150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
The new Protracted Relief and Recover Operation (PRRO) 200961 “Strengthening resilience in Niger through an integrated multi-sector and multi-partner safety net approach” started. It will focus on two fundamentals pillars: the zero hunger objective and government capacity development.
At current operational levels of the new resilience project, USD 46 million are urgently needed for the implementation of activities for the next 6 months.
The International Development Secretary Priti Patel has today announced new packages of life-saving UK aid for South Sudan and Somalia and issued a call to action to the international community to step up their support before it is too late.
Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria, 15 February 2017. Representatives of 12 donor countries and agencies completed a three-day mission to Borno State, northeast Nigeria, hosted by the UN Organisation for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods, combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR has led to an influx of refugees in Cameroon and caused internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the Far North Region and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
The plight of refugees and the internally displaced from the Boko Haram conflict in Cameroon’s Far North is adding to the many burdens of an already impoverished population
At least 14,827 people were displaced due to military activity between 27 January and 10 February 2017, a further 300 were displaced because of attacks by armed groups.
The risk of famine will remain high in Nigeria’s northeast over the coming year, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET).
Almost 3 million children, aged 6 months to 10 years, were vaccinated in the recent national vaccination campaign against measles in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.
Mitigating the impact of the crisis and strengthening the resilience and food security of conflict-affected communities
While an increasing amount of territory in Northeast Nigeria has become accessible to humanitarian workers, suicide bombings and attacks against civilians persisted during the reporting period. Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement, disrupting food supplies and hindering access to basic services. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe States are in urgent need of life-saving humanitarian assistance.
De nouveaux déplacements de populations enregistrés dans le nord du pays
Accès humanitaire : 68 incidents enregistrés en 2016
Les enfants sont les plus touchés par les mines et autres explosifs de guerre
Augmentation du nombre de cas rapportés de violences basées sur le genre
Nb. de PDI (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 36 690
Nb. de réfugiés dans les pays voisins (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 138 811
New displacements registered in the north of the country
Humanitarian access: 68 incidents recorded in 2016
Children are the most affected by mines and explosive remnants of war
Increase in the number of reported cases of genderbased violence
Nearly 2000 new displacements due to conflicts in the north
Nigeria: Hundreds of thousands received food and assistance in 2016
Armed conflict in North East Nigeria has displaced more than 2 million people and had damaging consequences for over 1.5 million people hosting them. The situation, in humanitarian terms, has been made worse by communal clashes in the Middle Belt region and the armed violence in the Niger Delta states.
Maiduguri, Nigeria, February 2017 – Mustapha loves meeting his friends for a quick game of soccer before class starts in the camp where he lives with what is left of his family.
Mustapha fled to Maiduguri with his mother and siblings after their home was destroyed in an attack by Boko Haram. His grandfather was killed but his father managed to hide and survived the attack, only to be killed later when he returned to salvage goods from the shop the family had run.
NEW YORK/DAKAR/NAIROBI/AMMAN, 21 February 2017 – Almost 1.4 million children are at imminent risk of death from severe acute malnutrition this year, as famine looms in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, UNICEF said today.
“Time is running out for more than a million children,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “We can still save many lives. The severe malnutrition and looming famine are largely man-made. Our common humanity demands faster action. We must not repeat the tragedy of the 2011 famine in the Horn of Africa.”
Maiduguri/Abuja, 21 February 2017: As relief organizations increase response to the humanitarian emergency in the north-east of Nigeria, timely donor support is required to sustain life-saving assistance to millions people devastated by Boko Haram-linked violence.
20 février 2017 – La Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), Ertharin Cousin, et le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, ont exprimé lundi leur préoccupation concernant les graves pénuries d'aide alimentaire qui affectent environ deux millions de réfugiés situés dans 10 pays africains notamment dans la Corne de l'Afrique
• Even though security remains a challenge, access continues to open up into more remote areas of the Far North region. Through its partners, UNICEF was able to reach displaced children on the border with Nigeria, providing them with nutrition, primary health care, education and child protection services.
Thousands of civilians are forced to flee attacks of Boko Haram and military operations in the Lake Chad region. Niger is one of the countries of the Lake Chad Basin that hosts a large number of displaced people. Among them are traumatised children. The SDC’s Humanitarian Aid Department supports a project of the Italian NGO COOPI providing psychosocial support and a safe environment for those young survivors.
The country office was continuously involved in the monitoring of the post-election context in Gambia with the humanitarian country team and the food security working group.
The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative staff from the country office, the resilience unit of WFP West Africa regional office and the sub-office of Tambacounda joined forces to carry out a training for trainers and a community-based participatory planning exercise in villages of Tambacounda region.
WFP attended the World Economic Forum in Davos and launched the Healthy Not Hungry campaign to accelerate progress to SDG 2 — Zero Hunger, and SDG 3 — Good Health and Well-Being. On the fringes of the event in Davos, a special “satellite event” was organized in Dori (Sahel region) on 12 January.
The Zero Hunger Review started in Burkina Faso while awaiting the official launch by the Government. The Review will lay the groundwork for designing WFP’s Country Strategic Plan.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.