In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
25 million children out of school in conflict zones - UNICEF
N’JDAMENA, Chad/DAKAR/NEW YORK, 24 April 2017 – More than 25 million children between 6 and 15 years old, or 22 per cent of children in that age group, are missing out on school in conflict zones across 22 countries, UNICEF said today.
“At no time is education more important than in times of war,” said UNICEF Chief of Education Josephine Bourne. “Without education, how will children reach their full potential and contribute to the future and stability of their families, communities and economies?”
A severe food crisis is advancing across East Africa, Nigeria and Yemen. In this interview, Xavier Duvauchelle, Handicap International’s desk officer for the East African region, explains the scale of the disaster and how our teams on the ground are responding.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The Far North continues unabated with displacement. An increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and out of camp refugees is of growing concern.
A security evaluation of the main axes will be undertaken in the Far North department of Logone et Chari. It is hoped that this will permit increased access to the remote areas of Fotokol, Makary and Hile Alifa, ousseri and the Mayo Sava.
13 MILLION VULNERABLE PEOPLE IN SOME OF THE HARDEST TO REACH REGIONS OF CHAD WILL SOON BE REACHED WITH INSECTICIDE TREATED BEDNETS. AS WORLD MALARIA DAY 2017 APPROACHES, UNDP AND THE GLOBAL FUND ARE STEPPING UP THE FIGHT AHEAD OF THE RAINY SEASON.
They came to the neighbouring village. They killed many people there, robbed and burned the houses. That’s why we left our village.”
THE CRISIS Northern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are facing conflict and drought and are now approaching famine, with 20 million people near starvation in the worst preventable humanitarian crisis since World War II. UN Secretary-General António Guterres has called for US$4.4 billion by July to avert “catastrophe” in parts of Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are experiencing famine or the risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and their humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
Le Niger connaît presque chaque année des épidémies de méningite en raison de son appartenance à la ceinture de la méningite qui s’étend du Sénégal à l’Éthiopie. À ce jour, des cas de méningite ont été notifiés dans toutes les régions du pays. Du 02 janvier au 19 avril 2017, un total de 2 102 cas suspects de méningite dont 120 décès a été enregistré sur l'ensemble du pays. Le taux de létalité est de 5,7 pour cent. En 2016 à la même période, l'on dénombrait 2 620 cas dont 123 décès avec une létalité de 4,6 pour cent.
Gore, 20 April 2017 (UNHCR) - Since the beginning of April, several waves of Central African refugees totaling 1,209 people have arrived in Chad, mainly in the border village of Sourou. They are welcomed by the local population and the authorities despite the fact the border with the Central African Republic (CAR) is officially closed.
Earlier this week, a new group of Central Africans fleeing tension in the north-west of their country found refuge in Chad where the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, and its partners organized their transfer away from the border.
Goré, 20 avril 2017 (UNHCR) – Depuis le début de ce mois d’avril plusieurs vagues de réfugiés centrafricains totalisant 1.209 personnes sont arrivés au Tchad notamment dans la localité frontalière de Sourou où ils sont accueillis par la population locale et les autorités malgré la fermeture officielle de frontière avec la Centrafrique.
Les résultats d’analyse de la sécurité alimentaire et de nutrition, publiés en mars 2017, indiquent que 2,2 millions de personnes seront touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire au Tchad de mars à mai 2017, soit presqu’une personne sur cinq.
Contre tous les défis qui engendrent des conditions de vie précaires et une vulnérabilité accrue aux chocs soudains et chroniques, il faut adopter une nouvelle façon de travailler humanitaire-développement.
Niger officially declared a Hepatitis E epidemic in the Diffa region in Niger. On 19 April, a total of 86 symptomatic cases of Hepatitis E, including 25 deaths, have been reported in the region. The first sample tests conducted in Dakar, Senegal, confirm the presence of Hepatitis E virus which is a liver disease transmitted through contaminated water.
Côme Niyomgabo has just returned from Mali where for more than two years he has been coordinating MSF’s work in the regions of Gao and Kidal, in the north of the country.
How has Mali changed in these two years?
1.8 m people displaced across Northeast Nigeria (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, March 2017)
4.7 m people food insecure in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States and projected to increase to 5.2 m between June and August 2017
(Phases 3, 4 & 5– Cadre Harmonisé, March 2017)
In April, WFP will be targeting over 1.3 million people, expanding its food assistance to Adamawa State in line with the findings of the March Cadre Harmonisé.
Le Niger connaît presque chaque année des épidémies de méningite en raison de son appartenance à la ceinture de la méningite qui s’étend du Sénégal à l’Éthiopie. À ce jour, des cas de méningite ont été notifiés dans six régions du pays à savoir : Tahoua, Tillabéry, Dosso, Maradi, Zinder et Niamey. Au total, 921 cas dont 55 décès, soit une létalité de 6 pour cent, ont été enregistrés depuis le début de l’année par les autorités sanitaires.