Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
1,491,706 IDPs (194,145 households) were identified in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe states. (DTM)
The highest number is in Borno (939,290) followed by Adamawa (222,882) and Yobe (139,591).
The IDP population is composed of 52% of female and 48% of male
57% of the IDP population are children and 28% are less than 5 years old
94.05% were displaced by the insurgency
The Security Council in May would consider the growing threats faced by journalists around the world in addition to focusing on foreign terrorist fighters, small arms and a raft of ongoing situations of concern, the Permanent Representative of Lithuania, President of the body for the month, said this afternoon.
A meeting of the Commission Technique Mixte de Sécurité (CTMS), chaired by MINUSMA, took place in Gao yesterday with representatives of the Government, the Plateforme and the Coordination.
The findings of the Equipe Mixte d’Observation et de Vérification (EMOV), which is responsible for verifying the facts on the ground and reporting to the CTMS, were presented during this meeting.
Two missions, to Ménaka and Timbuktu, were conducted on 29 April.
• More than three million people in north-east Nigeria will need urgent food assistance from May to Oct.
• The number of IDPs in the north-east has increased by more than 300,000 over the past two months.
• Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, now hosts half a million IDPs.
• IDPs in Adamawa state are keen to return home before the rains.
• Partners are scaling up their operations in the north-east.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 5/3/2015 - 23:38 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR with Ola AWONIYI in Abuja
At least three women were killed in a landmine explosion and others crushed to death by tanks as Nigeria's military moved in to rescue them from Boko Haram, one freed hostage said on Sunday.
The deaths happened in the Islamists' Sambisa Forest stronghold, from where soldiers have freed hundreds of women and children seized during the bloody insurgency in Nigeria's northeast.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 5/3/2015 - 20:52 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR / Ola Awoniyi
Nigeria's military authorities on Sunday moved 275 women and children to a relief camp, days after rescuing them from Boko Haram's stronghold in the Sambisa forest, the state-run emergency agency said.
The freed hostages, among almost 700 women and children rescued from Boko Haram's clutches last week, had been traumatised and malnourished by their ordeal, the military said.
They were taken to the camp in Yola for profiling, counselling and rehabilitation.
On Saturday 25 April, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on the Richter scale struck the poor, landlocked and mountainous Asian state of Nepal. By 30 April, the death toll had risen to more than 5,500 and the UN estimates that 8million people across the country are affected by the disaster – more than a quarter of the population.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | Friday 5/1/2015 - 18:22 GMT
Dozens of gunmen stormed a northern Mali town, killing one and taking six other people hostage in an attack blamed on Tuareg rebels, officials told AFP Friday.
"More than 50 armed men from the Coordination for the Movements of Azawad (CMA) came Thursday to sow terror in Bintagoungou. They killed a man and took six hostages with them," said Hama Aboubacrine, mayor of the town about 90 kilometres to the west of Timbuktu.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | vendredi 01/05/2015 - 14:25 GMT
Une personne a été tuée jeudi et six enlevées dans le nord du Mali lors d'une attaque attribuée à la rébellion à dominante touareg, a-t-on appris vendredi auprès d'un élu local, d'un habitant et de la force de l'ONU au Mali (Minusma).
La sécurité alimentaire des pasteurs et agro-pasteurs se dégrade à l’Ouest du Tchad
Le conflit Boko Haram s’est élargi au Tchad et le nombre de réfugiés, déplacés et retournés est de plus de 40.000 personnes.
La dégradation de la consommation alimentaire et des moyens d’existence est due à la pression des arrivées. Les ménages hôtes (Lac, Kanem, BEG et Hadjer Lamis) ont des difficultés à générer des revenus agricoles, piscicoles et commerciales à cause de l’insécurité.
Les marches des céréales et les prix affichés ont encore un comportement typique
Au niveau national, les disponibilités alimentaires sur les marchés et dans les ménages restent typiques et à la faveur d’une demande de consommation, encore faible, les prix sur les marchés sont moyens voire bas.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Friday 5/1/2015 - 03:54 GMT
Niger authorities have urged people living on islands in Lake Chad to leave to avoid new attacks by Boko Haram, after an assault by the Islamists last weekend left at least 74 dead.
The weekend attack was the country's heaviest loss since it joined a regional offensive against the militants, and saw authorities declare three days of mourning from Wednesday.
Nigeria has successfully weathered the stress test of presidential elections. This peaceful transition has reinforced the democratisation process occurring throughout West Africa. Other crucial elections are planned in the region in the coming months.
Both the Ebola crisis and falling oil prices were a shock to the region. West Africa recorded 6% growth in 2014 and will continue the trend this year. The diversification of the economy, in agriculture and in services, will protect against external shocks.
An agreement on the framework for a Joint Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear enrichment program in early April marked a major step forward. However, mid-month, Colombia’s peace process suffered a serious blow when Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) fighters killed government soldiers in an ambush; and fighting resumed in Ukraine between the military and separatist forces. The announced end of Saudi Arabia’s five-week airstrike campaign in Yemen on 21 April brought few tangible results: missile strikes continued as the humanitarian situation became increasingly dire.
In the Central Africa Region, the year 2014 was marked by significant displacement of people in the Central African Republic (CAR), following continuous acts of violence and political instability. Most of these refugees and migrants moved into Cameroon, Republic of Congo (RoC), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), while some internally displaced persons (IDPs) were identified and supported by the IFRC and the CAR Red Cross in CAR.
Abuja, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 4/30/2015 - 16:02 GMT
by Ola AWONIYI with Aminu ABUBAKAR in Kano
Nigeria's military on Thursday vowed to free more hostages from Boko Haram after nearly 500 were released from atrocious conditions this week in the group's Sambisa Forest stronghold.
Defence spokesman Chris Olukolade told reporters in Abuja the army would "comprehensively" clean out the forest, adding: "There is great hope for recovery of more hostages of the terrorists."
N'Djamena, Chad | AFP | Thursday 4/30/2015 - 01:58 GMT
by Celia LEBUR
Long tailbacks form at a bridge on the border between Chad and Cameroon while Chadian security forces, wary of deadly Boko Haram jihadists, screen all road users and their property.
"We're looking for weapons," a police officer explains at the Ngueuli bridge on the main road for imports to landlocked Chad, linking the capital N'Djamena to the far north of Cameroon.