In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
228,443 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
(DTM 8, May 2017)
(DTM 8, May 2017)
91,278 Nigerian Refugees
889 refugees from Minawao Refugee Camp spontaneously returned in the month of June
(UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet, June 2017)
212,534 CAR Refugees in the East and Adamawa regions (rural areas)
(UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet June 2017)
IOM displacement tracking matrix (DTM) Round XVI (May 2017) estimates a total of 1.74 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.
As of 12 June, UNHCR have registered 19,227 refugee returnees in Banki alone since the beginning of the year increasing the population of Banki to around 43,000 people.
Teams from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) are scaling up assistance in anticipation of increasing humanitarian and medical needs in hard-to-reach areas of Borno state, Nigeria.
• The results of the IOM DTM 8 in May showed an increase in IDPs, unregistered refugees, and returnees in the Far North region with a total of 318,929 displaced people, of which 67% are children under 18 years old.
• During the month of June, coinciding with the month of Ramadan, the security situation in the Far North deteriorated, with 18 PBIED attacks and a significant increase in military operations. As a result, there has been a decrease in humanitarian access and an increase humanitarian needs.
• Conflict-induced displacement in 2017 decreased 25 percent compared to the same period in 2016
• UNAMA reports record-high numbers of child casualties
• Health and nutrition remain key concerns among relief actors
Polio this week as of 19 July 2017
About this map
The Peoples under Threat ranking highlights countries most at risk of genocide and mass killing. The ranking is created by compiling data on the known antecedents to genocide or mass political killing.
Click on a country to view its Peoples under Threat information. The large orange number indicates the country's position in the ranking.
The arrows indicate how much that country has fallen or risen by since last year's ranking. Horizontal arrows indicate no change.
By Tharanga Yakupitiyage
UNITED NATIONS, Jul 19 2017 (IPS) - Nigeria’s conflict has displaced more than a million children, leaving them without access to education. However, an innovative radio program aims to transform this bleak scenario.
Concerned by the ongoing insecurity and its impacts, the UN’s children agency (UNICEF) created a radio program to help educate displaced children in the Lake Chad region.
Vulnerable peoples are living at deadly risk in a growing number of no-go zones around the world, says Minority Rights Group International (MRG) in the 2017 Peoples under Threat index and online map.
This year’s index, which seeks to identify those countries around the world that are most at risk of genocide, mass killing or systematic violent repression, highlights how lack of access from the outside world allows killing to be perpetrated unchecked in disputed territories, militarized enclaves and, in some cases, whole countries.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Chairman Young, Ranking Member Merkley, and the members of this subcommittee for holding this important and timely hearing today. Refugees International (RI) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people in parts of the world impacted by conflict, persecution and forced displacement. Based here in Washington, we conduct fact-finding missions to research and report on the circumstances of displaced populations in countries such as Somalia, Iraq, Uganda, and Turkey.
ÉLECTIONS DANS LE CALME MAIS SANS LES ZONES DE TENSION
Les élections législatives et municipales se sont déroulées pacifiquement le 16 juillet, mais une faible participation électorale a été enregistrée. En outre, les élections n’ont pas pu se tenir dans les six districts de la région du Pool où les habitants sont de plus en plus affectés par les violences qui déchirent la région. Un plan de réponse de 23,7 millions de dollars américains pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires croissants sera lancé le 18 juillet.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR URGES FOR CONTINUED SUPPORT
United Nations Under-Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) Stephen O’Brien arrived in CAR on 16 July for a three-day visit. On 17 July he traveled to Bangassou; a town that is emblematic of the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the country. The visit provided an opportunity for the ERC to discuss the magnitude of the crisis and make an urgent appeal to the international community not to neglect the CAR crisis.
Since 2015, the Diffa region in south-east Niger has been continuously affected by Boko Haram attacks along the Kamadougou Yobe River and the shores of Lake Chad, triggering large scale displacement. As of May 2017, Diffa hosts over 127,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 106,100 refugees, who face major protection risks.
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
Nigeria has the largest number of children out of school in the world
Photos available here.
MAIDUGURI/DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 18 July 2017 – During her visit to Nigeria, education activist Malala Yousafzai met today with girls displaced by the Boko Haram crisis.
DAKAR/BRUSSELS, 18 July 2017 – An innovative radio education programme has begun in the Lake Chad basin as part of a comprehensive effort to support the 1.3 million children who have been displaced by the violence of the conflict with Boko Haram. The radio education programmes offer an alternative platform for the 200,000 children in crisis affected areas who are unable to access schools in the Far North of Cameroon and in the Diffa region of Niger.
In 2016, 7 million of affected people were reached by the WASH sector among more than 10 million in needs in West and Central Africa (24 countries):
o In DRC, 2.5 million persons in cholera-prone zones benefiting from preventive as well as WASH cholera-response packages;
o In CAR, 0.9 million of affected people were provided with access to improved sources of water and 0.3 million with sanitations facilities.
o In the Sahel region (9 countries):