For yet another year, humanitarian indicators in the Sahel remain alarmingly high. The heavy burden of chronic food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemic risk, compounded by conflict and insecurity, remain the key drivers of humanitarian needs in the region. Heightened levels of vulnerability caused by repeated shocks, associated especially with erratic weather patterns, have left coping capacities heavily compromised. In 2015, humanitarian action in the Sahel will continue to be guided by the 2014-2016 Regional Strategic Response Plan. The three-year strategy aims to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies, while providing a tailored response to the chronic nature of much of the needs across the region and promoting systems and behavioural changes that will help the Sahel’s most vulnerable better cope with shocks. (2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
2 Community peace halls were donated to refugee host communities
150 Refugees graduate from livelihood programs at two camps
1,120 Refugees receive health education on HIV/AIDS and other topics
4,404 Primary and pre -primary children received learning materials for use at home
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
REPUBLIQE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
TROIS PERSONNES ENLEVÉES À BANGUI
En représailles à la capture de son chef, Rodrigue Ngaibona (Andilo), des éléments anti-Balaka ont enlevé le 19 janvier, une femme française travaillant pour une ONG internationale et un prêtre. Le lendemain, ils ont également détenu, pendant un certain temps, une employée de la Mission intégrée multidimensionnelle de stabilisation des Nations Unies en République centrafricaine (MINUSCA). Les éléments anti-Balaka réclament la libération de leur leader.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
THREE PEOPLE KIDNAPPED IN BANGUI
In retaliation for the capture of its leader, Rodrigue Ngaibona (Andilo), anti-Balaka elements kidnapped on 19 January, a French woman working for an international NGO and a priest. The day after, they also detained for some time a staff member of the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA). Anti-Balaka elements are demanding the release of their leader.
January 2014: The occupation of northern Mali changed the lives of all those who lived under its militant rule, but children were the most vulnerable.
In Timbuktu, Plan Mali has created child-friendly spaces where children can safely play, dance and learn within a supervised space to help them recover from the conflict.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
Insécurité alimentaire et malnutrition
Au Tchad, près de 2.4 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire (20%) parmi lesquelles 428 000 personnes (3.6%) sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire sévère. La situation nutritionnelle es t également alarmante, avec 350 000 cas de malnutrition aiguë globale attendus en 2015 pour les enfants de 6 à 59 mois, parmi lesquels 96 000 en situation de malnutrition aigüe sévère.
Mouvements de populations
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
Accès aux services sociaux de base
In 2013-14, DFID’s programme in Nigeria was £266 million
GIRLS AND WOMEN
1.4 million pregnant women and children received help with nutrition in 2013-14.
4.7 million more pregnant women and children will have improved nutrition by the end of 2015.
JOBS AND GROWTH
In the last year we’ve helped 470,000 people increase their incomes by more than 15% and since 2011 we’ve helped over 7 million people gain access formal financial services.
WATER, SANITATION, HYGIENE
UNICEF response to date
• On 10 December 2014, the Government called on national and international solidarity to respond to the humanitarian situation in Diffa.
• UNHCR is setting up two refugee camps and one transit site in Diffa region for a total of approximately 14,000 refugees. UNICEF is supporting the installation by providing squatting plates and water bladders to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation. In parallel, UNICEF will continue to support displaced people and host communities outside the camps.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
7 300 personnes sont arrivées au Tchad en provenance du Nigeria depuis Janvier 2015.
Le Gouvernement du Tchad a entrepris une mission sur le terrain et a sollicité l’appui des partenaires pour l’assistance humanitaire. Il a aussi fait acheminer des articles pour l’assistance.
Une mission d’évaluation inter-agences a été organisée dans la région du Lac. Les besoins humanitaires sont nombreux en particulier en matière d’abris, d’alimentation et d’articles ménagers essentiels
NOUVELLES ATTAQUES TRANSFRONTALIÈRES
Les attaques perpétrées par les insurgés du groupe nigérian, Boko Haram, ont fait de nouvelles victimes et causé des déplacements de population vers et à l'intérieur du Cameroun. Le 28 décembre, les insurgés, à partir du Nigeria, ont attaqué plusieurs villages et ont occupé temporairement la ville frontalière d’Achigachia incitant l’armée camerounaise à procéder à des frappes aériennes pour les repousser hors des frontières.
24 500 REFUGIES NIGÉRIANS DANS LE CAMP DE MINAWAO
NEW CROSS BORDER ATTACKS
Attacks of Nigerian insurgent group Boko Haram have caused further casualties and population displacements towards and inside Cameroon. On Dec. 28, insurgents crossing from Nigeria attacked several villages and temporarily took over the border town of Achigachia prompting Cameroonian airstrikes to push the militants back across the borders.
24,500 NIGERIAN REFUGEES IN MINAWAO CAMP
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Nana Balki’s soft voice carries easily over the women gathered in front of her. The mothers sit on mats in the small village courtyard, infants swaddled in their arms and toddlers playing on their laps.
Nana is discussing what to do if their children get sick, punctuating her points with sweeping arm gestures made all the more dramatic under her long burgundy hijab.
Government commits €3 million in funding for humanitarian emergencies in Chad, Central African Republic and Yemen
The Government is to provide €3.2 million in urgent humanitarian assistance to communities affected by conflict and drought in the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad and Yemen, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Charlie Flanagan, TD, and Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North South Co-operation, Seán Sherlock, TD, have announced.