Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
For 2017 the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin countries, and resulting from the Boko haram insurgency, triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 4 November 2016, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria host an estimated 3,658,722 affected individuals made up of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees (both in and out of camps), returnees and third country nationals (TCNs).
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Concerns over performance of 2016 cropping season in Far North Region due to civil insecurity
Prices of cereals around or slightly above yearearlier levels
Food security situation sharply deteriorated in 2015 and 2016 due to massive refugee influx and internal displacements
Concerns over 2016 cropping season in Far North Region
"A mass and summary deportation of migrants, including men and women who may have fled persecution or have worked for years in Algeria, would violate their rights"
By Edward McAllister
DAKAR, Dec 9 (Reuters) - Algerian authorities have deported hundreds of West African migrants to Niger this week, trucking them thousands of miles across the desert in one of the biggest roundups seen this year, according to officials and human rights groups.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
46% OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED HOUSEHOLDS IN NEWLY ACCESSIBLE SITES HAVE PROTECTION RISKS AND NEEDS
Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated since January 2016
New arrivals from Mali in 2016
Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 1 December 2016)
Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 1 December 2016)
of potable water available per person per day
USD 19.4 M
Requested for the operation
POPULATION TOTALE 20M
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 1,9M
PERSONNES CIBLÉES 1,5M
BUDGET (US$) 271M
# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 129
LE COORDONNATEUR HUMANITAIRE
Humanitarian organizations have requested for US$1.5 billion in 2017 to assist 8.2 million people left destitute by the long-running Boko Haram-linked conflict cross the Lake Chad Basin. The violence has so far displaced around 2.4 million people, stoked high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition and accentuated the hardship and suffering faced by some of the world’s most deprived populations.
Un enfant sur quatre est confronté aux conflits ou catastrophes
Environ 535 millions d’enfants, soit près d’un sur quatre, vivent dans des pays touchés par des conflits ou des catastrophes. Ils sont souvent privés de soins médicaux, d’une éducation de qualité et d’une nutrition et d’une protection adéquates, affirme aujourd’huil’UNICEF.
The Africa Report on Internal Displacement, launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, is the first IDMC’s report focusing on a single continent. The report expands on data and analysis available in our annual Global Report on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.
Africa Report at a glance
On the Radar: Africa’s Internal Displacement Crisis
Aggregate regional cereal production is expected to be above average in 2016/17, contributing to generally stable supply and prices. Regional maize and rice production reached record high levels.
Areas experiencing below average production include import-dependent Gambia, Liberia, and Mauritania. While national-level production in Nigeria is expected to reach record-high levels, production in conflict affected Northeastern Nigeria (Borno States) is expected to be well below average, but slightly above 2015/16 levels.
N’DJAMENA, le 8 décembre 2016 – Pour la quatrième année consécutive, UNICEF et Panalpina ont unis leur force pour affréter des produits indispensables à la réponse humanitaire dans un pays où les conflits dans les pays voisins, l’afflux de réfugiés et les taux élevés de malnutrition ont conduit à une situation précaire. Tôt en matinée, l’avion cargo s’est posé sur le tarmac de l’aéroport international de N’Djamena avec un chargement de 81.2 tonnes de produits de premières nécessité pour les programmes d’accès à l’eau potable, d’hygiène et de nutrition.
En 2017, plus de 4,7 millions de personnes auront besoin d’assistance humanitaire au Tchad.
Selon l’enquête nutritionnelle SMART de novembre 2016, 10 régions ont enregistré des taux de malnutrition aigüe sévère (MAS) au-dessus du seuil d’urgence de l’OMS (2%).
Le Tchad perd chaque année environ 9,5 pour cent de son Produit intérieur brut (PIB), soit plus de 578 milliards de FCFA à cause de la sous-nutrition.
(Dakar, le 7 décembre 2016): Les Nations Unies et les organisations non-gouvernementales partenaires ont lancé aujourd’hui, à Dakar, un appel de fonds d’un total de 2,66 milliards de dollars US afin d’apporter une aide d’urgence à 15 millions de personnes dans le besoin à travers huit pays de la région du Sahel.