150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin, Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
In February 2017, FAO announced that under the ongoing "Restoring Agricultural Livelihoods of IDPs, Returnees and Vulnerable Host Families in North East Nigeria" project, it is scaling up assistance and reaching some 174,400 people with vegetable seeds and irrigation support for the dry season. (FAO, 22 Feb 2017)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
In 2011, Somalia suffered a famine that killed 260,000 people. The famine was declared in July, but most people had already died by May
By Tom Miles
GENEVA, Feb 16 (Reuters) - More than 20 million people - greater than the population of Romania or Florida - risk dying from starvation within six months in four separate famines, U.N. World Food Programme chief economist Arif Husain says.
June 21st, 2016 ― Doha: Under the Ramadan Iftar program, Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) is implementing food aid distributions in three African countries, at a total cost of $237,000 (QR 851,579), for the benefit of 24,040 internally displaced people (IDPs).
In Somalia, QRCS's mission in Mogadishu distributes $100,000 food packages to 1,560 families (9,360 people) in several IDP camps across the Banaadir region.
Each package contains 90 kg of food items such as maize, rice, sugar, powdered milk, dates, and vegetable oil.
This month’s update highlights children and armed conflict concerns and provides recommendations for the protection of children in the situations of Mali, Somalia and Yemen. In particular, the update provides recommendations ahead of the African Union Mission in Somalia’s (AMISOM) expected mandate and logistical support package renewal.
- Favorable, late-season rains continued throughout many regions of West Africa during the last week.
- Significantly heavy rainfall forecast over northern Somalia and eastern Ethiopia.
1) Below-average rains during the Belg season and a late onset of the Kiremt rains have led to persistent moisture deficits, which have delayed planting and negatively affected the development of already-planted crops over the Arsi and West Arsi zones in central Oromia of central Ethiopia.
Localized heavy rain showers were observed across central Somalia.
An integrated United Nations mission in Somalia will inevitably be politicized and compromise humanitarian aid to the troubled region, said Joel Charny, Vice President of InterAction, an alliance of 180 American nongovernmental organizations.
Addis Abeba March 18/2013 Japan provided 540 million USD support for activities being carried out to maintain peace and stability in Africa. Spokesperson of the Japanese Foreign Affairs Ministry, Masaru Sato told ENA that the support will be used to undertake activities to resolve conflict and help refugees and displaced persons. Some 190 million USD of the amount will be used to assist the displaced in West African countries.
Tropical Storm Murjan brings heavy rains and flash flooding to northern Somalia.
Flooding continues across portions of Nigeria and Ghana as heavy rains impact the region.
1) With seasonal rains ending and as vegetation dries out, locust swarms have formed in Chad and are expected to form in Niger and Mali. Swarms are expected to migrate towards the north as well as potentially into cropping areas in western/central Mali.
1) With seasonal rains ending and as vegetation dries out, locust swarms have formed in Chad and are expected to form shortly in Niger and Mali. Swarms are then expected to migrate towards the north as well as potentially into cropping areas in western/central Mali.
This month’s Conflict Trends report is the seventh monthly publication by the Armed Conflict Location & Event Dataset (ACLED) publishing and analysing realtime disaggregated data on political conflict on the African continent. This issue will focus on developments in DR-Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia and South Africa. We also present a thematic focus on violent Islamist groups across the African continent in the third of our special focus features.
Conseil de sécurité
Point 64 b) de l’ordre du jour provisoire**
Nouveau Partenariat pour le développement de l’Afrique : progrès accomplis dans la mise en œuvre et appui international : les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique
Item 64 (b) of the provisional agenda**
New Partnership for Africa’s Development: progress in
implementation and international support: causes of
conflict and the promotion of durable peace and
sustainable development in Africa
1) Both anomalous seasonal rainfall and the northward position of the Inter-Tropical front during the past several months have favored breeding conditions for desert locusts over southeast Mauritania-western Mali, central Niger-eastern Mali, Chad, and east-central Sudan. With seasonal rains ending and as vegetation dries out, locusts are expected to concentrate and migrate towards the north as well as potentially into cropping areas in Mali and Niger.
Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme
Geneva, 1-5 October 2012
Update on UNHCR’s operations in Africa
While new or escalating refugee emergencies continue to command a decisive part of UNHCR’s attention and resources in Africa in 2012, the region has continued to present opportunities to bring long-standing refugee situations to a close. Some of these situations have been successfully resolved while others present a number of remaining challenges.
A. Situational analysis including new developments
A WORD from the Global Protection Cluster
This document provides an overview of developments in the Mediterranean Basin and other regions of interest from 10 July — 23 July, with hyperlinks to source material highlighted and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members of the Med Basin Team, or visit our website at www.cimicweb.org.
In Focus: Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government
By Britta Rinehard
BERLIN – The humanitarian situation in the Sahel and in the Horn of Africa remains tense in many places. In view of the current situation in the Sahel region and around Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya, German Development Minister Dirk Niebel made the following statement:
Muslim Aid has urged the international community to come together on the eve of World Hunger Day to resolve the problem of food insecurity, echoing concerns from the recent G8 Summit about the poor level of involvement by developed countries and leading humanitarian organisations in assuaging hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
Le Directeur général de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, s’alarme d’un déficit important de financement pour les activités planifiées par la FAO au Sahel et dans la Corne de l’Afrique.