Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 April 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 12% funded. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), increasing poverty and market instability have contributed to deterioration of livelihoods.
Limited access to basic social services and timid presence of State administration in certain parts of northern Mali increase the vulnerability of communities.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Evolution des prix favorable à un accès moyen des ménages aux denrées alimentaires
L’approvisionnement suffisant des marchés à travers le pays à des prix similaires ou en baisse par rapport à la moyenne favorise l’accès des ménages aux denrées tout au long de l’année alimentaire 2015/16. Par conséquent, la majorité des zones du pays restera en situation d’insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC) jusqu’à la fin de la soudure en septembre 2016.
Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population. Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households. Markets included are indicative of local conditions within their respective regions. Ségou is one of the most important markets for both the country and region because it is located in a very large grain production area.
As part of a wider project to understand the profile and motivations of people migrating to the European Union, this factsheet presents key findings related to migration from Mali. Information presented here is based on interviews with key informants, who were asked to report on migration from their community. Findings presented here are based on a small, purposive sample of respondents in Gao, a key transit point for migrants passing through Mali, and should be considered indicative only.
26 April 2016 – In the wake of the violent protests on 18 and 19 April in Kidal, northern Mali, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is warning that the events disrupted children’s education in the region and endangered their safety.
According to sources verified by UNICEF, many children were removed from classrooms during the school day to participate in rallies.
État d’approvisionnement des marchés :
- L’état d’approvisionnement des marchés est jugé satisfaisant dans l’ensemble à travers le pays.
Tendance des prix des céréales et du bétail :
Tendance des prix au producteur en légère hausse de +3% par rapport à février 2016, à la baisse par rapport à la moyenne de 5 dernières années sauf pour le riz local.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | dimanche 24/04/2016 - 20:18 GMT
L'armée et des milices au Mali tuent et arrêtent "injustement" des civils peuls pris pour des jihadistes, a dénoncé dimanche une association malienne regroupant des membres de cette ethnie.
Facts & Figures
Début avril la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la hausse au Burkina et à la stabilité au Mali et au Niger.
Syntèse par pays
Au Niger la tendance générale des prix des céréales est à la hausse pour le mil et à la stabilité pour les autres céréales. Les hausses ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Agadez (+8%), Zinder (+7%), Maradi (+3%) et Dosso (+3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Maradi (+7%) et iii) pour le maïs à Agadez (+8%) et à Niamey (+6%). Seul le prix du maïs a enregistré une baisse à Zinder (-11%).
In March, WFP’s General Food Distributions (GFD) provided assistance to 102,000 people.
Results from the Cadre Harmonise show that 423,500 people will be in need of food assistance during the lean season (June-September), a significant reduction compared to 2015.
WFP provided vital support in Kidal - by providing school meals to the 13 schools that re-opened for the first time since the beginning of the crisis in February 2012.
Author: Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, April 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The kidnapping of three Red Cross staff and damage to an airstrip by violent protesters in northern Mali have hindered humanitarian operations in a region which has been slowly stabilising, aid agencies said on Thursday.
Read the full story here.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:
The Secretary-General strongly condemns the violent demonstrations that have taken place on Monday, 18 April, in Kidal, in the north of Mali, and regrets the loss of life and injury. According to preliminary information two protesters died and several were injured.
Une violente manifestation s’est déroulée hier matin à Kidal. Vers 10h, des manifestants, dont certains munis de cocktails molotov, se sont introduits par effraction sur la piste de l’aéroport sécurisée par la MINUSMA, saccageant et mettant le feu aux installations sécuritaires.
2 participants ont perdu la vie, 4 autres ont été blessés suite à des tirs d’origine encore inconnue. La MINUSMA déplore vivement ces pertes en vies humaines, présente ses condoléances aux familles endeuillées et souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blessés.
With a $1.8 million grant from the Government of Japan, the Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) has launched a 1-year project to disseminate a customized crop management decision support tool – called RiceAdvice – in Nigeria and Mali, to help improve rice productivity, maximize rice farmers’ investment potential, catalyze youth employment and reduce environmental footprints compared to existing farmer practices.
A violent demonstration took place yesterday morning in Kidal at around 10 am. Demonstrators, some equipped with molotov cocktails, broke onto the airstrip secured by MINUSMA, ransacking and setting fire to secured facilities.
Two demonstrators were killed, four others wounded by gunfire from unknown origin. MINUSMA strongly deplores the loss of lives, offers its condolences to the bereaved families and wishes a speedy recovery to the injured.