Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 7 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 32% funded. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Key priorities highlighted by the Inter-Ministerial Task Force (IMTF) for emergency response in the north east are food, nutrition, primary health care, WASH, education, recovery and resettlement with livelihood support.
In total 105,285 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, reaching 26 per cent of the target for 2016 (398,188).
High levels of malnutrition, malaria and spread of communicable diseases in newly accessible areas in North East Nigeria are the main health risks. With detection of fourth case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in Monguno in Borno State on 4 October, further spread of polio virus is a significant public health concern.
UNICEF in collaboration with partners has achieved 42 per cent, 79 per cent and 51 per cent of access to water, sanitation and hygiene promotion targets, respectively.
FHI360, through the PEPFAR/USAID funded Strengthening Integrated Delivery of HIV and AIDS Services (SIDHAS), supported the Borno State Government with laboratory equipment, reagents, medical consumables and national monitoring and evaluation tools to strengthen provision of comprehensive HIV/AIDS services in 10 hospitals in seven LGAs and 15 IDP camps in Maiduguri City Municipality (MCM).
The IFRC Central Africa multi-country cluster support team based in Yaoundé provides support to National Red Cross Societies in six countries: Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC), the Congo Republic (RoC) and Sao Tome & Principe. We also provide technical support to the Central African Red Cross Society and to other National Red Cross Societies in the continent for specific events and emergency operations when needed.
Humanitarian needs have significantly increased in Cameroon’s far north region due to Boko Haram’s protracted violence. Funds are still not meeting requirements.
WFP urgently requires funding to scale up assistance to newly internally displaced populations and ensure operational continuity up to the end of the year.
WFP and UNHCR conducted a Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) in Cameroon’s eastern regions to assess the food security situation and the capacity of C.A.R refugees for self-reliance.
The nutritional situation in Chad remains worrying. 112,230 children under five with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were admitted into therapeutic care from January to July 2016, reaching 63% of the revised annual target (193,943). This is 21% more cases of SAM than in the same period in 2015 (87,860). Kanem and Bahr El Gazal Regions are particularly affected as by July they have surpassed their annual target by 106% and 118% respectively.
22 septembre 2016 – Devant l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, le Président du Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, a affirmé que son pays avait renoué avec « les valeurs cardinales qui fondent la démocratie et l'état de droit » et a appelé à soutenir les efforts en faveur de la « recherche de la paix et de l'enracinement de la démocratie en Afrique ».
With renewed access to the Logone and Chari department in the Extreme North, bordering both Nigeria and Chad, and hosting 60% of the IDP population in Cameroon, UNICEF has received additional funds to address some of the Child Protection and Education needs.
The crisis in the East region of Cameroon has been largely forgotten, particularly with regards to child protection needs.
Additionally, there are currently 84,585 refugee children from CAR who do not have access to education (UNHCR).
Access to some areas and IDP sites in the Lake Region remains constrained due to insecurity, notably around Kaiga Kindjiria subprefecture, the lake’s islands and water border areas with Nigeria,
Niger and Cameroon. According to the latest Displacement Tracking Matrix of 26 July, there are 115,872 displaced people in the Lake region.
94,924 children under five years old with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to treatment between January and June 2016 – 54% of the annual target.
The number of internally displaced persons fleeing Nigeria crisis has doubled compared to the same period last year.
Since the beginning of 2016, 27,898 children under 5 (including 1,040 refugee children) have been admitted for therapeutic care for severe acute malnutrition (SAM)
1,010 children unaccompanied and separated as a result of the CAR refugee crisis and the Nigeria crisis have been either placed in interim care and/or are receiving appropriate follow-up through UNICEF support.
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
Urban refugee children attending primary schools in Bamako successfully completed their school year to move onto the next grade level.
Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger benefited from transportation assistance during their voluntary return to Mali.
Protection incidents were reported in the regions of Gao, Mopti and Timbuktu.
USD 49.2 million
requested for the operation
Cameroon has the highest number of internally displaced persons and refugees as part of the sub-regional crisis as a result of the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram, following Nigeria.
Since the beginning of 2016, 23,150 children under 5 (including 2,669 refugee children) have been admitted for therapeutic care for severe acute malnutrition (SAM)
Summary of revisions made to emergency plan of action:
DIFFA, Niger/UNITED NATIONS, New York – Tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee south-eastern Niger following an attack by Boko Haram militants in early June. UNFPA estimates some 3,000 pregnant girls and women are among the displaced, putting them in urgent need of antenatal, maternal and post-partum care.
Assaults on the town of Bosso from 3 to 5 June led to the mass movement of an estimated 75,000 people, including virtually the entire populations of Bosso and the nearby towns of Toumour and Yebi.
Mauritanian refugees and community members are learning basic literacy skills in nine literacy centres in the region of Kayes.
refugee returnees have been identified in the regions of Mopti, Gao and Timbuktu to receive a one-time cash-based assistance.
Mauritanian refugees participated in sensitization sessions related to the importance of birth certificates and the process for naturalization.
The total number of people displaced is estimated to be more than 130,000, of whom almost 6,951 are refugees and 65,705 people are officially registered in the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): 8,581 returnees, 56,725 IDPs and 399 third-country nationals. An additional 58,300 people are estimated to be living in sites.