Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Janvier - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Women have suffered violence and abuse by Boko Haram, but they are not only victims: some joined the jihadists voluntarily, others fight the insurgency, or work in relief and reconciliation. Women’s experiences should inform policies to tackle the insurgency, and facilitate their contribution to peace.
Les appels et plans de réponse dans 33 pays visent à aider 93 millions de personnes
Senegal - En partenariat avec le gouvernement sénégalais, l’OIM organisera, demain, un exercice de simulation de déplacement à Dagana, dans la région de St. Louis, à la frontière avec la Mauritanie.
Le but de l’exercice est de préparer les participants à une situation de crise à la frontière en favorisant la coopération et la communication entre les communautés frontalières, les autorités administratives, les forces de sécurité et les fournisseurs de services de santé et d’urgence. Quelque 500 personnes devraient participer.
Le 24 novembre, 714 enfants et femmes ont été transférés par les autorités tchadiennes à leurs chefs de cantons d’origine.
Environ 315 hommes et potentiellement des enfants sont toujours retenus au lycée de Baga Sola dont le statut reste à être déterminé par les autorités compétentes.
A la date du 02 décembre 2016, 62 enfants suspectés d’association à un groupe armé ont été accueillis au CTO.
On 24 November, 714 children and women were transferred by the Chadian authorities to the leaders of their areas of origin (chef de canton).
Some 315 men, women and children are still being held at Baga Sola high school; the status of these people has yet to be determined by the competent authorities.
As at 2 December, 62 children suspected of association with an armed group have been brought to the CTO1 in Bol.
More than 4.6 million people in Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states are experiencing acute food insecurity
IOM identifies nearly 198,900 IDPs in Cameroon’s Far North Region
Armed actors continues to attack civilians and security forces in the Lake Chad Basin region
Mausi Segun | Senior Nigeria researcher at Human Rights Watch
Snatched schoolgirls and suicide bomb blasts have long been the enduring images of Nigeria’s Boko Haram conflict. But now the violence is represented by thousands of new faces: those of starving children.
Read the full article on IRIN
(Abuja: 2 December 2016): The 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan for Nigeria seeks more than US$1 billion to address the needs of those in crisis in the three most affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, with 75 partners ready to respond to those needs where areas are accessible.
This month’s update highlights children and armed conflict concerns and provides recommendations for the protection of children in the situations of Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Mali, as well as targeted recommendations for the forthcoming Open Debate on Human Trafficking in Conflict. The update also provides information regarding the status of the Working Group’s consideration of the Secretary-General’s report on the Central African Republic.
Global Overview NOVEMBER 2016
31 October 2016
• As of end of October 2016, there are 123,293 people displaced by the Nigerian crisis in Chad’s Lac region. Three additional sites were discovered this month.
• A Hepatitis E outbreak has been reported in the Salamat Region. A total of 128 cases, including 20 positive cases (16% positivity rate) and 2 deaths (1.6% case-fatality) were registered in Amtiman, the main city of Salamat Region.
When Boko Haram entered Gwoza town in August 2014, Saratu and her husband gathered their family and fled for their lives. They left everything they owned: homes, farms and belongings.
Saratu and her family joined other families fleeing from the neigbourhood, and they travelled together on foot through the bush, often going without food and water for many days. For more than three months, the group could only move at night, terrified they would be spotted and either mistaken as militants or targeted by Boko Haram.