Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
On 10 July 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
According to UNHCR, there are some 90,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali and 16,000 returnees. Burkina Faso shelters some 34,000 Malian refugees, while Mauritania and Niger each host some 50,000 Malian refugees, respectively.
Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 20:05 GMT
Cameroon has deported more than 2,000 Nigerians who were living in the country illegally as part of new security measures intended to prevent suicide attacks by Boko Haram jihadists, sources said Friday.
Regional newspaper L'Oeil du Sahel reported that about 2,500 Nigerians had been "rounded up" in Kousseri, in the far north of Cameroon, and sent back to their country on Thursday.
The weekly posted a photo on its Facebook page showing several departing trucks crammed with hundreds of passengers.
Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | vendredi 31/07/2015 - 19:25 GMT
Plus de 2.000 ressortissants nigérians en situation irrégulière ont été expulsés jeudi du Cameroun vers leur pays, dans le cadre des nouvelles mesures sécuritaires visant à prévenir le risque d'attentats-suicides par les islamistes de Boko Haram, selon des sources concordantes.
The crisis in CAR has forced more than 1 million people to flee their homes. Today, more than 368,000 people remain displaced, living in the bush, in camps or with host families. They are among the 2.7 million Central African who depend on aid to survive, including 1.2 million people food insecure.
MAROUA, 31 July 2015 (IRIN) - A month ago, the main market in the Cameroonian town of Maroua was bustling with traders and buyers. Now it is a place of fear and suspicion, bordering on paranoia.
Five suicide bombings in just 13 days in the Far North Region, all blamed on Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, have made people jittery. Thousands of troops have been sent north by the government in distant Yaoundé and draconian security measures have come into force across much of the country.
33 KILLED IN SUICIDE BLASTS
On 25 July, 20 people were killed when a suicide attacker struck a bar in Maroua town, the capital of the Far North Region. The attack, the most deadly of its kind so far, was the third in the region in two weeks. Cameroon’s Far North Region has been repeatedly targeted by Boko Haram insurgents. No gap in terms of medication and medical material is reported so far, but MSF estimates that in case other attacks occur, capacity of health centres will be overwhelmed.
Over the last six months, Child Soldiers International has found worrying evidence of child rights violations by the Chadian army, and non-compliance with child protection commitments by the Chadian authorities.
GENÈVE, 21 juillet (HCR) – La violence et l'insécurité ont continué d'entraîner des mouvements de population dans le nord du Nigéria et les pays voisins, a déclaré mardi (21 juillet) l'Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés.
Dans la région isolée de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, un flux incessant de réfugiés nigérians quitte la zone frontalière instable entre le Nigéria et le Cameroun en quête d'abri à une centaine de kilomètres à l'intérieur des terres, au camp de Minawao qui est géré par le HCR et ses partenaires.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
While political and security challenges persist in Central African Republic (CAR), the living conditions of Centralafrican refugees in neighbouring countries require continued attention. Assistance needs are likely to last as no return intentions are reported so far, due to the uncertainty of the political process in CAR ahead of the elections scheduled in October 2015.
Entre juin et août, environ 7,5 millions de personnes seront confrontées à une crise alimentaire au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest
Début tardif de la saison des pluies dans certaines régions du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest
Insécurité persistente en RCA malgré une diminution des violences
Fixation de la date des élections en RCA
Résurgence d’Ebola au Libéria
Comme mentionné dans le précédant flash, IRC a procédé à une assistance alimentaire d’urgence à Chétimari et Gagamari suite à l’arrivée massive de personnes déplacées en provenance de Damasak. Cette assistance s’étendra sur une période de 5 jours et touchera 1000 ménages déplacés dont 600 à Chétimari et 400 à Gagamari identifiées sur base de vulnérabilité.
For the first time the capital of the Far North Region, Maroua, has suffered the attacks from Boko Haram suspects. On 23 July, two suicide attacks took place at the same time in Maroua central market and in an adjoining neighbourhood. At least 13 people were killed and 32 wounded due to the blast. The attack was caused by two girls, under 15 years old, who were begging at the market, blew themselves up, causing total panic.
These maps show the population displacements in Sahel due to the differents crisis (Boko Haram in Nord East of Nigeria, Central African of Républic, North Mali)
REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA) LE NOMBRE DE DÉPLACÉS DIMINUE DE 30 000 Le nombre de personnes déplacées est passé de 399 268 en mai à 368 859 en juillet. Cela inclut les personnes déplacées dans les 32 sites de la capitale Bangui, où il y a actuellement 30 186 personnes déplacées comparé aux 33 067 en mai, selon la Commission Mouvement de Populations.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
NUMBER OF IDPS DECREASES BY 30,000
Since June, the USG has provided approximately $50.8 million in assistance for the Nigeria regional crisis
Nearly 1.4 million people are displaced in northeastern Nigeria due to Boko Haram violence
During the week of July 20, Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari met with U.S. President Barak Obama in Washington, D.C., to discuss the Boko Haram insurgency, among other topics