Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
4 TUES DANS UN ATTENTAT-SUICIDE
Le 21 novembre, un attentat-suicide mené par quatre assaillants a tué quatre personnes dans la ville de Fotokol près de la frontière avec le Nigeria. Le groupe Boko Haram est soupçonné d'être à l’origine de l'attaque, la dernière d'une série d'attentats-suicides dans la région de l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun depuis juillet.
REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
L’INSECURITE PERSISTE A BATANGAFO
Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Population movements continue to take place in the Lake Chad region as insecurity continues to deteriorate. The humanitarian community estimates at 82,782 the number of refugees, IDPs, returnees and thirdcountry nationals currently displaced in the Lake region. Of these, 52,300 are IDPs from the latest wave of massive displacement which began in July 2015.
New York, 23 November 2015 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Bureau for Africa today launched an initiative to support African countries to prevent and respond to the growth of violent extremism through a development lens.
According to the 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods) and the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the nutrition and food security situations have deteriorated compared to previous years. There is an urgent need to scale up the humanitarian response to these ongoing crises in 2016.
Because of the security situation Humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic.
Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
• Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
• Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).
Afghanistan - Earthquake
• 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.
Interview with Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol, MSF Director of Operations
The Lake Chad region has become the epicentre of violence with continued attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP) group, also known as Boko Haram. Government military operations in response are also contributing to mass displacement across the region. To date, over 2.5 million people have been made homeless as a result of violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is scaling up its medical and humanitarian response in the four countries.
ABU DHABI, 22nd November 2015 (WAM) --- The Emirates Red Crescent is carrying out projects in Mali's healthcare, educational and services sectors to support refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in cooperation with international organisations.
Some 28,000 under-five children will benefit from the agency's healthcare projects while 95 percent of children will be vaccinated against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, respiratory infections, hepatitis and measles.
Début novembre, la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la baisse dans les 3 pays, notamment pour les céréales sèches.
Syntèse par pays
Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | samedi 21/11/2015 - 06:36 GMT
par Reinnier KAZE
"Nous sommes en alerte nuit et jour pour protéger notre ville d'attaques kamikazes de Boko Haram", assure Modo, membre du comité de vigilance de Fotokol. Frontalière du Nigeria, cette ville camerounaise est la cible d'incessantes attaques des islamistes nigérians, du harcèlement armé aux attentats-suicides.
As the tensions in northern Nigeria continue, the displacement of populations remains ongoing, greatly impacting the ability of border countries to cope with the crisis.
In the areas worst affected by the crisis, rates of malnutrition among children under five surpass the World Health Organization’s emergency threshold.
L’instabilité au nord-est du Nigéria a (entrainé le déplacement de plus de 212 000 personnes du Nigéria vers la région de Diffa au Niger et à l’intérieur de la dite région. La majorité des personnes déplacées DÉPLACÉS INTERNES (PDI) ont quitté leurs localités d’origine en abandonnant leurs moyens de subsistance et se retrouvent dans une situation de vulnérabilité. La présence des personnes déplacées accentuent la vulnérabilité des communautés hôtes, elles-mêmes confrontées à des défis tels que l’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition et l’accès limité aux services sociaux de base.
Mixed migration trend report for october 2015 covering mixed migration events in: ALGERIA,EGYPT, ETHIOPIA, LIBYA, MALI, MOROCCO, NIGER, SUDAN, TUNISIA, GREECE AND ITALY.
MHub works on behalf of the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force consisting of DRC, IOM, OHCHR, RMMS and UNHCR. It promotes a human rights-based approach to ensuring the protection of people moving in mixed and complex flows to, through and from North Africa.
2074, Chad | AFP | Thursday 11/19/2015 - 11:39 GMT
Chad's parliament has decided to prolong a state of emergency in the southern Lake Chad region, prey to bomb attacks by the Nigerian Islamists of Boko Haram, a parliamentary source said Thursday.
The resolution was unanimously passed on Wednesday night by 147 members of parliament and will extend the special powers given to regional authorities until March 22, 2016.
2.2 million Nigerians are internally displaced in ten states in the northern and central parts of Nigeria, according to Round VI of the Displacement Tracking Matrix. 91% of the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) are living in the North-East. The main reason for displacement cited by 89% of the IDPs is the conflict. Furthermore, more than 177,000 Nigerians have escaped the conflict to neighbouring countries.