In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
"We're not ready to say there is a trend there yet but we'll continue to watch"
By Idrees Ali
DJIBOUTI, April 23 (Reuters) - The United States is closely watching a recent increase in piracy off the coast of Somalia, a senior U.S. military official said on Sunday as Defense Secretary Jim Mattis visited an important military base in Djibouti.
The Far North continues unabated with displacement. An increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and out of camp refugees is of growing concern.
A security evaluation of the main axes will be undertaken in the Far North department of Logone et Chari. It is hoped that this will permit increased access to the remote areas of Fotokol, Makary and Hile Alifa, ousseri and the Mayo Sava.
THE CRISIS Northern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are facing conflict and drought and are now approaching famine, with 20 million people near starvation in the worst preventable humanitarian crisis since World War II. UN Secretary-General António Guterres has called for US$4.4 billion by July to avert “catastrophe” in parts of Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are experiencing famine or the risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and their humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
Monguno IDP Population Trends - IDPs
A: Between December 2016 and January 2017, routes leading to Monguno became accessible as a result of military operations and hence generated influx of IDPs from neighbouring villages including Maiduguri and Jere LGA into Monguno. IDP did not return to their original places of abode and as a result, remain as IDPs within camps and host communities in Monguno.
B: As of March 2017, a reduction in IDP population was observed.
Events / response interventions
Gore, 20 April 2017 (UNHCR) - Since the beginning of April, several waves of Central African refugees totaling 1,209 people have arrived in Chad, mainly in the border village of Sourou. They are welcomed by the local population and the authorities despite the fact the border with the Central African Republic (CAR) is officially closed.
Earlier this week, a new group of Central Africans fleeing tension in the north-west of their country found refuge in Chad where the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, and its partners organized their transfer away from the border.
Goré, 20 avril 2017 (UNHCR) – Depuis le début de ce mois d’avril plusieurs vagues de réfugiés centrafricains totalisant 1.209 personnes sont arrivés au Tchad notamment dans la localité frontalière de Sourou où ils sont accueillis par la population locale et les autorités malgré la fermeture officielle de frontière avec la Centrafrique.
Les résultats d’analyse de la sécurité alimentaire et de nutrition, publiés en mars 2017, indiquent que 2,2 millions de personnes seront touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire au Tchad de mars à mai 2017, soit presqu’une personne sur cinq.
Contre tous les défis qui engendrent des conditions de vie précaires et une vulnérabilité accrue aux chocs soudains et chroniques, il faut adopter une nouvelle façon de travailler humanitaire-développement.
The army will also offer humanitarian aid to the region including medical support
ABUJA, April 19 (Reuters) - The Nigerian army on Wednesday launched a month-long operation to reduce violence in the centre of the country, as ethnically charged fighting pressures a government already tackling Boko Haram in the northeast and militants in the oil-rich south.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
Côme Niyomgabo has just returned from Mali where for more than two years he has been coordinating MSF’s work in the regions of Gao and Kidal, in the north of the country.
How has Mali changed in these two years?
Within the first three months, 28 cases of access constraints have been recorded in northern and central Mali. 89% of the cases took place in the north regions of Gao, Kidal, Menaka, Taoudeni and Timbuktu. Attacks on humanitarian personnel, property and infrastructure constituted 68% of the incidents