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28 Jun 2016 description

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Le Tchad s’inscrit dans la dynamique du Sommet Humanitaire Mondial.

  • Dans la région du Lac, des solutions durables sont nécessaires pour limiter l’impact de la crise sur les moyens d’existences, notamment pour 130 000 personnes en situation d’insécurité alimentaire (« phase crise »).

  • En préparation aux inondations, la communauté humanitaire prend des mesures pour assurer le maintien des services de base dans les zones potentiellement inaccessibles.

28 Jun 2016 description
report UN Population Fund

DIFFA, Niger/UNITED NATIONS, New York – Tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee south-eastern Niger following an attack by Boko Haram militants in early June. UNFPA estimates some 3,000 pregnant girls and women are among the displaced, putting them in urgent need of antenatal, maternal and post-partum care.

Assaults on the town of Bosso from 3 to 5 June led to the mass movement of an estimated 75,000 people, including virtually the entire populations of Bosso and the nearby towns of Toumour and Yebi.

28 Jun 2016 description

Weekly picks

SOUTH SUDAN
Since late June, tens of thousands of people have been displaced due to fighting in and around Wau town, Western Bahr el Ghazal. Up to 10,000 people are sheltering at the nearby UN base. Over 101,000 people were already registered as displaced in Wau county after fighting escalated in mid-February.

28 Jun 2016 description
report Fund for Peace

The Fragile States Index, produced by The Fund for Peace, is a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure. By highlighting pertinent issues in weak and failing states, The Fragile States Index—and the social science framework and software application upon which it is built—makes political risk assessment and early warning of conflict accessible to policy-makers and the public at large.

28 Jun 2016 description

Abuja (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) are set to begin a four-day meeting on the implementation of international humanitarian law in the West African region.

The 13th annual review meeting aims to promote respect for IHL by ensuring both domestication and implementation of IHL treaties, including the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their three Additional Protocols, as well as specific weapons treaties.

27 Jun 2016 description

(New York, 27 June 2016): The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in the world has soared to a record 130 million and US$16.1 billion is still required to help 95.4 million of the most vulnerable of them this year.

In December 2015, when UN and partners launched the 2016 Global Humanitarian Appeal, the aim was to provide humanitarian assistance to 86.6 million people and the requirements stood at $19.7 billion. This amount has now climbed to $21.6 billion.

27 Jun 2016 description

Hightlights

  • Low levels of trust in the Nigerian police limit public cooperation critical to combatting internal security threats from irregular forces such as insurgents, criminal gangs, and extremists.

  • Allegations of corruption, heavy-handedness, and politicization have dogged the Nigeria Police Force for years. However, a lack of political will has perpetuated a culture of impunity, weak oversight, and an unwillingness to absorb lessons learned from previous efforts at police reform.

27 Jun 2016 description
report Oxfam

Two major Boko Haram attacks in Niger's Diffa region in the last 6 weeks have led to at least another 40,000 civilians being forced from their homes in what is becoming a growing humanitarian crisis, says Oxfam. Since the conflict began two years ago, a total of 280,000 people have fled their homes in the Diffa area. Across the Lake Chad Basin at least 2.7 million people have been displaced due to conflict.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Continued forced displacement, killing and secuirty incidents due to insurgency situation.

  • An estimated 16.4 million people are affected by the food insecurity in the northern parts of Nigeria, including 7.3 million in the Northeast states of Adamawa, Borno, Yobe - out of which 3 million are in urgent need of food assistance.

  • Unproportionate resources to address the needs of displaced families such as shelter, health care, WASH, NFIs, education and psychosocial support.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.

  • Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.

  • The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.

  • Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water,sanitation, and hygiene facilities.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), chronic poverty and market instability have contributed to the deterioration of livelihoods and to a lack of opportunities for youth.

  • The presence of State administration and access to basic social services remain limited in areas of insecurity in parts of the north and center of Mali which increases the vulnerability of communities.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Endemic of food insecurity due to crop failure/ poor harvest, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods as a result of frequent natural disasters (droughts, floods).

  • Lack of integrated early warning systems to facilitate early response and assist affected populations to cope better with shocks

  • Poor sanitation and access to clean water are main causes of waterborne diseases. Prevalence of epidemics, lack of access to adequate health services and poor health service delivery.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Food insecurity aggravated by chronic drought and negative coping strategies, in the context of limited capacity. Malnutrition is not only linked to food insecurity, but also caused by poor eating habits.

  • Recent and former population displacement due to conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).