Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 7/2/2015 - 17:49 GMT
by Bukar Hussain and Aminu Abubakar in Kano
Suspected Boko Haram militants killed nearly 150 people in northeastern Nigerian villages, mowing down men and children while they prayed in mosques and shooting women preparing food at home, witnesses said Thursday.
In CAR, World Refugee Day was celebrated on 20 June. The slogan “Diverse but all united” (I GA NDE NDE, A HON KWE, I YEKE OKO in Sango) and visual identity (a multicolored hand) of this year’s celebration is representative of UNHCR’s efforts in the past months to promote social cohesion and peace in the Central African Republic and to restore the country’s social fabric.
Additional help from the UK to provide emergency aid, jobs and education, to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis
A range of new programmes from the UK will provide emergency aid as well as jobs and education to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis, International Development Secretary Justine Greening announced today.
1 juillet 2015 – Face à l'ampleur des exactions commises par Boko Haram, le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, a appelé mercredi à une réponse de grande envergure, tout en exhortant les gouvernements de la région du lac Tchad à veiller au respect des droits humains dans les mesures prises contre le groupe extrémiste.
REGIONAL HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT
Human Rights Council
1st July 2015
Human Rights Council Concludes Interactive Dialogue on Côte d’Ivoire
Distinguished Members of the Council,
Summary of current response
An initial CHF 100,000 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support start-up the early stages of the response operation in Mauritania. The IFRC Sahel Regional Office is providing support to the Mauritanian Red Crescent in the preparation of the MoU and provision of DREF funds (to support the nutrition activities to 2,000 children under 2, pregnant and lactating women), along with the deployment of a Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) delegate to support the operation.
7479th Meeting (PM)
Peacekeeping, peacebuilding and children in armed conflict had been the centrepieces of the Security Council’s work over the past four weeks, said the Permanent Representative of Malaysia, President of the body for June, in a monthly wrap-up meeting this afternoon.
Niamey/Dakar , 30 juin 2015 (IRIN) - En novembre dernier, des membres de Boko Haram sont arrivés chez Fanna Liman Mustafa, 25 ans, et ont incendié sa maison de Baga, dans le nord-est du Nigeria. Elle a décidé de fuir au Niger avec ses quatre enfants. Le destin a voulu qu'elle ait de la chance : les militants islamistes sont revenus au mois de janvier et ont massacré des centaines, voire des milliers de civils.
La faim : un péril mortel pour les plus vulnérablesdépistage de la malnutrition chez les jeunes enfants de Bamako.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
The Gambia is facing a deteriorating food and nutrition crisis in 2015. At the end of May, ECHO reported that across the Sahel close to 7.5 million people required emergency food assistance1 – a figure of a similar order to the last major regional crisis in the Sahel in 2012, and demonstrating the urgent need for emergency response, particularly as the region enters its annual lean season (typically June to September).
3,5 millions de personnes sont actuellement déplacées dans le Sahel, soit deux fois plus qu’en février 2014.
Mise à jour sur les déplacements les autres crises au Cameroun.
Une radio communautaire en République Centrafricaine contribue à favoriser l'harmonie dans le pays
L’épidémie d'Ebola déclarée terminée au Libéria
In common with a number of Sahel countries, The Gambia is facing a deteriorating food and nutrition crisis in 2015. At the end of May, ECHO reported that across the Sahel close to 7.5 million people required emergency food assistance1 – a figure of a similar order to the last major regional crisis in the Sahel in 2012, and demonstrating the urgent need for emergency response, particularly as the region enters its annual lean season (typically June to September).
The objective of the joint profiling exercise is to provide information on the location and needs of displaced populations and the hosting communities within the Far North region of Cameroon. The results of the first round of this exercise inform and guide the overall humanitarian response towards allowing for targeted and coordinated interventions in accordance with identified needs. The data collected gives an overall picture of the various needs of displaced persons and the host communities.
In common with a number of countries across the Sahel, Mauritania is facing a deteriorating food and nutrition crisis in 2015. At the end of May, ECHO reported that across the Sahel close to 7.5 million people require emergency food assistance1 – a figure of a similar order to the last major regional crisis in the Sahel in 2012, and demonstrating the urgent need for emergency response, particularly as the Sahel enters its annual lean season (typically June to September).
Boko Haram's hit-and-run capability remains intact, despite advances by the Nigerian and Chadian armed forces. This week, Boko Haram insurgents killed 42 people in two villages in Biu and Hawul local government areas of Borno State, looting grains, medicines and animals.
In a separate incident, a 12 year girl wearing a suicide bomb vest struck in Yobe, killing 10 people, and injuring 30 others.
Further displacement in ongoing in the North-East, adding to the already existing 1.5 million displaced people.
As one of the world’s least developed and most fragile countries, Chad is beset by multiple, overlapping humanitarian crises, all in the context of a harsh and worsening climate, acute poverty, and weak infrastructure.
Food insecurity and malnutrition affect millions of people, particularly in the Sahelian belt.
Successive waves of instability and conflict in neighboring countries have caused large-scale population movements into Chad, which now hosts the seventh highest number of refugees worldwide.