Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 27 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 19% funded. (OCHA, 27 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
2,1 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire.
Les régions de Maradi, Zinder et Tahoua sont les plus touchées par la malnutrition aiguë.
L’assistance en vivres reste une priorité pour les déplacés du site d’Assaga.
12 pour cent de la population en insécurité alimentaire
Plus de 2 millions de personnes
Niger comes third in the countries aided by Rohama Qatar delegation
Nasser Al Megheiseb: What distinguishes Rohama initiative is that it focuses on the developmental aspect of the regions it aids.
Supported by QC, the delegation of Rohama initiative finished its exploratory trip to Niger so as to check upon the Nigerians and to aid 400 families that suffer from poverty. The delegation provided the villages and orphanages with some food supplies and basic needs.
At a meeting today in the United Nations Security Council on the situation in the Sahel region of sub-Saharan Africa, senior UN officials stressed that climate change plays a direct role in the region's security, development and stability by increasing drought and fuelling conflict.
Niger - Through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), IOM has recorded a total of 60,970 migrants passing through the transit towns of Arlit and Séguédine in the Agadez region of Niger between February and April 2016. Of this total, 44,890 were recorded leaving Niger, while 16,080 were migrants entering the country. Niger is a transit country for West African migrants travelling to and from Algeria and Libya.
Violence has been increasing in the Niger Delta over the last several years. According to data formatted and integrated onto the Peace Map, in Quarter 1 of 2016, the number of fatalities reached the highest point since the end of the militancy, in late 2009.
With simultaneous epidemics of meningitis and measles in Niger, teams from Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) have been supporting the Ministry of Health in its efforts to bring them under control, while taking steps to prevent cholera spreading from neighbouring Nigeria. The areas most affected by the outbreaks are sheltering large numbers of refugees and people displaced from their homes by violence in the region.
MSF assists victims of violence in the district of Bosso, in Diffa region
At least six people were killed and eight more were severely injured last Thursday in an attack in Yebi, Bosso district, Niger, where thousands of people displaced from the Lake Chad area have settled looking for refuge. According to the Nigerien authorities, the attack was carried out by the group Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP), also known as Boko Haram.
24 mai 2016 – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) a déclaré mardi avoir constaté une augmentation de l'insécurité et une aggravation de la situation humanitaire dans la région de Diffa, dans le sud-est du Niger.
Selon des chiffres gouvernementaux, cette région accueillait à la mi-mai plus de 241.000 réfugiés nigérians, personnes déplacées et Nigériens rapatriés qui vivaient autrefois au Nigéria.
Nigerians who found safety in neighbouring Niger, with thousands of others fleeing militants, move again as insecurity grows.
By: Helene Caux | 24 May 2016
DIFFA, Niger, May 24 (UNHCR) – Bala never imagined he would have to step over dead bodies to save his life. His brother Mahamadou never thought he would have to hide beneath them to save his.
“They were killing children in the streets. They were shooting at pregnant women,” says Bala, 50, remembering how Boko Haram tore through his town, in northern Nigeria.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 24 May 2016, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
By: Adrian Edwards | 24 May 2016
Assaga, Niger | AFP | Saturday 5/21/2016 - 03:04 GMT
by Boureima HAMA
"Take us away from this hell," said Boussam, a mother of seven cradling skeletal goats in Niger's Assaga camp, where thousands of desperate refugees fleeing Boko Haram Islamist insurgents are living in hunger.
She spoke to AFP in the south eastern camp near the border with Nigeria where some 6,000 people are crammed in UN tents in baking sun after being displaced by the violence.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | vendredi 20/05/2016 - 13:45 GMT
Au moins six civils ont été tués et sept autres blessés jeudi soir dans une attaque "du groupe terroriste de Boko Haram", près de la ville de Bosso dans le sud-est du Niger, a indiqué vendredi l'armée nigérienne.
"Le bilan provisoire de l'attaque est le suivant: six morts dont deux tués par balles, quatre brûlés vifs et sept blessés", a précisé un communiqué de l'armée lu sur la radio et la télévision d’État.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Friday 5/20/2016 - 14:24 GMT
At least six civilians were killed and seven injured in an attack by Boko Haram Islamist fighters in Niger on Thursday evening, according to the country's army.
Four of the victims were burned alive and two were shot dead during the attack near the south eastern garrison town of Bosso, close to the border with Nigeria, according to an army statement broadcast on state TV and radio Friday.
by Sylvia Szabo, Nutrition Policy and Advocacy Adviser, and Denis Kovalenko, Corporate Grant Manager
The latest Human Development Report ranks Niger bottom out of 188 countries on the human development index. The human development index is a composite indicator of socio-economic development, which takes into account countries’ health, education and income.
(Niamey, 17 mai 2016): Le Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence des Nations Unies, Stephen O’Brien, a achevé aujourd’hui une mission de deux jours au Niger. Il a lancé un appel pour une attention plus accrue sur la crise dans la région de Diffa où la violence liée aux activités de Boko Haram a forcé plus de 240 000 personnes à quitter leurs maisons des deux côtés de la frontière avec le Nigéria.
(Niamey, 17 May 2016): United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, completed today a two-day mission to Niger. He called for greater world attention on the massive humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Diffa region, where violence at the hands of Boko Haram has forced over 240,000 people out of their homes on both sides of the border with Nigeria.
Suite a l'Etat d'urgence déclaré dans le Nord du Nigéria en Mai 2013, la région de Diffa a connu l'afflux de personnes en provenance des Etats Nigérians de Borno, Yobe et Adamaoua pour y chercher refuge, ainsi que des mouvements internes de populations depuis Févriér 2015. Les autorités locales et les populations autochtones ont accueilli ces déplacés dans des familles d'accueil, des sites et des camps, mettant à leur disposition les ressources dont elles disposent (puits, centre de santé, école, champs…).