In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
179 new suspected cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the 3 health districts of Salamat. Since September 2016, the total of cases is 1,314 of which 201 cases were tested and 96 of these confirmed positive and 13 deaths reported (0 this month).
The Far North continues unabated with displacement. An increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and out of camp refugees is of growing concern.
A security evaluation of the main axes will be undertaken in the Far North department of Logone et Chari. It is hoped that this will permit increased access to the remote areas of Fotokol, Makary and Hile Alifa, ousseri and the Mayo Sava.
Chad’s pipeline of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) is facing an alarming strain. The current pipeline covers up to June 2017. Chad is a landlocked country and new supplies take four months to arrive in country - unless new funds are received by end of March, the country will be facing an RUTF shortage.
Contexte et objectifs de l’étude Link NCA
L’étude SMART de 2014 a montré des résultats alarmants concernant le district sanitaire d’Abdi.
En effet, un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale de 17,4% a été révélé, dont 4,0% de malnutrition aiguë sévère. Suite à cela, International Medical Corps a décidé de venir appuyer le Ministère de la Santé dans son programme de PCIMA.
CONTEXTE DE LA PLANIFICATION INTÉGRÉE
Jusqu’à l’année 2016, l’action du Système des Nations Unies en Mauritanie a été basée sur deux processus de planification parallèles, notamment : l’UNDAF (Plan Cadre des Nations Unies pour l’Assistance au Développement), et le SRP/HRP (le Plan Stratégique de Réponse Humanitaire).
No new major population movements have been reported. As of January 2017, there are 124,683 displaced persons, including IDPs, Chadian returnees from Nigeria and Niger, refugees and third-country nationals.
A suspected Hepatitis E epidemic continues to affect the Salamat Region, With 265 new cases reported in January 2017, out of which 18 cases have been confirmed. In total, since September 2016, 817 cases have been registered and 67 confirmed, with a death toll of 11 people.
• Even though security remains a challenge, access continues to open up into more remote areas of the Far North region. Through its partners, UNICEF was able to reach displaced children on the border with Nigeria, providing them with nutrition, primary health care, education and child protection services.
Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 6 February, 2017 – The Board of Executive Directors of the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) in its 317th meeting in Jeddah has given the approval for US $790 million of financing for new development projects mainly in such sectors as roads, higher education, energy, and health in member countries as well as education and professional training for Muslim communities in non-member countries.
No major new displacement has taken place in the Lake region during December. At the end of 2016, there are 129,481 displaced persons, including IDPs, Chadian returnees from Nigeria and Niger, refugees and third-country nationals.
More than 120 sites and displacement locations are scattered around this remote region, making humanitarian assistance a logistical challenge.
Children and women in West and Central Africa remain vulnerable to multiple threats, including insecurity, conflict, drought, flooding and epidemics. In the Central African Republic and the Lake Chad basin, widespread violence and armed conflict characterized by grave human rights violations have led to mass displacement both internally and across borders.
Total affected population: 4.7 million
Total affected children: 2.7 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 850,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 530,000
Despite incidents reported in Kaiga-Kindjiria area, the security situation remains relatively calm in the Lake region. A decrease in incidents has coincided with the surrender of elements associated with armed groups in recent weeks.
Results from the most recent national SMART survey indicate an 11.2% prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM). 153,738 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted and treated in nutritional units so far in 2016, reaching 79% of the annual target.
• Près de 10 pour cent de la population du Niger auront des besoins humanitaires en 2017.
• Le taux de malnutrition aiguë sévère de 1,9 pour cent est à la limite du seuil d’urgence.
• Selon les projections du cadre harmonisé, plus de 748 000 personnes seront en situation de crise alimentaire durant la période allant de juillet à septembre 2017.
• Le bilan de la campagne agropastorale allie excédent céréalier et déficit fourrager.
POPULATION TOTALE DU TCHAD 14,2M
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 4,7M
PERSONNES CIBLÉES 2,6M
BUDGET (US$) 589M
# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 117
J’ai l’honneur de partager avec vous le plan de réponse humanitaire 2017 et le cadre pluriannuel 2017-2019 du Tchad, développé en consultation et avec la participation de l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire, des autorités nationales et des acteurs de développement.
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 4,7M
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉS
L'insécurité alimentaire, les déplacements de population et les urgences sanitaires, exacerbés par les risques climatiques et le faible développement humain, précipitent environ 8,1 millions de personnes, presque les deux tiers de la population tchadienne, dans une vulnérabilité aigüe ou chronique. Plus de 4,7 millions de personnes, dont 52 % de femmes, ont besoin d'une assistance humanitaire et de soutien pour renforcer leurs moyens d'existence.
· November saw a deterioration of the security context in the Far North, as the dry season brought an increase in improvised explosive devices (IED) and attacks along the main axes, rendering many areas hard to reach. UNICEF and partners are seeking alternate means to ensure their ability to reach vulnerable children safely.
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions. The information presented covers two main areas: humanitarian needs and assistance in 2015, and humanitarian trends, challenges and opportunities.
46% OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED HOUSEHOLDS IN NEWLY ACCESSIBLE SITES HAVE PROTECTION RISKS AND NEEDS
31 October 2016
• As of end of October 2016, there are 123,293 people displaced by the Nigerian crisis in Chad’s Lac region. Three additional sites were discovered this month.
• A Hepatitis E outbreak has been reported in the Salamat Region. A total of 128 cases, including 20 positive cases (16% positivity rate) and 2 deaths (1.6% case-fatality) were registered in Amtiman, the main city of Salamat Region.