Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2164 (2014), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and requested me to report to it every three months on the implementation of the resolution and the progress on the implementation of the Mission’s mandate. The present report covers the period from 17 December 2014 to 19 March 2015.
Le Conseil des droits de l'homme a conclu, cet après-midi, son débat général dans le cadre de la session extraordinaire qu'il consacre aujourd'hui aux attaques terroristes et aux violations des droits de l'homme commises par le groupe terroriste Boko Haram.
Editorial: «Le Sahel, un espace menaçant et menacé»
Le Sahel n’est pas une région comme une autre. Longtemps considérée comme l’une des régions les plus pauvres au monde, le Sahel se trouve aujourd’hui simultanément confronté aux effets pervers du changement climatique, au terrorisme, à la montée en puissance du crime organisé transfrontalier, et à la prolifération d’armes et de milices, face à des pays dépourvus de capacités administratives, économiques, militaires, policières et douanières adéquates pour affronter ces multiples périls.
Editorial: "The Sahel, a threatening and threatened space"
The Sahel is not a region like any other.
Long regarded as one of the poorest in the world, the Sahel is now simultaneously faced with the adverse effects of climate change, terrorism, the rise of cross-border organized crime, and the proliferation of weapons and militias, affecting countries lacking the required administrative, economic, military, police and customs capacity to deal with these multiple perils.
Requests the High Commissioner for Human Rights to Prepare a Report on Violations and Abuses of Human Rights and Atrocities Committed by Boko Haram
Le Conseil des droits de l’homme a tenu, ce mercredi à Genève, les travaux de sa vingt-troisième de session extraordinaire, consacrée aux attaques terroristes et aux violations des droits de l’homme commises par le groupe terroriste Boko Haram.
Published March 28, 2015
By Ania Skinner
Fund for Peace – Global Square Blog
Jamāʻat Ahl as-Sunnahlid-daʻwa wal-Jihād (JAS), known widely as Boko Haram, has employed suicide bombers as a terrorist tactic in their insurgency against the Nigerian government since 2011. As of mid-2014, however, reports began to emerge of an alarming new dimension: the use of young women and girls in suicide missions. The first reported case of a female suicide bomber occurred on June 8, 2014, when a woman detonated her bomb near army barracks in Gombe state of Nigeria.
1 April 2015
Speakers Pay Tribute to Ambassador Yusuf Bari-Bari of Somalia, Killed in a Terrorist Attack in Mogadishu
The Human Rights Council today opened its twenty-third Special Session in light of terrorist attacks and human rights abuses and violations committed by the terrorist group Boko Haram.
The Special Session was convened at the request of the African Group and called for by 21 Members States of the Council and eight Observer States, said Ambassador Joachim Rücker, President of the Human Rights Council.
- Majorité de Borno et Yobe (villages Pulka, Wije, Bokko, Atagra, Maiduguri, Madagali, Banki, Bama, Djibrilli, Goshe, Gwoza, Kohum, Tchinene, Zamga, Agandjara, Arboko, Atagara, Ngoshe) et quelques-uns de Adamawa.
As a result of the fighting between Boko Haram and the Nigerian Army at the end of March, around 6,000 people were forced to flee their homes. They arrived in Maiduguri, Borno State’s capital. The authorities have opened a new camp, but there are currently no latrines, no water on site and insufficient shelter. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been working since 2013 in the Borno State. Our team assessed the needs and initiates emergency activities in this camp.
In 2012, World Vision Niger Livelihood and Food Security program started a four-year project on the transformation of moringa. As part of the project the team in Tahoua organized a training of trainers (TOT) in 2014 on the various techniques of processing moringa leaves and seeds for 20 women.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
The Nigerien Government launched an emergency plan1 of 45 billion CFA francs (about US$72 million)2 to respond to Diffa’s humanitarian crisis. The plan targets 363,200 people between 25 March and 31 December 2015.
Regional authorities and humanitarian actors conducted a rapid needs assessment following last month’s attacks in Bosso and Diffa. Food and water are urgently needed.
On 24 February, the Government placed the state of emergency in Diffa region on hold for three months.
7421st Meeting (AM)
Unless well-targeted humanitarian assistance reached those fleeing Boko Haram’s increasingly brutal attacks, more than 3 million people in northern Nigeria would be unable to meet basic food needs in the coming months and millions more would be affected, top United Nations officials said, briefing the Security Council on threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.
Ireland to send 87 tonnes of emergency supplies to assist families displaced by conflict in Nigeria
Ireland is today dispatching thousands of blankets, tents, cooking kits, jerry cans, and other urgent supplies to assist thousands of Nigerian refugees in Northern Cameroon. The announcement was made by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Charlie Flanagan, TD, and Minister of State for Development, Trade Promotion and North South Co-operation, Seán Sherlock, TD.
24 mars 2015
Le Conseil des droits de l'homme a examiné cet après-midi des rapports présentés par ses experts indépendants chargés de l'assistance dans le domaine des droits de l'homme s'agissant d'Haïti et du Mali, avec lesquels il a tenu des débats interactifs.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster