Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan 2014 - Guide to Giving
1,000 PEOPLE EVACUATED AFTER VOLCANO ERUPTION
On Fogo Island, the Pico do Fogo volcano erupted on 23 November prompting the evacuation of approximately 1,000 people from the Cha das Caldeiras village. An emergency situation has been declared for the island of Fogo and neighboring island of Brava. The government has provided social housing to be used as shelters. The volcano last erupted in 1995 and a larger eruption occurred in 1951.
November 25, 2014 1:28 PM
BAMAKO—Human rights organizations have filed a complaint on behalf of 80 survivors of rape and sexual violence during the occupation of northern Mali.
More than 2,000 women and girls were subject to rape or forced marriages in 2012-2013 when Islamist extremists and separatist rebels took control of Gao and Timbuktu. This is the first independent attempt to bring justice for the victims.
Pakistan: Drought conditions in Sindh have affected nearly 1.7 million people; nearly 500 have died in Tharparkar, including 296 children. In FATA, the number of people displaced by the military’s operation Khyber One in the Tirah Valley has grown to 440,000 people, adding to 993,000 displaced by operations in North Waziristan.
Liberia: Two million children are thought to be affected by the consequences of the Ebola epidemic. High levels of unemployment are affecting income: 70% of households in a recent survey said they do not have enough money to afford food.
The breakdown of the ceasefire agreement between separatist groups and the Malian government has led to increased incidents of armed groups competing for power and territorial control. Clashes between these groups have caused delays and suspension of some humanitarian activities.
UNICEF Response highlights
• 86% of the estimated caseload of children with SAM had been admitted for therapeutic care - with a recovery rate of 82% (September 2014).
• 40,032 caregivers of SAM affected children in the Sahel have received hygiene kits and key messages.
• 33,622 children 6 months -15 years received their measles vaccination in returnee sites (91% of UNICEF Target).
• Preventative mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services were integrated into maternal and child health services in all returnee sites.
Mali is still facing a complex humanitarian crisis. Despite continued progress in the political stabilization and in the restoration of the State authority and of administrative and public services in conflict-affected regions, the context remains marked by security incidents recorded in the North.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | jeudi 20/11/2014 - 12:51 GMT
Une localité de l'ouest du Niger proche de la frontière malienne a été attaquée mercredi soir par des jihadistes, qui ont tué au moins un militaire nigérien, a-t-on appris jeudi de sources concordantes.
L'assaut a été revendiqué auprès de l'AFP à Bamako par le porte-parole du Mouvement pour l'unicité et le jihad en Afrique de l'Ouest (Mujao), Walid Abou Sahraoui, mais jusqu'à jeudi en milieu de journée, aucun commentaire n'avait pu être obtenu au Niger.
19 November 2014 – Insecurity is on the march again in the countries of Africa’s Sahel belt, where extremists have displaced 1.5 million people in Nigeria and the threat of Ebola is exacerbating an already dire humanitarian crisis, the United Nations humanitarian regional coordinator said today.
MICHEL KAFANDO CHOSEN AS INTERIM PRESIDENT
On 18 November, Michel Kafando, was sworn in as Burkina Faso’s interim President. In compliance to the Charter of the Transition signed on 16 November, Mr. Kafando, a former Foreign Minister and diplomat has been chosen to oversee a one-year transition back to civilian rule in Burkina Faso.
Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message, as delivered by Hiroute Guebre Sellassie, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Sahel, to the third meeting of the ministerial coordination platform for the Sahel, held in Bamako today:
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Promoting international humanitarian law
The ICRC promotes IHL among the Malian armed forces, international armed forces in Mali and other weapon-bearers. It also supports the authorities' efforts to ratify IHL treaties and transpose them into domestic legislation.
Between January and August 2014, the ICRC organized IHL awareness-raising sessions attended by 3,000 soldiers from the Malian armed forces, 200 members of armed groups and 400 soldiers from the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).
The signatories organisations filed a complaint with a plaintiff triggering criminal proceedings today, for submission to the most senior examining magistrate of the Bamako Commune III Court of First Instance, for crimes against humanity and war crimes on behalf of 80 women and girls, for rape and sexual violence committed during the period that armed groups occupied northern Mali in 2012 and 2013.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
Au regard de l’analyse des besoins humanitaires réalisée par l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire, les objectifs stratégiques retenus dans le cadre de ce plan de réponse sont les suivants :
Recueillir les données sur les risques et les vulnérabilités, les analyser et intégrer les résultats dans la programmation humanitaire et de développement.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | lundi 10/11/2014 - 13:51 GMT
Dix personnes ont été tuées et 13 autres blessées dans une violente confrontation survenue samedi entre des agriculteurs et des éleveurs dans la zone de Birni-N'koni (sud-ouest nigérien), ont indiqué lundi les autorités locales.
"Dix personnes, dont quatre agriculteurs et six éleveurs ont été tuées sauvagement et treize autres blessées dans des affrontements d'une rare violence à Tantounou", un village située dans le sud-ouest du Niger, a affirmé à l'AFP à Salifou Souley, le maire de la commune.