Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Nigeria, 09 May 2015 – The Makohi camp in Yola, Adamawa State in northeastern Nigeria is home to the 275 women and children who were recently rescued from the Sambisa forest – the, strongholds of the insurgency group, Boko Haram.
Principaux defis par secteurs
Accès à l'eau : standard non atteint
Déficit Eau (gap) : 386 m3
Assainissement : Le rythme de construction des infrastructures d’assainissement ne suit pas l’augmentation de la population
Pénurie de bois sur le marché local pour la construction des latrines/douches
UNHCR : Construction en cours de 10 forages dans les villages hôtes autour du camp de Minawao
Ce rapport est le résultat de la compilation d’informations recueillies sur le terrain par les points focaux qui travaillent directement avec l’équipe IRC en collaboration avec l’équipe ANDDH et des CAC. Il donne également un aperçu sur les activités hebdomadaires en cours dans la région de Diffa.
Les points généraux
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de Diffa reste calme mais préoccupante ces derniers jours. Le contrôle des véhicules au delà des heures décrétées (20h) continue également.
4 400 DÉPLACÉS PAR DES ATTAQUES
27 May 2015 – The United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict has condemned Boko Haram militias in Nigeria for “waging war on women’s physical, sexual and reproductive autonomy and rights” by repeatedly raping their female captors and treating them as vessels for producing children for fighters.
“In this context, sexual violence is not merely incidental, but integral, to their strategy of domination and self-perpetuation,” Zainab Hawa Bangura said in a statement.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
4,400 DISPLACED BY ATTACKS
Around 1,900 IDPs and 2,500 residents in Bissingalé locality have been forced to flee to the nearby Kaga-Bandoro town in the north of the country following armed attacks by unknown gunmen on Site-Nana, Bissingalé and Ndémayo villages in Kaga-Bandoro on the night of 15 May. Ten people were killed in the raid which happened five days after the signing of an agreement between armed groups and the government to end hostilities and begin a disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process.
Ce rapport est le résultat de la compilation d’informations recueillies sur terrain par les points focaux qui travaillent directement avec l’équipe IRC en collaboration avec l’équipe ANDDH et des CAC. Il donne également un aperçu sur les activités hebdomadaires en cours dans la région de Diffa.
Les points généraux
Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.
Voici 10 choses à savoir pour comprendre la situation alimentaire en Mauritanie. Aidez le PAM à faire passer le message en les partageant sur Twitter.
1) La Mauritanie est un pays en déficit alimentaire: le pays ne produit pas assez de nourriture pour subvenir aux besoins de sa population. Ainsi, environ 70% des besoins céréaliers du pays sont couverts grâce aux importations.
2) Bien que la Mauritanie soit un grand pays (d’une superficie de plus de 1, 000,000km2 ), plus de 80% de la surface du pays est déserte. Moins de 4% des terres sont cultivables.
The Support Project for Capacity Building of Teacher Training Institutes and Girls’ Education in Mali, initiated in 2008 with the financial support of the Japanese government, intends to contribute to the achievement of Education for All (EFA) in Mali. It specifically aims to improve girls’ access to Teacher Training Institutes in order to increase their level of education. Indeed, results of multiple research studies in the field of girls’ education have indicated that parents are more favorable to their daughters’ education when they’re being supervised by women.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/26/2015 - 17:42 GMT
A weekend attack by Boko Haram in the northeast Nigerian town of Gubio left 37 people dead, with more than 400 buildings destroyed by fire, local vigilantes said Tuesday.
The civilian fighters gave the toll to Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima, who visited the town to assess the devastation.
"The terrorists killed 37 people, including two young boys," said Bukar Mondama, the leader of the vigilantes who briefed the governor.
ABUJA, Nigeria, 26 May 2015 – More women and children have been used as suicide bombers in Northeast Nigeria in the first five months of this year than during the whole of last year, according to reports collated by UNICEF.
In 2014, 26 suicide attacks were recorded, compared to 27 attacks as of May 2015. In at least three-quarters of these incidents, women and children were reportedly used to carry out the attacks.
By Mamoudou Lamine Kane and Jennifer Lazuta
NOUAKCHOTT, 26 May 2015 (IRIN) - As the food security situation in Mauritania continues to deteriorate, aid workers say the next few months could be among the most difficult in years, particularly for those living in the southern and eastern parts of the country.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/26/2015 - 14:40 GMT
Suspected Fulani herdsmen killed at least 23 people in central Nigeria, the latest clash in a long-running battle with farming communities in the restive region, police said Tuesday.
"There was an attack by unknown gunmen suspected to be Fulani herdsmen on three villages in Logo local government area, (Benue) state," said police spokesman Austin Ezeani, referring to Saturday's violence.
"As at yesterday, 23 people were (confirmed) killed," he told AFP.
25 May 2015
Here are ten facts that shed light on the hunger situation in Mauritania. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these important facts on Twitter.
1) Mauritania is a food-deficit country, meaning that it does not produce enough food for the population to live on. It depends on imports for around 70 percent of its cereals needs.
2) Although Mauritania is a huge country – over 1,000,000 square kilometres – over 80 percent of the country’s land surface is desert. Less than 4 percent of the land is arable.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 5/25/2015 - 15:36 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Boko Haram fighters hacked to death 10 people in remote northeast Nigeria, a local government official said on Monday, as the military claimed to have thwarted a fresh attack.
The attack happened early on Friday in the village of Pambula-Kwamda, the local government chairman of Madagali in the north of Adamawa state told AFP.
WASHINGTON, May 22, 2015 — The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved the Population and Health Support Project to support the Government of Niger to improve delivery of reproductive health and nutrition services to women and children in some of Niger’s poorest regions. The project aims to benefit 15 million individuals, of which 60 percent will be women, who will have access to reproductive health services in order to reduce maternal mortality, infant mortality and the high fertility in this targeted regions.
Situation of displaced people in Lake region in numbers
43,000 ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NIGERIAN REFUGEES AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES (UNHCR APRIL 2015)
6,000 ESTIMATED NEW REFUGEES FROM NIGER AND NIGERIA AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES IN DABOUA AND LIWA DISTRICTS (UNICEF RAPID ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY REPORT, MAY 18 )
Situation of refugees & displaced people in Far-North in numbers
106,000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE (IDPS) (OCHA, APRIL 2015)
34,368 TOTAL NUMBER OF REFUGEES IN CAMPS (UNHCR, APRIL 2015)
39,000 TOTAL ESTIMATED SAM CASELOAD IN THE FAR NORTH IN 2015