Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
On 10 July 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Water is essential to human development and prosperity, but many people still live without reliable access to it. As the number of people in the world increases, water scarcity is forecast to worsen. The Safeguarding the World’s Water report documents USAID’s water sector activities that address key global challenges during fiscal year 2014. The report also shares progress made during the first year of implementing its Water and Development Strategy.
The security situation in the northeast of Nigeria continues to deteriorate despite measures taken so far by the new administration. Insurgents have been attacking and killing with impunity, almost on a daily basis.
Over 10 civilians were killed by insurgents on 14-15 July in an attack on Gamgara, Niger near Bosso, on the Nigerian border. Following weeks of relative calm, attacks in the Diffa region have increased.
Réfugiés estimés par le Gouvernement Tchadien dans la Région du Lac
Réfugiés nigérians enregistrés à Dar Es Salam
Réfugiés nigériens enregistrés à Dar Es Salam
Personnes à besoins spécifiques assistés
Transfert des réfugiés qui sont sur les îles et dans des zones non accessibles vers le site de Dar Es Salam
Afin d’éviter les doublons et des lacunes qui ont été enregistrés dans la réponse humanitaire, notamment dans la réponse au tsunami en 2004, les agences humanitaires (Nations Unies (ONU) et les organisations non-gouvernementales (ONG) intervenant dans l’humanitaire) ont initié une réforme pour assurer une meilleure coordination. Cette réforme a permis de mettre en place l’approche à responsabilité sectorielle sur la base de laquelle les agences des ONU et les ONG intervenant dans la réponse humanitaire ont pris des engagements selon leur secteur de compétences.
Snapshot 29 July–4 August 2015
Pakistan: Flooding has killed 118 people and affected more than 800,000 people in Pakistan. Hundreds of villages have been inundated. Most casualties were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Myanmar : 46 people have been killed and 156,000–216,000 people are affected by flooding. Sagaing region and Kachin and Shan states have been particularly impacted. Another 350,000 people are estimated affected in Bangladesh and India.
La Suisse vient d’investir 6,3 milliards de FCFA (environ CHF 10 millions) pour la mise en œuvre de son programme d’appui à l’éducation non formelle. L’appui bénéficiera aux enfants, aux jeunes non scolarisés et déscolarisés précoces et aux adultes des régions de Sikasso, de Mopti et de Tombouctou.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)
Malaria prevention and control is a major U.S. foreign assistance objective, and PMI’s strategy fully aligns with the U.S. Government’s vision of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and ending extreme poverty. Under the PMI Strategy for 2015–2020, the U.S. Government’s goal is to work with PMI-supported countries and partners to further reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria morbidity toward the long-term goal of elimination.
8/3/2015 - 15:11 GMT
by Hussaini BUKAR with Aminu ABUBAKAR in Kano
Nigeria's military said Monday it had "besieged" Boko Haram positions in the Islamist militant group's northeastern heartland after setting free 178 hostages, mainly women and children.
The ongoing operation has led to the capture of a Boko Haram commander, according to the army, while a "large number" of the extremists have been killed in air strikes.
According to UNHCR, there are some 90,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali and 16,000 returnees. Burkina Faso shelters some 34,000 Malian refugees, while Mauritania and Niger each host some 50,000 Malian refugees, respectively.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 02:28 GMT
by Ola Awoniyi
Nigeria on Thursday named the head of a new multinational force created to fight Boko Haram jihadists carrying out a wave of attacks, as the country's outgoing defence chief of staff warned its military was underfunded and poorly equipped.
The announcement came as Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari was in Cameroon in a bid to forge a stronger regional alliance against the Islamists, while the Nigerian military said it had rescued dozens of people held hostage by the militant group.
33 KILLED IN SUICIDE BLASTS
On 25 July, 20 people were killed when a suicide attacker struck a bar in Maroua town, the capital of the Far North Region. The attack, the most deadly of its kind so far, was the third in the region in two weeks. Cameroon’s Far North Region has been repeatedly targeted by Boko Haram insurgents. No gap in terms of medication and medical material is reported so far, but MSF estimates that in case other attacks occur, capacity of health centres will be overwhelmed.
Over the last six months, Child Soldiers International has found worrying evidence of child rights violations by the Chadian army, and non-compliance with child protection commitments by the Chadian authorities.
Abuja, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 7/28/2015 - 20:05 GMT
Nigeria's army said Tuesday it had liberated 30 hostages held by Boko Haram, including 21 children and seven women, amid ongoing offensives against the extremists in the country's northeast.
Army officials said the operation to free the captives took place in the town of Dikwa in Borno State, which had fallen to Boko Haram twice since April, and was recaptured by Nigerian troops last week.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
While political and security challenges persist in Central African Republic (CAR), the living conditions of Centralafrican refugees in neighbouring countries require continued attention. Assistance needs are likely to last as no return intentions are reported so far, due to the uncertainty of the political process in CAR ahead of the elections scheduled in October 2015.
Entre juin et août, environ 7,5 millions de personnes seront confrontées à une crise alimentaire au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest
Début tardif de la saison des pluies dans certaines régions du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest
Insécurité persistente en RCA malgré une diminution des violences
Fixation de la date des élections en RCA
Résurgence d’Ebola au Libéria
Comme mentionné dans le précédant flash, IRC a procédé à une assistance alimentaire d’urgence à Chétimari et Gagamari suite à l’arrivée massive de personnes déplacées en provenance de Damasak. Cette assistance s’étendra sur une période de 5 jours et touchera 1000 ménages déplacés dont 600 à Chétimari et 400 à Gagamari identifiées sur base de vulnérabilité.
Arrivé au terme de sa mission au Tchad, Bruno Maes, Représentant de l’UNICEF dresse un bilan de la mise en œuvre du programme de coopération Tchad-UNICEF depuis 2012.
N’DJAMENA (Tchad), le 24 Juillet 2015 – Arrivé au terme de sa mission au Tchad, Bruno Maes, Représentant de l’UNICEF depuis janvier 2012, a dressé un bilan de la mise en œuvre du programme de coopération Tchad-UNICEF et projeté ainsi les perspectives au cours d’une rencontre ce jour avec Son Excellence Monsieur le Premier Ministre, M. Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet.