Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
En 2015, des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont dû faire face aux conséquences du conflit armé qui sévit dans la région de Diffa.
Des combats et des attaques ont fait de nombreuses victimes et poussé des milliers de personnes à fuir la région de Diffa. Cette région a été le lieu d'accueil de milliers de déplacés fuyant eux-mêmes les violences et le conflit au nord-est du Nigeria.
Le lac Tchad, dont la superficie atteignait les 25 000 km2 en 1963, couvre aujourd’hui moins de 2500km2. Pourtant, la catastrophe avait été prévue et annoncée, et une Commission du Bassin du Lac Tchad avait été créée dès 1964 par ses quatre pays limitrophes, le Cameroun, le Tchad, le Niger et le Nigeria, afin de gérer ses eaux de manière durable et coopérative. Aujourd’hui, les eaux ont reculé au point que seuls le Cameroun et le Tchad comptent encore une rive au sein de leurs frontières.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
• Due to the security situation, humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic. This results in difficulties for UNICEF and humanitarians partners to procure assistance to people in need.
Thousands of people are being displaced in inaccessible areas of Borno State as the conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian Army continues.
Settlements in inaccessible parts of Borno have been completely destroyed.
Pilot relocations from schools due to take place on 4 February stalled following attack on Dalori village on 30 January.
Feedback from IDPs reveals complex attitudes towards relocations.
people in need 7 m
Since 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator has released more than US$58 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence. Some $27.2 million was allocated in March 2015 to assist more than 1.6 million internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and host communities from Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria; and an additional $31 million was provided in late 2015 and early 2016 for live-saving humanitarian response for more than 700,000 affected people in the Lake Chad Basin region.
Libya - A group of 174 stranded Malian migrants flew home to Bamako from Tripoli’s Mitiga Airport this week aboard an IOM charter flight.
As with other voluntary return flights organized over the past three months, IOM Libya worked closely with the Malian Embassy in Tripoli and the Libyan authorities to facilitate the repatriation.
Almost all the migrants in the group had entered Libya irregularly, either via Burkina Faso and Niger to reach Qatrun in southern Libya; or via Algeria to reach south-western Libya.
Aperçu de la Crise
Aperçu de la Crises
Besoins Humanitaire et Chiffres Clé
This Emergency Appeal was launched on 9 February, 2015. 1,671,593 Swiss francs required to fully implement this appeal which runs for 5 months. This will enable Cameroon Red Cross provide assistance to some 25,000 persons in emergency health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, emergency shelter, food security, nutrition and livelihoods, National Society capacity building and disaster risk reduction.
Operation update n°1 was issued on 5 March 2015.
La période a été marquée par des conflits intercommunautaires à Ménaka avec des affrontements entre les communautés Peulh et Daoussak entrainant le déplacement de 2 756 personnes dans la commune de Ménaka. L’arrêt des affrontements entre les groupes armés s’est traduit par l'identifcation des sites de cantonnement et l'amorce du processus de désarmement démobilisation et réintégration. Par ailleurs, 36 migrants Syriens ont transité par la ville de Gao à destination de l’Algérie via Kidal.