150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin, Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
In February 2017, FAO announced that under the ongoing "Restoring Agricultural Livelihoods of IDPs, Returnees and Vulnerable Host Families in North East Nigeria" project, it is scaling up assistance and reaching some 174,400 people with vegetable seeds and irrigation support for the dry season. (FAO, 22 Feb 2017)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
3. CADRE STRATÉGIQUE
As of 30 December 2016, the inter-agency coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion -- an increase of 10 per cent since it was first launched twelve months ago -- to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. By the end of 2016, $12.6 billion were raised towards the coordinated appeals -- more than ever before. Despite immense donor generosity, it is only 57 percent of the requirements committed, leaving a short fall of $9.5 billion.
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$161 million of humanitarian assistance to Niger since the beginning of 2016.
As of 11 October 2016, only US$11,500 has been reported in response to the Rift Valley Fever outbreak in Niger.
The UN-coordinated appeal for Niger1 requests US$260 million. It is currently 44% funded at US$116 million.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$140.7 million of humanitarian assistance to Mali so far in 2016. As yet, no funding has been reported in response to flooding in Mali.
The UN-coordinated appeal for Mali requests US$354.1 million from donors to respond to the crisis. According to the FTS, the appeal is currently 29% funded at US$103.5 million.
C’est dans la commune de Sebba qu’a démarré le mardi 04 octobre 2016, la première d’une série de rencontres de plaidoyer pour le financement local de la nutrition. Il s’agit pour les sociétés nationales de la Croix-Rouge burkinabè et de Belgique de partager avec leurs partenaires la conviction selon laquelle l’amélioration des indicateurs de la nutrition peut contribuer au développement adéquat des communautés à la base. Ces cadres de dialogue direct avec les nouveaux maires élus sous l’égide des hauts commissaires des provinces, augurent de meilleurs lendemains.
As of 30 September 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22 billion to meet the needs of 95 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $9.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $12.6 billion.
As of 31 August 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans as covered by the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$21.7 billion to meet the needs of 95.4 million people affected by humanitarian crises in 40 countries. Global requirements are adjusted throughout the year as response plans are revised, both upwards and downwards, to reflect up-to-date needs.
The current decrease has resulted from revisions of plans for Ethiopia, Afghanistan and Yemen.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$185.2 million of humanitarian assistance since the start of 2016.
The United States (US) is the largest donor to Nigeria, contributing 35% of total funding so far in 2016 (US$64.3 million). The three largest donors account for 68% of reported funding in 2016.
As of 31 July 2016, UN-coordinated Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP), Flash Appeals and Regional Refugee Plans as covered by the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$21.9 billion to meet the needs of 96.9 million people affected by humanitarian crises in 40 countries. The appeals are funded at $7.2 billion, with unmet requirements totalling $14.7 billion. Overall, donors have contributed $13.7 billion towards humanitarian operations in 2016 and pledged a further $814.4 million.
27 juillet 2016 – Deux hauts responsables des Nations Unies ont réclamé mercredi devant le Conseil de sécurité un soutien international accru aux pays du bassin du lac Tchad pour les aider à lutter contre le groupe terroriste Boko Haram, qui menace la stabilité régionale, et à affronter une crise humanitaire grave.
Le Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires politiques, Jeffrey Feltman, a rappelé que la Force multinationale mixte, qui réunit des éléments du Nigéria, du Tchad, du Cameroun, du Niger et du Bénin, a récemment fait reculer Boko Haram.
The Nigerian Government and humanitarian partners jointly declared a food and nutrition emergency in Borno State. This followed reports of worsening food insecurity, severe malnutrition and deaths in Bama and other sites hosting more than 355,000 IDPs, some recently released from Boko Haram captivity. A US$ 13 million CERF funding was approved for rapid response in the more than 15 locations, prioritising food, nutrition, and protection, while partners are finalising micro plans to reach more than 800,000 newly accessible IDPs with emergency assistance.
Background and aims
In 2015, the Global Cluster for Early Recovery (GCER) sought to measure how well early recovery was integrated into each cluster, and in parallel, to advance understanding of the relative importance of early recovery principles and practices in humanitarian crises overall. In designing a methodology to undertake this analysis, two assumptions were made.
Fossé entre l’aide française et les besoins de ses pays prioritaires : le cas de la sous-nutrition
Paris, 5 juillet 2016 – En contradiction avec la loi Canfin*, l’aide publique au développement française (APD) est en décalage profond avec les préoccupations de ses pays prioritaires. Si ceux-ci font de la lutte contre la sous-nutrition une priorité, c’est loin d’être le cas de la France, dont la part de l’APD consacrée à la nutrition ne dépasse pas 2,2% dans ces pays (dont 91% à des projets d’aide alimentaire d’urgence).