Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 21 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Une fille nigériane, séparée de sa famille quand elle s’est enfuie à la suite d’une attaque contre son village, trouve sécurité et soutien dans un camp de réfugiés du Cameroun et espère toujours retrouver ses frères et ses sœurs.
MINAWAO, Cameroun, 28 septembre 2015 – Tina*, 11 ans, joue avec une autre fille dans le camp de réfugiés de Minawao, dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Elle traite cette fille comme une sœur. Pendant quelques minutes, Tina peut alors oublier qu’elle a fui les violences au Nigéria sans ses propres frères et sœurs.
In the month of September, large scale displacement persists in Nigeria (about 2.1 million IDPs) and the neighbouring Chad, Cameroon and Niger (178,314).
On 11 September a bomb exploded in Makholi camp, Yola, capital of Adamawa state, killing about 12 people. Due to military pressure in Nigeria, BH has tried to create rear-based camps in Cameroon and Lake Chad areas. This has destabilized the areas even more and has been translated into multiple suicide attacks and violence against villages in Far Northern Cameroon.
Plus de 1 400 000 bénéficiaires de l’assistance alimentaire en août
Des productions bonnes à moyennes de 43 pour cent et de 80 pour cent selon les hypothèses d’arrêt des pluies respectivement le 15 ou le 30 septembre
Tendance à la baisse de l’ampleur des inondations entre 2013 et 2015.
Le budget du SRP réduit de 5 pour cent suite à sa révision à mi-parcours
The Annual Report is prepared by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)--collectively known as the World Bank--in accordance with the by-laws of the two institutions. The President of the IBRD and IDA and the Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors submits the Report, together with the accompanying administrative budgets and audited financial statements, to the Board of Governors.
September 2015 – Trends
Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Yemen
Colombia, Guatemala, Macedonia
October 2015 – Watchlist
Conflict risk alerts
Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic
Conflict resolution opportunities
Refugee emergency in Europe: UNHCR appeals for USD 128 million
30 September 2015 – The humanitarian fallout from the violence inflicted by Boko Haram is the fastest growing crisis in Africa, a senior United Nations relief official warned today, appealing for concerted action on the humanitarian, security and development fronts to tackle the situation.
Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across the Sahel region, which suffers from chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
13e, 14e & 15e séances plénières, matin, après-midi & soir
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
Le débat général de la soixante-dixième session de l’Assemblée générale s’est ouvert, aujourd’hui, avec un vibrant hommage des dirigeants du monde à l’Organisation des Nations Unies, « née en 1945 des cendres de la guerre » comme l’a rappelé une vidéo projetée en ouverture, et dont le rôle, de l’aveu des chefs d’État et de gouvernement, est d’empêcher que ne règne la loi du plus fort.
Des signes d’amélioration de la situation sont perceptibles dans certaines zones
Summary: Since July 2014, a large number of Nigerian refugees have been registered by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in Cameroon, specifically in the Mayo Tsanaga Division of the Far North Region, where the Minawao camp is located. By July 2015, UNHCR reported about 57,376 refugees in the region with 44,889 hosted in the Minawao camp, while the remaining 12,487 are within the host communities.
- The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2227 (2015), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2016 and requested me to report every three months on the situation in Mali, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and on the efforts of MINUSMA to support it. The present report covers the period from 12 June to 16 September 2015.
Total population of Mauritania, Senegal, Niger is 34 million. %37 of these people live under poverty line and in need. Said states also face with refugee issues. According to 2012 figures Mauritania hosts approximately 69.000 refugees, Nijer hosts 65.000 and Senegal hosts 20.000 refugees. On that point, humanitarian needs in these countries remains the main concern.
El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.
13th, 14th & 15th Meetings (AM, PM & Night)
Secretary-General Urges Greater Action to ‘Leave No One Behind’
With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the international community was poised to reach higher, broader, and deeper, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told the General Assembly today as he opened the seventieth session’s general debate.