150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
VIOLENTS AFFRONTEMENTS À BRIA ET BAMBARI
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
VIOLENT CLASHES IN BRIA AND BAMBARI
3. CADRE STRATÉGIQUE
Abuja (ICRC) - More than 25,000 people in Rann received food during a three-day distribution by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) that ended on Monday.
The recipients received rice, beans, oil, salt and Corn Soya Blend in quantities that should last for five weeks. The distribution was carried out by the ICRC and community volunteers.
While an increasing amount of territory in Northeast Nigeria has become accessible to humanitarian workers, suicide bombings and attacks against civilians persisted during the reporting period. Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement, disrupting food supplies and hindering access to basic services. People affected by violence in Adamawa,
Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe States are in urgent need of life-saving humanitarian assistance.
23 janvier 2017 – Le Coordinateur régional humanitaire pour la région du Sahel, Toby Lanzer, a indiqué lundi que 11 millions de personnes vivant dans les pays du Bassin du lac Tchad (nord du Cameroun, ouest du Tchad, sud-est du Niger, nord-est du Nigéria) ont besoin d'une assistance humanitaire immédiate, dont 7,1 millions se trouvant dans une situation d'insécurité alimentaire aigue.
23 January 2017 – Spotlighting the desperate plight of millions in Africa’s Lake Chad basin, the top United Nations humanitarian official for the Sahel region called today for international solidarity with the people in urgent need.
“I wish I had good news, but I don’t,” Toby Lanzer, the Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, told a news conference at the UN Headquarters, in New York that was largely focused on the crisis affecting Lake Chad basin countries, which include Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.
Erratic rainfall and decreased agricultural production in the Sahel in 2012 resulted in a food security and malnutrition crisis that depleted household food stocks, resources, and livelihoods assets, exacerbating preexisting levels of acute malnutrition in Niger. As of May 2014, approximately 1 million children younger than five years of age in Niger were experiencing acute malnutrition, according to the UN.
With the Nigerian petroleum sector in crisis, the agricultural and solid minerals sectors have recently recorded positive growth. This follows strong support from the Government of Nigeria (GoN) and dynamic private sector responses, and encourages a more diversified economy. Therefore, despite the many challenges facing the Nigerian economy, some positive trends emerge.
PARTIE I: CONTEXTE
Commentaire général : début janvier, la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la stabilité pour le riz, le mil et le maïs et à la baisse pour le sorgho. Toutefois, quelques hausses sont observées pour le mil à Zinder (+8%) et à Niamey (+3%) et pour le maïs à Maradi (+11%) et à Dosso (+3%). Les baisses ont été enregistrées); i) pour le maïs à Dosso (-14%), à Zinder (-10%), à Niamey (-6%), à Agadez (-4%) et à Tillabéry (-3%) et ii) pour le riz à Maradi (-3%).
Nigeria’s north-eastern region, which has historically lagged behind the rest of the country in socio-economic development, is struck by a long-running conflict that has caused widespread destruction and deep human suffering. Some 14 million people are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. They include 8.5 million in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states that are the worst affected by the Boko Haram-related conflict.
Abuja (ICRC) - Three days after air strikes at a settlement for internally displaced people at Rann in Nigeria, two surgical teams from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with the help of one Nigerian surgeon continue to care for those wounded in the blasts.
Around 100 injured people were evacuated from Rann to Maiduguri. Two surgical teams in Maiduguri have been operating on the most seriously wounded, including more than 20 children.
A Lead Convener for the national strategic review which will inform the Country Strategic Plan (2018-2022) has been officially identified upon endorsement by the Government.
Registration of people to assist
A young Burkina Faso inventor is turning shea caterpillars into big business - and way to beat malnutrition - in his drought-hit country
By Morgane Le Cam
OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso, Jan 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Small black cylinders simmer in two pots, emitting a pungent and smoky smell.
This is not someone's kitchen, however. It's the offices of FasoPro, which double as a caterpillar laboratory.
Cameroon is hosting around 359 000 refugees. Approximatively 59 000 of them are Nigerian refugees fleeing Boko Haram violence and living in the Minawao camp, and 274 000 are from Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, some 182 000 persons are internally displaced (IDPs) in the Far North region because of the conflict, an increase of 15% since April 2016.
Humanitarian needs in Niger continue to be immense as a result of lasting food insecurity, high global malnutrition of children under age five and the displacement of people fleeing the conflicts in neighbouring Mali* and Nigeria*. Successive food crises, extreme poverty, displacement and rapid population growth continue to erode people’s resilience. Even in good agricultural years, between 4 and 5 million Nigeriens experience food shortages.
GoN airstrike mistakenly hits IDP site, resulting in at least 70 civilian deaths in Borno
UN identifies critical humanitarian needs among more than 35,000 IDPs sheltering in Borno’s Rann town
WFP plans to reach 2 million beneficiaries in northeastern Nigeria per month by December 2017
5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States) during the next lean season (Cadre harmonisé analysis released on 28 October) – immediate intervention is required to assist these populations. A recent Special IPC Alert on Borno State (FEWS NET; 16 December) noted that a famine is likely ongoing and will continue in inaccessible areas of Borno State assuming conditions remain the same. The alert also noted that the current response is insufficient to meet needs.