Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 5/25/2015 - 15:36 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Boko Haram fighters hacked to death 10 people in remote northeast Nigeria, a local government official said on Monday, as the military claimed to have thwarted a fresh attack.
The attack happened early on Friday in the village of Pambula-Kwamda, the local government chairman of Madagali in the north of Adamawa state told AFP.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 5/24/2015 - 21:39 GMT
Boko Haram fighters killed several people and destroyed dozens of homes in a raid on a town in northeast Nigeria's Borno state, local residents, a vigilante and the military said on Sunday.
Scores of Islamist militants in trucks and on motorcycles stormed the town of Gubio, 95 kilometres (60 miles) by road north of the state capital, Maiduguri, on Saturday night.
La MINUSMA a reçu des rapports inquiétants faisant état de violations graves des droits de l’Homme et du Droit international humanitaire, dont l’exécution hier d’un certain nombre de civils parmi lesquels pourrait se trouver un travailleur d'une organisation non gouvernementale internationale , dans le village de Tin-Hamma, dans la région de Gao.
Ces exactions feraient suite aux affrontements qui ont opposé le 20 mai des membres de la Plateforme et de la Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA).
Bamako, 22 May, 2015 – MINUSMA acknowledges reports on the execution of a number of civilians, amongst them an NGO aid worker, in the village of Tin-Hamma, in the region of Gao. These reports indicate serious violations of human rights and International Humanitarian Law.
These brutalities follow confrontations between members of the Platform and the Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA) on the 20th of May.
According to its mandate MINUSMA already deployed a team to the site to investigate the allegations.
Situation of displaced people in Lake region in numbers
43,000 ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NIGERIAN REFUGEES AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES (UNHCR APRIL 2015)
6,000 ESTIMATED NEW REFUGEES FROM NIGER AND NIGERIA AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES IN DABOUA AND LIWA DISTRICTS (UNICEF RAPID ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY REPORT, MAY 18 )
Bamako, Mali | AFP | Friday 5/22/2015 - 17:25 GMT
by Serge DANIEL
Up to nine civilians, including an aid worker for a European charity, were killed after rebels attacked a village in northern Mali, armed loyalist and anti-government groups said on Friday.
The west African nation's main Tuareg-led rebel alliance, the Coordination of Movements of Azawad (CMA), said in a statement overnight that "the Malian army conducted the summary and public executions of nine people in the town of Tin Hama" on Thursday.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | vendredi 22/05/2015 - 16:14 GMT
Plusieurs civils ont été tués dans le nord du Mali depuis 48 heures à Tin Hama, dans la région de Gao, pendant une attaque des rebelles mercredi puis à la suite de leur retrait, a-t-on appris vendredi auprès des deux parties.
Return movements, within Nigeria and cross-border, are increasingly reported. IOM Nigeria registered 8,900 returnees from Niger during the reporting period.
Results from a joint UNHCR-IOM assessment have been published, indicating there are 81,693 IDPs in Cameroon’s Far North.
Déplacements de population dans la region de Tombouctou
Population displacement in the Timbuktu region
LAGOS—The governor of Nigeria’s Rivers State is hoping an inquiry into violence that happened around this year’s presidential and governor elections will bring a measure of reconciliation to the oil-producing state. But the inquiry has been hamstrung by allegations of partisan bias.
Nigeria’s presidential and governor elections held this year were among the most peaceful since the country returned to democracy in 1999. But one of the places where violence did happen was in Rivers State, in the oil-producing Niger Delta region.
A Pact for Peace, National Reconciliation and Reconstruction was adopted at the end of the Bangui National Forum which was held from 4-11 May. The Forum was attended by political and religious figures, armed groups, civil society members and youth groups. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commended the adoption of the Pact as well as an agreement signed by armed groups on the principles for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and called for its “swift implementation”.
Rule of Law Global Programme Annual Report 2014
The rule of law lies at the centre of the relationship between society and the state. Measures to establish or strengthen the rule of law are the basis for creating accountability among people as well as between citizens and their governments. Since 2008, UNDP has been a leader in supporting the rule of law in countries affected by crisis through its Global Programme to Strengthen the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations.
En réponse à la série d’allégations erronées au sujet de la MINUSMA, la Mission tient à faire la mise au point suivante à l’intention de l’opinion malienne :
La MINUSMA rejette catégoriquement toute mise en question de son impartialité et de celle de son personnel.
When families flee their homes, they can no longer tend their fields. When agricultural production drops, trade falls off; a sweeping, downward economic spiral. And when families flee their homes, they get split up. Many displaced people are hosted in villages and towns. This puts a burden on those communities as well.
For people fleeing the violence, and on the move, there are few opportunities for health care. Pregnant women have been forced to give birth in the most difficult of circumstances, sometimes obliged to abandon their newborn babies in order to save their own lives. Surgeons have had to deal with injuries they are not accustomed to, such as wounds from bomb blasts.
By Emma Batha
CASABLANCA, May 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The Boko Haram crisis in northern Nigeria could fuel child marriage as parents pull their daughters out of school following mass abductions by the militants, campaigners warned on Wednesday.
Read the full article on AlertNet
Many refugees and internally displaced people say that a lack of food is their main concern. Some families have just a tiny bit of rice every day to survive on. With so many people uprooted and gathering in towns like Yola, or Maiduguri in Borno State, the existing infrastructure is struggling to cope.
When violence descended on her home village, Happy Yusuf, 39, and her children fled to the mountains. They were safe, but they had no food or clean water.
"The suffering was too much," she says. "I was exhausted and had to breast feed my little boy."