Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Niamey, Niger | AFP | mercredi 02/09/2015 - 06:34 GMT
par Boureima HAMA
Huit mois après les émeutes anti-Charlie qui ont embrasé le Niger, musulmans et chrétiens ont amorcé un dialogue en vue d'une cohabitation pacifique dans un pays traversé par des courants radicaux islamistes et subissant les assauts de Boko Haram.
Jusqu'au début de cette année, les chrétiens vivaient sans heurt avec les musulmans, majoritaire à 98% dans ce pays sahélien pauvre et laïc de 17 millions d'habitants.
This month’s update highlights children and armed conflict concerns and provides recommendations for the protection of children in the situations of Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Mali, and Somalia. The update also reiterates key recommendations to the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict ahead of the conclusion negotiations on Afghanistan, still pending.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Fighting on the ground is spreading throughout the country. Air strikes are continuing and more and more civilians are losing their lives to land mines.
August 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nepal, Yemen
- Improved situations
Guinea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka
September 2015 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
Colombia/Venezuela, Guatemala, Iraq, Nepal, Yemen
Conflict resolution opportunities
Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015
Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.
• Des milliers de nouveaux réfugiés et retournés du Nigéria sont arrivés au Niger entre le 27 juin et le 20 juillet.
• Les opérations de recensement des déplacés des îles du Lac Tchad sont en cours.
• 8 267 personnes ont été identifiées par une équipe gouvernementale sur le site de Kimégana (Nguigmi).
• Le nombre d’admissions des enfants de 6 à 59 mois pour la malnutrition aiguë sévère (MAS) a plus que doublé dans la région de Diffa, comparé à la même période en 2014.
The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Multinational Force) operational and effective, and there is a gap between ambition and reality.
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity to continue through September in the northeast
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity will continue through September for worst-affected areas in Borno, Yobe,
Adamawa, and IDP settlement areas in Maiduguri. Continuing conflict contributes to reduced market functioning, limited seasonal incomes, and severely restricted cropping activities.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 8/31/2015 - 14:39 GMT |
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Suspected Boko Haram gunmen on horseback shot dead nearly 80 people in attacks on three villages in Nigeria's restive northeast at the weekend, a vigilante and residents told AFP on Monday.
The attacks were the latest bloodbath in the six-year-old insurgency by the extremist group aimed at carving out an Islamic state in the volatile region.
Abuja, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 8/30/2015 - 14:02 GMT
Nigeria's secret police said Sunday it had arrested notable Boko Haram suspects, including a key commander, linked with several suicide attacks across the country.
The Department of State Services (DSS) said in a statement that Usman Shuiabu, also known as Money, and other frontline members of the hardline Islamist group were picked up in Lagos, Kano, Plateau, Enugu and Gombe states between July and August.
IOM Highlights Psychosocial Needs of Displaced People in Eastern Nigeria
Nigeria - IOM, with financial support from the US, French and German governments, has released a report based on a psychosocial needs assessment of internally displaced persons (IDPs) carried out in Yola, Adamawa State, in eastern Nigeria in April 2015.
The needs assessment identified the psychosocial needs of IDPs who have fled the Boko Haram insurgency and are now living in camps and host communities in Yola.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
(Dakar -N’Djamena, le 27 août 2015) – Le Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations-Unies et Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, vient d’effectuer une visite de quatre jours au Tchad durant laquelle il s’est notamment rendu dans la région du Lac Tchad pour y constater l’impact humanitaire de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Au terme de sa visite, Toby Lanzer a exhorté la communauté internationale à se mobiliser davantage face aux multiples défis humanitaires qui touchent le pays. « Le Tchad est le septième pays qui accueille le plus de réfugiés au monde.
(Dakar - N’Djamena, 27 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a four-day visit to Chad during which he travelled to the Lake Chad region to assess the humanitarian impact of ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. At the end of his visit, Toby Lanzer called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. “Chad is the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
From Nigeria to Cameroon: stories of survival
Civilians continue to suffer the worst of the recurrent, violent attacks in north-east Nigeria and the Lake Chad region. Thousands have died in brutal raids and suicide bombings. In Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Cameroon’s Far North Region, more than 45,000 Nigerians have found refuge. And there are more families arriving every day.
RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
TRAVAILLEURS HUMANITAIRES ATTAQUÉS À BAMBARI