Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Moki Edwin Kindzeka
TOUROU, CAMEROON— Boko Haram militants are believed to be holding hundreds of captives in Nigeria's Sambisa forest, including more than 200 Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped in 2014.
The armed forces of Nigeria and Cameroon are trying to free the hostages, but the forest is a good place for militants to hide and a dangerous place for soldiers to operate.
The Sambisa forest reserve in northeastern Nigeria has been a key Boko Haram hideout for years.
Within the Lake Chad Basin crisis, Cameroon is the second country most affected by displacement after Nigeria. In the last month an increase of 20,000 IDPs in the Far North has been reported bringing the number to 190,591 people.
Since the beginning of 2016, 1,361 refugee children under 5 and 9,952 Cameroonian children <5 with SAM have been admitted to therapeutic care.
Regional Security Meeting in Abuja and UNHCR-World Bank Lake Chad Basin Displacement Workshop
ZIKA: SOUCHE DES AMÉRIQUES DÉTECTÉE
ZIKA STRAIN FROM AMERICAS DETECTED
· According to the CCCM cluster, there are 107,625 people displaced (refugees, returnees and IDPs) of whom 37% are not registered yet in the Lake region.
· Global acute malnutrition in displacement sites in the Lake region continue to be alarming. WFP screening data shared at the end of April show that among children under five screened in 8 displacement sites in the Lake region, an estimated 6% suffered from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and nearly 18% from Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM).
Nigerians who found safety in neighbouring Niger, with thousands of others fleeing militants, move again as insecurity grows.
By: Helene Caux | 24 May 2016
DIFFA, Niger, May 24 (UNHCR) – Bala never imagined he would have to step over dead bodies to save his life. His brother Mahamadou never thought he would have to hide beneath them to save his.
“They were killing children in the streets. They were shooting at pregnant women,” says Bala, 50, remembering how Boko Haram tore through his town, in northern Nigeria.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 24 May 2016, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
By: Adrian Edwards | 24 May 2016
The government announced an offensive to take Falluja back from Islamic State. There are concerns that some 50,000 civilians inside the city lack safe corridors to escape fighting. In Baghdad, the political crisis shows no sign of resolution: up to four people were reportedly killed and dozens injured when security forces violently dispersed a Sadrist Trend protest in Baghdad’s Green Zone.
Mali - According to the Malian government-led Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), three years after the country’s civil conflict, 468,467 former internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to their communities of origin, primarily in the northern part of the country. But some 36,762 people remain displaced.
The return trend started after the presidential and legislative elections following the signature of the 1st peace agreement in June 2013 in Ouagadougou, and the ensuing improvement of the security situation in parts of the country’s northern regions.
Depuis 2008, Chateaud'eau soutient SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL en reversant un euro à notre association pour chaque nouvelle installation de fontaine à eau bonbonne auprès de ses clients. Depuis son inauguration, ce dispositif a déjà permis à notre ONG de récolter plusieurs milliers d'euros.
Cette année, le don reversé par Chateaud'eau suite à ses ventes a permis de fournir de l’eau potable à 875 réfugiés centrafricains dans le camp de Gado au Cameroun.
Return of Nigerian Refugees
The Cameroonian government has identified over 67,000 Nigerians who returned from Northern Cameroon mainly at the Fotokol border to Gamboru Ngala, Borno from January through April 2016. As of 26 April 2016, UNHCR has registered 22,092 Nigerians who have returned from Cameroon to Adamawa, many under conditions falling short of international legal obligations. In Borno, UNHCR is preparing to put in place registration systems to respond to the return of Nigerian refugees from Cameroon.
May 20, 2016 3:22 PM
This week, 24 young women got a welcome distraction from studying for finals. Summoned to a common room at American University of Nigeria, they were told that a Chibok girl had been found in Borno state’s Sambisa Forest. "That’s Amina! Amina!" they shouted, exuberant, as a TV newscast showed her image.
Return of Nigerian Refugees
There was huge relief after one of the missing Chibok girls was found. She is one of the many captives who have been set free from Boko Haram. But those freed face a tough time of re-integrating back into society.
I am delighted to join this important meeting on countering radicalization, recovering from crisis, and fostering stability in the Sahel.
Acting to thwart radicalization and violent extremism is essential for countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), meet their full development potential, and reduce the need for future humanitarian interventions.
36 762 personnes déplacées internes (7 019 ménages) ont été enregistrées et identifiées par le programme DTM dans l’ensemble des régions du Mali. 27 422 PDIs sont dans les régions nord et 9 340 PDIs dans les régions sud.
Une enquête réalisée auprès des personnes déplacées montre que 55,2% des ménages interrogés souhaitent retourner dans leur lieu d’origine tandis que 43,2% souhaitent rester sur leur lieu de déplacement.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 5/23/2016 - 12:16 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
A Nigerian mother of three has described how she escaped from Boko Haram Islamists after being abducted, drugged and told she was going to become a suicide bomber.
Khadija Ibrahim, 30, said she was snatched by two men from a bus station in the northeastern city of Maiduguri on Friday, as she travelled to see her doctor for medical treatment.
Dakar, 20 mai 2016
A l’invitation du Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et le Sahel et Chef du Bureau des Nations Unies pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS), les Chefs des missions des Nations Unies en Afrique de l'Ouest ont tenu, le 20 mai 2016 à Dakar, leur vingt-neuvième réunion consultative de haut niveau.