Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Saudi Ambassador to Niger Turki bin Nagi Al-Ali handed over 100 tons of dates to Niger’s Food Crisis.
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
(Dakar -N’Djamena, le 27 août 2015) – Le Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations-Unies et Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, vient d’effectuer une visite de quatre jours au Tchad durant laquelle il s’est notamment rendu dans la région du Lac Tchad pour y constater l’impact humanitaire de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Au terme de sa visite, Toby Lanzer a exhorté la communauté internationale à se mobiliser davantage face aux multiples défis humanitaires qui touchent le pays. « Le Tchad est le septième pays qui accueille le plus de réfugiés au monde.
(Dakar - N’Djamena, 27 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a four-day visit to Chad during which he travelled to the Lake Chad region to assess the humanitarian impact of ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. At the end of his visit, Toby Lanzer called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. “Chad is the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Since mid-July, several Boko Haram attacks, as well as preventive evacuation of civilians by Chadian Army, have caused massive displacement of populations in Lake Chad Region. Additional evacuations from the 65 islands have been announced. In July, 21,600 newly displaced people spontaneously settled on 13 small sites in Bagasola, Bol and its surrounding villages. These families are in immediate need of Shelter, NFIs, Food and WASH assistance.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
La situation sécuritaire semble s’être stabilisée par rapport aux semaines antérieures.
Distribution des articles ménagers essentiels (AME) pour 3.428 ménages soit 10.317 déplacés tchadiens dans la ville de Bol et ses environs.
De 2011 à 2015, un total de 1,7 milliard de dollars a été requis pour l‘action humanitaire au Niger à travers le Plan de Réponse Stratégique (CAP/SRP). Un total de 1,4 milliard de dollars a été mobilisé, soit un taux de financement de 82 pour cent.
The recent insurgent attacks continue to cause population displacements within Nigeria and neighbouring countries, and across borders. Round V of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (due at the end of August) is not yet available.
60% of the IDP population continue to shelter in schools, and this will likely affect the smooth resumption of school activities in September. Food insecurity combined with the lack of safe drinking water and health services are also likely to cause malnutrition rates to rise.
Scope and scale of crisis
Borno, Yobe and Adamawa state are most affected by the Boko Haram insurgency. The northeastern states are hosting the majority of IDPs. 1.3 million IDPs are in Adamawa, Borno, Gombe, and Yobe states. The entire resident population of these states (16 million) are considered affected by the Boko Haram insurgency.
Humanitarian needs are severe and access is limited, particularly in Borno state.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention
LONDON, Aug 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Around 40,000 people have fled their homes in Chad in the past two weeks following attacks by Islamist militant group Boko Haram, according to an aid agency, as the insurgency stokes an escalating humanitarian crisis in the region around Lake Chad.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said many of the displaced people have gathered in makeshift camps where its staff were treating patients with diarrhoea, malaria and respiratory infections, as well as malnourished children.''
41 000 nouveaux déplacés internes dans la région du Lac entre le 21 juillet et le 21 août 2015, portant le nombre total de réfugiés, déplacés internes et retournés à plus de 75 000 personnes dans la région depuis janvier 2015.
La situation est extrêmement volatile. Les sites spontanés de déplacés internes se sont multipliés depuis une semaine alors que des attaques sporadiques continuent d’avoir lieu sur les îles, notamment à Kadjirom, près de Tchoukoutalia le 13 août dernier (cinq personnes égorgées).
Boko Haram attacks increase significantly across Lake Chad basin
New Nigerian president tasks military with defeating Boko Haram in three-months
Nearly 1.4 million people remain displaced in northeastern Nigeria
- The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
- The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
- The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
Interview with Ahmad Samro, MSF's Project Manager in Niger
Nearly 28,000 people have recently taken refuge in the Diffa region in Niger after fleeing attacks by Boko Haram. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is expanding its medical activities and is taking measures to improve the health situation in the two newest settlements. Ahmad Samro, project manager for MSF, describes the situation in Diffa.
What are the living conditions like for those who have recently arrived in the Diffa region?