Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan 2014 - Guide to Giving
(Addis Ababa/Jeddah/N'Djamena, 21 November 2014): A high-level mission today wrapped up a week-long visit to Chad raising attention for the human suffering and calling for more engagement of the international community in the Central African Country.
UNICEF Response highlights
• 86% of the estimated caseload of children with SAM had been admitted for therapeutic care - with a recovery rate of 82% (September 2014).
• 40,032 caregivers of SAM affected children in the Sahel have received hygiene kits and key messages.
• 33,622 children 6 months -15 years received their measles vaccination in returnee sites (91% of UNICEF Target).
• Preventative mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services were integrated into maternal and child health services in all returnee sites.
Mali is still facing a complex humanitarian crisis. Despite continued progress in the political stabilization and in the restoration of the State authority and of administrative and public services in conflict-affected regions, the context remains marked by security incidents recorded in the North.
The global breeding programme for taro (Colocasia esculenta) and cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) is gathering pace. The International Network for Edible Aroids (INEA) is part of the five-year project Adapting clonally propagated crops to climatic and commercial changes funded by the European Union (EU).
Under President Obama’s Young African Leaders Initiative, the U.S. Government is supporting [oung people across the African continent to spur growth and prosperity, strengthen democratic governance, and enhance peace and security. This year, the initiative brought 500 Mandela Washington Fellows to the United States for academic coursework and leadership training that will give these bright young men and women the skills to lead their organizations, communities and countries toward a better future.
In 2013, Sourata Touré and her husband fled their home in Gao, northern Mali, to offer a safer environment for their six children. The country had suffered months of armed conflict and political insecurity after a government coup in 2012.
“The situation was unbearable,” says Sourata. “Our children were hiding and crying in the house all the day. They could not go as far as two meters from the house. They were so frightened by the armed groups and their gun shots.”
Les récoltes en cours améliorent les niveaux des stocks des ménages et des marchés. Malgré les retards d’installation de la saison enregistrés dans plusieurs localités, des productions agricoles moyennes à supérieures à la moyenne sont globalement attendues dans la région. Cependant, des productions inférieures à la moyenne seront observées en Mauritanie, au Sénégal, en Gambie, au nord-est du Nigeria, en Centrafrique et localement dans les autres pays du Sahel.
MICHEL KAFANDO CHOSEN AS INTERIM PRESIDENT
On 18 November, Michel Kafando, was sworn in as Burkina Faso’s interim President. In compliance to the Charter of the Transition signed on 16 November, Mr. Kafando, a former Foreign Minister and diplomat has been chosen to oversee a one-year transition back to civilian rule in Burkina Faso.
By Carol Schachet
Farmers have worked the rugged land in Western Africa for generations, moving seasonally from field to forest for food and livelihood. While life was never easy, the community worked together, in harmony with their surroundings, to provide for themselves and their neighbors.
All that changed when the government planted a virtual “For Lease” sign on the land. China and other buyers grabbed it up, quickly draining the land of nutrients with vast fields of monocrops for export.
Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message, as delivered by Hiroute Guebre Sellassie, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Sahel, to the third meeting of the ministerial coordination platform for the Sahel, held in Bamako today:
Commentaire général : début novembre, la tendance générale des prix est à la baisse pour le mil et le sorgho et à la stabilité pour les autres céréales. Toutefois, quelques hausses ont été observées sur les marchés de Maradi (+24% pour le sorgho et +3% pour le maïs) et de Niamey (+3% pour le riz). Les baisses les plus significatives ont été enregistrées pour le mil (-17 % à Tillabéry, -11% à Dosso, -9% à Zinder et -8% à Agadez), pour le sorgho (-18% à Tillabéry, -17% à Zinder, -14% à Agadez et -6% à Niamey et pour le maïs (-5% à Tillabéry).
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Faibles précipitations en Mauritanie mèneront à une insécurité alimentaire de Crise en février/mars