Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Currently, the humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 are seeking over $19.8 billion to meet the needs of 89.4 million people across 37 countries. The figures may increase in the course of 2016. As of 29 January, $50 million has been received for the appeals.
In January 2015, the UN-coordinated inter-agency appeals required $16.4 billion to meet the needs of 57.5 million people across 22 countries.
The year ended with requirements at $19.9 billion, an increase of $3.5 billion, to meet the needs of 82 million people in 38 countries.
- Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors committed/contributed US$155.5 million of humanitarian assistance to Nigeria in 2015.i
The 2015 UN-coordinated Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Nigeria requested US$100.3 million from donors to respond to the crisis. The appeal was 58% funded at US$57.9 million; a further US$97.5 million was contributed or committed outside the appeal.
This week, on 17 December, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) will mark its 10 year anniversary. Created in 2005, CERF marked an innovative breakthrough in humanitarian funding by Member States of the UN General Assembly as a “fund for all, by all”. It raises and pools funds before the need arises, and provides fast, predictable funding to partners on the frontlines at the onset of a crisis, as well as financing critically underfunded emergencies.
In 2015 OCHA coordinated humanitarian aid to help support 80 million people in 37 countries. Our teams on the ground worked with affected people, Governments, UN agencies and NGOs. This 2015 Year in Review highlights some of OCHA’s work to serve people in need.
La conférence de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre sur le financement du secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement vise à obtenir davantage de fonds
DAKAR, Sénégal, 15 décembre 2015 – Quelque 180 000 enfants de moins de 5 ans meurent chaque année – soit à peu près 500 par jour – en Afrique subsaharienne à cause de maladies diarrhéiques imputables au manque de services d’eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène (WASH), a déclaré l’UNICEF avant l’ouverture d’une conférence sur le financement du secteur à Dakar.
HUIT PERSONNES TUEES LORS D’AFFRONTEMENTS ENTRE BOKO HARAM ET L’ARMEE
Le 21 octobre, huit civils ont été tués et neuf autres blessés dans le village de Doulo, situé dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, lors de combats entre des militants de Boko Haram et les forces de sécurité. Dans cette région en proie à la violence, il existe un besoin urgent de financement pour faire face aux questions de protection. Un renforcement en ce qui concerne l’accès à la santé et à un soutien psychologique est nécessaire.
EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED AMIDST CLASHES BETWEEN BOKO HARAM AND THE CAMEROON ARMY
On 21 October, eight civilians were killed and nine injured in Doulo village, located in Cameroon's Far North region, during fighting between Boko Haram militants and security forces. In the region affected by violence resources are urgently needed to address protection issues, and further support is required in terms of access to health and psychological support.
BOKO HARAM BRIEFLY SEIZES CONTROL OF A TOWN ON THE BORDER WITH NIGERIA
At mid year, global funding of humanitarian assistance stands at $4.8 billion, or 26% of requirements - the lowest mid-year coverage in ten years. Global financial requirements for 2015 have risen by $2.4 billion since December 2014, from $16.4 billion to $18.8 billion as of early June 2015. Since December appeals have been added for the Burundi crisis, Djibouti, Guatemala, Honduras, Libya, Nepal, the Sahel regio, Vanuatu and Yemen.
The report describes inter-agency efforts to meet the needs of 78.9 million vulnerable people in 37 countries in:
Première partie de la reprise de session,
38e séance – matin
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
La Cinquième Commission chargée des questions administratives et budgétaires a examiné, ce matin, les projets de budget de neuf opérations de maintien de la paix pour l’exercice allant du 1er juillet 2015 au 30 juin 2016.
L’écart entre les besoins humanitaires et les ressources disponibles pour y répondre continue de croître. Ce document énonce les appels inter-agences qui demandent 16,4 milliards de dollars en 2015 pour aider 57,5 millions de personnes à travers 22 pays.
The gap between humanitarian needs and the resources available to meet them continues to grow.
This document sets out inter-agency appeals requesting $16.4 billion to assist 57.5 million people in 22 countries in 2015.
Why are WFP and UNHCR struggling to raise funds for humanitarian emergencies that don’t make the headlines?
It’s been called “disaster overload” – major crises in Syria, Iraq, South Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Philippines have left the United Nations’ humanitarian response system reeling. But as media attention gravitates toward the major crises, there’s been little thought to the long tail of the humanitarian system.
DAKAR, 5 août 2014 (IRIN) - Une augmentation de l'aide fournie par les bailleurs de fonds est nécessaire pour combler le déficit de financement de 1,5 milliard de dollars dans le Sahel cette année et protéger les moyens de subsistance de quelque 20,2 millions de personnes exposées au risque d'insécurité alimentaire.
DAKAR, 4 August 2014 (IRIN) - More donor support is needed to help close the US$1.5 billion funding gap in the Sahel this year and protect the livelihoods of the estimated 20.2 million people who are at risk of food insecurity. Only 30 percent of the $2.2 billion appeal to fight hunger and malnutrition, and build resilience in the region has been met by donors as of July, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Snapshot 9–15 July
oPT: 178 Palestinians have been killed since the launch of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on 8 July. Around 17,000 people have sought shelter in UNRWA schools. Rockets from Syria and Lebanon have hit the north of Israel, raising fears of the conflict spreading.
Democratic Republic of Congo: More than 30,000 people are estimated to have been displaced in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Katanga in June, due to FARDC military operations and fighting between armed groups.
The Central Emergency response Fund (CERF) had another record year in 2013, as donors contributed US$477 million to support emergency response efforts in 45 countries.
Whether in high-profile natural disasters or forgotten emergencies, the humanitarian community once again relied on rapid and strategic CERF funding to kick-start the response and to keep life-saving programmes running.
Global Humanitarian Response for 2014
Around the world, tens of millions of people are affected by crises and need humanitarian aid. Governments and other national and local responders carry the major burden in helping their people in need. Inevitably, in the most intense and large-scale crises, their response leaves some gaps; and the multilateral humanitarian system is founded on the principle of helping to meet those urgent needs that exceed the capacity of those with primary responsibility.
BAMAKO, 7 août 2013 (IRIN) - Outre les ralentisseurs et les postes de contrôles où les commerçants locaux se pressent autour des véhicules qui s'attardent, il existe peu d'infrastructures visibles sur les 635 km de route séparant Bamako, la capitale du Mali, de la ville de Mopti, dans le centre du pays. La brousse est parsemée de panneaux rongés par la rouille et de bannières aux couleurs passées de bailleurs de fonds internationaux annonçant des projets de développement abandonnés depuis longtemps ou jamais entrepris.
BAMAKO, 5 August 2013 (IRIN) - There is little discernible economic infrastructure on the 635km drive from Mali's capital, Bamako, to the central town of Mopti, except for speed bumps and checkpoints where local vendors congregate to target vehicles as they slow. Rusted signs and faded banners from international donors dot the scrubland, advertising development projects either long abandoned or never undertaken.