Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 28 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 33% funded. (OCHA, 28 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Note by the Secretary-General
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the joint report of the Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children, including child prostitution, child pornography and other child sexual abuse material, Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, and the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 71/177 and Human Rights Council resolutions 34/16 and 35/5.
Violence is likely to escalate and spread in central regions of Mali over the next six months. The Malian state is likely to keep retreating, and grievances among local communities will deepen.
People are likely to be displaced to neighbouring regions within Mali. It is also likely that people will move south, and to neighbouring countries such as Mauritania, Burkina Faso or Niger.
Far fewer refugees and migrants entered Europe via the Mediterranean routes than in the first half of 2016,1 largely due to a drastic decrease in numbers crossing the sea to Greece.2 The first six months of 2017 saw an increase in the number of refugees and migrants entering Europe via the Central Mediterranean route to Italy, with 83,752 arrivals.3 However, due to lower arrival levels in July, numbers have remained at a similar level to last year. Arrivals also increased via the Western Mediterranean route to Spain (by 93%) compared to the same period last year.
N'Djamena/Dakar, 16 août 2017. Avec le début de la période de soudure, ALIMA (The Alliance For International Medical Action) et son partenaire tchadien Alerte Santé constatent une augmentation du nombre d’admissions au sein de leurs programmes nutritionnels développés à N'Djamena.
Près de 700 enfants malnutris admis chaque semaine
Les quatre centres nutritionnels ambulatoires situés dans les zones périphériques de la capitale soutenus par l’organisation médicale ALIMA enregistrent près de 600 admissions par semaine.
N'Djamena / Dakar, 16 August 2017. With the beginning of the ‘hunger gap’, ALIMA (The Alliance for International Medical Action) and its Chadian partner Alerte Santé are seeing an increase in the number of admissions in their nutrition programs in N'Djamena.
Nearly 700 malnourished children admitted every week
The four outpatient nutrition centers located in the outlying areas of the capital, which the medical organization ALIMA is supporting, record nearly 600 admissions per week.
Recommendations to the Security Council
(Dakar, 18 August 2017): Persistent conflict and violence targeting aid workers and civilians in West and Central Africa make it one of the world’s most volatile regions for humanitarian action, regional directors of UN agencies and NGO partners warned ahead of the commemoration of World Humanitarian Day, on 19 August.
Tens of millions of children caught up in armed conflict must be protected from life-threatening attacks and violence.
Around the world, conflict is exacting a devastating toll on millions of children. With increasing frequency, children are being deliberately and indiscriminately attacked and denied life-saving humanitarian assistance in breach of international humanitarian law. On World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, join the United Nations and its partners in standing together to demand that children are #NotATarget.
LA COORDONNATRICE HUMANITAIRE
Les conséquences de la crise politico-sécuritaire qui sévit au Mali depuis 2012 continuent à entraver l’accès des populations aux services sociaux de base et l’accès des humanitaires dans certains zones. Malgré les efforts du gouvernement et des partenaires humanitaires, les besoins humanitaires ont augmenté dans plusieurs secteurs. Le nombre de personnes dans le besoin est estimé à 3,83 millions1 en 2017.
MAROUA, 11 août 2017 Moustapha Bachir regardait un match de qualification pour la Coupe du monde dans un bar quand les djihadistes de Boko Haram sont arrivés à Amchidé, dans la région camerounaise de l’Extrême-Nord. Ils ont tué 30 personnes et incendié de nombreux foyers et commerces avant de s’enfuir.
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Tripartite Commission assembles to discuss implementation of Tripartite Agreement
Nigerian military forcibly enters UN compound in northeastern Nigeria, prompting UN to suspend operations
Nearly 6,700 Nigeriens flee to Chad due to fear of attacks by armed groups
ABUJA – As the world marks the World Humanitarian Day, the Nigeria INGO Forum pays tribute to the efforts of the humanitarian community, national civil society, and the private sector, to confront the ongoing crisis in North East Nigeria. Since January of this year alone, humanitarian assistance has been delivered to over 1.8 million Nigerians displaced by the conflict, over half of whom are children.
A. Analysis of the situation
Description of the disaster
In Niger, new estimations indicate that there are 1.8 million people in need of food assistance, an increase of some 650,000 people.
Lean season assistance started during the reporting period, targeting some 250,000 people.
The number of food insecure people in the Diffa region is estimated to be 408,000, an increase of 25 percent since last years’ Cadre Harmonisé results.
• As of July 2017, 385 Cameroonians, of which 238 are children, are seeking refuge in Mozogo, after having escaped Boko Haram in Nigeria. Unable to return home, they are in dire need of food, shelter, NFI, water and sanitation. UNICEF, in partnership with other humanitarian actors, is responding to their needs.
• An estimated 1.69 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe. Of them, 85 per cent are in Borno alone.
• Between January and June 2017, the Nigeria Immigration Service registered 19,257 Nigerian refugee returnees, including 15,036 refugee returnees returned during the recent influx from April to June.
• The IOM DTM Round XVII (June 2017) estimates that a total of 1.69 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of which 85 per cent are in Borno alone.
• Between January 2015 and 15 June 2017, the number of Nigerian returnees registered by the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) with UNHCR support reached nearly 360,000 individuals.
A. Situation Analysis
Description of the disaster
Senegal is prone to food crisis since is one of the world’s least developed countries while the economy relies heavily on cash crops and fishing, both of which are vulnerable to climate change. Harvest deficits in 2014 and 2015, triggered by recurring droughts and floods, resulted in the early onset of the lean season leading to the food scarcity. Severely weakening food security in northern and central Senegal.