Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Janvier - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
By Aurélien Tobie, Senior Researcher and Activity Coordinator, Mali civil society and peacebuilding
The 2012 crisis in Mali triggered a strong response from regional, international, national and non-state actors in a country that, until then, had been considered an example of democratic stability in the unstable Sahel region. Crucially, civil society also mobilized to support peace negotiations and conflict resolution efforts at the community level.
By Shaista Aziz/Guest Blogger
Maiduguri, Nigeria—Yagna Ibrahim is a woman who has a presence that is difficult to ignore. She strides into the room with grace and confidence, pulls out a chair, and sits down next to her friend and fellow women’s rights activist, Rabia Musa.
Nigeria faces immense humanitarian and protection challenges due to the ongoing insurgency in the North East. The conflict has caused grave human rights violations, impacting particularly on the most vulnerable civilians. As of August 2016, there are 2,093,030 persons internally displaced in the North East and North Central regions, with 83% of the displacements originating from Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States as a result of the insurgency.
La contribution qu’apportent les projets de développement à la résilience des personnes, des ménages et des communautés face aux risques de changements et de catastrophes climatiques dépendra en grande mesure de la pertinence de leurs activités par rapport au contexte local et de la façon dont les Organisations Non-Gouvernementales (ONGs) s’attaqueront à la dynamique sociale et aux rapports de pouvoir existants.
Sophie Rigg, Emma Lovell et Florence Pichon
Cette étude de cas fait partie d’un ensemble de quatre études commandées par BRACED pour évaluer les liens entre résilience et genre dans le cadre des projets de ses partenaires. Elle fait état des approches appliquées pour promouvoir l’égalité entre hommes et femmes au sein du programme Zaman Lebidi, ainsi que des défis et opportunités rencontrés dans ce contexte.
Sophie Rigg, Emma Lovell and Florence Pichon
This case study is one of four commissioned by BRACED to assess the links between resilience and gender in partners’ projects. It documents approaches used to promote gender equality within the Zaman Lebidi project as well as the latent challenges and opportunities faced in the process.
Fossé entre l’aide française et les besoins de ses pays prioritaires : le cas de la sous-nutrition
Paris, 5 juillet 2016 – En contradiction avec la loi Canfin*, l’aide publique au développement française (APD) est en décalage profond avec les préoccupations de ses pays prioritaires. Si ceux-ci font de la lutte contre la sous-nutrition une priorité, c’est loin d’être le cas de la France, dont la part de l’APD consacrée à la nutrition ne dépasse pas 2,2% dans ces pays (dont 91% à des projets d’aide alimentaire d’urgence).
In Senegal, WFP and cooperating partners are capitalizing on 5 years’ experience in the implementation of Cereal banks. Reflexion is ongoing on the scaling up this activity.
Supported by WFP Center of Excellence against hunger in Brazil, Senegalese ministry of education initiated a cost analysis and investment case study for School Meals programme to prepare a transition action plan for a national School Meals programme.
This booklet presents the Sahel Women’s Empowerment and Demographic Dividend (SWEDD) regional initiative. The SWEDD is the result of a joint response by the United Nations and the World Bank Group, is a response to a call made by the presidents of the six Sahel countries, Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.
The overall goal of the project is to accelerate the demographic transition, to spur the demographic dividend, and to reduce gender inequality in the Sahel region.
Contexte et objectifs de l’étude Link NCA
L’étude SMART de 2014 a montré des résultats alarmants concernant le district sanitaire d’Abdi. En effet, un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale de 17,4% a été révélé, dont 4,0% de malnutrition aiguë sévère. Suite à cela, International Medical Corps a décidé de venir appuyer le Ministère de la Santé dans son programme de PCIMA.
WFP is preparing the 2016 lean season response which aims to assist urgently 434,700 people affected by food insecurity and malnutrition.
In 2016, WFP aims to give more technical assistance to the government and communities, ensuring the appropriation and the durability of programmes and projects.
As of 31 April, WFP assisted 134,900 individuals, of whom 2,200 children (6 to 59 months) have received food under targeted supplementary feeding (treatment for moderate acute malnutrition).
Hunger: It’s not a new problem for many countries in Africa.
While food is a basic necessity for human life, the reasons why millions of people go hungry are complex.
Crops are failing in **Ethiopia** due to dry weather conditions caused by El Nino, leading to the worst drought in a decade and triggering a hunger crisis that is affecting 10 million people.
7658th Meeting (AM)
Security Council | Meetings Coverage
Their Role Often Lauded, Rarely Visible, Says Gender Entity Chief, as Other Briefers Detail Progress, List Challenges
Women must be placed at the centre of efforts to prevent or resolve conflict in Africa, speakers said today as the Security Council took up the “women, peace and security agenda”, considering the role of women in creating more peaceful and equitable societies on the continent.
Girls released from Boko Haram captivity rejected by society - new report
Girls and women kidnapped by Nigeria's insurgent group, Jamāʻat Ahl as-Sunnah lid-daʻwa wal-Jihād (JAS), commonly known as Boko Haram, face mistrust and persecution upon their return to society – according to new research by International Alert with UNICEF, released today.
Kimairis Toogood, Peacebuilding Advisor for International Alert in Nigeria, said: