Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 27 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 27 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Round XI of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reports 1.8 million people displaced across Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe states, with a further 300,000 displaced to other areas across Nigeria. As the Nigerian Armed Forces drive out Boko Haram insurgents, people are beginning to move back towards their areas of origin. However, rather than moving back to their farms, they are gathering in Local Government Area headquarters, where they feel relatively safe from BH attacks.
Burkina Faso - Pour la première fois, le Burkina Faso pourra contrôler électroniquement les flux migratoires aux points de passage de Dakola (frontière avec le Ghana), du département de Madouba (frontière avec le Mali) et de Yendéré (frontière avec la Côte d’Ivoire), suite à l’installer d’un système d’information migratoire et d’analyse des données (MIDAS), donné par l’OIM au Burkina Faso et financé par le gouvernement du Japon.
by Alex Fielding
SUIVI DE LA REPONSE HUMANITAIRE 2016
The national SMART nutritional survey conducted in August-September 2016 reveals global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates of 11.9% and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rate of 2.6%, which are above the alert and emergency thresholds, respectively.
Since January, 127,596 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted for therapeutic care, reaching 66% of the fixed annual target (193,943).
Regional mixed migration summary for August 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region (in particular Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Liberia).
In this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
By Shaista Aziz/Guest Blogger
Maiduguri, Nigeria—Yagna Ibrahim is a woman who has a presence that is difficult to ignore. She strides into the room with grace and confidence, pulls out a chair, and sits down next to her friend and fellow women’s rights activist, Rabia Musa.
On Monday foreign minister Bert Koenders met with his Malian counterpart, Abdoulaye Diop. The two ministers discussed the peace process in Mali and MINUSMA, the UN mission to which the Netherlands will continue contributing next year. The Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Lilianne Ploumen, was also present at the meeting.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CALM RETURNING TO KAGA BANDORO , UNREST HITS BANGUI
Key priorities highlighted by the Inter-Ministerial Task Force (IMTF) for emergency response in the north east are food, nutrition, primary health care, WASH, education, recovery and resettlement with livelihood support.
In total 105,285 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, reaching 26 per cent of the target for 2016 (398,188).
RETOUR DU CALME A KAGA BANDORO ET TROUBLES A BANGUI
(Maiduguri, Borno State: 25 October 2016) Nigeria is facing the worst humanitarian crisis on the African continent. Currently up to 400,000 children face starvation and citizens suffer with little or no access to clean water, health, protection, education and food security.
Inondations : plus de18 000 sinistrés p.1 Taux moyen de malnutrition à 30 % depuis 2010 p.2 Rentrée des classes et risque de suspension des repas scolaires p.3 Sensibilisation aux risques de mines p.3 Migrations irrégulières au Mali p.4 Niveau de financement du plan de réponse humanitaire p.6
Assistance aux sinistrés des inondations et risques liés à la cure du fleuve
Risque de suspension des repas scolaires pour faute de financement
In this issue
More than 18 000 people affected by floods p.1 Average rate of malnutrition to 30% since 2010 p.2 Back to school and risk of suspension of school meals p.3 Awareness of the risks of mines p.3 Irregular migration to Mali p.4 Level of funding of the humanitarian response plan p.6
Assistance to flood victims and flood forecasts
School meals at risk of suspension due to lack of funding
La situation sécuritaire est relativement calme dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. Toutefois, elle a été marquée par deux tentatives d’incursion de Boko Haram en territoire camerounais dans le département du Mayo Sava, à Magdemé et à Kerawa. Les membres des comités de vigilance ont riposté à ces attaques avec des armes de fabrication artisanale en attendant que la force mixte multinationale n’intervienne pour les repousser. Un combattant BH a été tué.