Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 April 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 12% funded. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | mardi 03/05/2016 - 22:00 GMT
Le Nigeria et ses voisins ont marqué des points dans leur offensive militaire contre le groupe islamiste Boko Haram mais ils ne devraient pas crier victoire trop vite, prévient l'International Crisis Group (ICG) dans un rapport diffusé mercredi.
Le groupe, qui sévit depuis 2009 dans le nord-est du Nigeria, a causé la mort d'au moins 20.000 personnes selon la Banque mondiale et ses attaques visent aussi les régions frontalières au Cameroun, Tchad et Niger.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/3/2016 - 22:00 GMT
Countries hit by Boko Haram violence were warned on Wednesday not to make premature claims of victory, despite the Islamist group being pegged back by a sustained military counter-insurgency.
"Though the military response to Boko Haram has become more cogent, the Lake Chad states should not too quickly proclaim 'mission accomplished'," the International Crisis Group said.
DISPLACED LACK WASH SERVICES
Soudure : 3 millions de personnes seront en insécurité alimentaire
Des écoles restent fermées dans le nord et le centre du pays
Us et coutumes, facteurs clés de la malnutrition au Mali
Analyse des conflits intercommunautaires à Ménaka
16 pour cent de la population malienne affectée par l’insécurité alimentaire cette année
Lean season: 3 million people will be food insecure
Some schools remain closed in the north and center of the country
Customs and traditions, keys factors of malnutrition in Mali
Analysis of intercommunity conflicts in Menaka
16 percent of the Malian population affected by food insecurity this year
In the context of preparations for the return of Nigerian refugees from Cameroon, UNHCR continued to consult with government authorities and partners, including to organize a regional protection dialogue and develop a framework for voluntary and dignified returns.
The European Union has allocated €16.8 million in humanitarian funding for Burkina-Faso in 2016, with the purpose of scaling up nutrition care for severely malnourished children, provide food assistance and livelihood support via cash transfers or vouchers and ensure adequate protection for refugees. Over 14 000 households, or more than 100 000 persons, will benefit from food security assistance.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | lundi 02/05/2016 - 23:30 GMT
Au moins une dizaine de civils ont été tués dans le centre du Mali au cours de récentes violences intercommunautaires, a appris lundi l'AFP de sources concordantes.
Ces nouvelles violences se sont produites alors qu'une association représentant la communauté peule avait dénoncé la semaine dernière la mort de plus de 15 de ses membres accusés d'être des jihadistes, dans des actions imputées à l'armée malienne ou à des milices villageoises dans cette région.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
UNICEF and its partners are providing multi-sectoral assistance in 32 internally displaced peoples’ sites and in 70 host villages of the Lake region.
As of 29 February 2016, 19,526 children have been admitted for treatment for severe acute malnutrition across the country.
32,500 displaced persons now have access to safe drinking water in the Lake Region thanks to UNICEF interventions.
Limited funding has resulted in WFP reducing its assistance in the country. If no new contributions are received, WFP will be forced to reduce even further its food/cash assistance to vulnerable populations, school meals and nutrition activities.
Since the start of the year, WFP has assisted over 200,000 people through Food For Asset activities.
New Cash Based Transfers distributions are ongoing in the Diffa region. Over 27,300 people have been reached.
Weekly trends can fluctuate due to security conditions in the region, the political climate in Niger and neighbouring countries, presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points and availability of transport and opportunities. For more detailed analysis see the flow monitoring survey reports.
Sharp food price increases further limit food access for poor households in the Northeast
Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Rupert Colville
Date: 29 April 2016
Subjects: (1) Mozambique
Brussels, 18 April 2016
The European Commission today announced the introduction of 20 new measures in the Sahel region and Lake Chad Basin, worth over EUR 280 million in total.
The European Commission today announced the adoption of 20 new measures to assist the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin under the 'Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa'.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.
The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.
Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water,sanitation, and hygiene facilities.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), increasing poverty and market instability have contributed to deterioration of livelihoods.
Limited access to basic social services and timid presence of State administration in certain parts of northern Mali increase the vulnerability of communities.