Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
25 May 2015
Here are ten facts that shed light on the hunger situation in Mauritania. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these important facts on Twitter.
1) Mauritania is a food-deficit country, meaning that it does not produce enough food for the population to live on. It depends on imports for around 70 percent of its cereals needs.
2) Although Mauritania is a huge country – over 1,000,000 square kilometres – over 80 percent of the country’s land surface is desert. Less than 4 percent of the land is arable.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 5/25/2015 - 15:36 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Boko Haram fighters hacked to death 10 people in remote northeast Nigeria, a local government official said on Monday, as the military claimed to have thwarted a fresh attack.
The attack happened early on Friday in the village of Pambula-Kwamda, the local government chairman of Madagali in the north of Adamawa state told AFP.
WASHINGTON, May 22, 2015 — The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved the Population and Health Support Project to support the Government of Niger to improve delivery of reproductive health and nutrition services to women and children in some of Niger’s poorest regions. The project aims to benefit 15 million individuals, of which 60 percent will be women, who will have access to reproductive health services in order to reduce maternal mortality, infant mortality and the high fertility in this targeted regions.
Situation of displaced people in Lake region in numbers
43,000 ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NIGERIAN REFUGEES AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES (UNHCR APRIL 2015)
6,000 ESTIMATED NEW REFUGEES FROM NIGER AND NIGERIA AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES IN DABOUA AND LIWA DISTRICTS (UNICEF RAPID ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY REPORT, MAY 18 )
Situation of refugees & displaced people in Far-North in numbers
106,000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE (IDPS) (OCHA, APRIL 2015)
34,368 TOTAL NUMBER OF REFUGEES IN CAMPS (UNHCR, APRIL 2015)
39,000 TOTAL ESTIMATED SAM CASELOAD IN THE FAR NORTH IN 2015
Le CICR intensifie ses actions dans la région du lac Tchad (L’OBS, 21/05/15)
Alarming Rise of Malnutrition and Food Insecurity in Western Chad (UNICEF, 12/05/15)
L’OIM aide les migrants tchadiens bloqués au Cameroun à rentrer chez eux (OIM, 05/05/15)
Le Tchad vise un taux d’accès à l’eau de 95% pour les 15 prochaines années (Alwihda Info, 21/05/15)
In Chad, making quality education a reality for a million children (UNICEF, 18/05/15)
Return movements, within Nigeria and cross-border, are increasingly reported. IOM Nigeria registered 8,900 returnees from Niger during the reporting period.
Results from a joint UNHCR-IOM assessment have been published, indicating there are 81,693 IDPs in Cameroon’s Far North.
A Pact for Peace, National Reconciliation and Reconstruction was adopted at the end of the Bangui National Forum which was held from 4-11 May. The Forum was attended by political and religious figures, armed groups, civil society members and youth groups. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commended the adoption of the Pact as well as an agreement signed by armed groups on the principles for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and called for its “swift implementation”.
MAROUA, CAMEROUN, 21 mai 2015 (IRIN) - l devient de plus en plus difficile de trouver de la nourriture dans l’Extrême-Nord camerounais, disent les habitants de la région, non seulement parce que c’est actuellement la période de soudure, mais aussi parce que l’insécurité due à la présence de Boko Haram a gravement perturbé les activités agricoles et le commerce transfrontalier.
Rule of Law Global Programme Annual Report 2014
The rule of law lies at the centre of the relationship between society and the state. Measures to establish or strengthen the rule of law are the basis for creating accountability among people as well as between citizens and their governments. Since 2008, UNDP has been a leader in supporting the rule of law in countries affected by crisis through its Global Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations.
For people fleeing the violence, and on the move, there are few opportunities for health care. Pregnant women have been forced to give birth in the most difficult of circumstances, sometimes obliged to abandon their newborn babies in order to save their own lives. Surgeons have had to deal with injuries they are not accustomed to, such as wounds from bomb blasts.
By Emma Batha
CASABLANCA, May 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The Boko Haram crisis in northern Nigeria could fuel child marriage as parents pull their daughters out of school following mass abductions by the militants, campaigners warned on Wednesday.
Read the full article on AlertNet
• UNICEF is supporting the installation of Sayam Forage refugee camp, hosting over 1,200 refugees, by providing squatting plates, water bladders, NFIs and recreational and ECD kits to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation and support safe spaces for children as part of child protection.
UNICEF response to date
• A total of 14,549 children have been admitted to the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme, of which 1,437 children were admitted for treatment in IDP camps in Adamawa and Borno states. A Nutrition Specialist is on ground in Yobe to support the implementation of CMAM programmes in IDP camps.
La communauté humanitaire au Tchad recherche USD 540millions pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires de 2,5 millions de personnes en 2015. Ces fonds permettront de répondre à quatre défis humanitaires principaux liés à l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition (44% du total demande), aux réfugiés et personnes déplacées (48% du total), aux urgences sanitaires (6% du total) et aux catastrophes naturelles (1% du total).
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