Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Bassikounou/Nouakchott - The cancellation of monthly food rations in July for 49,500 Malian refugees in Mbera Camp is likely to cause a rise in global acute malnutrition levels, warns Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), which provides medical care and malnutrition support in the camp. MSF calls on the international donor community to ensure that refugees in Mbera camp have reliable sources of food.
In CAR, World Refugee Day was celebrated on 20 June. The slogan “Diverse but all united” (I GA NDE NDE, A HON KWE, I YEKE OKO in Sango) and visual identity (a multicolored hand) of this year’s celebration is representative of UNHCR’s efforts in the past months to promote social cohesion and peace in the Central African Republic and to restore the country’s social fabric.
Additional help from the UK to provide emergency aid, jobs and education, to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis
A range of new programmes from the UK will provide emergency aid as well as jobs and education to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis, International Development Secretary Justine Greening announced today.
In Nigeria and neighbouring countries, since October 2014
216 Boko Haram related incidents attacks
REGIONAL HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT
Human Rights Council
1st July 2015
Human Rights Council Concludes Interactive Dialogue on Côte d’Ivoire
· In Cameroon in May, WFP reached 50,000 beneficiaries. In June, WFP extended support to cover all the targeted beneficiary groups – 80,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), 40,000 refugees and 20,000 people amongst the host populations.
· In Chad in May, WFP delivered General Food Distributions (GFD) to 8,000 beneficiaries.
· In Niger in May, WFP reached over 85,000 beneficiaries in the Diffa region.
Continuation de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë attendu dans Tillabéri, Zinder, et Diffa
Les modèles de prévisions saisonnières des pluies donnent des résultats encore mitigés mais si la probabilité des tendances moyennes a déficitaire se confirme, les ménages pauvres agricoles et éleveurs auront des capacités réduites pour accéder aux aliments dont les prix peuvent brusquement monter en juillet/aout.
Niamey/Dakar , 30 juin 2015 (IRIN) - En novembre dernier, des membres de Boko Haram sont arrivés chez Fanna Liman Mustafa, 25 ans, et ont incendié sa maison de Baga, dans le nord-est du Nigeria. Elle a décidé de fuir au Niger avec ses quatre enfants. Le destin a voulu qu'elle ait de la chance : les militants islamistes sont revenus au mois de janvier et ont massacré des centaines, voire des milliers de civils.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
Italy - Migrant arrivals in Italy have topped 20,000 for each of the last two months, reports IOM as 2015 reaches its midpoint.
Approximately 2,900 migrants were rescued at sea in the channel of Sicily in the last 48 hours. The operations have been carried out by the Italian maritime forces and by other EU ships patrolling the Mediterranean: two ships of the Irish and of the British Navy and the MOAS/MSF ship Phoenix.
3,5 millions de personnes sont actuellement déplacées dans le Sahel, soit deux fois plus qu’en février 2014.
Mise à jour sur les déplacements les autres crises au Cameroun.
Une radio communautaire en République Centrafricaine contribue à favoriser l'harmonie dans le pays
L’épidémie d'Ebola déclarée terminée au Libéria
By Boureima Balima and Jennifer Lazuta
The objective of the joint profiling exercise is to provide information on the location and needs of displaced populations and the hosting communities within the Far North region of Cameroon. The results of the first round of this exercise inform and guide the overall humanitarian response towards allowing for targeted and coordinated interventions in accordance with identified needs. The data collected gives an overall picture of the various needs of displaced persons and the host communities.
Les travaux agricoles avancent lentement au sud à cause de l’insuffisance des pluies
Les semis avancent lentement au sud à cause de l’insuffisance des pluies qui ont commencé avec deux à trois semaines de retard au lieu de fin avril comme en année normale. Des pluies de faibles intensités ont été enregistrées dans les régions du Mayo Kebbi Est, Mayo Kebbi Ouest, la Tandjilé et au sud-ouest du Chari Baguirmi.
Greece - The Greek islands near Turkey's coast now rival Italy as the top destination for irregular migrants seeking entry into the EU by sea this year, signaling the shift from the central Mediterranean route to the Eastern route.
Some 61,000 migrants have arrived by sea to Greece this year, nearly doubling 2014’s full-year total of 34,442. During the current month of June, between 650 and 1,000 migrants are reaching the islands daily.
As one of the world’s least developed and most fragile countries, Chad is beset by multiple, overlapping humanitarian crises, all in the context of a harsh and worsening climate, acute poverty, and weak infrastructure.
Food insecurity and malnutrition affect millions of people, particularly in the Sahelian belt.
Successive waves of instability and conflict in neighboring countries have caused large-scale population movements into Chad, which now hosts the seventh highest number of refugees worldwide.