Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Since mid-July, several Boko Haram attacks, as well as preventive evacuation of civilians by Chadian Army, have caused massive displacement of populations in Lake Chad Region. Additional evacuations from the 65 islands have been announced. In July, 21,600 newly displaced people spontaneously settled on 13 small sites in Bagasola, Bol and its surrounding villages. These families are in immediate need of Shelter, NFIs, Food and WASH assistance.
La situation sécuritaire semble s’être stabilisée par rapport aux semaines antérieures.
Distribution des articles ménagers essentiels (AME) pour 3.428 ménages soit 10.317 déplacés tchadiens dans la ville de Bol et ses environs.
The withdrawal of the Niger-Chadian forces in the northern area of Nigeria has also caused mass movement of people in Niger.
The state of emergency is still activated and thus the circulation restrictions on motored vehicles between 8 p.m. and 6 a.m.
The Chadian Government is planning to evacuate the population living near the Chad-Nigeria border, currently a militarized zone, to keep it free from civilians. The minister of Home Affairs called on the humanitarian community to provide assistance to this population. Detailed information on how the evacuation shall be organized (where, when, number of persons etc) is pending.
The security situation in Nigeria has been steadily deteriorating in the past weeks. Hundreds of deaths have resulted from attacks that took place after a brief respite during the elections. Conditions in IDP sites are rapidly becoming dire, with urgent needs unmet in the WASH, education, health and shelter sectors.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
Arrivé au terme de sa mission au Tchad, Bruno Maes, Représentant de l’UNICEF dresse un bilan de la mise en œuvre du programme de coopération Tchad-UNICEF depuis 2012.
N’DJAMENA (Tchad), le 24 Juillet 2015 – Arrivé au terme de sa mission au Tchad, Bruno Maes, Représentant de l’UNICEF depuis janvier 2012, a dressé un bilan de la mise en œuvre du programme de coopération Tchad-UNICEF et projeté ainsi les perspectives au cours d’une rencontre ce jour avec Son Excellence Monsieur le Premier Ministre, M. Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet.
UNICEF and the Government of Chad programme of cooperation since 2012
The past three years have been an exceptional journey for UNICEF in Chad. As the country began to rebuild itself after the end of the conf lict in 2008, doors have been opened for UNICEF and our many donors and partners to signif icantly advance children’s and women’s rights.
Le HCR est en discussion avec les autorités locales en vue de l’organisation des convois humanitaires avec un couloir sécurisé afin de bouger les civils nigérians qui se trouvent encore dans les localités frontalières. Selon les autorités locales, plus 3044 personnes de nationalités nigériane et tchadienne ont été recensées aux alentous de Fotokol.
Snapshot 15–21 July 2015
Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.
On 30 June, the National Assembly of Chad ratified the law project prohibiting child-marriages; a significant victory that will create a favorable environment for the implementation of UNHCR’s child protection strategy and also an encouraging step in addressing SGBV.
Two deadly attacks (15 and 29 June 2015) attributed to Boko Haram and directed mainly against defense and security forces at Ndjamena left 38 people dead and over one hundred wounded.
Snapshot 8–14 July 2015
Yemen: More than 1,500 civilians have been killed since conflict began to escalate in March, and airstrikes and fighting continue despite the agreement to a six-day humanitarian pause over 11–17 July. There are now 1.26 million IDPs in the country – a 24% increase since mid-June. Only 20% of the fuel needed is available in the country, which is impacting upon all basic needs.
· As of 20 June, the movement of 41,523 people has been reported in the Lake region (excluding influx to other areas): 14,870 refugees, 12,485 Chadian returnees and 14,168 internally displaced persons.
· Two inter-agency UN missions including national NGOs and the National Commission for Refugees were conducted in the Lake Chad islands of Koulfoua and Tchoukoutalia pairing needs assessment with initial rapid assistance to people displaced by the Nigerian crisis who had so far received little or no aid.
This Operations Update n° 4 announces a revision in the Emergency Appeal, with a budget reduced to a total of CHF 851,786 (decreased from CHF 1m) to enable the IFRC to support the Niger Red Cross Society (NRCS) to deliver assistance to a total of 50,000 beneficiaries (decreased from 80,000), and extending the operation for an additional six months (to December 2015). This revision is largely due to the deterioration of the security situation in Diffa region and a resulting lack of access preventing the planned implementation resulting in some activities unachieved.
According to the IOM DTM report in April, there are 1.3 million IDPs in the three North East states, indicating almost 300,000 newly displaced people since February.
The numbers of IDPs in the camps in Yola have reduced from almost 22,000 people reported in the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix report of April 2015 to just over 5,300 people.
Snapshot 1–7 July 2015
Syria: Civilian deaths made up 81% of the total death toll in June, which was 2,137, bringing the total number of people killed so far in 2015 to 11,000. 705,000 people have been displaced in the first five months of this year: 439,000 were internally displaced, and the vast majority of the rest fled to Turkey.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.