Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 28 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 33% funded. (OCHA, 28 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
• Strong commitment from field leadership and operational actors on NWOW needs to be backed by unified direction from headquarters. There is a need for a clear roadmap from the UNDG and IASC to move forward systemically.
Much attention has been paid to aid allocation across countries, including whether aid should target poor people or poor countries. There has been less focus on where aid is spent when it reaches recipient countries, at sub-national levels. This is becoming an increasingly important issue in the context of the ‘leave no-one behind’ agenda. This short note presents new analysis on the relationship between aid allocation and sub-national estimates of poverty in four countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Honduras and Nigeria.
Testimony of Eric Schwartz
Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy
"The Four Famines": Root Causes and a Multilateral Action Plan
2,334,000 People in needs
148 Million USD Total Estimated budget
31 Million USD for preparedness
117 Million USD For response
"Meeting Urgent Humanitarian Needs: the UN Humanitarian Pooled Funds in the Post WHS era”
Excellencies, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen.
Welcome to this afternoon’s event on “Meeting Urgent Humanitarian Needs: the UN Humanitarian Pooled Funds in the Post WHS era”.
Your Excellency Vice President Schultz,
Distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
Mr. Vice President, thank you very much for your opening remarks and for your leadership in overseeing the Humanitarian Affairs Segment of ECOSOC. I also thank the President of ECOSOC and its Bureau members for their support. And I take the opportunity to acknowledge the co-facilitators of this year’s ECOSOC humanitarian resolution - the Philippines and Switzerland - for their stewardship.
NIGERIA HUMANITARIAN FUND
In February 2017, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator launched the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) – a Country-Based Pooled Fund (CBPF) managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian (OCHA) – in support of life-saving humanitarian and recovery operations. On 17 May 2017, the NHF Advisory Board requested the launch of a first round NHF Allocation 2017. The overall objectives guiding this, and future NHF allocations, include:
The humanitarian crisis unleashed by drought in Somalia has again highlighted the close links between extreme weather and food security. But how exactly are the two connected? And what can farmers in developing countries do to lessen the negative effects of climate change? This Q&A provides an overview of the key issues, with a focus on smallholders in Africa.
What is food security?
With more than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen facing or at risk of famine, US$240 million in coordinated allocations from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) were critical to the scale up of humanitarian action in those countries in the first half of 2017.
The south of Chad remains deeply affected by the impact of the Central African crisis, which has lead to the displacement of 142,000 people. This influx leads to increased pressure on scarce resources and basic infrastructure, thus deteriorating living conditions and livelihoods for already vulnerable host communities. The prospects of return are low due to ongoing insecurity.
Author Note: This is the second in a series of three fact files that is part of a special project exploring the impact of climate change on the food security and livelihoods of small-scale farmers in Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Zimbabwe
PARIS, 22 May 2017 More frequent and severe droughts, floods, and storms associated with climate change mean the livelihoods of the world’s roughly half a billion smallholder farmers are growing ever more precarious.
As famine takes hold in South Sudan and threatens to spread to northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, and Yemen, world leaders must immediately step up to fully fund the United Nations’ appeal for $6.3 billion. Of this amount, $4.9 billion is urgently needed by July for critical assistance, including health, food, nutrition, and water. If lives are to be saved, humanitarian agencies must be able to rapidly scale up and access people in need.
**The investigation relates to the use of funds intended to help people in the northeast where 4.7 million need rations to survive*:
ABUJA, April 19 (Reuters) - Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday ordered an investigation into corruption allegations against a senior civil servant related to the use of funds intended for handling a humanitarian crisis in the northeast of the country.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or a credible risk thereof over the coming six months. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries, humanitarian operations require more than US$5.6 billion in 2017. Of this amount $4.4 billion is urgently needed for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, as these are key sectors of famine response and prevention.
United Nations Coordinated Appeals
The Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) is a timely and effective tool to support humanitarian action in Nigeria. It allows public and private donors to pool their contributions to enable the delivery of humanitarian life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable people.
At the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul in May 2016, global leaders came together to express their commitment to place people at the centre of decision-making and action. In doing so, they reaffirmed that the scale of current humanitarian issues required greater international cooperation. The Summit triggered a major shift in how the global community will work closer together to prevent and respond to human suffering.
THE ROAD TO A NEW WAY OF WORKING…
Pooled funds are considered to be one of the most efficient mechanisms of humanitarian financing as they reduce transaction costs and allow for a better prioritization of assistance among different organizations. They enable humanitarian partners operating in countries affected by natural disasters and armed conflict to quickly deliver flexible and effective life-saving assistance to people who need it the most. You can contribute to two main types of pooled funds:
MAKE A FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTION TO A POOLED FUND
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
Briefing document for the Oslo Humanitarian Conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad region.
CHAD ...IS AFFECTED BY THE LAKE CHAD BASIN CRISIS. ...