Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 July 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 25% funded. (OCHA, 22 July 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
En 2011, ALIMA a commencé à étudier la faisabilité d’une formation des mères pour dépister la malnutrition auprès de leurs enfants, en leur apprenant comment utiliser la bandelette MUAC (Mid-Upper Arm Circumference) qui mesure le périmètre brachial et à détecter les oedèmes.
Putting mothers at the center of malnutrition screening strategies acknowledges that they are in the best position to detect the earliest signs of malnutrition and leverages the fact that mothers want to participate as fully as possible in promoting the health of their children.
Burkina Faso : 4 morts, des milliers de personnes affectées par les inondations
Les 19 et 20 juillet, des inondations provoquées par des pluies torrentielles dans quatre régions, dont la capitale Ouagadougou, ont tué quatre personnes et affecté des milliers d'autres. Les autorités ont mis en place une cellule pour surveiller l'impact des pluies et activé le Comité national de secours d'urgence et de réhabilitation pour aider les personnes touchées par les inondations.
Burkina Faso: Floods kill four, affect thousands
Floods triggered by torrential rains in four regions, including the capital Ouagadougou killed four people and affected thousands others on 19 and 20 July. The authorities have set up a cell to monitor the impact of the rains and activated the national emergency relief and rehabilitation committee to assist those affected by the floods.
En 2014, plus de 527 400 personnes ont pu être aidées dans nos 14 programmes de développement.
Autant de vies changées, comme celle d’Aye qui a pu retrouver le chemin de l’école au Myanmar. Elle bénéficie des cours du soir mis en place par Vision du Monde, pour les enfants qui travaillent la journée afin d’aider leurs parents. Ce programme est une véritable opportunité pour Aye. Elle apprend à écrire, lire, compter, et peut maintenant espérer un avenir meilleur.
(Maiduguri, Abuja: 21 July 2016): On Thursday 21 July vital food supplies were transported to Banki in north-east Nigeria when a humanitarian convoy reached the town.
The World Food Program (WFP) team in Cameron delivered 30 metric tons of various life-saving food items. The food was received by the WFP team in Nigeria and immediately distributed to the 25,000 civilians living inside the town of Banki. An additional 700 kilograms of supplementary food for malnourished children was airlifted from the state capital Maiduguri to Banki on the same day.
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of territory from Boko Haram and also stamp out corruption in the country. Since then the Nigerian army has been engaged in fighting with Boko Haram, including by launching airstrikes that began in 2016, in areas under Boko Haram control. The army has now taken back many cities and villages and is securing them.
The situation remains stable in the Lac region, despite the resumption of military operations on the border with Nigeria and Niger.
The second report on humanitarian access in the Lac region concludes that overall, humanitarian access has been satisfactory for most partners during the second quarter 2016.
Mariam souffre de malnutrition depuis quelques semaines et a été admise au programme suite à un dépistage organisé par le PAM en partenariat avec la délégation régionale sanitaire du Kanem, laquelle assure la gestion du centre de santé de Nokou. Dans une région où les structures sanitaires et le personnel sont insuffisants, ce centre fait figure d’exception. En bénéficiant de l’appui du Programme alimentaire mondial et de ses bailleurs, il assure la prise en charge de la malnutrition aigüe et modérée pour 125 enfants.
Regional Protection Dialogue and Tripartite Meeting: Abuja 6-9, June 2016
The relative improvement of the security situation in Borno has enabled humanitarians to access areas that were previously cut off.
La situation est restée globalement calme dans la région du Lac, malgré la reprise des opérations militaires à la frontière avec le Nigeria et le Niger.
Le deuxième rapport sur l’accès humanitaire dans la région du Lac souligne que l’accès humanitaire est globalement satisfaisant pour la plupart des partenaires.
Purchase from Africans from Africa (PAA Africa) is set to launch in The Gambia in July.
A consultative process has been initiated between the WFP, the Gambia Government, and the FAO, along with partner organisations in the country.
WFP assisted 205,000 food insecure people with food, cash and vouchers to respond to the food insecurities brought by the lean season (June-September).
The end of the 2015-2016 academic school year in Mali was marked by WFP providing school meals to 182,000 children throughout the country, including Kidal. However, urgent funding is needed to continue the school meals programme into the upcoming academic year.
WFP introduced a cash component, representing 30 percent of the entitlement distributed to refugees in the Mberra camp.
WFP, in coordination with the Government of Mauritania, presented the preliminary results of the Cost of Hunger in Africa, and technically validated the new national policy on school feeding.
Without additional funding, WFP will not be able to assist 415,000 people it planned during the lean season.
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure précaire. Malgré les opérations de ratissage entreprises par les forces de défense, huit décès et douze blessés ont été enregistrés dans les départements du Mayo-Sava et Logone-et-Chari durant la semaine en revue.
Syntèse par pays
Commitments made at the World Humanitarian Summit are being transformed into an Action Plan.
Some 3.8 million people in the Lake Chad Basin are facing severe food insecurity in the current lean period.
Aid groups step up response to people in need across the Lake Chad Basin, where hunger and malnutrition are on the rise.
Heavy flooding triggered by torrential rains in Ghana, Chad and Niger.
Ebola outbreak is over in the three worst-hit West African countries.