150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
GoN airstrike mistakenly hits IDP site, resulting in at least 70 civilian deaths in Borno
UN identifies critical humanitarian needs among more than 35,000 IDPs sheltering in Borno’s Rann town
WFP plans to reach 2 million beneficiaries in northeastern Nigeria per month by December 2017
5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States) during the next lean season (Cadre harmonisé analysis released on 28 October) – immediate intervention is required to assist these populations. A recent Special IPC Alert on Borno State (FEWS NET; 16 December) noted that a famine is likely ongoing and will continue in inaccessible areas of Borno State assuming conditions remain the same. The alert also noted that the current response is insufficient to meet needs.
On 19 January, 15 patients were airlifted from Rann to Maiduguri, bringing to 89 the total number of people evacuated following the military airstrike on Rann on 17 January.
Surgical teams in four hospitals – two public and two military – in Maiduguri continue to perform operations and treat the injured.
Medical assistance is also ongoing in Rann, a locality in the far-north of Nigeria bordering Cameroon and Chad.
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
7864E SÉANCE – MATIN
Sénégal : notre action en Casamance, faits et chiffres 2016
- Sécurité économique
- Eau, habitat et assainissement
- Visite aux personnes privées de liberté et rétablissement des liens familiaux
- Coopération avec la Croix-Rouge sénégalaise
- Promotion du droit international humanitaire et dialogue avec les autorités
Bruxelles, le 19 janvier 2017
La Commission européenne a annoncé une aide humanitaire supplémentaire de 40 millions d'euros en faveur des populations du bassin du lac Tchad. La crise s'aggrave dans cette région et les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement.
Throughout 2016, Boko Haram insurgents continued to commit grave human rights violations and carry out attacks against civilians including suicide bombings, widespread sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), kidnapping and forced recruitment, in north-eastern Nigeria and in the Lake Chad Basin.
The European Commission has released €40 million in additional humanitarian aid to support the populations in the Lake Chad region in Africa. The new funding brings the overall EU humanitarian aid package for the region to over €116 million since the beginning of 2016.
It will help scale up operations and respond to urgent humanitarian needs in the areas of food, nutrition, water and sanitation, health and protection.
The bombing by the Nigerian Air Force of a camp of displaced people in Rann, north-eastern Nigeria, has caused a high number of victims among displaced people and of humanitarian aid workers there to help them.
The European Union conveys its most sincere condolences to the victims and their families.
Le contexte de déplacement au Mali reste complexe et fluide. Des mouvements de personnes déplacées résidant actuellement dans les régions du sud vers les régions du nord continuent d'être signalés. Alors que certains ont indiqué être retournés définitivement, d'autres déplacés expliquent faire des allers-retours entre le lieu de déplacement et le lieu d'origine.
259,145 Central African refugees registered by UNHCR in rural areas in the East, Adamaoua and North regions, of which 158,418 arrived since December 2013.
86,900 Nigerian refugees in the Far North region (of which 60,157 are registered at Minawao camp)
198,889 Internally Displaced Persons in the Far North region (sources: DTM by IOM as of October 2016 and UNHCR protection monitoring Flash Updates)
La région de Kayes est confrontée à des défis humanitaires notamment l'insécurité alimentaire avec plus de 333 000 personnes affectées, la malnutrition qui touche plus de 38 000 enfants et des problèmes d'accès à l'eau. La région est également confrontée à des inondations, des épidémies comme la rougeole, la méningite et des cas de fièvre jaune.
Aid workers in Borno state say displaced people living in camps have no plans to go back home despite government claims that insurgents have been defeated
By Ben Quinn
The homecoming of tens of thousand of Nigerians displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency has been prevented by enduring fear of the Islamists and reluctance to return to areas of the country’s north-east devastated by the campaign against the militants, according to aid workers.
ABUJA, Nigeria – A brutal attack by Boko Haram forced Zainab Abubakar, 28, and her six children to flee their home in northern Nigeria. “I was one month pregnant when I left Gamboru Ngala,” Ms. Abubakar told UNFPA from the Dalori displacement camp in Maiduguri. “During my escape, I lost my pregnancy.”
Ms. Abubakar’s tragic miscarriage took place in 2014, but the Boko Haram crisis continues to drive women and girls from their homes – and from access to basic health care.
by Alex Thurston
7864th Meeting (AM)
Suicide Bombing Will Not Distract Us, Permanent Representative Vows, as Members Hear from Delegates of Uruguay, Algeria
A car bomb that killed more than 50 people at a military base in Gao this morning was a stark reminder of the multiple obstacles hobbling Mali’s ongoing peace process, the head of United Nations peacekeeping told the Security Council today.
Sixty injured people, majority of them children, were airlifted on 18 January from Nigeria’s north-eastern Rann locality to Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, following a military airstrike on Rann the previous day. The medical evacuation involved UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) and Nigerian military helicopters.
In Maiduguri, 11 ambulances have been availed to ferry the patients to five hospitals in the city. Four doctors and 100 kg of medical supplies were flown to Rann today.