150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
Thousands of civilians are forced to flee attacks of Boko Haram and military operations in the Lake Chad region. Niger is one of the countries of the Lake Chad Basin that hosts a large number of displaced people. Among them are traumatised children. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid Department supports a project of the Italian NGO COOPI providing psychosocial support and a safe environment for those young survivors.
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to repeated attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region.
These attacks have caused the displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges.
WASHINGTON, le 3 février 2017 – La Banque mondiale a approuvé aujourd’hui des crédits supplémentaires d’un montant total de 68 millions de dollars en faveur du Programme de productivité agricole en Afrique de l’Ouest (PPAAO). Cette enveloppe de financement se répartit comme suit : 20 millions de dollars sont destinés au Bénin, 23 millions de dollars à la Guinée, 15 millions de dollars au Niger, et 10 millions de dollars au Togo.
WASHINGTON, February 3, 2017—The World Bank approved today additional credits for the West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP-1C). The total amount is $68 million, with $20 million for Benin, $23 million for Guinea, $15 million for Niger, and $10 million for Togo.
Niger : soutien à des dizaines de milliers de personnes en 2016 dans la région de Diffa
Dans la région de Diffa, nous continuons d'apporter notre soutien aux populations déplacées et résidentes touchées par le conflit, en étroite collaboration avec la Fédération internationale de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et la Croix-Rouge nigérienne.
Nine security incidents were registered in Diffa in December, including attacks by ex- Boko Haram and the kidnapping of nine people (including one infant). The attacks caused a movement of 583 households towards 2 spontaneous sites.
Children in Diffa are confronted with continuous attacks. In December one classroom was burned down, with learning materials looted; one young girl was kidnapped, which triggered the closing down of three local schools with 450 students (262 girls).
Niger remains in a cycle of chronic humanitarian crisis. The Boko Haram driven conflict in the Diffa region has aggravated the vulnerability of many people who were already living on the edge of survival before the crisis broke out. Approximately 1.9 million people in Niger will need humanitarian assistance in 2017, including 1.5 million in the nutrition sector and 1.3 million in the food security sector.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
The devastation caused by Boko Haram and the military forces fighting them has plunged the people of far eastern Niger into a serious food crisis and has slashed their incomes to a tenth of what they were before, Oxfam warned today.
In Diffa, the far eastern region of Niger, the Government has closed markets, banned fishing and restricted access to land, fertiliser and fuel needed for red pepper farming. Red peppers were previously known as ‘red gold’ because of the money that their export brought into Niger. Cross-border trade with Nigeria and Niger is almost at a standstill.
MAIN TARGETS FOR 2017
Conflict-affected people in the Diffa region, including IDPs and refugees, improve their diet and living conditions with six-month food rations and household items from the Red Cross Society of Niger and the ICRC.
Vulnerable communities hosting displaced people strengthen their economic security with agricultural supplies and equipment, donations of animal feed, and livestock health services from the ICRC.
31 January 2017
The European Union has been touting a faulty figure for migration reduction through key transit country Niger as it looks to expand a policy of giving more development aid to African nations if they crack down on people smuggling and migrants, IRIN can exclusively reveal.
Read more on IRIN.
Le Mécanisme de Réponse Rapide (RRM) est lancé dans la région de Diffa depuis juin 2015 et officiellement endossé par l’équipe humanitaire pays en décembre de la même année. Le RRM est déclenché à partir d’une alerte humanitaire au profit de populations victimes de déplacements forcés datant de moins de trois mois dans des zones difficiles d’accès caractérisées en général par la rareté des acteurs humanitaires.
FLOWS OBSERVED THROUGH THE FLOW MONITORING POINTS
The migrant movements in the north of Niger during the month of December are evolving in a context of tighter control of transporters who might facilitate passage of migrants into Libya. Trends of migrant flows thus continue to be lower than they were in the period from May to September with less than 15 000 migrants observed passing through the flow monitoring points during the reporting month.