Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
WASHINGTON, April 23, 2015 – The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a US$23.2 credit and US$11.6 grant for women and adolescent girls’ empowerment to expand their access to reproductive, child, and maternal health services in Burkina Faso. It will also help promote regional knowledge and data on proven gender development programs.
WASHINGTON, April 23, 2015 - The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors approved today a US$500 million International Development Association (IDA)* credit to significantly improve maternal, child, and nutrition health services for women and children.
OUAGADOUGOU - A ceremony to mark a contribution of dates donated by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) was held at the Saudi Embassy here on 16 March.
In attendance were Ben Yahya Ibrahim Khoudair, Representative of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Finance, Dr. Dahir Mootish Alenaze, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Burkina Faso and Jean-Charles Dei, WFP Country Director in Burkina Faso.
Nigeria: Assessments were carried out by IOM’s psychosocial support team in an effort to support the development of a referral pathway in Adamawa.
Chad: 2,010 returnees have been registered to date.
Niger: 1,500 transitional shelter kits were received for upcoming distribution.
Cameroon: Streamlining of displacement data collection approach in consultation with UNHCR.
The Lake Chad region is suffering a humanitarian crisis. Over a million of people have fled the conflict and are currently living under difficult conditions inside Nigeria. Others have moved to Niger, Chad or Cameroon and are in an equally dire situation. The International Committee of the Red Cross is appealing for extra funds so that it can help these people.
19 TUÉS LORS D’UNE ATTAQUE DE BOKO HARAM
19 KILLED IN BOKO HARAM ATTACK
At least 19 people were killed when Boko Haram gunmen raided Bia village in Cameroon’s Far North Region on the night of 16 April. Many of the victims were reportedly beheaded during the attack on the village located on the shores of Lake Chad. The insurgents have carried out several attacks on Cameroonian territory.
Such cross-border raids prompted Nigeria’s neighbours earlier this year to revamp a regional counter-insurgency force that has driven Boko Haram out of several towns and villages in north-eastern Nigeria.
By Patricia Taft*
The following report summarizes the main findings from data collection and analysis for the November 2014 to January 2015 period.
The number of overall incidents and fatalities reported in 2014 across the eight target states shows the highest levels of violence since 2009. While types of violence vary across states and time periods, the North East remains the most violent region, led by Borno State.
Niger's prime minister on Tuesday ordered all schools around the capital, Niamey, closed until Monday and called for children between 2 and 15 to be vaccinated against meningitis, a potentially fatal disease.
More than 900 cases of the disease have been diagnosed since January, resulting in 85 deaths.
Prime Minister Brigi Rafini said the country needed more than 1 million doses of meningitis vaccine but had only about half that many. He appealed to Niger's allies and the World Health Organization to help make up the shortage.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
La finalisation du plan de réponse pour 50 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa à la suite des évènements du 6 février 2015 est en cours.
Un retour timide des personnes déplacées de Bosso a été constaté en avril.
Les récentes explosions de mines constituent un risque de protection pour les populations.
Malgré l’accalmie observée dans la région, de nombreuses écoles restent fermées.
Council conclusions on the Sahel Regional Action Plan 2015-2020
Principaux défis par secteurs
Accès à l'eau : standard non atteint
Assainissement : Le rythme de construction des infrastructures d’assainissement ne suit pas l’augmentation de la population
Essais de pompage en cours sur 10 nouveaux points forés (HCR)
Public Concern finalise la construction de 66 latrines
MSF finalise la construction de 10 tranchées de défécation
The Federal Government of Nigeria has directed all ministries, agencies and extra-ministerial departments to prepare their handover briefs ahead of the May 29 inauguration of President Buhari. UNHCR is positioning itself to acclimate to the new administration and continue its work in harmony with relevant governmental departments.
Some IDPs in Nigeria have reportedly returned to their areas of origin. Others have expressed their willingness to return, stating that the only impediment is lack of assistance.
In 2015, UNICEF continued to support 30,659 refugees, including 16,939 children, to access education, WASH, health, nutrition and protection services in and around two refugee camps in the Sahel region (Goudebou and Mentao).
Routine vaccination has continued throughout for children in the Malian refugee camps.
MARIAGE DES ENFANTS
ENGAGEMENT AU PLUS HAUT SOMMET DE L’ETAT
LE TCHAD S’ENGAGE POUR ZERO CAS DE MARIAGE DES ENFANTS D’ICI 2020
USD$ 28 million allocated from UN Central Emergency Fund to assist people affected by Boko Haram’s insurgency.
Boko Haram, insecurity exert misery in Cameroon’s Far North Region.
Millions of people in Ebola-affected countries risk serious food shortages during the June-August lean season.
Significant drop in EVD cases recorded in March.
Welcome to the April issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) and also on the ACLED website.
On Wednesday, a suicide bomber attacked a camp of the United Nations mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in the outskirts of Ansongo town, killing three civilians – two children and one adult – and wounding 16 people, most of them UN peacekeepers. A Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) team was immediately deployed to the area and referred five wounded children to the Ansongo referral hospital, where the organisation has been working since 2012.
Although Mali has been declared Ebola free on January 18th, 2015, UNICEF has continued advocating on the importance of prevention efforts, especially in the neighboring districts with Guinea where new cases have been recently confirmed. Social mobilization, together with WASH interventions and reinforcement of the health systems will be of paramount importance also to counter the spreading of other epidemics in the future.