Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
By Jean Gough
GWOZA, Nigeria, 23 September 2016 – Ajija is as frail as you possibly can be when alive. The four-year-old should be actively playing with friends but she can barely stand. When she is checked by a health worker, she is unsurprisingly registered as severely malnourished.
“I feel helpless as I can’t do anything, during the past two years life has been hard, there is little food and many illnesses,” her mother Halima says desperately to me.
Governments, regional organizations and humanitarian agencies today pledged a major increase in life-saving support to the millions of people affected by the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Lake Chad Basin.
Heeding the call of United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, at a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin, an area which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 9/23/2016 - 18:04 GMT
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari appealed Friday for the international community to help relieve the growing humanitarian disaster triggered by the Boko Haram insurgency in a plea for aid at the UN General Assembly.
Warnings about food shortages caused by the conflict in the country's northeast and the broader Lake Chad region have intensified in recent months, with humanitarian organisations cautioning of a looming famine.
Today, on 23 September, the United Nations Secretary-General, the Presidents of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria, and other world leaders and international partners are attending a high-level event on the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, in the margins of the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly.
Aujourd'hui, le 23 Septembre, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, les présidents du Tchad, du Cameroun, du Niger et du Nigeria, ainsi que d'autres chefs d’Etat et les partenaires internationaux assistent à un événement de haut-niveau sur la crise humanitaire dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, en marge de la 71ème session de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies.
The ongoing conflict with Boko Haram in West Africa has pushed the number of people facing the threat of severe hunger to more than 6 million according to the latest assessments, say 15 humanitarian organisations.
The warning comes as governments and donors meet to talk about the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin region at the UN General Assembly in New York on the 23 September.
****Around 70,000 people have found destruction, insecurity and scarcity on arrival in Gwoza, a city liberated earlier this year from militants in northern Nigeria***.
By: Hélène Caux | 23 September 2016
GWOZA, Nigeria – After Nigerian forces liberated this once thriving city from Boko Haram militants, displaced resident Saeed returned home to gutted buildings and burned out cars. He is clear about what the city needs: “We need everything.”
In northeast Nigeria close to 1.9 million are displaced due to insurgency. The majority are IDPs, of which over 1.4 million are in Borno State. Children constitute 54 per cent of the displaced population, and nearly half are under five years of age.
In 2016, over 398,000 children are estimated to be suffering from severe acute malnutrition in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states.
Oxfam GB’s Global Performance Framework is part of the organisation’s effort to better understand and communicate its effectiveness, as well as enhance learning across the organisation. Under this Framework, a small number of completed or mature projects are selected at random each year for an evaluation of their impact, known as an ‘Effectiveness Review’. One key focus is on the extent to which they have promoted change in relation to relevant Oxfam GB global outcome indicators.
Situation in Numbers
children affected out of
(NDMA, Sept 2016)
UNICEF Appeal 2016*
$2,146,400. The Gambia’s is a part of the 2016 Sahel Chapter.
Flood Response needs $275,000.
Allocation for 2016 was $343,174.29 in total, of which a balance of $149,000 remains.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 9/21/2016 - 17:41 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Students from a school in northeast Nigeria, from where more than 200 girls were kidnapped by Boko Haram, will resume lessons next month, more than two years after the mass abduction, the state government has announced.
Chibok became synonymous with the Boko Haram conflict when fighters abducted 276 girls from the Government Secondary School (GSS) on the evening of April 14, 2014, sparking global outrage.
A total of 218 are still being held.
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure incertaine. La semaine sous rubrique a été marquée par trois incidents causés par des assaillants de Boko Haram dans le département du Mayo Sava. Le bilan de ces attaques est de quatre morts, huit blessés, des maisons incendiées et des biens emportés.
- The Pilot cash transfers for the school meals programme is set to launch in September. In total, 24 schools from all six regions will benefit from the pilot.
WFP has a 6-month net funding requirement totaling USD 16.8 million for both the PRRO and CP. Without additional resources, WFP will be forced to suspend its operations at the end of September leaving over 416,000 vulnerable Mauritanians in need of food and nutritional assistance. Moreover, if no additional funding is received, WFP will be forced to further reduce its food and nutritional assistance to Malian refugees.
Syntèse par pays
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 9/21/2016 - 03:06 GMT
by Phil HAZLEWOOD, Aminu ABUBAKAR
Doctors crowded around Abdullahi. One squeezed a drip and another prepared a plastic syringe. The young boy didn't move. Only the shallow rise and fall of his chest indicated he was still alive.
Fluid was injected to try to stabilise the two-year-old's blood sugar levels. "He's better than he was 20 minutes ago," said one doctor. "But his condition is still critical."
Facts & Figures
Population: 4.8 million people - Human Development Index ranking: 187 of 188 countries (UNDP)
Number of internally displaced (UNHCR): over 384 000, including over 49 000 in the capital Bangui - Number of Central African refugees (UNHCR): 473 400 in neighbouring countries - 2.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance - Around 2.5 million people are food insecure - 2.4 million children are affected by the crisis (UNICEF)
Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated since January 2016
New arrivals from Mali in 2016
Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 1 September 2016)
Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 1 September 2016)
of potable water available per person per day
USD 19.4 M
Requested for the operation