Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 21 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
En août, 316 ménages assistés par le PAM ont participé aux enquêtes mVAM dans la région de Diffa, soit une augmentation de 11% par rapport au mois précédent.
Les résultats indiquent que 97% de ces ménages ont une consommation limite ou acceptable, et que la proportion des ménages ayant une consommation alimentaire pauvre est passée de 8% à 3%.
Aucun ménage n’a été contraint de recourir à des stratégies d’adaptation pour accéder à la nourriture.
Cette situation est principalement due à la régularité de l’assistance alimentaire.
Afghanistan: The humanitarian situation in Kunduz is deteriorating as fighting for control of the city continues. Aid organisations have withdrawn, after a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital was bombed in an airstrike, killing 22 and injuring 37.
Burundi: At least eight civilians were killed in Bujumbura over the weekend as political violence persists, and people continue to flee. Some 128,000 people are reliant on food assistance: in some of the areas affected by insecurity, food prices are up to 95% higher than average.
In 2015, the ICRC has stepped up its efforts to help some of the many hundreds of thousands of people affected by the Lake Chad conflict who lack even the basic necessities of life. We are building shelters, distributing food and essential household items, facilitating access to medical care and water, visiting security detainees and helping to re-establish contact among families separated by the conflict.
Vivres, articles ménagers et soutien agricole
Honourable Commissioner Maya Sahli-Fadel, Special Rapporteur on Refugees, Asylum Seekers, Migrants and Internally Displaced Persons in Africa of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Commission) and Commissioner responsible for the human rights situation in Senegal, undertook a promotion mission to the Republic of Senegal from 14 to 21 September 2015.
In August, WFP assisted 443,000 beneficiaries in Mali and 126,000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger.
Une fille nigériane, séparée de sa famille quand elle s’est enfuie à la suite d’une attaque contre son village, trouve sécurité et soutien dans un camp de réfugiés du Cameroun et espère toujours retrouver ses frères et ses sœurs.
MINAWAO, Cameroun, 28 septembre 2015 – Tina*, 11 ans, joue avec une autre fille dans le camp de réfugiés de Minawao, dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Elle traite cette fille comme une sœur. Pendant quelques minutes, Tina peut alors oublier qu’elle a fui les violences au Nigéria sans ses propres frères et sœurs.
2 October 2015
You travel through the countryside in southern Mauritania, heading to Kaedi – about 400 kilometres away from the capital, towards the border with Senegal. You have five to six hours to take in the world unfolding around you. The rolling hills. The dunes of sand. The brightly coloured houses dotting the desert. A camel. Not giving a ride but taking one – in the back of a jeep. The sky. In the bluest shade you can imagine, with big, fluffy clouds gliding across it.
The Annual Report is prepared by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)--collectively known as the World Bank--in accordance with the by-laws of the two institutions. The President of the IBRD and IDA and the Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors submits the Report, together with the accompanying administrative budgets and audited financial statements, to the Board of Governors.
Is Nigeria attempting the impossible in trying to de-radicalise Boko Haram militants? IRIN’s Editor-at-Large Obi Anyadike speaks to the prisoners, their victims, and the de-rad “treatment teams” trying to reintegrate them into society. He explores what drove the men to join an insurgency that is tearing the region apart.
Prison officer Malam Tata has a calling. He sees it as his religious duty to help people reach salvation, and believes few have erred as grievously as the 43 Boko Haram militants under his care in Kuje Prison, on the outskirts of the Nigerian capital, Abuja.
Refugee emergency in Europe: UNHCR appeals for USD 128 million
30 September 2015 – The humanitarian fallout from the violence inflicted by Boko Haram is the fastest growing crisis in Africa, a senior United Nations relief official warned today, appealing for concerted action on the humanitarian, security and development fronts to tackle the situation.
Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across the Sahel region, which suffers from chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
- The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2227 (2015), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2016 and requested me to report every three months on the situation in Mali, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and on the efforts of MINUSMA to support it. The present report covers the period from 12 June to 16 September 2015.
Programme de cooperation de l’UNICEF et du gouvernement du Tchad depuis 2012
Le Tchad est un des pays ou etre un enfant ou une femme est le plus diff icile au monde.
La pauvreteé touchant presque la moitie de la population, l’insecuriteé alimentaire et la malnutrition menacant des milliers de jeunes vies, l’aff lux massif de refugies, de retournes et de personnes deplacees et l’acces limite aux services sociaux de qualite, la survie et le developpement des enfants ont un equilibre tres precaire.
El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.
Aboard the Werra, Undefined | AFP | Tuesday 9/29/2015 - 02:42 GMT
by Alberto PIZZOLI
On the hunt for people-smugglers in the Mediterranean, a German navy ship is sailing off the coast of Libya when it gets a report of an unidentified boat adrift.
The crew of the Werra scramble to gear up in life vests and helmets. Guns are at the ready, with the team prepared for any trouble, fingers on triggers.
It proves a false alarm -- just a Libyan fishing boat that didn't answer initial radio calls.