Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
La situation sécuritaire demeure incertaine et volatile dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. La semaine sous rubrique a été marquée par trois incidents, dont une attaque kamikaze perpétrée par les combattants de Boko Haram le 21 septembre dans la localité de Djakana dans le département du Mayo Sava. Le bilan de cette attaque fait état de quatre civils tués et deux blessés, des vivres et du bétail emportés. La région connait également des incidents liés aux inondations du fait des pluies torrentielles.
Families returning to newly accessible areas face immense humanitarian challenges including food shortages, X malnutrition, lack of livelihoods, and limited access to water, sanitation and health services.
To improve coordination for effective delivery of humanitarian response the President of Nigeria has appointed an inter-ministerial task force led by State Minister of Budget and National planning.
ABUJA/DAKAR/NEW YORK, 29 September 2016 – UNICEF has revised its humanitarian appeal for Nigeria from US$55 million to US$115 million to assist an additional 750,000 people who can now be reached across conflict-affected areas in the northeast of the country.
As new areas open up to humanitarian assistance, the true scale of the Boko Haram related crisis and its impact on children is being revealed.
Total affected population: 14.8 million
Total affected children (under 18): 7.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 4.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 2.1 million
2016 programme targets
Violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has greatly affected the lives of hundreds of thousands of people from the land-locked country at the heart of the continent. These people are now refugees and depend on humanitarian aid. After finding refuge in eastern Cameroon, they are supported by several EU-funded organisations to better cope in their situation. Despite their challenging environment, many are making a huge effort to engage in productive activities and turn around this difficult time in their lives.
UNHCR's intervention to returnees from Cameroon and Niger includes supporting the monitoring of return movement and profiling of returning Nigerians, providing targeted assistance to returning Nigerians, developing the capacity of key stakeholders to the response and advocating for conditions of returns to comply with International legal norms.
According to the August 2016 Cadre Harmonisé report, there are 4.4 million food insecure people in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States, of which 1.1 million are severely foodinsecure in Borno and Yobe.
WFP continued its cross-border operation from Cameroon to Banki to assist 25,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).
In August 2016, WFP was informed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that it had been granted immunities and privileges to operate in Nigeria.
Bruxelles, le 29 septembre 2016
L'Union européenne poursuit son engagement en faveur du développement et de la stabilisation du Mali
Le Commissaire européen à la coopération et au développement, Neven Mimica, effectue une visite d’un jour au Mali. A cette occasion, il signera le lancement de plusieurs projets de coopération et s’entretiendra avec les plus hautes autorités maliennes.
The continuing spate of arrests and detentions of journalists and bloggers amid the security forces’ violent disruption of peaceful protests underscores how the Nigerian government appears determined to crush dissent and suffocate freedom of expression, said Amnesty International today.
The organization is calling for the authorities to ensure the rights of Nigerians to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression, as guaranteed by international human rights law and the Nigerian Constitution.
Almost 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis, released on 19 August.
FAO is seeking USD 25 million to tackle food insecurity among returnee, IDP and host communities between September 2016 and May 2017. Of this, USD 10 million is needed urgently to support irrigated vegetable production and micro-gardening in the dry season.
(New York, 23 septembre 2016) Les principaux gouvernements, organisations régionales et agences humanitaires se sont engagés à accroître considérablement l’assistance qu’ils apportent aux millions de personnes affectées par la crise humanitaire dans la région du Bassin du Lac Tchad.
Humanitarian needs have significantly increased in Cameroon’s far north region due to Boko Haram’s protracted violence. Funds are still not meeting requirements.
WFP urgently requires funding to scale up assistance to newly internally displaced populations and ensure operational continuity up to the end of the year.
WFP and UNHCR conducted a Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) in Cameroon’s eastern regions to assess the food security situation and the capacity of C.A.R refugees for self-reliance.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
VIOLENCE CONTINUES TO IMPEDE ACCESS
Violence remains one of the major impediments to humanitarian access in many areas, in spite of a decrease in the number of incidents since the start of the year. So far in September, there have been 15 attacks against aid workers, including break-ins into premises of aid organizations. In August, 34 incidents of insecurity were reported throughout the country, a third of which targeted humanitarian workers.
6.3 million people severely food insecure in areas affected by Boko Haram
4 countries affected
2.6 million people displaced, with 1.9 mil-lion IDPs in Nigeria alone
9.2 million people in need of assistance
WFP is scaling up its assistance to provide life-saving assistance to more than 1.6 million people in desperate need in the Lake Chad Basin.
WFP provided food and nutrition support to more than 600,000 people in Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad.
by Lucas Destrijcker
Refugees in the southeastern region of Niger say they no longer fear Boko Haram, but their problems are far from over.
Diffa, Niger - As Nigerian forces have progressed against Boko Haram, the cornered terror group has been carrying out more attacks in neighbouring countries. In Niger's Diffa region on the northeastern border of Nigeria, more than 280,000 people have been displaced.
Critical levels of malnutrition and food insecurity continue in Nigeria’s Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. 4.5 million people are severely food insecure, and at least 65,000 people are experiencing Famine (IPC Phase 5) (FEWSNET 18/08/2016). The population in newly accessible areas who do not yet have access to services and aid are at a high risk of mortality. Over 398,000 children are estimated to be suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) (UNICEF 21/09/2016).