Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 19 August 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 27% funded. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
La Belgique a décidé, sous l’impulsion du Vice-Premier Ministre et ministre de la Coopération au Développement Alexander De Croo, d’allouer plus de 9 millions d’euros d’aide humanitaire afin de répondre aux besoins dans le bassin du lac Tchad.
Under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Development Cooperation Alexander De Croo, Belgium has decided to allocate more than EUR 9 million in humanitarian aid to address the needs in the Lake Chad Basin.
The Nigerian government has reportedly shut down 12 IDP camps in Adamawa state and six out of seven in Yobe state. Many IDPs are unable to return to their homes, which have been damaged or destroyed, or are still insecure. Most of the remaining IDP camps are located in Maiduguri, Borno state.
Germany - As the number of migrant deaths worldwide continues to rise significantly, IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has recorded 23 per cent more migrant deaths during the first half of 2016 compared with the same period in 2015.
The latest IOM GMDAC Data Briefing, “Dangerous Journeys,” released on Tuesday 23 August, was prepared by the International Organization for Migration’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) in Berlin. It takes an in-depth look at the available global figures for migrant deaths and disappearances during the first half of 2016.
Nigeria - The Boko Haram conflict affecting the Lake Chad Basin area, particularly in northeast Nigeria, has resulted in large scale displacement and a significant protection crisis.
In Nigeria alone, over 2.2 million people are internally displaced, including many living in temporary sites without basic services, where conditions fail to meet the most basic standards. Numbers are growing rapidly as aid agencies gain access to more areas.
On 21 August, at least three persons died and 24 were injured in a suicide attack in a market in Mora, a village in the Far North region of Cameroon, close to the Nigerian border. The Far North region is frequently hit by suicide attacks by suspected members of Boko Haram. At the end of June, a suicide bomber killed at least 11 people when he blew himself up close to a mosque.
Boko Haram violence is still causing massive displacements of population in Cameroon. Currently, there are 158 000 IDPs. In addition, 57 150 Nigerian refugees are registered in Cameroon.
Excellence Monsieur le Secrétaire Général du Ministère de la Femme, de l’Action Sociale et de la Solidarité Internationale,
Excellence Mesdames et Messieurs les Représentants du Corps Diplomatique,
Mesdames et Messieurs les représentants des Ministères, des Institutions et Services Etatiques,
Mesdames et Messieurs les Chefs de Missions et Représentants des Organisations Non Gouvernementales et des Agences du Système des Nations Unies,
Mesdames, Messieurs les Chefs de Délégation du Mouvement de la Croix Rouge,
(Abuja: 22 August, 2016): "I have just concluded my fifth visit to rural parts of Nigeria's north-east and for the second time was able to witness the situation in one of the most destroyed towns, Bama. I was last there in the first week of April and since then there has been progress. Again, I was honoured to be in Bama with His Excellency Governor Kashim Shettima with whom we marked World Humanitarian Day on Friday 19 August.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR has displaced refugees to Cameroon, and caused internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
AMOUNT: EUR 170 024 365.84 2
Les rélocalisations volontaires des réfugiés ont été relancées le 8 juillet 2016. Les raisons qui poussent les réfugiés à choisir de se rendre au camp de Sayam Forage sont principalement le sentiment constant d’insécurité et l’absence d’opportunité socioéconomiques.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 8/21/2016 - 19:15 GMT
Boko Haram Islamists have killed 10 people and abducted 13 others in a raid on a village near the northeast Nigerian town of Chibok where the militants kidnapped over 200 schoolgirls in 2014, locals told AFP Sunday.
Armed jihadists on motorcycles invaded Kubrrivu at dawn on Saturday, firing on the residents as they were sleeping and looting and burning homes before fleeing into the bush with 13 women and children seized from the village.
As of 30 June 2016, UNICEF treated 68,295 SAM children (6-59 months), provided access to formal and non-formal education to 48,212 crisis affected children, organized community level mine risk activities for 59,078 people, provided access to safe water to 28,900 crisis affected population in the North and contributed to reach more than 500,000 people through polio vaccination campaign in northern regions.
On 12 July, Anne Richard, Assistant US Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), and UNHCR’s Representative, visited Minawao refugee camp to assess the situation of Nigerian refugees. During her visit, she met with refugee leaders who shared their concerns and the challenges faced by the refugee population in this camp.
La situation sécuritaire dans le Mayo Sava reste précaire. La semaine a été marquée par plusieurs incidents de sécurité, notamment à Kolofata, Kerawa, Amshide, Doulo, Limani et Bornori, Magdeme, Double, Gogo, Dele et Galgiwa, forçant les populations des villages affectés à fuir vers les localités de Mémé et Djoundé.
Mouvements de populations
Gains against Boko Haram expose catastrophic levels of suffering for hundreds of thousands of people, many beyond humanitarian reach for months or years.
19 August 2016
GENEVA – Gains made by a military campaign against Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria have in recent weeks exposed catastrophic levels of suffering among the population of the area, many of whom have been out of reach of humanitarian help for months or years, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency warned today.
(Bamako, 19 août 2016) – Chaque 19 août, la Journée mondiale de l’aide humanitaire est célébrée partout dans le monde pour rendre hommage au dévouement des milliers de travailleurs humanitaires qui œuvrent jour après jour pour soulager les souffrances causées par les crises. Cette année, le thème de la Journée est « UNE HUMANITÉ » pour appeler les dirigeants et l’ensemble des acteurs concernés à s’engager, au nom de cette humanité que nous partageons tous, à redoubler d’efforts pour répondre et mettre fin aux besoins humanitaires.