Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
For 2017 the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
À travers cinq régions du Niger, la situation alimentaire peut-être qualifiée globalement satisfaisante en Octobre 2016, étant donné que 97% des ménages ont eu une consommation limite ou acceptable.
La proportion des ménages ayant une diversité alimentaire faible a été 27%.
Ces ménages ont été particulièrement trouvés dans les communes de Bagaroua,
Kantche, Kao, Tondikiwndi et Wacha.
Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections.
For several decades Niger country has been facing recurrent armed conflicts and crises including insurrections, which negatively impact its development by potentially threatening its security and stability.
Bulletin d’information sur les flambées épidémiques
Le 30 août, le Ministère de la santé du Niger a notifié à l’OMS des décès inexpliqués de personnes ainsi que des décès dans le bétail dans la région de Tahoua au Niger. Le 23 septembre, des échantillons humains et animaux ont été examinés à l’Institut Pasteur de Dakar (IPD) et ont donné un résultat positif pour la fièvre de la vallée du Rift, par PCR, ainsi que pour des IgM spécifiques confirmant la première flambée épidémique de fièvre de la vallée du Rift au Niger.
Qu’est ce que la biomasse?
La biomasse est une mesure de la production de la végétation, précisément de la matière sèche (MS) exprimée en kilogramme, par jour et par hectare. Le terme « matière sèche » est utilisé pour décrire toute forme de végétation au dessus du sol, sans comptabiliser son contenu en eau. Pour une analyse de la situation pastorale, la MS représente un moyen efficace pour mesurer de manière normalisée la disponibilité en ressources fourragères.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Adequate rains facilitated crop development in most regions; an average harvest expected following last year’s bumper crop
Coarse grain prices declined steeply but remained at levels above those a year earlier
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed, including for Nigerian and Malian refugees
Average harvest expected for 2016 cropping season
Un appui français à la coopération transfrontalière au sahel (programme ‘’acts’’ organisé à niamey du 14 au 18 novembre 2016)
Dans le cadre de son programme d’appui à la coopération transfrontalière au Sahel (ACTS), le service de sécurité intérieure de l’ambassade de France au Niger a récemment organisé un séminaire réunissant 40 magistrats, policiers et douaniers venus du Niger, du Mali et du Burkina Faso.
Cette série de rencontres s’est déroulée à Niamey, du 14 au 18 novembre 2016, sur le site de la ‘’Blue Zone Bolloré’’.
11 security incidents were registered in Diffa in October, including an attack on the health centers of N’Garwa and of Gueskerou, where people displaced from Niger and Nigeria receive care. No casualties were reported, but medical supplies, essential medicines and RUTF were looted.
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to repeated attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region. These attacks have caused the displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges.
WFP continues to face critical funding constraints that threatens the continuation of its resilience activities and risks to reverse the important gains and investments made in recent years. For Malian refugees a challenging transition strategy which moves towards vulnerability targeting and self-reliance is being finalized.
The PRRO evaluation survey confirms the positive trends of resilience indicators amongst the very poor populations.
At least four people have been killed in a series of attacks attributed to Boko Haram in several villages in Diffa region over the last few days. One attack occurred in the village of Woor, leaving three people dead and several injured. There were two separate attacks on the villages of Ngaroua Koura and Ngalewa, with one person killed, a health post and shops looted.
In total, an estimated 221 790 people have been displaced due to Boko Haram violence in the Diffa region. In addition, Niger is also host to 96 940 Nigerian refugees who have fled Boko Haram.
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