In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Du 22 au 27 avril 2017, UNFPA Tchad, en partenariat avec UNHCR et avec l'appui du Bureau Régional d’UNFPA, a organisé un atelier de renforcement des capacités des acteurs humanitaires en matière de violence Basée sur le Genre, à Baga Sola. Les travaux ont été dirigés par la REGA (Regional Emergency GBV Advisor) pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre,
Madame Catherine Andela.,
Vulnerable refugees, especially children and women, are exposed to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) on a daily basis. The increasingly difficult socio-economic situation, the downward trend in the resources allocated to refugee protection and assistance programmes, including reductions in food rations over the last five years, are factors that aggravate refugees' vulnerability and exposure to SGBV.
For Mariam Ngileruma, compassion towards Boko Haram fighters is the first step in peacebuilding. It’s about acceptance, she explained. “We are all human beings,” says Ngileruma, a former civil servant with the Ministry of Women Affairs. “Some of the women [in Boko Haram] fight and even kill people, but it’s because of fear. They also fear.”
The Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) is developed to facilitate joint referral pathway for women, men, boys and girls at risk in the humanitarian operation, including Reception Centers, camps and host communities where the IDPs live. Gender Based Violence (GBV) is a life threatening protection, health, and human rights issue that can have devastating impact on women and children in particular, as well as families and communities.
Au cours de l’année 2016 qui s'est achevée 476 cas de violences basées sur le genre ont été notifiés dont 85 survivantes sont des réfugiées, 355 personnes déplacées internes et 36 personnes de la population hôte dans les départements de Fouli et Kaya (Région du Lac). Et 138 cas de VBG à Sido (département de la Grande Sido).
2. Les prises en charge
Le tourment de l'accès durable au foncier rural?
STUDY BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
International Medical Corps (IMC) has been working on nutrition in Chad, which ranks 185th on the 2014 Human Development Index , since 2004.
A SMART survey conducted in 2014 in the Abdi district (Ouaddai region) in eastern Chad determined that Abdi had some of the highest acute malnutrition rates (wasting) in the Sahel; 13.7% moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and 4% severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates were recorded for children under 5 years old.
Contexte et objectifs de l’étude Link NCA
L’étude SMART de 2014 a montré des résultats alarmants concernant le district sanitaire d’Abdi.
En effet, un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale de 17,4% a été révélé, dont 4,0% de malnutrition aiguë sévère. Suite à cela, International Medical Corps a décidé de venir appuyer le Ministère de la Santé dans son programme de PCIMA.
20 March 2017: While many resources have been dedicated to Countering Violent Extremism efforts, little attention has been paid to the role women play in the Boko Haram insurgency and responses to it in Nigeria, says Idayat Hassan.
The Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISWAP), popularly referred to as Boko Haram, has been waging a war against the Nigerian state for the past seven years. The insurgency has claimed over twenty thousand lives, displaced over two million people, and destroyed billions of dollars’ worth of personal and public property.
Our understanding of the constraints holding back Africa’s women farmers and entrepreneurs is improving – thanks to an ICARDA-managed wheat initiative working across sub-Saharan Africa.
Gender inequality is a recurring feature of many agricultural production systems across the wheat-growing regions of Africa, and women farmers often lack access to credit, land, and other inputs. The result: limited adoption of new innovations, low productivity and income, and a missed opportunity to enhance household food security and prosperity.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
De nouveaux déplacements de populations enregistrés dans le nord du pays
Accès humanitaire : 68 incidents enregistrés en 2016
Les enfants sont les plus touchés par les mines et autres explosifs de guerre
Augmentation du nombre de cas rapportés de violences basées sur le genre
Nb. de PDI (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 36 690
Nb. de réfugiés dans les pays voisins (rapport CMP, 31déc. 2016) 138 811
New displacements registered in the north of the country
Humanitarian access: 68 incidents recorded in 2016
Children are the most affected by mines and explosive remnants of war
Increase in the number of reported cases of genderbased violence
Nearly 2000 new displacements due to conflicts in the north
As climate change pushes men to take over land once left to women, women could get a set aside of government land
By Soumaila Diarra
KATIBOUGOU, Mali, Jan 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Wearing a long white tunic covered with bright-coloured patterns, Aminata Berthe bends to water a plot of lettuce with a can in this village near Bamako, the Malian capital.
The country office participated with six other African countries in the Purchase from Africans for Africa (PAA) international workshop on monitoring and evaluation which took place in WFP Headquarters from 19 to 21 December. The workshop’s objectives were to take stock of the progress made by the PAA project, of the learning from the monitoring and evaluation and from the case studies across the countries.