Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan 2014 - Guide to Giving
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
Summary: Despite a ceasefire announced by the Nigerian authorities, fighting has continued in North-East Nigeria between Nigerian Army Forces and Islamist insurgents, leading to an increase in the number of displaced people fleeing to find refuge in Niger. According to OCHA and the authorities, more than 105,000 people have crossed the border to Niger. The displaced populations are hosted in the communities; no camps have been set up so far.
Syria, Iraq, Ebola, Gaza, Mali – there has been a huge increase in the number of tragic crises in recent months… The humanitarian sector is under enormous pressure. This litany of tragedies is further cause for us to focus on the quality of assistance and protection operations for civilians. It also raises questions about the capacity and role of a sector which remains vital, but is increasingly in danger.
Central African Republic: In Ouaka prefecture, fighting among rival militias persists. Attacks on a number locations, including Bambari, have left dozens of people dead, and civilians have been executed. 3,000 people remain displaced from Bangui after violence began in the middle of the month.
DRC: A resurgence of ADF-NALU attacks in North Kivu are thought to have displaced 100,000 people, and killed at least 80. In South Kivu, there has been a significant increase in IDPs, mainly due to insecurity in Shabunda and Fizi territories. 7.3 million people across the country are estimated to be food insecure.
Recueillir les données sur les risques et les vulnérabilités, les analyser et intégrer les résultats dans la programmation humanitaire et de développement.
Soutenir les populations vulnérables à mieux faire face aux chocs en répondant aux signaux d’alerte de manière anticipée, réduisant la durée du relèvement post-crise et renforçant les capacités des acteurs nationaux.
Fournir aux personnes en situation d’urgence une assistance coordonnée et intégrée, nécessaire à leur survie
Central African Republic: 5,600 people have fled Bangui after a new wave of violence killed at least eight and injured 56. WASH and health are priority needs among the IDPs. A UN peacekeeper was ambushed and killed on the outskirts of the capital. In Kemo, IDPs have been slow to return as tensions have increased: ex-Seleka attacked Dekoa market on 11 October.
Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone: At 1 October, the total cumulative number of reported Ebola cases across the three countries had reached 7,470, including 3,431 deaths. However, the Centers for Disease Control estimates that only 40% of cases are being reported in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Social tensions and insecurity are growing. Many of the 3,700 children who have lost parents to Ebola are being rejected out of fear of infection.
SECURITY ATTACKS AND NIGERIAN REFUGEES - Targeted kidnappings and armed attacks by Boko Haram are on the rise, particularly since May 2014. A total of 24,182 Nigerian refugees have arrived in Northern Cameroon this year, with an estimated 13,921 Nigerian refugees in Minawao refugee camp.
Mauritania continues to suffer from a multi-dimensional crisis related to food insecurity, the high prevalence of malnutrition, the presence of Malian refugees, and significant flooding that hit the country in 2014.
Iraq:Up to 13% of IDPs are located in areas that are currently not considered accessible by humanitarian actors. The overall number and geographical spread of IDPs pose a major challenge for provision of assistance. Approximately 1.5 million individuals are in need of emergency food assistance. An estimated 580,000 people are in urgent need of emergency shelter assistance.
UNICEF continues to be engaged in providing humanitarian assistance in four regions of Cameroon – the Far North, North, Adamawa and the East – which have been facing recurring emergencies.
ACTUALISATION DU CONTEXTE ET DES BESOINS HUMANITAIRES
La recrudescence de violence en République Centrafrique (RCA) en décembre 2013, après une année de conflit politico-militaire, a eu un impact important sur les pays voisins, et en particulier sur le Tchad, qui a accueilli le plus grand nombre de personnes fuyant la violence en RCA.
Le nombre total de personnes déplacées est estimé à 105 000. Depuis le début du mois de septembre, plus de 16 549 personnes déplacées sont arrivées à Diffa contre 10 543 en août 2014.
Plus de 27 000 nouveaux déplacés du Nigéria ont urgemment besoin d’une assistance en nourriture, abris, médicaments, eau potable et en protection.
Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea: As a three-day countrywide shutdown came to an end in Sierra Leone, the UN Security Council set up a special mission to lead the global response to the Ebola outbreak. More than 5,800 cases have been reported since the beginning of the outbreak, including 2,800 deaths, and more than 13.5 million people are now considered in need of assistance as the impact of the epidemic spreads.
This Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 1,062,406 to enable the IFRC to support the Red Cross Society of Niger (RCSN) to assist 80,000 beneficiaries for 9 months with a focus on essential food and non-food items, shelter, health and water and sanitation. Needs assessment and scenario planning undertaken by the humanitarian agencies and the authorities indicate this number will increase as the insecurity in northern Nigeria continues.