In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
UNHCR seeks additional support to respond to the Nigeria situation
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is launching a supplementary appeal for an additional $9.5 million to scale up its activities in north-east Nigeria, as a result of an unexpected surge in self-organized returns of Nigerian refugees since the beginning of the year, mainly from Cameroon.
• Les communes de Gossi et Ouinerdène ont subi une mauvaise campagne agro-pastorale 2016 – 2017, caractérisée par une insuffisance des pluies et leur mauvaise répartition dans le temps et dans l’espace. A ces facteurs dégradants s’ajoute, l’installation des éleveurs venus de différent horizons pour la recherche de pâturage et d’eaux.
Déplacement de 300 ménages de Boulekessi (Commune de Mondoro, Cercle de Douentza) à N’Tillit (Commune de Gao, Cercle de Gao)
Le déplacement a eu lieu en mars 2017 par craintes de possibles représailles après l’affrontement entre de groupes djihadistes et les Force Armées Malienne
202 individuals (INDs) arrived at Bama during the reporting period. These include 62 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Mura in Cameroon, 56 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from neighbouring wards in Bama, 34 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Jere LGA and 50 INDs who arrived at General Hospital Camp from Abbaram and Wasala wards in Bama.
41 INDs arrived at Chibok Whuntaku from Korongilum ward of Chibok LGA
This report of the Round XVII Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessment by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) aims to improve understanding of the scope of displacement and the needs of affected populations in conflict-affected states of northeast Nigeria. The report covers the period of 15 May to 25 June 2017 and includes the six most-affected states of Ada mawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Tara ba and Yobe.
Prolonged insecurity in the north- east of Nigeria has caused ongoing displacement with about 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDP) across three most affected states - Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. Recent assessments indicate slightly more than 1,000,000 IDPs living in host communities. Some 207,000 people have fled to neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger to seek safety from violence and unrest.
Abuja, 25 July 2017 – The Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria, Edward Kallon, condemns in the strongest terms the deadly suicide attacks that took place in the Dalori I and Dalori II IDP camps in the outskirts of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, on 24 July 2017, which resulted in the deaths of several civilians, including women and children, and injured many others.
These suicide attacks are the latest in the recent accelerating trend of attacks against civilians in north-east Nigeria over the past few months.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
OVER 3,000 RETURNEES REGISTERED
Since the start of the year, UNHCR has registered 3,052 returnees from Cameroon and Chad. About 1,070 people returned to Nana Mambéré prefecture and 1,982 in Mambéré Kadéï prefecture in the country’s west. The spontaneous returns are due to improving security in some localities in the western part of CAR, the return of Government and some public services as well as the resumption of some mining activities.
AID GROUPS SUSPEND WORK IN KAGA BANDORO
PLUS DE 3 000 RETOURNÉS ENREGISTRÉS
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General strongly condemns the suicide attacks on 24 July in the two camps for internally displaced persons near Maiduguri, Borno State, in Nigeria. These terrorist acts are targeting people who had already fled their homes as a result of Boko Haram violence.
A severe food security and nutritional crisis is unfolding as a consequence of the drought that began in October 2016.
The Somali region is most affected and is experiencing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity. Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) outcomes are likely to manifest in poorer households by September.
Population Movements from Cameroon to Banki
DIFFA, 17 juillet 2017
Démobiliser les anciens combattants dans le cadre d’un accord de paix n’est jamais facile, même dans les meilleures circonstances. Pourtant, du Kenya à la Somalie, des tentatives de réintégration sont de plus en plus souvent menées en plein conflit, ce qui complique énormément le processus.
DIFFA/NIGER, 6 juillet 2017
Les violences de Boko Haram augmentent de manière inquiétante dans la région de Diffa, au sud-est du Niger, et viennent aggraver une crise humanitaire pâtissant déjà d’un manque de fonds.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of migration programming that has taken place / is underway in north and sub-Saharan Africa? Specifically, in areas such as livelihoods support, protection of migrants, border security and support for resettlement and voluntary return?
L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux, afin de mieux comprendre et connaître les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population (FMP) est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux, les profils des migrants, les tendances et les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné. Au Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis mars 2017 dans la ville de Kalait et observe les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.
- 3,083,232 IDPs and Ret urnees were covered by DTM Round XVII
Author Chukwuma Al Okoli
Lecturer/Resident Researcher Department of Political Science, Federal University Lafia
Chukwuma Al Okoli works for Federal University Lafia, Nigeria . He receives funding from TETFund, Nigeria.