Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Niamey/Dakar , 30 juin 2015 (IRIN) - En novembre dernier, des membres de Boko Haram sont arrivés chez Fanna Liman Mustafa, 25 ans, et ont incendié sa maison de Baga, dans le nord-est du Nigeria. Elle a décidé de fuir au Niger avec ses quatre enfants. Le destin a voulu qu'elle ait de la chance : les militants islamistes sont revenus au mois de janvier et ont massacré des centaines, voire des milliers de civils.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
Cameroon - Since the beginning of 2014, Northeast Nigeria has witnessed an increase in Boko Haram’s violent attacks, leading to widespread displacement in the country with a spillover effect in neighboring countries including Niger, Chad, and Cameroon.
In the Far North Region of Cameroon, an estimated 81,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 36,000 returnees have fled Boko Haram attacks.
Italy - Migrant arrivals in Italy have topped 20,000 for each of the last two months, reports IOM as 2015 reaches its midpoint.
Approximately 2,900 migrants were rescued at sea in the channel of Sicily in the last 48 hours. The operations have been carried out by the Italian maritime forces and by other EU ships patrolling the Mediterranean: two ships of the Irish and of the British Navy and the MOAS/MSF ship Phoenix.
La MINUSMA condamne dans les termes les plus fermes les deux attaques terroristes survenues respectivement les 27 et 28 juin. La première attaque a ciblé le camp militaire de Nara, dans la Région de Koulikoro, à 30 km des frontières de la Mauritanie ; la deuxième a été menée contre des infrastructures de l’administration et de la sécurité à Fakola, 150 km à l’ouest de la ville de Sikasso, près de la frontière de la Côte d’Ivoire.
MINUSMA condemns in the strongest terms the two terrorist attacks that took place respectively on the 27th and 28th of June. The first attack targeted the military camp of Nara in the region of Koulikoro, 30 km from the Mauritanian border and the second was launched against the administration and security infrastructures of Fakola, 150 km west of the city of Sikasso, near the border with Côte d'Ivoire.
N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | lundi 29/06/2015 - 17:09 GMT
par Stéphane YAS
Onze personnes, dont cinq policiers, ont été tuées lundi au cours d'une opération de la police tchadienne contre des islamistes présumés de Boko Haram à N'Djamena, deux semaines après un double attentat sans précédent dans la capitale.
L'armée tchadienne, en première ligne dans l'opération régionale contre le groupe armé nigérian, toujours très actif dans le nord-est du Nigeria, y a aussi mené dimanche une incursion depuis le Cameroun contre Boko Haram.
3,5 millions de personnes sont actuellement déplacées dans le Sahel, soit deux fois plus qu’en février 2014.
Mise à jour sur les déplacements les autres crises au Cameroun.
Une radio communautaire en République Centrafricaine contribue à favoriser l'harmonie dans le pays
L’épidémie d'Ebola déclarée terminée au Libéria
The objective of the joint profiling exercise is to provide information on the location and needs of displaced populations and the hosting communities within the Far North region of Cameroon. The results of the first round of this exercise inform and guide the overall humanitarian response towards allowing for targeted and coordinated interventions in accordance with identified needs. The data collected gives an overall picture of the various needs of displaced persons and the host communities.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 6/28/2015 - 10:29 GMT
At least five people have been killed and 10 wounded after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a leprosy hospital on the outskirts of the northeast Nigerian city of Maiduguri, emergency services said Sunday.
The bomber, who tried to gain access to the hospital, detonated his explosives outside the building at around 5:30 pm (1630 GMT) on Saturday.
Le village de Yébi situé à environ 4 km de Bosso et à plus de 100 km de Diffa, a été attaqué dans la nuit du 23 au 24 juin par des individus à dos de chevaux. Cette attaque est la deuxième enregistrée dans la région de Diffa1 en une semaine.
The village of Yebi located about 4 km from Bosso and more than 100 km from Diffa town was attacked on the night between 23 and 24 June by individuals who arrived on horses. This attack is the second perpetrated in Diffa within one week.
Greece - The Greek islands near Turkey's coast now rival Italy as the top destination for irregular migrants seeking entry into the EU by sea this year, signaling the shift from the central Mediterranean route to the Eastern route.
Some 61,000 migrants have arrived by sea to Greece this year, nearly doubling 2014’s full-year total of 34,442. During the current month of June, between 650 and 1,000 migrants are reaching the islands daily.
As one of the world’s least developed and most fragile countries, Chad is beset by multiple, overlapping humanitarian crises, all in the context of a harsh and worsening climate, acute poverty, and weak infrastructure.
Food insecurity and malnutrition affect millions of people, particularly in the Sahelian belt.
Successive waves of instability and conflict in neighboring countries have caused large-scale population movements into Chad, which now hosts the seventh highest number of refugees worldwide.
Niamey, Niger | AFP | Thursday 6/25/2015 - 14:46 GMT
Suspected Boko Haram militants killed five people and injured four others in an attack in southeast Niger Tuesday night, state radio announced Thursday.
Three of the victims in the attack on a village near the town of Bosso, on the border with Nigeria, were shot dead while the two others were burned to death, the radio reported, blaming Nigeria-based Boko Haram jihadists.
The militants burned more than 100 homes and 100 motorcycles, as well as the central market, the report added.
Since the Boko Haram attacks intensified in 2013, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced across the region. These populations are now refugees in Chad, Niger and Cameroon. Humanitarian aid has been slow in arriving as it is difficult to localize displaced people, assess their needs and intervene in safe conditions.
An alarming situation
Dans ce numéro
2014 SAHEL STRATEGY
In 2014, humanitarian action in the Sahel was guided by the 2014-2016 Sahel Regional Strategic Response Plan (SRP), which provides a framework for the coordinated and integrated delivery of assistance to people facing emergencies in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia.
In this Issue
Ibn Chambas and Bathily on a tour of countries affected by Boko Haram The elections in Nigeria, an example for the entire sub-region
The Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission, an effective mechanism for peace and stability Meeting of Heads of UN Missions and Offices in West Africa
UN calls for better management of natural resources to preserve peace