Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 7 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 32% funded. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
A total of 90 cases and 28 deaths (CFR: 31%) reported between 02 August and 05 October 2016 from Tchintabaraden in Tahoua region.
High risk of spread to neighboring countries given the prevailing security situation, population movement and limited public health infrastructure in the affected areas.
On 21 September, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) deployed a second helicopter to Maiduguri to boost humanitarian access in the northeast.
WFP continued its cross-border food delivery operation from Cameroon to Banki, Borno state, and distributions to several other camps in Borno and Yobe States.
As of end September, WFP assisted 95,500 people with cash transfers, 153,000 people with food and 99,130 children aged 6–59 months with nutritious food.
Outbreak continues in Mauritania and could develop in Sudan
A Desert Locust outbreak continues in western Mauritania where groups of mature adults are present, and egg-laying and hatching are underway, causing early instar hopper groups and small bands to form. Ground control operations are in progress and have treated nearly 6,500 ha since the beginning of the campaign.
In Morocco, solitarious adults are present in the Adrar Settouf area of the extreme south as well as further north along the southern side of the Atlas Mountains.
Au Tchad les trois journées internationales qui viennent d’être célébrées, la Journée Internationale de la Fille, la Journée Internationale des Femmes Rurales et la Journée Mondiale de l’Alimentation, montrent à quel point il est urgent de faire des progrès pour atteindre l’objectif Faim Zéro d’ici 2030.
Burkina Faso - For the first time, Burkina Faso will be able to monitor electronically migration flows at the border crossings of Dakola (border with Ghana) Madouba Department (border with Mali) and Yendéré (border with Côte d'Ivoire), following the instalment of a Migration Information and Data Analysis System (MIDAS), donated by IOM Burkina Faso and funded by the Government of Japan.
Baga Sola – La Journée mondiale du lavage des mains, qui est célébrée le 15 octobre, met en lumière l'importance de cette pratique, l'une des actions les plus efficaces et les moins coûteuses en matière de santé. Bien plus qu’une simple journée, cet événement permet de sensibiliser les populations par rapport à un geste simple, qui peut sauver des vies.
European Commission - Press release
Managing migration effectively: Commission reports on progress in the implementation of the Partnership Framework with third countries
Brussels, 18 October 2016
The Commission presents today its first progress Report on implementing the Partnership Frameworks with third countries: the EU's new approach to more effectively managing migration jointly with countries of origin and transit is starting to yield results.
Epidémie de Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift pour la première fois au Niger.
Deux sites de réfugiés maliens attaqués entre le 10 septembre et le 6 octobre.
Plus de 123 000 personnes affectées par les inondations.
Plus de 300 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa.
Epidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua
Nigeria faces immense humanitarian and protection challenges due to the ongoing insurgency in the North East. The conflict has caused grave human rights violations, impacting particularly on the most vulnerable civilians. As of August 2016, there are 2,093,030 persons internally displaced in the North East and North Central regions, with 83% of the displacements originating from Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States as a result of the insurgency.