son of a Boko Haram fighter.
It took a Boko Haram widow to rescue Umar. Fatima Salisu had been held captive by the insurgents for 16 months and was forced to marry an Islamist fighter before she escaped to the camp outside the northeastern city of Maiduguri.
Le PMR est un rapport produit en collaboration avec les secteurs / clusters pays et régionaux. Il présente les progrès réalisés au travers d’une analyse qualitative et quantitative des indicateurs de résultat du Sahel.
En 2014, une stratégie de réponse humanitaire triennale pour le Sahel a été mise en place afin de répondre aux besoins des populations les plus vulnérables dans 9 pays (Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Gambie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigeria, Sénégal et Tchad).