Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
by Lucas Destrijcker
Refugees in the southeastern region of Niger say they no longer fear Boko Haram, but their problems are far from over.
Diffa, Niger - As Nigerian forces have progressed against Boko Haram, the cornered terror group has been carrying out more attacks in neighbouring countries. In Niger's Diffa region on the northeastern border of Nigeria, more than 280,000 people have been displaced.
La complétude du reportage au cours de la semaine 35 est de 79,6% pour les CRENI/AS et de 78,2% pour les CRENAM. Les données publiées dans ce bulletin correspondent aux données reçues avant le jour de la publication et des mises à jour pourraient avoir lieu dans les prochaines publications.
Résumé et conclusions principales
24 September 2016. Since February 2015, conflict and insecurity have spread from northeastern Nigeria to Cameroon, Niger, and Chad, affecting a total of nearly 21 million people in what is called the Lake Chad Basin. Across the four countries, at least 2.6 million have been displaced, and most of them are hosted by local communities who are themselves vulnerable. The spreading conflict has resulted in violence against civilians, displacement, and a worsening food security and nutrition crisis for millions of people.
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
2016 REQUIREMENTS 260 million
FUNDING (1) 111 million
UNMET REQUIREMENTS 149 million
Niamey, Niger | AFP | vendredi 16/09/2016 - 21:57 GMT
Trente-huit membres de Boko Haram ont été tués et deux soldats ont été blessés, au cours "d'opérations de ratissage" menées cette semaine par les militaires du Niger et du Tchad, dans la région de Diffa (sud-est nigérien), a annoncé vendredi l'armée nigérienne.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Friday 9/16/2016 - 23:14 GMT
Thirty-eight Boko Haram Islamist fighters have been killed during military search operations carried out by Niger and Chad troops in the Diffa region of southeast Niger this week, an official said Friday.
Two soldiers were lightly wounded in the action and "on the enemy side; 38 terrorists killed," Niger defence ministry spokesman Moustapha Ledru said on state television.
Substantial quantities of weapons and munitions were also seized, Colonel Ledru added.
16 September 2016 – Wrapping up a four-day mission in Niger, the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Africa’s Sahel region has called on the international community to show increased support for the people of Diffa and the rest of the Lake Chad Basin who have been displaced from their homes amid the violence of Boko Haram’s insurgency.
« C'était le 3 janvier 2015, vers 6 h du matin ». Adamu, 16 ans, se souvient comme si c'était hier du jour où il a perdu tout contact avec sa famille. « La ville de Baga était attaquée, c'était la panique générale. On entendait des détonations et des tirs, les gens couraient partout. Etourdi, j'ai fui dans la brousse avec d'autres personnes. Les jours qui ont suivi, j'ai cherché ma famille dans le groupe de rescapés, sans succès. Je me sentais seul au monde, complètement déboussolé.
September 14, 2016 Kristin Penn, MCC Niger Resident Country Director Guyslain K. Ngeleza, MCC Lead Economist in the Department of Policy and Evaluation
(Niamey 15 September 2016): Assistant-Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel Toby Lanzer completed today a four-day mission in Niger. He went to the Diffa region, part of the Lake Chad Basin, where violence at the hands of Boko Haram has pushed hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, disrupted trade and livelihoods and heightened malnutrition and food insecurity.
La complétude du reportage au cours de la semaine 34 est de 80,9% pour les CRENI/AS et de 79,7% pour les CRENAM. Les données publiées dans ce bulletin correspondent aux données reçues avant le jour de la publication et des mises à jour pourraient avoir lieu dans les prochaines publications.
Despite recent gains against the Boko Haram in Nigeria, many of those who fled the group are still struggling.
Thousands of Nigerian refugees in neighbouring countries such as Niger have been struggling for resources since fleeing attacks by the Boko Haram group.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Sunday 9/11/2016 - 18:15 GMT
At least two civilians have been killed and several wounded in an attack by unidentified assailants on a UN refugee camp in Niger near the Malian border, sources told AFP Sunday.
"Two died and several refugees were injured in the attack last night (Saturday)," a source with a humanitarian aid group said after the assault at the Tabareybarey camp housing some 10,000 Malian refugees near the town of Ayorou in western Niger.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | dimanche 11/09/2016 - 15:45 GMT
Au moins deux civils ont été tués et plusieurs autres blessés samedi soir dans une attaque d'hommes armés non identifiés contre un camp onusien de réfugiés maliens près de la ville nigérienne d'Ayorou (ouest), proche du Mali, a appris dimanche l'AFP de sources concordantes.