In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear...Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical...In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
• Promesses de contribution à hauteur de $458 millions de dollars américains pour 2017 et $214 millions pour 2018 et au-delà, annoncées par 14 donateurs
• La conférence a donné une voix aux personnes touchées par le conflit et la crise
• Accord pour répondre aux besoins de développement à plus long terme et chercher des solutions durables aux crises
At a glance – Nigeria’s displaced in need of protection and solutions 8.5 million
At a conference in Oslo, the UN Refugee Agency presents steps to ensure protection, access and lasting solutions for displaced Nigerians returning home.
By: UNHCR staff
OSLO, Norway – As growing numbers of displaced Nigerians start to return home, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi on Friday co-presented a way forward for ensuring protection, access and lasting solutions for them.
« Une aide alimentaire pour sauver des vies aujourd’hui et assurer l’avenir en œuvrant pour l’autonomie des femmes, des enfants et des adolescents. »
La sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle dans le nord-est nigérian et la région du Lac Tchad
“Humanitarian food assistance to save lives today and secure the future for tomorrow by empowering women, children and youth.”
Food and nutrition security in North East Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region
La conjonction de plusieurs facteurs a conduit à la crise humanitaire complexe que connaissent actuellement le Nigéria et la région du Lac Tchad : un conflit, la pauvreté et le changement climatique, fléaux auxquels vient s’ajouter la menace omniprésente de Boko Haram. Ce mouvement armé qui cible expressément l’instruction s’est déjà distingué en attaquant et détruisant des écoles dans un environnement où le travail éducatif était déjà éminemment difficile.
A number of overlapping factors have led to the complex humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad basin region: conflict, poverty and climate change. Further compounding these burdens is the pervasive menace of Boko Haram. This armed movement, which specifically opposes education, has a track record of attacking and destroying schools in an already challenging environment for education.
The Danish government is donating DKK 20 million towards Unicef’s efforts to help children and former child soldiers who have fled the terrorist movement Boko Haram in Nigeria and neighbouring countries. Boko Haram has forced 2.2 million people from their homes. The 20 million Danish Kroner donation to Unicef will be announced today at a donor conference in Oslo on the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the region around Lake Chad.
The Minister for Development Cooperation Ulla Tørnæs says:
Dans les situations d’urgence, il est vital de dispenser certains services de santé essentiels, notamment à destination des femmes et des enfants. Il s’agit, pour les populations en détresse, de l’un des aspects les plus prioritaires de l’aide humanitaire attendue.
Lors du Sommet mondial sur l’Action humanitaire d’Istanbul, l’effort en matière de santé a été estimé déterminant. Il apparaît hautement pertinent au regard de bon nombre des axes de travail identifiés comme relevant d’une responsabilité fondamentale, notamment :
During an emergency, the delivery of essential healthcare services is vital, not least for women and children. It is one of affected populations’ top priorities for humanitarian assistance.
Health sector funding requirements for 2017
(health partners including WHO)
• Cameroon: US$ 11 646 815
• Chad: US$ 10 669 960
• Niger: US$ 9 000 243
• Nigeria US$ 93 827 598
Total: US$ 125 144 616
Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2017
In the Lake Chad Basin, health partners will target more than 8.2 million people in 2017. These include:
• Cameroon 767 000
• Chad 233 000
• Niger 325 000
• Nigeria 6 900 000
We have a humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Region which is truly massive: a staggering 10.7 million people need immediate humanitarian assistance – that is twice the population of Norway as a whole – and who urgently need life-saving relief and protection tonight. And 8.5 million of that 10.7 million are in north-eastern Nigeria around the epicenter of Maiduguri.
Whether unprecedented or not, the challenges currently facing our global security are immense and cause for considerable alarm. It is difficult to think of a time in recent history when there has been such a confluence of destabilising factors – local, regional and global – hindering collective capacity to better manage violence. These overlapping risks, unchecked, could coalesce into a major crisis – indeed we are currently experiencing a spike in global conflict violence – without the safety net of solid structures to deal with it.
by Dr Rick Brennan, WHO Director of Emergency Operations
Oslo, Norway 24 February 2017
As several speakers have noted today, while there are enormous food security, nutrition and protection dimensions to the crisis in the Lake Chad Region, this is also a public health crisis, with rates of death, malnutrition and disease rarely seen over the past 20 years.
Pledges of US$458 million for 2017 and $214 million for 2018 and beyond announced by 14 donors
The conference gave voice to people affected by the conflict and crisis
Agreement to address longer-term development needs and seek durable solutions to crises
Monthly regional mixed migration summary for January 2017 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region.
An interview with photographer Vincent Tremeau on children’s lives and aspirations in one of the world’s worst crises
Encompassing north-eastern Nigeria and parts of Cameroon, Chad and Niger, the Lake Chad region has become plagued by one of Africa’s worst humanitarian crises due to conflict, extreme poverty and climate change. Over 10 million people need humanitarian assistance to survive, including 2 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. Thousands have been killed, abducted or raped by the armed group Boko Haram.
UN Agencies and governments to meet at Oslo summit to tackle expanding humanitarian emergency
24 February 2017, Rome - As conflict and instability continue, the food security situation in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin is drastically deteriorating, FAO warned today, as it called for swift and decisive action from the international community to protect the livelihoods of millions of families dependent on farming, livestock and fishing for their food and livelihoods.