Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Non-state security actors are growing increasingly important in fragile and conflict-affected states in Africa. This has led to a multiplication of informal security arrangements between security providers, such as vigilantes, local militias, faith-based organisation and private security companies, individual army units, and citizens.
By Kwame Buist
OHANNESBURG, Mar 27 2015 (IPS) - Over half of the African continent’s population is below the age of 25 and approximately 11 million young Africans are expected to enter the labour market every year for the next decade, say experts.
Despite strong economic growth in many African countries, wage employment is limited and agriculture and agri-business continue to provide income and employment for over 60 percent of sub-Saharan Africa’s population.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
ABUJA, 27 March 2015 (IRIN) - Nigeria is increasingly tense in the countdown to presidential elections on Saturday. President Goodluck Jonathan is facing an exceptionally strong challenge from former military ruler, General Muhammadu Buhari. Never has a presidential race been so close, and with that comes an increased risk of major political violence.
• 2 milliards de dollars requis pour l’action humanitaire au Sahel en 2015.
• Plus de 190 000 réfugiés et rapatriés du nord du Nigéria au Cameroun, Tchad et Niger.
• 1,2 millions de déplacés internes dans le nord du Nigéria.
• Les communautés au Nigéria font face à une insécurité alimentaire et à la malnutrition.
•Zéro nouveau cas d'Ebola au Libéria, stagnation des chiffres en Sierra Leone et en Guinée.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | | Friday 3/27/2015 - 15:20 GMT
by Nichole SOBECKI
A woman in a pale and patterned hijab, stares blankly from a bed in a makeshift clinic at a camp for the displaced in Maiduguri, northeast Nigeria, with newborn twins resting on her lap.
After escaping Boko Haram's murderous rampage in the town of Bama, some 70 kilometres (45 miles) away, caring for her infants may be more of a concern than voting in Saturday's presidential election.
Lagos, Nigeria | | Friday 3/27/2015 - 14:10 GMT
by Ola AWONIYI
Nigeria's military on Friday announced that troops had retaken the town of Gwoza from Boko Haram, from which the group declared their caliphate last year.
Defence spokesman Chris Olukolade told a news conference in the capital, Abuja, that the recapture came after "concerted and well-coordinated land and air operations".
"A lot of arms and ammunition have been recovered and the administrative headquarters (of Boko Haram) completely destroyed," he said.
A refugee camp in Chad has provided temporary sanctuary for thousands of fleeing Nigerians.
“I saw Boko Haram with my own eyes and I saw the bodies. If I think about the corpses, I will cry.”
These are the words of 12-year-old Tahiru Abakhar whose family was attacked by Boko Haram in Baga and again hounded by the Islamist group in other towns until they fled to neighbouring Chad.
3/26/2015 - 20:59 GMT
Des partisans de l'ex-président malien Amadou Toumani Touré, exilé au Sénégal depuis 2012, menacé de poursuites au Mali, ont organisé des rassemblements jeudi à Bamako et en province pour réclamer son retour, selon un journaliste de l'AFP et des témoins.
Le rassemblement à Bamako a réuni dans une salle d'un centre de conférences plus d'un millier de personnes, pour la plupart en tee-shirts à l'effigie de M. Touré, surnommé "ATT" d'après ses initiales, a constaté le journaliste de l'AFP.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Provisional estimates point to a reduced cereal production in 2014
Inflation rates increased in 2014 due to higher fuel prices
Dire humanitarian situation among refugees from Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria impacting also host communities
March rains help start the cropping season
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2015/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 12 000 000
Situation of displaced people in North-East in numbers
TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE LIVING IN CAMPS (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE LIVING IN HOST COMMUNITIES (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
NUMBER OF IDP CAMPS IN NORTH-EAST (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
Bamako, Mali | | Thursday 3/26/2015 - 22:49 GMT
Hundreds of supporters of exiled former Malian president Amadou Toumani Toure, who was overthrown in a military coup in 2012, called for his return on Thursday in rallies held in several cities.
The gathering in the capital Bamako drew more than a thousand people, according to an AFP reporter at the scene, many of them wearing t-shirts emblazoned with a picture of Toure, who is known by his initials ATT.
Smaller crowds also gathered in the central city of Mopti and the northern city of Gao, witnesses said.
Bama, Nigeria | | Thursday 3/26/2015 - 18:20 GMT
by Nichole SOBECKI
The devastation is visible from the air in Bama. Corrugated iron roofs lie ripped off among charred debris, the walls of the houses blackened with soot or in ruins.
On the dusty roads that separate properties in the second-biggest town in Borno state, northeast Nigeria, the sight -- and smell -- is much worse, with evidence of atrocities everywhere.
More than 800 people were killed and 65,000 displaced in religion-based election violence in 2011 in the central city.
Jos, Nigeria - Sectarian violence between Christians and Muslims has led to deaths and destroyed property for more than a decade in this city, and people here fear another outbreak ahead of Saturday's election.
Nigeria's two main presidential candidates have signed an agreement to prevent violence in tightly contested elections due on Saturday.
Ex-military ruler Abdulsalami Abubakar brokered the deal in talks between President Goodluck Jonathan and his main challenger Muhammadu Buhari.
MINUSMA operations in Mali confirm that peacekeeping missions are increasingly being conducted in complex and asymmetric environments. For Sofia Sebastian, how the UN addresses the dilemmas posed by such missions will have a big impact on which tools it has available to resolve future global security problems.
By Sofia Sebastian for ISN
Millions of Nigerians live in states where Boko Haram’s repeated attacks, Government counter-insurgency operations and inter-communal violence have led to an alarming amount of displacement. In the run-up to the elections, there are concerns that over 1.2 million displaced people will be unable to vote. During such a crucial time for the country, IDMC explains why IDPs should not be side-lined and must gain access to voting stations.