For yet another year, humanitarian indicators in the Sahel remain alarmingly high. The heavy burden of chronic food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemic risk, compounded by conflict and insecurity, remain the key drivers of humanitarian needs in the region. Heightened levels of vulnerability caused by repeated shocks, associated especially with erratic weather patterns, have left coping capacities heavily compromised. In 2015, humanitarian action in the Sahel will continue to be guided by the 2014-2016 Regional Strategic Response Plan. The three-year strategy aims to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies, while providing a tailored response to the chronic nature of much of the needs across the region and promoting systems and behavioural changes that will help the Sahel’s most vulnerable better cope with shocks. (2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
2 Community peace halls were donated to refugee host communities
150 Refugees graduate from livelihood programs at two camps
1,120 Refugees receive health education on HIV/AIDS and other topics
4,404 Primary and pre -primary children received learning materials for use at home
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Irregular rains affected crops and pasture in 2014
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed, including for Malian refugees
Cereal production affected by irregular rains
REPUBLIQE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
TROIS PERSONNES ENLEVÉES À BANGUI
En représailles à la capture de son chef, Rodrigue Ngaibona (Andilo), des éléments anti-Balaka ont enlevé le 19 janvier, une femme française travaillant pour une ONG internationale et un prêtre. Le lendemain, ils ont également détenu, pendant un certain temps, une employée de la Mission intégrée multidimensionnelle de stabilisation des Nations Unies en République centrafricaine (MINUSCA). Les éléments anti-Balaka réclament la libération de leur leader.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
THREE PEOPLE KIDNAPPED IN BANGUI
In retaliation for the capture of its leader, Rodrigue Ngaibona (Andilo), anti-Balaka elements kidnapped on 19 January, a French woman working for an international NGO and a priest. The day after, they also detained for some time a staff member of the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA). Anti-Balaka elements are demanding the release of their leader.
L'analyse des résultats du Cadre Harmonisé de Novembre indique une faible dégradation des moyens d’existence dans les régions nord du Mali et dans les zones affectées par la baisse de production agricole. Ceci, principalement en raison de l’assistance humanitaire et de la période de récolte.
Cependant, la situation de la sécurité alimentaire pourrait s’aggraver entre janvier et mars 2015, notamment dans les zones où une mortalité excessive du bétail ou des pluies irrégulières ont été enregistrés.
Mariam, 22, a returnee to Chad from Central African Republic, arrived in Gore with a Chadian convoy in February 2014. In CAR, she managed a small business with her husband, recharging mobile telephones. Now, however, she has no more family in Chad, as her parents moved long ago to CAR.
“But here, our situation has improved. We have food every month, and the children go to school,” said Mariam.
With 22,500 CFA of food coupons, Mariam bought sugar, flour, corn, oil, sardines, Maggi cubes, tomatoes, and onions from a store in Gore.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Synthèse début janvier 2015 : la tendance générale de l'évolution des prix des céréales est à la stabilité au Burkina et à la baisse au Niger et au Mali.
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
Insécurité alimentaire et malnutrition
Au Tchad, près de 2.4 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire (20%) parmi lesquelles 428 000 personnes (3.6%) sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire sévère. La situation nutritionnelle es t également alarmante, avec 350 000 cas de malnutrition aiguë globale attendus en 2015 pour les enfants de 6 à 59 mois, parmi lesquels 96 000 en situation de malnutrition aigüe sévère.
Mouvements de populations
Abuja, Nigeria, 15 January 2015, UNHCR: The UN Refugee Agency in Nigeria has facilitated the return of some 400 Cameroon refugees who have freely chosen to return to their native villages in Akwaya sub-division of the South West region of Cameroon after six years of stay on Nigerian territory.
In northern Mali, the security situation remains volatile. In addition, social and economic conditions have not yet been restored. The situation is not yet conducive for sustainable returns in safety and dignity. UNHCR continues to facilitate voluntary spontanous return for protection reasons following requests for assistance made by refugees.
In 2015, the operation will focus on the following areas: Ensure an active participation and an active participation and close involvement of refugees in programmes and activities that affect their lives; Seeking ivities durable solutions for refugees; Integration of basic programme's activities such as health and education into the national system.
REPUBLIQE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
10 000 FUIENT VERS LA RDC SUITE AUX VIOLENCES A OUAKA
Le 9 Janvier, le HCR a indiqué que depuis le 16 Décembre, 10 000 personnes de la RCA ont fui vers la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) après de violents affrontements entre les ex-Séléka et anti-Balaka dans la province de Ouaka. Il est estimé qu’un total de 68 000 réfugiés centrafricains sont en RDC.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
10,000 FLEE VIOLENCE IN OUAKA PROVINCE TO DRC
On 9 January, UNHCR reported that since 16 December, 10,000 people from CAR have fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) after violent clashes between ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka in Ouaka Province. There is an estimated total of 68,000 CAR refugees in DRC.
More than 25,000 people fleeing the violence in north-eastern Nigeria have sought refuge in neighbouring Niger, where Red Cross is providing food, blankets and other essential items.
The violence in north-eastern Nigeria continues to drive people from their homes and force them to flee across the border to Niger's far south-eastern Diffa area. Here, they live under very difficult conditions.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is working with Red Cross in Niger to provide food and other relief.
Les résultats de la rencontre annuelle du Dispositif National de Prévention et de Gestion des Catastrophes et Crises Alimentaires indiquent que 177 zones sont vulnérables sur le plan alimentaire.
Le premier camp de réfugiés a été ouvert dans la région de Diffa.
Le nombre de cas de choléra notifiés dans la région de Diffa tend à la baisse. Cependant les actions de prévention et de riposte doivent continuer pour stopper la maladie.
UNICEF response to date
• On 10 December 2014, the Government called on national and international solidarity to respond to the humanitarian situation in Diffa.
• UNHCR is setting up two refugee camps and one transit site in Diffa region for a total of approximately 14,000 refugees. UNICEF is supporting the installation by providing squatting plates and water bladders to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation. In parallel, UNICEF will continue to support displaced people and host communities outside the camps.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.