Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Niger - Through its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), IOM has recorded a total of 60,970 migrants passing through the transit towns of Arlit and Séguédine in the Agadez region of Niger between February and April 2016. Of this total, 44,890 were recorded leaving Niger, while 16,080 were migrants entering the country. Niger is a transit country for West African migrants travelling to and from Algeria and Libya.
7699th Meeting (PM)
Briefer Tells of Species Lost To Desertification, Youths Lured by Militants
Stretched thin between the interlinked challenges of desertification, poverty and rising violent extremism, resolving challenges facing the Sahel region of Africa would require accelerated regional action and urgent international support, the Security Council heard during a series of briefings today.
Aperçu de la situation
Le site de Gaoui, situé à 15 km de N’Djamena, a été ouvert en janvier 2014 afin d’accueillir les retournés tchadiens fuyant les violences en République Centrafricaine (RCA). Il compte actuellement quelque 5 200 retournés, en majorité des femmes et des enfants, principalement venus de Bangui.
Au cours du plan d'intervention humanitaire 2016 (HRP), les indicateurs de résultats du Sahel ont été définis en consultation avec les points focaux du secteur régional pour fournir des indicateurs de performance standards pour le Sahel. Les points focaux des Cluster Pays ont fournis leurs objectifs annuels et commencé à rapporter sur leurs réalisations sectorielles pour chacun des indicateurs de résultats sur une base mensuelle.
During the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
With simultaneous epidemics of meningitis and measles in Niger, teams from Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) have been supporting the Ministry of Health in its efforts to bring them under control, while taking steps to prevent cholera spreading from neighbouring Nigeria. The areas most affected by the outbreaks are sheltering large numbers of refugees and people displaced from their homes by violence in the region.
- Rapid assessments in northeastern Nigeria indicate urgent humanitarian needs
- More than 20,000 newly displaced people registered in Cameroon’s Far North Region between February and April
- ERC Stephen O’Brien calls for increased assistance for Lake Chad Basin response
24 mai 2016 – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) a déclaré mardi avoir constaté une augmentation de l'insécurité et une aggravation de la situation humanitaire dans la région de Diffa, dans le sud-est du Niger.
Selon des chiffres gouvernementaux, cette région accueillait à la mi-mai plus de 241.000 réfugiés nigérians, personnes déplacées et Nigériens rapatriés qui vivaient autrefois au Nigéria.
By Aicha Chir Nour
In Chad, the Daresalam refugee camp hosts more than 5,000 refugees from Nigeria and Niger. Here, every individual has fled atrocities and violence that plague their countries. The camp’s school is the only place where Yande Tchari, 17 years old and in first grade, feels safe. “Only in class am I able to take my mind off things. School gives me the opportunity to learn always something new,” she says.
Posted by Evelyn Rodriguez-Perez on Tuesday, May 24th 2016
Education is a core component of a humanitarian response. However, too often education remains severely underfunded given competing priorities. But without it, children — and girls in particular — are at increased risk of abuse, exploitation, disempowerment or worse.
While working in international education for more than 30 years, I’ve seen how natural disasters, famines and wars can sideline education.
Within the Lake Chad Basin crisis, Cameroon is the second country most affected by displacement after Nigeria. In the last month an increase of 20,000 IDPs in the Far North has been reported bringing the number to 190,591 people.
Since the beginning of 2016, 1,361 refugee children under 5 and 9,952 Cameroonian children <5 with SAM have been admitted to therapeutic care.
Regional Security Meeting in Abuja and UNHCR-World Bank Lake Chad Basin Displacement Workshop
· According to the CCCM cluster, there are 107,625 people displaced (refugees, returnees and IDPs) of whom 37% are not registered yet in the Lake region.
· Global acute malnutrition in displacement sites in the Lake region continue to be alarming. WFP screening data shared at the end of April show that among children under five screened in 8 displacement sites in the Lake region, an estimated 6% suffered from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and nearly 18% from Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM).
Nigerians who found safety in neighbouring Niger, with thousands of others fleeing militants, move again as insecurity grows.
By: Helene Caux | 24 May 2016
DIFFA, Niger, May 24 (UNHCR) – Bala never imagined he would have to step over dead bodies to save his life. His brother Mahamadou never thought he would have to hide beneath them to save his.
“They were killing children in the streets. They were shooting at pregnant women,” says Bala, 50, remembering how Boko Haram tore through his town, in northern Nigeria.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 24 May 2016, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
By: Adrian Edwards | 24 May 2016
Depuis 2008, Chateaud'eau soutient SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL en reversant un euro à notre association pour chaque nouvelle installation de fontaine à eau bonbonne auprès de ses clients. Depuis son inauguration, ce dispositif a déjà permis à notre ONG de récolter plusieurs milliers d'euros.
Cette année, le don reversé par Chateaud'eau suite à ses ventes a permis de fournir de l’eau potable à 875 réfugiés centrafricains dans le camp de Gado au Cameroun.