Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 7 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 32% funded. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Nutrition survey and screening results
On 21 September, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) deployed a second helicopter to Maiduguri to boost humanitarian access in the northeast.
WFP continued its cross-border food delivery operation from Cameroon to Banki, Borno state, and distributions to several other camps in Borno and Yobe States.
As of end September, WFP assisted 95,500 people with cash transfers, 153,000 people with food and 99,130 children aged 6–59 months with nutritious food.
Au Tchad les trois journées internationales qui viennent d’être célébrées, la Journée Internationale de la Fille, la Journée Internationale des Femmes Rurales et la Journée Mondiale de l’Alimentation, montrent à quel point il est urgent de faire des progrès pour atteindre l’objectif Faim Zéro d’ici 2030.
Epidémie de Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift pour la première fois au Niger.
Deux sites de réfugiés maliens attaqués entre le 10 septembre et le 6 octobre.
Plus de 123 000 personnes affectées par les inondations.
Plus de 300 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa.
Epidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua
Nigeria faces immense humanitarian and protection challenges due to the ongoing insurgency in the North East. The conflict has caused grave human rights violations, impacting particularly on the most vulnerable civilians. As of August 2016, there are 2,093,030 persons internally displaced in the North East and North Central regions, with 83% of the displacements originating from Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States as a result of the insurgency.
First Foreign Minister Steinmeier in Nigeria, then Nigerian President Buhari in Germany: At the beginning of October, German politics on Africa was busy on migration and refugee issues in West Africa, especially Nigeria. But the crisis of internally displaced people within Nigeria is far greater: more than 2 million refugees have lost their homes because of the terror war of Boko Haram. Mausi Segun, Head of Human Rights Watch in Nigeria, warns in this interview with the HBS that the conflict continues to smolder despite the success stories announced by the Nigerian government.
High levels of malnutrition, malaria and spread of communicable diseases in newly accessible areas in North East Nigeria are the main health risks. With detection of fourth case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in Monguno in Borno State on 4 October, further spread of polio virus is a significant public health concern.
UNICEF in collaboration with partners has achieved 42 per cent, 79 per cent and 51 per cent of access to water, sanitation and hygiene promotion targets, respectively.
MAROUA, CAMEROON — Aid agencies are sounding the alarm about severe food insecurity throughout northern Cameroon as a result of the Boko Haram conflict.
This month, 70 children suffering from malnutrition have needed medical attention at the Minawao refugee camp. However, says nurse Irene Mbarga, the hospital has limited resources to treat them.
The families are not able to provide enough food, she says, and malnutrition is making other health conditions worse.
6,373 refugee returnees have benefitted from facilitation assistance for their voluntary return to Mali since Jan 2016.
625 mud shelters and traditional shelters built since Jan 2016 to help returnees, IDPs and host community members return to safety and dignity in the privacy of a home.
6,016 refugee returnees have received a one-time cash assistance in 2016 to support their selfdetermined basic needs.
Located on the edge of the desert, the Sahelian belt hasn't seen rain in months. For many who live there, it is a struggle to feed their families. In the North Kanem region of Chad, the most vulnerable populations depend on World Food Programme (WFP) food distributions. These food distributions are not only life-saving; they are also a source of hope.
This SitRep was produced by OCHA in association with humanitarian partners and is focused on the recent internal displacements since 21 July 2015. It was published by OCHA Chad and covers the period from 24 August to 30 September 2016. The next publication will be around 26 October 2016.
UNE VAGUE D’ATTAQUES AGGRAVE L’INSÉCURITÉ
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WAVE OF ATTACKS WORSENS INSECURITY
By Aster Van Kregten, Amnesty International's Senior Research Advisor for Nigeria
Two and a half years since 219 Chibok schoolgirls were abducted by Boko Haram in Nigeria, sparking a global outcry and the #BringBackOurGirls campaign, there has finally been some good news.
Yesterday, 21 of those girls were reunited with their families in an emotional ceremony in Abuja, embracing the parents they thought they'd never see again.