Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Niamey, Niger | AFP | vendredi 27/11/2015 - 05:15 GMT | 728 mots
VIDÉO PAR BOUREIMA HAMA.
par Boureima HAMA
"Faute d'eau et d'herbe, mes bœufs et moutons sont morts un à un", se rappelle Toro, un berger peul originaire de Gadabédji, dans le centre du Niger, en resserrant le nœud du turban blanc qui le protège contre la forte canicule.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Friday 11/27/2015 - 03:01 GMT | 655 words
by Boureima HAMA
When yet another drought wiped out his flock five years ago, Toro, a Fulani shepherd in Niger, decided to migrate to the capital Niamey, where he found work selling cell phones instead.
"Without water or grass, my oxen and sheep died, one by one," the lanky man in his 40s said, adjusting a white turban that protects him against the searing heat.
But now, living in the city "without my animals, I've lost my identity," he says.
• La complétude du reportage au cours de la semaine 45 est de 83,4% pour les CRENI/AS et 82,2% pour les CRENAM. Les données publiées ici correspondent aux données reçues avant le jour de la publication et des mises à jour pourraient avoir lieu dans les prochaines publications.
92 658 Personnes Déplacées Internes.
63 598 * Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.
47 746 Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.
25 143 Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2015.
- Ce chiffre comprend 15 852 réfugiés identifiés hors camp à l’issue de l’exercice de profilage.
150,220 Réfugiés enregistrés depuis janvier 2014.
71 647 Réfugiés vivent dans les sites.
69 002 Réfugiés vivent en dehors des sites.
9571 Réfugiés enregistrés à Yaoundé et Douala.
13,168 Réfugiés enregistrés depuis Janvier 2015.
258 582 Réfugiés centrafricains au total au Cameroun
In the face of the global El Nino and other crises, leaders at the national, regional and international levels have an unprecedented opportunity and responsibility to address the underlying causes of food insecurity and guarantee that the most vulnerable children and communities get a head start through an immediate, effective, global response to prevent loss of life and livelihoods.
Regional Communications Officer
Author: Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, Nov 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The world's worst recorded Ebola outbreak and militant violence in West Africa may have shut down schools across the region but governments should see conflict and crisis as an opportunity to reform and improve education, an expert said on Wednesday.
Read the story on the Thompson Reuters Foundation
This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
Ce rapport fait partie du projet « Accès des enfants à la justice » de CRIN, qui vise à établir le statut de la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant (CDE) dans les législations nationales, le statut des enfants impliqués dans des procédures judiciaires, les moyens juridiques qui permettent de contester des violations des droits de l'enfant et les considérations pratiques à prendre en compte en utilisant ces moyens.
DANS CE NUMÉRO:
COMBATTRE L’INSÉCURITE ALIMENTAIRE AU SAHEL p.2
CULTURES PÉRENNES ET SÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE p.3
JEUNESSE AU TRAVAIL p.4
JMA 2015 - « Focus sur la protection sociale et l’agriculture » p.5
NUTRITION À BANDIAGARA p.6
Chers lectrices et lecteurs,
Two years ago, Hamidou Samakan, chief of the village of Yarou Plateau in Mali, noticed significant changes in the neighbouring village of Gouna. The village was clean and there were no faeces to be seen. People were building affordable latrines, sweeping common areas, and chlorinating their drinking water.
Back in Hamidou’s village, people were still defecating in the open. Few households had latrines, and diarrhoea and under-nutrition were common.
- From 9 to 13 November, food security partners including government, UN and NGO representatives met in Nouakchott to conduct the vulnerability classification exercise using the harmonized framework methodology.
Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Population movements continue to take place in the Lake Chad region as insecurity continues to deteriorate. The humanitarian community estimates at 82,782 the number of refugees, IDPs, returnees and thirdcountry nationals currently displaced in the Lake region. Of these, 52,300 are IDPs from the latest wave of massive displacement which began in July 2015.
According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (including close to 1.1 million children). This presents a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency when compared to the numbers of displaced people reported in August 2015.
According to the 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods) and the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the nutrition and food security situations have deteriorated compared to previous years. There is an urgent need to scale up the humanitarian response to these ongoing crises in 2016.
Because of the security situation Humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic.