Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Return movements, within Nigeria and cross-border, are increasingly reported. IOM Nigeria registered 8,900 returnees from Niger during the reporting period.
Results from a joint UNHCR-IOM assessment have been published, indicating there are 81,693 IDPs in Cameroon’s Far North.
A Pact for Peace, National Reconciliation and Reconstruction was adopted at the end of the Bangui National Forum which was held from 4-11 May. The Forum was attended by political and religious figures, armed groups, civil society members and youth groups. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commended the adoption of the Pact as well as an agreement signed by armed groups on the principles for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and called for its “swift implementation”.
MAROUA, CAMEROUN, 21 mai 2015 (IRIN) - l devient de plus en plus difficile de trouver de la nourriture dans l’Extrême-Nord camerounais, disent les habitants de la région, non seulement parce que c’est actuellement la période de soudure, mais aussi parce que l’insécurité due à la présence de Boko Haram a gravement perturbé les activités agricoles et le commerce transfrontalier.
Rule of Law Global Programme Annual Report 2014
The rule of law lies at the centre of the relationship between society and the state. Measures to establish or strengthen the rule of law are the basis for creating accountability among people as well as between citizens and their governments. Since 2008, UNDP has been a leader in supporting the rule of law in countries affected by crisis through its Global Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations.
Many refugees and internally displaced people say that a lack of food is their main concern. Some families have just a tiny bit of rice every day to survive on. With so many people uprooted and gathering in towns like Yola, or Maiduguri in Borno State, the existing infrastructure is struggling to cope.
When violence descended on her home village, Happy Yusuf, 39, and her children fled to the mountains. They were safe, but they had no food or clean water.
"The suffering was too much," she says. "I was exhausted and had to breast feed my little boy."
• UNICEF is supporting the installation of Sayam Forage refugee camp, hosting over 1,200 refugees, by providing squatting plates, water bladders, NFIs and recreational and ECD kits to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation and support safe spaces for children as part of child protection.
La communauté humanitaire au Tchad recherche USD 540millions pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires de 2,5 millions de personnes en 2015. Ces fonds permettront de répondre à quatre défis humanitaires principaux liés à l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition (44% du total demande), aux réfugiés et personnes déplacées (48% du total), aux urgences sanitaires (6% du total) et aux catastrophes naturelles (1% du total).
By Mark Lattimer and Derek Verbakel
The 2015 release of the Peoples under Threat index marks the 10th year that Peoples under Threat has sought to identify those communities around the world that are most at risk of genocide, mass political killing or systematic violent repression.
A number of the countries which rose most sharply in the index last year, including Syria,
Yemen and Ukraine, saw escalating violence over the course of 2014–15 and the killing, in total, of tens of thousands of civilians.
MAROUA, 19 May 2015 (IRIN) - It’s becoming more and more difficult to find food in Cameroon’s Far North region, residents say, not only because the annual lean season is underway, but insecurity caused by Boko Haram has severely disrupted farming and cross-border trade. As many as 180,000 people in the region could be at risk of an acute food crisis this year, aid agencies and local authorities warn.
Iraq: Islamic State have taken control of Ramadi. 500 died and 42,840 people fled fighting in the city over 16–17 May, adding to the 180,000 displaced in Anbar since early April. Access to new IDPs in Habbaniyah, Khadiyah district, is limited due to insecurity, and health concerns are growing.
Chad - Since the beginning of January 2015, an estimated 32,000 Chadians and other internally displaced persons (IDPs) have fled Boko Haram attacks and crossed the border from Nigeria into Chad’s Lac Chad region.
They are currently living in precarious conditions and are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs in terms of food, water, sanitation, shelter and health services. Many also need psychosocial support, family tracing and reunification and onward transportation to their places of origin.
A flight carrying a shipment of humanitarian aid from the Italian Cooperation left the UNHRD logistical base in Brindisi earmarked for the thousands of internally displaced persons of Cameroon and Nigerian refugees — UN estimates cite 74,000 — who have fled to northern Cameroon to escape the violence of the fundamentalist terror group Boko Haram.
The shipment includes essentials such as tents, emergency generators, water sanitising kits, water tanks and jugs, blankets, healthcare kits, hygiene kits, camp kitchens and provisions. The Italian NGO INTERSOS will handle distribution.
Provides background on populations at risk of mass atrocity crimes, with particular emphasis on key events and actors and their connection to the threat, or commission, of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
Offers analysis of the country’s past history in relation to mass atrocity crimes; the factors that have enabled their possible commission, or that prevent their resolution; and the receptivity of the situation to positive influences that would assist in preventing further crimes.
Paix, sécurité et développement en Afrique Centrale: