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30 Apr 2016 description
report European Commission

Brussels, 18 April 2016

The European Commission today announced the introduction of 20 new measures in the Sahel region and Lake Chad Basin, worth over EUR 280 million in total.

The European Commission today announced the adoption of 20 new measures to assist the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin under the 'Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa'.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.

The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.

Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water,sanitation, and hygiene facilities.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), increasing poverty and market instability have contributed to deterioration of livelihoods.

Limited access to basic social services and timid presence of State administration in certain parts of northern Mali increase the vulnerability of communities.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.

Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS*

Continued forced displacement, killing and secuirty incidents due to insurgency situation.

An estimated 13.7 million people are affected by the food insecurity in the northern parts of Nigeria, including 7 million in the Northeast states of Adamawa, Borno, Yobe - out of which 2.5 million are in urgent need of food assistance.

Unproportionate resources to address the needs of displaced families such as shelter, health care, WASH, NFIs, education and psychosocial support.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Endemic of food insecurity due to crop failure/ poor harvest, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods as a result of frequent natural disasters (droughts, floods).

Lack of integrated early warning systems to facilitate early response and assist affected populations to cope better with shocks.

Poor sanitation and access to clean water are main causes of waterborne diseases. Prevalence of epidemics, lack of access to adequate health services and poor health service delivery.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Food insecurity aggravated by chronic drought and negative coping strategies, in the context of limited capacity. Malnutrition is not only linked to food insecurity, but also caused by poor eating habits.

Recent and former population displacement due to conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).

Lack of functional health facilities and qualified medical staff (only 450 doctors for 13.2 million people), poor sanitation and limited access to clean water and basic services.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.

Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon, and causes internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.

Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.

Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.

29 Apr 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Significant funding shortfalls in UNHCR’s operations put refugees and internally displaced populations at risk in the Central African Republic (CAR) and the sub-region;

  • In CAR, UNHCR and UNDP identified pilot areas in displaced sites in Bangui to initiate voluntary return assistance;

  • UNHCR and its partners conducted a large-scale vaccination campaign in Chad, reaching some 11,000 refugee children;

29 Apr 2016 description

Note: l'UNHCR a renforcé les capacités des Centres de Santé Intégrés (CSI) de Mangaizé et Tlemces dans la riposte vaccinale.
Un système de suivi et de vaccination systématique de tous les nouveaux arrivés dans les camps a été mis en place.La majorité des cas détectés concernent les personnes âgées de plus de 15 ans.

29 Apr 2016 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • In March, 7 incidents were registered in Diffa region with 22 casualties (16 civilians), including 3 girls between ages 12-15 with explosive belts who were killed by security forces before they were able to detonate their explosives.

28 Apr 2016 description

Rescue of Civilians and Civilian Casualties

  • Strong and continued counter-insurgency offensive by the military has continued throughout April particularly in Borno, with higher incidents of rescued civilians.

  • According to the analysis done by UNHCR, from January through April 26, 2016, 372 civilians died and 284 were injured.

27 Apr 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • UN estimates that Boko Haram exploits children for 20 percent of bombing attacks

  • ASYG/RHC Lanzer advocates for additional assistance for the Lake Chad Basin

  • Ambassador Power announces more than $40 million in new USG assistance for the Lake Chad Basin response

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

27 Apr 2016 description
report AlertNet

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Wed, 27 Apr 2016 15:25 GMT

By Kieran Guilbert

DAKAR, April 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Fear of new Boko Haram attacks in the Lake Chad area is discouraging around 100,000 people uprooted by violence from heading home and is hindering aid operations, agencies said on Wednesday, days after Chad extended its state of emergency.

Thomson Reuters Foundation

27 Apr 2016 description

Humanitarian situation

Key messages

  • The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.

27 Apr 2016 description
infographic REACH Initiative

As part of a wider project to understand the profile and motivations of people migrating to the European Union, this factsheet presents key findings related to migration from Mali. Information presented here is based on interviews with key informants, who were asked to report on migration from their community. Findings presented here are based on a small, purposive sample of respondents in Gao, a key transit point for migrants passing through Mali, and should be considered indicative only.