Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
NOUAKCHOTT – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) et le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) exhortent les bailleurs de fonds à mobiliser les ressources nécessaires pour maintenir l’assistance vitale apportée aux 50 000 réfugiés maliens dans le camp de Mberra, au sud-est de la Mauritanie. Les trois agences préviennent que les financements actuels permettront à peine de couvrir les besoins jusque fin avril.
NOUAKCHOTT – The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) urge donors to provide immediate support to ensure that 50,000 Malian refugees in Mauritania’s Mberra camp continue to receive life-saving assistance. The three agencies warn that current funding will only cover needs until April.
Nigeria continues to face a severe protection crisis, with Boko Haram insurgency and counter-insurgency measures in the North East resulting in chronic insecurity and endemic violations of human rights and humanitarian standards, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of forced displacement. Bauchi and Taraba are also prone to inter-communal violence which has spurred further displacement. Over 2.2 million people have been internally displaced and over 23,000 are estimated to have been killed in the insurgency.
En 2015, des dizaines de milliers de personnes ont dû faire face aux conséquences du conflit armé qui sévit dans la région de Diffa.
Des combats et des attaques ont fait de nombreuses victimes et poussé des milliers de personnes à fuir la région de Diffa. Cette région a été le lieu d'accueil de milliers de déplacés fuyant eux-mêmes les violences et le conflit au nord-est du Nigeria.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
• Due to the security situation, humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic. This results in difficulties for UNICEF and humanitarians partners to procure assistance to people in need.
Avant propos par le Directeur Pays
Depuis mon arrivée en octobre 2014 pour la première fois dans la famille Oxfam, et la première fois au Tchad, je continue à être inspiré par la manière dont cette organisation aide les personnes vivant dans la vulnérabilité à se prendre en charge et subvenir à leurs besoins.
Lors de la visite dans le Bahr El Gazal en février 2015 j’ai rencontré des groupements des femmes productrices d’Oignons dans la zone de Chadra, braves femmes qui, avec l’appui d’Oxfam ont réussi á booster leur production.
ABUJA, Feb 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Almost a year after she was rescued from Boko Haram captivity by the Nigerian army, 16-year-old Zara John is still in love with one of the Islamic militants who abducted her.
Read the full article on Reuters - AlertNet
Les violences entre 2011 et 2013 dans la région de Gao, au Mali, ont eu pour conséquence l’effondrement du système éducatif… Comment relancer une politique éducative, essentielle à l’amélioration des conditions de vie et à la lutte contre l’exclusion sociale, lorsque les écoles sont en partie détruites et les professeurs partis et que les services de l’Etat, eux-mêmes, sont démunis ? Comment faire travailler ensemble collectivités, ONG et services de l’Etat ?
The violence in the Gao region, Mali, between 2011 and 2013 led to the collapse of the education system… How to revive an education policy, which is key to improving living conditions and fighting against social exclusion, when schools have been partly destroyed, the teachers have left, and State services are themselves without resources? How can we get local authorities, NGOs and State services to work together? This is what Emilie Garet, PAQAMA Project Manager for AFD, and Amadou Déguéni, former Director of the Gao Teaching Academy, explain to us in this joint interview.
Dropping food to hungry people in remote areas of South Sudan. Treating the injured in Mali. Supporting hospitals in Libya. All over Africa, the ICRC is helping people affected by war and other violence.
The ICRC in Africa
- 29 delegations and missions
- 5,200 employees
- 610 million Swiss franc budget
- 40% of the ICRC's global budget for field operations
Some of the ICRC's key Africa operations: See map
Paris/New York—The routine use of antibiotics in the treatment of severe acute malnutrition has minimal impact on the likelihood of recovery, according to a major study of more than 2,000 children by the medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and its research arm Epicentre, published today in _The New England Journal of Medicine_.
Malnutrition is endemic in Africa’s Sahel, an arid region in between the Sahara desert and the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa, which is often affected by drought. Due to a lack of essential vitamins and minerals, children with malnutrition suffer from restricted growth and develop after-effects, which can be disabling in the long term. The result is not always fatal, but the impact on their quality of life can be devastating.
Nigeria's armed conflict has displaced 2 million people and left 7 million in need of humanitarian aid in the four north-eastern states (Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe). Violent communal clashes in the Middle Belt and urban violence in the Niger Delta states have made matters worse.
In 2015, the ICRC significantly scaled up its efforts to deliver such vital aid as food, water, shelter and firewood, provide medical care and restore contact between family members separated by the conflict.
Aperçu de la Crise
Aperçu de la Crises
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The Food Security crisis has been a regional crisis affecting the Sahel area, mainly four countries - Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania and Guinea Bissau. A total of 3.55 million people needed emergency food assistance in the Sahel in 2015.
Consequently this appeal has been part of a wider response in the Region and has been included in the IFRC Sahel Food Insecurity Regional Operational Strategic Plan.
Besoins Humanitaire et Chiffres Clé
Eau, habitat et assainissement
Visite aux personnes privées de liberté et rétablissement des liens familiaux
Coopération avec la Croix-Rouge sénégalaise
Promotion du droit international humanitaire et dialogue avec les autorités