Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The nutritional situation in Chad remains worrying. 112,230 children under five with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were admitted into therapeutic care from January to July 2016, reaching 63% of the revised annual target (193,943). This is 21% more cases of SAM than in the same period in 2015 (87,860). Kanem and Bahr El Gazal Regions are particularly affected as by July they have surpassed their annual target by 106% and 118% respectively.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
- 2 million people food insecure in C.A.R. (40% of the population of the country)
- 450,000 refugees in neighbouring countries
- In C.A.R, the number of people in need of life-saving assistance increased from 1.7 million people in December 2015 to 2 million people in August 2016.
- WFP provided food assistance to 323,654 people in C.A.R, 166,815 in Cameroon, 45,282 people in DRC, 18,125 in RoC and 10,361 in Chad.
- Cholera cases are detected in C.A.R. region.
Résumé et conclusions principales
Over 9 million people across the Lake Chad Basin are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Since 2015, CERF has provided more than $90 million for life-saving humanitarian assistance to 3 million people affected by the conflict and deepening food crisis.
Office of the Spokesperson
September 23, 2016
The United States announced today more than $41 million in additional humanitarian assistance to people affected by the ongoing conflict and severe food insecurity in Nigeria and throughout the Lake Chad Basin region, where more than 6 million people need emergency food assistance, and 2.6 million people are displaced.
6 million people severely food insecure
80-90 % of the population depend on agriculture, fisheries and livestock for their livelihoods
2.6 million displaced people USD
16 million needed for FAO’s response until end of 2016
Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming months.
SIX TUÉS DANS DES COMBATS ENTRE MILICES
Selon la force de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies (MINUSCA), des combats entre groupes armés dans les villes de KagaBandoro et Ndomete au nord ont fait six morts le 16 septembre. Dénonçant la violence et mettant en garde contre les tentatives visant à provoquer une instabilité dans le pays, la MINUSCA a également renforcé sa présence dans les deux zones touchées et est intervenue entre les parties au conflit pour protéger les civils.
107.2 M required for 2016
25.3 M contributions received, representing 24% of requirements
81.9 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure incertaine. La semaine sous rubrique a été marquée par trois incidents causés par des assaillants de Boko Haram dans le département du Mayo Sava. Le bilan de ces attaques est de quatre morts, huit blessés, des maisons incendiées et des biens emportés.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
SIX KILLED IN MILITIA FIGHTING
Fighting between armed groups in the northern Kaga-Bandoro and Ndomete towns on 16 September claimed six lives, according to the UN peacekeeping force MINUSCA. Denouncing the violence and warning against attempts to cause instability in the country,
MINUSCA has reinforced its presence in the two affected areas and intervened between the warring sides to safeguard civilians.
WFP has a 6-month net funding requirement totaling USD 16.8 million for both the PRRO and CP. Without additional resources, WFP will be forced to suspend its operations at the end of September leaving over 416,000 vulnerable Mauritanians in need of food and nutritional assistance. Moreover, if no additional funding is received, WFP will be forced to further reduce its food and nutritional assistance to Malian refugees.
Facts & Figures
Population: 4.8 million people - Human Development Index ranking: 187 of 188 countries (UNDP)
Number of internally displaced (UNHCR): over 384 000, including over 49 000 in the capital Bangui - Number of Central African refugees (UNHCR): 473 400 in neighbouring countries - 2.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance - Around 2.5 million people are food insecure - 2.4 million children are affected by the crisis (UNICEF)