Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 7 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 32% funded. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
A total of 90 cases and 28 deaths (CFR: 31%) reported between 02 August and 05 October 2016 from Tchintabaraden in Tahoua region.
High risk of spread to neighboring countries given the prevailing security situation, population movement and limited public health infrastructure in the affected areas.
Epidémie de Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift pour la première fois au Niger.
Deux sites de réfugiés maliens attaqués entre le 10 septembre et le 6 octobre.
Plus de 123 000 personnes affectées par les inondations.
Plus de 300 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa.
Epidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua
Un don de 4 millions de dollars du Fonds fiduciaire de solidarité africain vise à renforcer la création d’emplois dans ces pays
$4 million Africa Solidarity Trust Fund grant aims to help countries strengthen job creation
19 October 2016, Rome - FAO and the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) have joined forces to increase job and business opportunities for young people in rural areas of Benin, Cameroon, Malawi and Niger through a $4 million grant made available by the Africa Solidarity Trust Fund.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$161 million of humanitarian assistance to Niger since the beginning of 2016.
As of 11 October 2016, only US$11,500 has been reported in response to the Rift Valley Fever outbreak in Niger.
The UN-coordinated appeal for Niger1 requests US$260 million. It is currently 44% funded at US$116 million.
Displaced persons in the Diffa region: estimates published in September by the Niger authorities with the support of UNHCR
Malian refugee households received mosquito nets in Mangaize camp in September to minimize the risk of malaria
Vulnerable displaced and host families received gas bottles for domestic energy in the Diffa region in 2016
Newly arrived Malian refugees between January and the start of September 2016
La situation alimentaire s’est améliorée à Diffa. En Août 2016, 73% des ménages ont eu une consommation alimentaire acceptable contre 16% en Juin 2016. Cette diminution peut être expliquée par la diminution du déplacement et l'augmentation des ménages qui ont reçu une aide ali-mentaire par rapport à Juin.
Seulement 26% des ménages ont eu recours à des stratégies d’adaptation.
The Diffa region continues to be affected by the ongoing crisis in northeast Nigeria, but in the month of August there was a decrease in attacks. An attack on villages near Nguigmi has caused new displacements towards Toumour. According to recently released official figures, the Diffa region is currently hosting an estimated 302,000 displaced people, including Nigerian refugees and returnees, and internally displaced persons.
I. Contexte et justification
Avec une superficie de 156.906 km2 la région de Diffa est une zone à vocation essentiellement agro-pastorale. La population est estimée à 591.821 habitants en 2012 dont 83 % vivent en milieu rural. Leur système de vie repose essentiellement sur les productions locales, agricoles (pluviale et irriguée), pastorales et halieutiques.
14 October 2016, Brazzaville/Niamey – The World Health Organization has deployed a team of experts to Niger in an effort to strengthen the coordination of response and stop the spread of the rift valley fever (RVF) that is affecting people and livestock in a district in the north-western part of the country.
Niamey / Genève (CICR) – Le président du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR), Peter Maurer, a terminé aujourd'hui une mission de deux jours au Niger. Alors que des secours vitaux tardent à parvenir aux centaines de milliers de personnes en détresse dans la région du lac Tchad, M. Maurer a appelé la communauté internationale à déployer des efforts plus soutenus à long terme pour répondre aux besoins immenses dans les quatre pays touchés.
Niamey / Geneva (ICRC): The president of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Peter Maurer, completed today a two-day mission to Niger. With life-saving aid not reaching hundreds of thousands of people across the Lake Chad region, Mr Maurer called for more sustained and long-term international efforts to address the massive needs in the four countries affected.
Boko Haram attacks in Yebi and Bosso, two towns in the east of Niger’s Diffa region, have displaced an estimated 50,000–75,000 people since 19 May. Most of the displaced population first sought safety in the town of Toumour, 25–30km west of Bosso town, but have since moved westwards and northwards, fearing further BH attacks.
A Rift Valley Fever (RVF) outbreak was declared on 20 September in the districts of Tchintabaraden, Tassara, and Abalak in the Tahoua region of Niger. Cases were first reported on 30 August, when unexplained deaths among humans, along with deaths and abortions of livestock were observed in Tchintabaraden district.
Poursuivant sa tournée africaine, Angela Merkel est arrivée au Niger où elle a rencontré le président Mahamadou Issoufou. La politique migratoire du Niger et le projet de partenariat de migration avec l’Union européenne ont été au cœur de leur entretien.