Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to a growing number of attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region. These attacks have caused the internal displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges
NASA has launched a hub in Niger that will use space-based observations to improve food security
By Nellie Peyton
DAKAR, July 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A drive by NASA to stream climate data to West African nations using its earth-observing satellites could boost crop production in a region hit hard by climate change, experts say.
Read the full article here
454 000 personnes vulnérables
dont 399 000 dans les communes affectées par les mouvements de populations
382 000 personnes
dont 220 000 dans les communes affectées par les mouvements de populations
FOCUS SUR LES COMMUNES AFFECTEES PAR LES DEPLACEMENTS DE POPULATIONS
55% planifié vs cible globale
80% réalisé vs planifié
44% de la cible atteinte
82% vivres vs cash
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has provided assistance to displaced people living in remote areas in northern Diffa for over a year, far from any humanitarian aid.
Barago, Niger | AFP | mardi 19/07/2016 - 06:39 GMT | 659 mots
par Boureima HAMA
A l'ombre d'un arbre, nourrissons accrochés au sein, une trentaine de femmes apprennent à dépister la malnutrition dans la cour du centre médical de Barago, une bourgade perdue dans le sud du Niger, un des pays les plus pauvres du monde.
A tour de rôle, elles passent autour des bras de leurs bébés le périmètre brachial (PB), un brassard tricolore qui sert à mesurer l'épaisseur du bras et détecter la malnutrition.
Mirriah, Niger | AFP | vendredi 15/07/2016 - 11:45 GMT
par Boureima HAMA
Souffle court, yeux révulsés, masque à oxygène sur le nez: Hamissou, un bébé d'à peine six mois, gît, dans un état désespéré, sur la table de réanimation de l'hôpital de Mirriah, dans le sud du Niger, victime d'une malnutrition qui fait des ravages chez les enfants dans ce pays parmi les plus pauvres du monde.
Humanitarian needs in Niger continue to be immense as a result of lasting food insecurity, high global malnutrition of children under age five and the displacement of people fleeing the conflicts in neighbouring Mali* and Nigeria*. Successive food crises, extreme poverty, displacement and rapid population growth continue to erode people’s resilience. Even in good agricultural years, between 4 and 5 million Nigeriens experience food shortages.
Today the European Commission has announced over €145 million in humanitarian assistance for Africa's Sahel region in 2016 to address the basic needs of the populations, tackle malnutrition and provide food to the most vulnerable people.
In Niger, an estimated 2.5 million people are chronically food insecure. During the so-called lean season (the period between harvests, when poor families often have exhausted their food reserves), millions more can quickly fall into acute food insecurity. With support from the European Commission, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) is helping the most vulnerable households become more resilient.
69,674 Newly displaced registered in the Diffa region following insurgent attacks on June 3rd
1,850 Emergency NFI kits distributed to vulnerable displaced families in the east of the Diffa region in the month of June
1,228 Malian refugees assisted to voluntarily repatriate to Mali in 2016
4,724 Malian refugee newly arrived in the refugee camps, hosting areas and urban center in 2016
Depuis 2014, ACTED mène un projet d’autonomisation économique de réfugiés maliens et de la population hôte dans la région de Tillabéry au Niger. Pour valoriser l’implication des bénéficiaires, ACTED a organisé une cérémonie de remise de diplômes et de kits de démarrage. Rencontre avec Hassana, jeune femme ayant bénéficié de la formation professionnelle en couture soutenue par ACTED
The implementation rate of the Watershed project stands at 70 percent. The project involves land regeneration and water mobilization. The expected completion is in July.
Preparations are in place for the shift in distribution means within the Mangaize refugee camp. Paper vouchers will cease to be distributed. The introduction of the first E-vouchers is planned in July.