150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Reconciliation - understood as the restoration of social cohesion through socio-economic development - offers the opportunity to gather communities around common projects. All parties are thus involved in activities related to the common good, rather than centred on particular or individual interests. Central to this model of reconciliation is the core value of participation.
Monthly regional mixed migration summary for December 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region.
In December, 8,428 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy by sea via the central Mediterranean route.
Nationals from Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea accounted for the largest number of arrivals in December.
In December, an estimated 383 people died or went missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea. In 2016, 5,082 people had died or gone missing in while crossing the Mediterranean, surpassing the 3,777 people who lost their lives in 2015.
UNHCR is working with Chad and partners to ensure the children of Chadian émigrés fleeing war in neighbouring countries finally receive ID cards to start over.
GORÉ, Chad – One day three years ago, during a break at the farm where she worked, Samira Hassan took a walk to the top of a nearby hill that overlooked Bossembélé, the town she called home in the west of the Central African Republic (CAR).
Alors que le Conseil de sécurité devait se réunir à la mi-journée à New York, les efforts diplomatiques de divers acteurs internationaux y compris la CEDEAO, l’Union africaine et l’ONU, se poursuivent pour convaincre le président Yaya Jammeh de se retirer après avoir perdu les élections de décembre dernier. Plus tôt dans la Journée, le président élu Adama Barrow a prêté serment à Dakar et pris ses nouvelles fonctions.
Cameroon is hosting around 359 000 refugees. Approximatively 59 000 of them are Nigerian refugees fleeing Boko Haram violence and living in the Minawao camp, and 274 000 are from Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, some 182 000 persons are internally displaced (IDPs) in the Far North region because of the conflict, an increase of 15% since April 2016.
Humanitarian needs in Niger continue to be immense as a result of lasting food insecurity, high global malnutrition of children under age five and the displacement of people fleeing the conflicts in neighbouring Mali* and Nigeria*. Successive food crises, extreme poverty, displacement and rapid population growth continue to erode people’s resilience. Even in good agricultural years, between 4 and 5 million Nigeriens experience food shortages.
GoN airstrike mistakenly hits IDP site, resulting in at least 70 civilian deaths in Borno
UN identifies critical humanitarian needs among more than 35,000 IDPs sheltering in Borno’s Rann town
WFP plans to reach 2 million beneficiaries in northeastern Nigeria per month by December 2017
Bruxelles, le 19 janvier 2017
La Commission européenne a annoncé une aide humanitaire supplémentaire de 40 millions d'euros en faveur des populations du bassin du lac Tchad. La crise s'aggrave dans cette région et les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement.
Throughout 2016, Boko Haram insurgents continued to commit grave human rights violations and carry out attacks against civilians including suicide bombings, widespread sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), kidnapping and forced recruitment, in north-eastern Nigeria and in the Lake Chad Basin.
The European Commission has released €40 million in additional humanitarian aid to support the populations in the Lake Chad region in Africa. The new funding brings the overall EU humanitarian aid package for the region to over €116 million since the beginning of 2016.
It will help scale up operations and respond to urgent humanitarian needs in the areas of food, nutrition, water and sanitation, health and protection.
Le contexte de déplacement au Mali reste complexe et fluide. Des mouvements de personnes déplacées résidant actuellement dans les régions du sud vers les régions du nord continuent d'être signalés. Alors que certains ont indiqué être retournés définitivement, d'autres déplacés expliquent faire des allers-retours entre le lieu de déplacement et le lieu d'origine.
De 2011 à 2016, plus de 1,6 milliard de dollars ont été mobilisés sur un total de 2 milliards de dollars requis à travers des projets des plans de réponse humanitaire pour le Niger.
Environ 485 millions de dollars ont été alloués à des projets humanitaires non inclus dans les plans de 2011 à 2016.
Pour les six années considérées, la moyenne des taux de financement tourne autour de 60 pour cent.
En 2016, seuls 54 pour cent des fonds recherchés ont été mobilisés.
259,145 Central African refugees registered by UNHCR in rural areas in the East, Adamaoua and North regions, of which 158,418 arrived since December 2013.
86,900 Nigerian refugees in the Far North region (of which 60,157 are registered at Minawao camp)
198,889 Internally Displaced Persons in the Far North region (sources: DTM by IOM as of October 2016 and UNHCR protection monitoring Flash Updates)
- WFP has a 6-month net funding requirement of USD 9.4 million for both the PRRO and CP. WFP will only be able to cover food and cash assistance during the periods of January-February, and May-July in 2017 with a reduced ration.
- Urgent funding of USD 800,000 is required for UNHAS for the next 6 months.
- Thanks to ECHO’s contribution at the end of 2016, WFP was able to programme cash-distribution assistance for Malian refugees for the months of January and February 2017.
Luxembourg, 18.01.2017 – La signature d’un accord-cadre sur trois ans entre le département international de la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et la Direction de la coopération au développement du ministère des Affaires étrangères permettra d’améliorer l’habitat de communautés dont le cadre de vie et le milieu sont menacés et de réduire l’impact des aléas naturels et socio-économiques.