Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Depuis 2012, le Mali est confronté à une crise complexe et multidimensionnelle. Dans le Nord, le conflit a affecté les activités agro-pastorales locales qui constituent les principales sources de revenus pour la population rurale dans le cercle de Ménaka, ainsi que les activités économiques quotidiennes et l'approvisionnement alimentaire des réseaux commerciaux locaux.
7566th Meeting (AM)
Citing accelerating terrorist attacks, spikes in displacement and increasingly grave humanitarian challenges, the top United Nations official for the Sahel told the Security Council today that the international community must address the root causes of such threats to prevent further deterioration in the region.
Dans le cadre de l’évaluation des perspectives alimentaires dans le Sahel pour l’année 2015, s’est tenu du 09 au 14 novembre 2015, l’atelier national d’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé (travaux techniques) dans la salle de conférence de la Maison du Partenariat Angers-Bamako (MPAB). L’ouverture officielle a préalablement eu lieu dans la salle de conférence du Gouvernorat du District de Bamako.
DANS CE NUMÉRO:
COMBATTRE L’INSÉCURITE ALIMENTAIRE AU SAHEL p.2
CULTURES PÉRENNES ET SÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE p.3
JEUNESSE AU TRAVAIL p.4
JMA 2015 - « Focus sur la protection sociale et l’agriculture » p.5
NUTRITION À BANDIAGARA p.6
Chers lectrices et lecteurs,
Two years ago, Hamidou Samakan, chief of the village of Yarou Plateau in Mali, noticed significant changes in the neighbouring village of Gouna. The village was clean and there were no faeces to be seen. People were building affordable latrines, sweeping common areas, and chlorinating their drinking water.
Back in Hamidou’s village, people were still defecating in the open. Few households had latrines, and diarrhoea and under-nutrition were common.
24 November 2015 – A civilian staff member of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali was killed today in an explosive device attack on a convoy, but the world Organization will not be deterred from its efforts to bring peace to the West African, Secretary-GeneralBan Ki-moon said.
The attack on the convoy of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) occurred on the Goundam-Timbuktu axis in the Timbuktu region in the north of the country.
Au lendemain de l'attaque terroriste qui a eu lieu dans un hôtel de Bamako, le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi salue le professionnalisme des forces de défense et de sécurité du Mali (FDSM), et exprime sa gratitude aux pays qui ont apporté leur soutien durant la crise.
"J’adresse également mes plus chaleureuses félicitations aux différentes unités de la MINUSMA qui se sont mobilisées aux côtés de leurs partenaires maliens et internationaux," a-t-il déclaré.
Addis Ababa, 20 November 2015: The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU),
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali (SRSG) and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, commends the professionalism of the Malian Defense and Security Forces (MDSF), in the aftermath of the terrorist attack against a Bamako hotel on 20 November 2015, and expresses his gratitude to countries having provided support during the crisis.
"I also extend my great appreciation to the various divisions of MINUSMA who mobilized alongside their Malian and international partners," he said.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom):
ABU DHABI, 22nd November 2015 (WAM) --- The Emirates Red Crescent is carrying out projects in Mali's healthcare, educational and services sectors to support refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in cooperation with international organisations.
Some 28,000 under-five children will benefit from the agency's healthcare projects while 95 percent of children will be vaccinated against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, respiratory infections, hepatitis and measles.
Enhance food security, economic growth, resilience, and poverty reduction in West Africa through an integrated common market
Life of Program:
5/2015 – 5/2020
Total USAID Funding:
Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.
20 novembre 2015 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a condamné vendredi une attaque terroriste contre l'hôtel Radisson de Bamako dans laquelle un nombre indéterminé de civils ont été tués ou blessés.
M. Ban a dénoncé cette attaque « odieuse », a dit son porte-parole dans un communiqué de presse. Le chef de l'ONU a exprimé ses plus sincères condoléances au gouvernement du Mali ainsi qu'aux familles des victimes et a souhaité un prompt rétablissement aux personnes blessées au cours de l'attaque.
20 November 2015 – Condemning the “horrific” terrorist attack at the Radisson hotel in Bamako which killed an unknown number of civilians and injured many more, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has noted that the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) has been assisting the authorities in the handling of this crisis.
Il y a deux ans, Hamidou Samakan, chef du village Plateau Yarou, situé au Sud du Mali, a remarqué d’importants changements dans le village voisin de Gouna. Le village était propre, pas d’excréments visibles dans ses rues...
Les habitants y construisaient des latrines à un prix abordable, balayaient les espaces collectifs, et traitaient l’eau avec du chlore. Dans le village de Hamidou, les gens déféquaient encore en plein air. Peu de ménages disposaient de latrines, et la diarrhée et la malnutrition étaient monnaie courante.
In Yarou Plateau, a village in Mali, people used to use any open space for bathroom needs. You can imagine the consequences.
Flies could easily find fecal matter lying around, and from there land on food, spreading diseases like diarrhea and intestinal worms. Fecal matter in open areas also contaminated the groundwater, which villagers use for drinking and preparing food. In Yarou Plateau, frequent diarrhea was much too common among mothers and children.
When the right information reaches communities, and medical treatment is made available free of charge, people's behaviour towards health care changes, and under-nutrition can be decreased. This is what has happened in Koulikoro region, Mali, where an EU-funded project to prevent and treat under-nutrition is helping better identify undernourished children in the communities, but also prompting families to reach out to health centres spontaneously. Thanks to this, more children are treated and fewer children die.