Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region have increased over recent weeks, and military presence in the area has also expanded in response. The number of people who have been forced to flee their homes has more than doubled, bringing the total number of displaced in the area to 75,000. The fear that has been instilled in the population – consisting of refugees from Niger and Nigeria, and Chadians themselves – has only been exacerbated by the continuing violence which shows no sign of abating.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
(Dakar -N’Djamena, le 27 août 2015) – Le Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations-Unies et Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, vient d’effectuer une visite de quatre jours au Tchad durant laquelle il s’est notamment rendu dans la région du Lac Tchad pour y constater l’impact humanitaire de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Au terme de sa visite, Toby Lanzer a exhorté la communauté internationale à se mobiliser davantage face aux multiples défis humanitaires qui touchent le pays. « Le Tchad est le septième pays qui accueille le plus de réfugiés au monde.
(Dakar - N’Djamena, 27 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a four-day visit to Chad during which he travelled to the Lake Chad region to assess the humanitarian impact of ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. At the end of his visit, Toby Lanzer called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. “Chad is the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world.
“This is the time for Nigeria to be very vigilant, alert and to maintain its extraordinary efforts,” says Dr Arshad Quddus from the World Health Organization.
Dr Arshad Quddus is the coordinator of the Polio Strategy Support and Coordination unit at the World Health Organization (WHO). In August, he took part in the meeting of the Expert Review Committee (ERC) in Nigeria. Here, he speaks about the extraordinary efforts in Nigeria to date, the work still to be done, and what motivates him to eradicate polio.
What was the purpose of the ERC meeting in Nigeria last week?
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
From Nigeria to Cameroon: stories of survival
Civilians continue to suffer the worst of the recurrent, violent attacks in north-east Nigeria and the Lake Chad region. Thousands have died in brutal raids and suicide bombings. In Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Cameroon’s Far North Region, more than 45,000 Nigerians have found refuge. And there are more families arriving every day.
Since mid-July, several Boko Haram attacks, as well as preventive evacuation of civilians by Chadian Army, have caused massive displacement of populations in Lake Chad Region. Additional evacuations from the 65 islands have been announced. In July, 21,600 newly displaced people spontaneously settled on 13 small sites in Bagasola, Bol and its surrounding villages. These families are in immediate need of Shelter, NFIs, Food and WASH assistance.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
La situation sécuritaire semble s’être stabilisée par rapport aux semaines antérieures.
Distribution des articles ménagers essentiels (AME) pour 3.428 ménages soit 10.317 déplacés tchadiens dans la ville de Bol et ses environs.
De 2011 à 2015, un total de 1,7 milliard de dollars a été requis pour l‘action humanitaire au Niger à travers le Plan de Réponse Stratégique (CAP/SRP). Un total de 1,4 milliard de dollars a été mobilisé, soit un taux de financement de 82 pour cent.
The recent insurgent attacks continue to cause population displacements within Nigeria and neighbouring countries, and across borders. Round V of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (due at the end of August) is not yet available.
60% of the IDP population continue to shelter in schools, and this will likely affect the smooth resumption of school activities in September. Food insecurity combined with the lack of safe drinking water and health services are also likely to cause malnutrition rates to rise.
Scope and scale of crisis
Borno, Yobe and Adamawa state are most affected by the Boko Haram insurgency. The northeastern states are hosting the majority of IDPs. 1.3 million IDPs are in Adamawa, Borno, Gombe, and Yobe states. The entire resident population of these states (16 million) are considered affected by the Boko Haram insurgency.
Humanitarian needs are severe and access is limited, particularly in Borno state.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention
By Sylvestre Tetchiada
YAOUNDE, 21 August 2015 (IRIN) - In a move some say violates international law and that Nigeria’s government called “inhumane,” Cameroon has forcibly sent home as many as 15,000 Nigerians who entered its territory fleeing attacks by the Islamist group Boko Haram.
The Nigerians, who had not formerly applied for asylum in Cameroon, had been living within host communities or had taken up temporary shelter in fields along the border region, in the hope of returning when the violence subsided.
LONDON, Aug 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Around 40,000 people have fled their homes in Chad in the past two weeks following attacks by Islamist militant group Boko Haram, according to an aid agency, as the insurgency stokes an escalating humanitarian crisis in the region around Lake Chad.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said many of the displaced people have gathered in makeshift camps where its staff were treating patients with diarrhoea, malaria and respiratory infections, as well as malnourished children.''