Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse). Proportionally, the flows measured by IOM in the Agadez region are heavily concentrated on the route to and from the Libyan border. Migrants going towards Libya represent 68% of recorded migrants while those coming from Libya to Niger represent 20%.
New displacements and movements of IDPs have been reported especially in Borno State where over 5,000 people moved from Bama, Gwoza, Marte, Mafa and eastern parts of the State into camps as a result of ongoing conflict between the military and Boko Haram. In Yobe State about 17,000 internally displaced persons are reported to have returned to their areas of origin in Gujba and Gulani local government areas, which are still hard to reach for humanitarian actors. The humanitarian community continues to advocate for all returns and movement to be voluntary, dignified and safe.
Mauritanian refugees and community members are learning basic literacy skills in nine literacy centres in the region of Kayes.
refugee returnees have been identified in the regions of Mopti, Gao and Timbuktu to receive a one-time cash-based assistance.
Mauritanian refugees participated in sensitization sessions related to the importance of birth certificates and the process for naturalization.
Since February 2015, more than 115 security incidents have been recorded, leading to the displacement of more than 241,000 people in Diffa region. An upsurge of Boko Haram attacks has taken place since April 2016. In May and beginning of June, six Boko Haram attacks took place in the department of Bosso (including 2 against the IDP site and village of Yebi).
Key Messages - Insecurity targeting national and international defence forces prevents state authority and basic services from being restored in northern Mali. As a result, 1.5 million people still depend on international humanitarian assistance. - Humanitarian space is fragile and the situation volatile. To preserve access to people in need, it is crucial that the lines between humanitarian assistance and the political stabilization agenda are not blurred.
Return of Nigerian Refugees
UNHCR, in collaboration with Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) and Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) has registered a total of 22,098 Nigerian returnees from Cameroon to Adamawa State from August 2015 through May 2016.
Kidjendi, Niger | AFP | Thursday 6/23/2016 - 03:32 GMT
by Patrick FORT
Getting water day after day to the tens of thousands of refugees stranded in the sweltering desert of Niger due to attacks by Boko Haram Islamists is nothing less than a Herculean task.
More than 50,000 people abandoned their homes early this month to flee to dusty camps in southeast Niger after a major attack June 3 by the jihadists from neighbouring Nigeria against the town of Bosso, near the border.