Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
On 10 July 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
According to UNHCR, there are some 90,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali and 16,000 returnees. Burkina Faso shelters some 34,000 Malian refugees, while Mauritania and Niger each host some 50,000 Malian refugees, respectively.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, met with the Minister of Solidarity, Humanitarian Action and Reconstruction of the North, Mr. Hamadou Konaté, this morning.
MINUSMA notes with concern that acts contrary to the spirit of the agreements and arrangements relating to the ceasefire and the Peace Agreement as well as allegations of grave human rights violations and abuses have been recorded in several locations, in particular in the regions of the north. These acts are attributed to elements of movements who have signed the Agreement.
In a break from recent tradition, European member states are currently contributing significant military capabilities to a United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operation in Africa. Europeans are providing more than 1,000 troops to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) by staffing a wide range of operations including an intelligence fusion cell, transport and attack aircraft, and special forces.
Germany's defense minister Ursula von der Leyen is in Mali. On Tuesday she was present at a ceremony to mark the handover of command of the European Training Mission in Mali (EUTM).
Germany has now replaced Spain as the country in command of EUTM. Spain had previously occupied this role under General Alfonso Garcia-Vaquero Pradal.
N’Djamena, 23 July 2015 - The Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for the Sahel, Ms. Hiroute Guebre Sellassie, held discussions today with the Commander of Operation Barkhane, General Jean-Pierre Palasset, on the security situation in the Sahel and the support of Operation Barkhane to the efforts of the Sahel countries to address the challenges that they are facing.
La Plateforme Nationale d’Évaluation est une nouvelle approche rigoureuse de compilation et d’analyse de données de Santé et de Nutrition de diverses sources, afin que les pays obtiennent des réponses basées les preuves aux questions les plus pressantes sur leurs politiques et leurs programmes. Le Mali à l'instar du Mozambique, du Malawi et la Tanzanie met en œuvre pour la première fois. La NEP est financée par le Canada (DFATD) et est mis en œuvre sur 3 ans.
Dakar, 27 July 2015: Toby Lanzer took up his assignment as Regional Coordinator for the Sahel last week in Dakar. Mr. Lanzer succeeds Robert Piper who has held the position since March 2013.
(Dakar, 27 juillet 2015) : Toby Lanzer a pris ses fonctions de Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel la semaine passée à Dakar. M. Lanzer succède à Robert Piper qui occupait le poste depuis mars 2013.
2014 was a year marked by growing insecurity in north Mali because of fighting between the army and rebel opposition groups. While the principal targets are military (MINUSMA, Barkhane and the Malian army), the last three months of the year saw a significant increase in the number of security incidents involving aid and other international organisations in the north of the country.
At around 6:10 this morning, the MINUSMA camp in Aguelhok was targeted by mortar fire. Preliminary reports indicate that at least four mortar shells landed in the vicinity of the camp. There were no casualties and the attack did not cause any material damage.
MINUSMA peacekeepers immediately reinforced the camp’s security and sent out patrols to locate the area from where the shells were fired and ensure the safety of the civilian population.
Summary: 23 juillet 2015, Bruxelles - Aujourd'hui, l'Union européenne a décidé d'allouer 20 millions d'EUR au financement de l'entretien du réseau routier du Mali. L'entretien routier se fera par le biais d'emplois attribués aux populations les plus vulnérables, afin de lutter efficacement contre la pauvreté et de fournir, quelques semaines seulement après la signature de l'Accord de paix, les premiers dividendes de paix aux populations.
Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA s’est rendu à Bruxelles pour rencontrer les responsables de l’Union Européenne et échanger sur le soutien des institutions et des pays de l’Europe au rétablissement d’une paix durable au Mali.
Au cours de son déplacement, M. Mongi Hamdi, a été reçu successivement par le Vice-Premier Ministre et Ministre des Affaires étrangères et européennes de la Belgique, M. Didier Reynders, et la Haute Représentante de l'Union Européenne pour les affaires étrangères et la politique de sécurité, Mme Federica Mogherini.
Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi, s’est rendu à Bruxelles pour rencontrer les responsables de l’Union Européenne.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, travelled to Brussels to meet with officials of the European Union.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSMA travelled to Brussels to meet European Union officials and discuss the support of the institutions and countries of Europe in reestablishing lasting peace in Mali.
During his visit, Mr. Mongi Hamdi was received, separately, by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Belgium, Mr. Didier Reynders, and the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Ms. Federica Mogherini.