In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
(New York, 28 April 2017): Following a three-day mission to Mali last week, the Director of Operations for the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, John Ging, today drew attention to the complex emergency in Mali and the deteriorating humanitarian situation as a direct result of the conflict.
The world faces one of the largest food crises in 70 years, with 30 million people in four countries — northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen — suffering severe acute food insecurity. If no action is taken, millions may die of hunger.
Food security and nutrition analysis results released in March 2017 indicate that 2.2 million people are affected by food insecurity in Chad from March to May 2017, almost one in five people.
Against all the challenges that lead to precarious living conditions and increased vulnerability to sudden and chronic shocks, a new way of humanitarian-development work must be adopted.
Literacy rate 37.3%
Life expectancy 51.9 years
179 new suspected cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the 3 health districts of Salamat. Since September 2016, the total of cases is 1,314 of which 201 cases were tested and 96 of these confirmed positive and 13 deaths reported (0 this month).
WFP reports critical funding gap for emergency operations in Nigeria
USG provides $30 million for WFP, advocates for GoN and donors to increase financial support
Authorities in Nigeria’s Borno State announce plans to repatriate 78,000 Nigerian refugees from Cameroon
Conflict-affected households in Chad’s Lac Region expected to face reduced access to food from May to September
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure précaire. Le 19 avril, une attaque kamikaze a fait morts à Kolofata, parmi lesquels le kamikaze, un gendarme et deux civils. Les autorités de défense appellent à respecter les mesures de sécurité édictées et à rester vigilant.
Increase in household demand for cereal products in markets
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 42 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: two Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This week, one new event has been reported: an outbreak of hepatitis E in Niger.
by Dominik Stillhart, Director of Operations, ICRC
We are on the brink of a humanitarian mega-crisis unprecedented in recent history. The spectre of famine looms large over parts of Africa and the Middle East.
We must act now. What is needed is a broad and massive scaling up of support from the international community. If we treat this as "business as usual", the long-term cost in human lives will only rise.
The consequences of not dedicating the resources to avert these disasters and address their root causes could affect us all.
25 April 2017, Geneva - A combination of food assistance and food production assistance is the only way to avoid famine in conflict-ridden Yemen where two-thirds of the population - 17 million people - are suffering from severe food insecurity, FAO Director-General José Graziano said today.
"As the conflict continues, food security and nutrition will also continue to deteriorate," Graziano da Silva stressed in his address to a United Nations High-Level Pledging conference for Yemen organized in Geneva and co-hosted by the Governments of Switzerland and Sweden.
Twenty million people in 4 countries - Northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen - are at an elevated risk of famine, and a further 10 million are in crisis. Famine has already been declared in two counties in South Sudan, affecting 100,000 and with another 1 million on the brink of it.
Some of the most vulnerable people in the hardest-hit areas are already dying from starvation and disease in the four countries.
South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen have been facing famine conditions since February 2017. A total of 20 million people are threatened by food insecurity brought on by armed conflicts and the climatic impacts of El Niño. The SDC, which already operates in these four countries, has released additional funding to deliver emergency aid and to expand its development assistance activities.
Cameroon has been feeling the effects of the Islamic State insurgency in West Africa (ISWA, formerly known as Boko Haram) since 2014. The increase of violent attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon and neighbouring countries has led to the significant population movements and displacement.
L’INSECURITE CONTRAINT 1 200 CENTRAFRICAINS A SE REFUGIER AU TCHAD
CHAD UNREST FORCES 1,200 CENTRAL AFRICANS INTO CHAD
More than 1,200 Central Africans have fled into southern Chad in several waves since the start of this month following unrest back home, UNHCR reported on 20 April. Aid agencies and the authorities are providing assistance and amenities are being constructed for the new arrivals. Last year, more than 1,700 people also fled across the border into Chad following violence. Chad currently hosts some 400,000 refugees, including more than 71,000 Central Africans.