In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
94.2 M required for 2017 including special situations
16.0 M contributions received, representing 17% of requirements
78.3 M overall funding gap for Cameroon
All figures are displayed in USD
169.9 M required for 2017
24.1 M contributions received, representing 14% of requirements
145.9 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
All figures are displayed in USD
162.8 M required for 2017 including special situations
21.1 M contributions received, representing 13% of requirements
141.7 M overall funding gap for Chad
All figures are displayed in USD
Les marchés du BET reprennent leurs activités après la réouverture des frontières avec la Libye
Messages clés La réouverture de la frontière avec la Libye a relancé les flux transfrontaliers au bénéfice des marchés du Nord (Borkou, Tibesti), et de l’Ouest (Nord Kanem et BEG), qui s’approvisionnent essentiellement en denrées alimentaires manufacturées. Ces flux fonctionnent au ralenti à partir des couloirs autorisés. Ceci améliorerait la situation alimentaire des ménages pauvres et les ramène en Phase Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC).
Crise alimentaire à Diffa et démarrage précoce de la soudure en zones pastorales
By Mari Carmen Viñoles, MSF Program Manager for the Sahel
For years, the Diffa region in southeastern Niger, which borders Nigeria and Chad, has suffered the consequences of the armed conflict between Boko Haram and armies of the area. According to Nigerien authorities, there are now more than 240,000 internally displaced people and refugees in the region. More than a third of them have been displaced twice or more due to the violence.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
Food security and nutrition analysis results released in March 2017 indicate that 2.2 million people are affected by food insecurity in Chad from March to May 2017, almost one in five people.
Against all the challenges that lead to precarious living conditions and increased vulnerability to sudden and chronic shocks, a new way of humanitarian-development work must be adopted.
Literacy rate 37.3%
Life expectancy 51.9 years
179 new suspected cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the 3 health districts of Salamat. Since September 2016, the total of cases is 1,314 of which 201 cases were tested and 96 of these confirmed positive and 13 deaths reported (0 this month).
WFP reports critical funding gap for emergency operations in Nigeria
USG provides $30 million for WFP, advocates for GoN and donors to increase financial support
Authorities in Nigeria’s Borno State announce plans to repatriate 78,000 Nigerian refugees from Cameroon
Conflict-affected households in Chad’s Lac Region expected to face reduced access to food from May to September
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure précaire. Le 19 avril, une attaque kamikaze a fait morts à Kolofata, parmi lesquels le kamikaze, un gendarme et deux civils. Les autorités de défense appellent à respecter les mesures de sécurité édictées et à rester vigilant.
1,119 Refugee returnees and host community members participated in sensitization sessions on protection-related issues including social cohesion, early and forced marriages, excision and inter-community conflicts
280 Birth certificates were distributed to Mauritanian refugees in Kayes region to facilitate their access to civil documentation.
USD 40 million requested for the operation
New York, 25 April —13 million people will soon receive long-lasting insecticide treated bednets in some of the hardest to reach and conflict-affected regions of Chad. As regional insecurity continues to affect population movements in the country, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Fund to fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) launched the massive distribution campaign to help reach the most vulnerable.