Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Première partie de la reprise de session,
38e séance – matin
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
La Cinquième Commission chargée des questions administratives et budgétaires a examiné, ce matin, les projets de budget de neuf opérations de maintien de la paix pour l’exercice allant du 1er juillet 2015 au 30 juin 2016.
L’écart entre les besoins humanitaires et les ressources disponibles pour y répondre continue de croître. Ce document énonce les appels inter-agences qui demandent 16,4 milliards de dollars en 2015 pour aider 57,5 millions de personnes à travers 22 pays.
The gap between humanitarian needs and the resources available to meet them continues to grow.
This document sets out inter-agency appeals requesting $16.4 billion to assist 57.5 million people in 22 countries in 2015.
Why are WFP and UNHCR struggling to raise funds for humanitarian emergencies that don’t make the headlines?
It’s been called “disaster overload” – major crises in Syria, Iraq, South Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Philippines have left the United Nations’ humanitarian response system reeling. But as media attention gravitates toward the major crises, there’s been little thought to the long tail of the humanitarian system.
DAKAR, 5 août 2014 (IRIN) - Une augmentation de l'aide fournie par les bailleurs de fonds est nécessaire pour combler le déficit de financement de 1,5 milliard de dollars dans le Sahel cette année et protéger les moyens de subsistance de quelque 20,2 millions de personnes exposées au risque d'insécurité alimentaire.
DAKAR, 4 August 2014 (IRIN) - More donor support is needed to help close the US$1.5 billion funding gap in the Sahel this year and protect the livelihoods of the estimated 20.2 million people who are at risk of food insecurity.
Snapshot 9–15 July
oPT: 178 Palestinians have been killed since the launch of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on 8 July. Around 17,000 people have sought shelter in UNRWA schools. Rockets from Syria and Lebanon have hit the north of Israel, raising fears of the conflict spreading.
Democratic Republic of Congo: More than 30,000 people are estimated to have been displaced in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Katanga in June, due to FARDC military operations and fighting between armed groups.
The Central Emergency response Fund (CERF) had another record year in 2013, as donors contributed US$477 million to support emergency response efforts in 45 countries.
Whether in high-profile natural disasters or forgotten emergencies, the humanitarian community once again relied on rapid and strategic CERF funding to kick-start the response and to keep life-saving programmes running.
Global Humanitarian Response for 2014
Around the world, tens of millions of people are affected by crises and need humanitarian aid. Governments and other national and local responders carry the major burden in helping their people in need. Inevitably, in the most intense and large-scale crises, their response leaves some gaps; and the multilateral humanitarian system is founded on the principle of helping to meet those urgent needs that exceed the capacity of those with primary responsibility.
BAMAKO, 7 août 2013 (IRIN) - Outre les ralentisseurs et les postes de contrôles où les commerçants locaux se pressent autour des véhicules qui s'attardent, il existe peu d'infrastructures visibles sur les 635 km de route séparant Bamako, la capitale du Mali, de la ville de Mopti, dans le centre du pays. La brousse est parsemée de panneaux rongés par la rouille et de bannières aux couleurs passées de bailleurs de fonds internationaux annonçant des projets de développement abandonnés depuis longtemps ou jamais entrepris.
BAMAKO, 5 August 2013 (IRIN) - There is little discernible economic infrastructure on the 635km drive from Mali's capital, Bamako, to the central town of Mopti, except for speed bumps and checkpoints where local vendors congregate to target vehicles as they slow. Rusted signs and faded banners from international donors dot the scrubland, advertising development projects either long abandoned or never undertaken.
Global humanitarian action at mid-2013 has entered uncharted territory in terms of the number of people needing help and resources still to be secured, mainly because of the Syria crisis. The Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan aims to help 6.8 million people inside Syria in 2013, and the Syria Regional Response Plan for refugees and affected host communities intends to help another 5.3 million people.
A SOUND HUMANITARIAN INVESTMENT
Environmental degradation and extreme poverty have combined to make Niger - a landlocked nation of 17m of the arid West African Sahel - one of the world’s most vulnerable countries. In any given year, 20% of rural households are food insecure, while more than 10% of children under 5 are acutely malnourished. In recent decades, drought has occured every third year in Niger; such events inflict large economic losses, while requiring substantial volumes of food and nutrition assistance.
This review is concerned with the financing arrangements for programmes that address acute malnutrition at scale through the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM). The CMAM approach is geared towards the early detection, treatment and counselling of moderately and severely acutely malnourished children, in the community, by community agents.
Period covered: January to December 2012
The DREF allocated a total amount of CHF 22,836,393 in 2012. Seventy-five per cent of the allocations, CHF 17,076,253, were made as grants to small-scale operations implemented by National Societies for which no emergency appeal was launched, known as DREF operations. CHF 5,760,140 was allocated as loans of start-up funding to emergency appeals.
In 2012, the Sahel region of West and Central Africa was once again hit by a severe food crisis, affecting over 18 million people at its peak. At the start of 2012, when the crisis began to unfold, many governments, donors and aid agencies were determined not to make the same mistakes again. This report considers how well they collectively performed, and the lessons that must be learned to improve future responses.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The national nutritional survey with SMART methods carried out in June 2012 enabled UNICEF to revise the estimated target caseload of severe cases of malnutrition from 20,000 - estimated based on the 2011 survey - to 22,336 for 2012, and the moderate cases estimated from 100,000 to 138,428 children. Based on the new data, in addition to the identified hotspots using 2011 data (Diourbel, Matam, Saint Louis, Thies and Louga), six new at-need Regions emerged: Fatick, Kaffrine, Kedougou, Kolda, Sedhiou and Tambacounda.
This report, The Year of Recurring Disasters: A Review of Natural Disasters in 2012, examines four topics: disasters in 2012, with a focus on recurring disasters (Chapter 1); the role of regional organizations in disaster risk management (Chapter 2); wildfires (Chapter 3); and the important role of women in disaster risk management (Chapter 4). Here are some of the highlights from this year’s review: