150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
On 19 January, 15 patients were airlifted from Rann to Maiduguri, bringing to 89 the total number of people evacuated following the military airstrike on Rann on 17 January.
Surgical teams in four hospitals – two public and two military – in Maiduguri continue to perform operations and treat the injured.
Medical assistance is also ongoing in Rann, a locality in the far-north of Nigeria bordering Cameroon and Chad.
259,145 Central African refugees registered by UNHCR in rural areas in the East, Adamaoua and North regions, of which 158,418 arrived since December 2013.
86,900 Nigerian refugees in the Far North region (of which 60,157 are registered at Minawao camp)
198,889 Internally Displaced Persons in the Far North region (sources: DTM by IOM as of October 2016 and UNHCR protection monitoring Flash Updates)
The country office participated with six other African countries in the Purchase from Africans for Africa (PAA) international workshop on monitoring and evaluation which took place in WFP Headquarters from 19 to 21 December. The workshop’s objectives were to take stock of the progress made by the PAA project, of the learning from the monitoring and evaluation and from the case studies across the countries.
- WFP has a 6-month net funding requirement of USD 9.4 million for both the PRRO and CP. WFP will only be able to cover food and cash assistance during the periods of January-February, and May-July in 2017 with a reduced ration.
- Urgent funding of USD 800,000 is required for UNHAS for the next 6 months.
- Thanks to ECHO’s contribution at the end of 2016, WFP was able to programme cash-distribution assistance for Malian refugees for the months of January and February 2017.
Luxembourg, 18.01.2017 – La signature d’un accord-cadre sur trois ans entre le département international de la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et la Direction de la coopération au développement du ministère des Affaires étrangères permettra d’améliorer l’habitat de communautés dont le cadre de vie et le milieu sont menacés et de réduire l’impact des aléas naturels et socio-économiques.
La région de Kayes est confrontée à des défis humanitaires notamment l'insécurité alimentaire avec plus de 333 000 personnes affectées, la malnutrition qui touche plus de 38 000 enfants et des problèmes d'accès à l'eau. La région est également confrontée à des inondations, des épidémies comme la rougeole, la méningite et des cas de fièvre jaune.
In January, the polio programme is contributing to the protection of more than 4 million children against measles.
A mass vaccination campaign to protect more than 4 million children (4,766,214) against a measles outbreak in conflict-affected states in north-eastern Nigeria started on 13 January. The polio eradication infrastructure has been on hand to help with this feat of logistics from data management to training, social mobilization, monitoring and evaluation, supportive supervision and waste management.
ABUJA, Nigeria – A brutal attack by Boko Haram forced Zainab Abubakar, 28, and her six children to flee their home in northern Nigeria. “I was one month pregnant when I left Gamboru Ngala,” Ms. Abubakar told UNFPA from the Dalori displacement camp in Maiduguri. “During my escape, I lost my pregnancy.”
Ms. Abubakar’s tragic miscarriage took place in 2014, but the Boko Haram crisis continues to drive women and girls from their homes – and from access to basic health care.
Sixty injured people, majority of them children, were airlifted on 18 January from Nigeria’s north-eastern Rann locality to Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, following a military airstrike on Rann the previous day. The medical evacuation involved UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) and Nigerian military helicopters.
In Maiduguri, 11 ambulances have been availed to ferry the patients to five hospitals in the city. Four doctors and 100 kg of medical supplies were flown to Rann today.
The ongoing conflict in northeastern Nigeria has left an estimated 1,770,444 people (approximately 313,923 households) displaced in almost 2,000 locations across the 6 most affected states in the region:
Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, etc. The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) conducted a series of assessments in 1,948 locations in the six states in order to gather information regarding the situation of IDPs in the locations.
Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated in 2016
New arrivals from Mali in 2016
Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 1 January 2017)
Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 1 January 2017)
of potable water available per person per day
USD 19 M
Requested for the operation
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
“La Résolution 46/182 des Nations Unies reste aussi pertinente et fondamentale aujourd’hui qu’en décembre 1991 et les principes d’humanité, de neutralité, indépendance et d’impartialité qu’elle contient continuent de guider une assistance humanitaire stratégique, coordonnée et efficace aux personnes qui en ont besoin”
Why gender and age matter in emergency health and nutrition interventions
Why gender matters in protection interventions
"The bomb that exploded on Monday morning, it's our brothers responsible for it," an audio recording said
BAUCHI/MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Jan 17 (Reuters) - Islamist militant group Boko Haram has said it was behind Monday's twin suicide bombing at a university in north eastern Nigeria which killed two people.
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