Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 July 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 25% funded. (OCHA, 22 July 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Dans le cadre de l’aide humanitaire que l’UNHCR apporte aux réfugiés au Tchad le Gouvernement fédéral allemand a accordé à l’UNHCR basée au Tchad une subvention à hauteur 2.000.000 € (Environ 1.311.914.000 FCFA) pour son projet intitulé:« Assistance et protection des réfugiés soudanais et des déplacés internes du Tchad»
A prisoner of climate change, Nouakchott faces challenges of flooding and erosion that have been exacerbated by preparations for the Arab League summit
By Alex Duval Smith
The two events are not unrelated. As heads of state fly into Nouakchott’s new airport for the Arab League summit on Monday, Vieux Fall will be raising the roof – and the floor – of his family’s small compound.
Favorable rainfall patterns allow for intensive agriculture activities across the country
Despite the typical increase in seasonal household demand, the price of staple cereals (with the exception of maize), remain stable as compared to the five year average. Additionally, the seasonal availability of wild forage foods will allow households to access enough food for at least two meals a day. The country will thus remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.
By Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, July 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A surge in violence in northern Mali and a spike in attacks on aid workers are hindering the delivery of food, water and healthcare to millions of people, aid agencies said on Wednesday.
Read the full story here.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 7/24/2016 - 10:58 GMT |
by Joel Olatunde AGOI
Nigeria on Sunday celebrated two years without a new case of polio, in a major stride towards Africa being declared free of the devastating disease.
If no new case is reported by July 2017, Nigeria will be certified free of the virus, which mainly affects children under five and can leave its victims crippled or dead.
As recently as 2012, Nigeria seemed to be losing the battle against polio, recording more than half of all global cases.
The Secretary-General condemns the recent fighting in Kidal, Mali, which erupted on 21 and 22 July between two armed groups signatory to the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali. He deplores this first violation of the ceasefire since September 2015, which occurred at a time when the stakeholders were progressing with the establishment of an interim authority in the northern regions.
22 juillet 2016 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a condamné vendredi les récents combats survenus les 21 et 22 juillet à Kidal, au Mali, qui ont opposé deux groupes armés signataires de l'Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali.
Dans un communiqué de presse, rendu public par son porte-parole, M. Ban a déploré cette « première violation du cessez-le-feu depuis septembre 2015, qui a eu lieu au moment où les parties signataires progressaient vers l'établissement d'une autorité intérimaire dans les régions du nord ».
Bamako (CICR) - Le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) est préoccupé par la reprise des violences à Kidal au nord du Mali. Il rappelle à l'ensemble des parties de respecter les règles du droit international humanitaire et en particulier de faciliter l'accès aux soins des personnes blessées.
(Maiduguri, Abuja: 21 July 2016): On Thursday 21 July vital food supplies were transported to Banki in north-east Nigeria when a humanitarian convoy reached the town.
The World Food Program (WFP) team in Cameron delivered 30 metric tons of various life-saving food items. The food was received by the WFP team in Nigeria and immediately distributed to the 25,000 civilians living inside the town of Banki. An additional 700 kilograms of supplementary food for malnourished children was airlifted from the state capital Maiduguri to Banki on the same day.
22 July 2016 – In a cross-border humanitarian operation, a total of 31 metric tonnes of food and some non-food items have been distributed to about 15,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Banki, located in Nigeria's restive Borno state, near the border with Cameroon, the United Nations relief wing announced today.
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
The situation remains stable in the Lac region, despite the resumption of military operations on the border with Nigeria and Niger.
The second report on humanitarian access in the Lac region concludes that overall, humanitarian access has been satisfactory for most partners during the second quarter 2016.
Since 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator has released more than US$80 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence.
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to a growing number of attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region. These attacks have caused the internal displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges
Heavy fighting erupted in Kidal yesterday around 16:30 between members of both signatory movements of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali. Heavy weapons, including mortars, were used during confrontations.
MINUSMA strongly condemns these clashes which are in violation of the cease-fire and calls those responsible to immediately end hostilities and fulfill their commitment in accordance with all agreements signed by their movements. MINUSMA deeply regrets that these battles have endangered civilians.
Mariam souffre de malnutrition depuis quelques semaines et a été admise au programme suite à un dépistage organisé par le PAM en partenariat avec la délégation régionale sanitaire du Kanem, laquelle assure la gestion du centre de santé de Nokou. Dans une région où les structures sanitaires et le personnel sont insuffisants, ce centre fait figure d’exception. En bénéficiant de l’appui du Programme alimentaire mondial et de ses bailleurs, il assure la prise en charge de la malnutrition aigüe et modérée pour 125 enfants.