Immense challenges face 150 million people across the Sahel. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled from their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Baga on 9 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment took only place one month after that. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security and protection sectors were part of the assessment team. The shelter and CCM sector team had travelled to Baga two days earlier but used the helicopter to assess 2 other towns in Kukawa LGA (Cross-Kauwa and Kukawa).
Over the past three months, our teams have distributed 810 tonnes of food in Maiduguri, northeastern Nigeria, which is enough to feed 26,000 families for two weeks.
“As a medical organisation, it’s not usually MSF’s role to provide people with food,” says Phillippe Le Vaillant, MSF head of mission. “But there are people in desperate need. Other organisations were not stepping in up until now, so MSF was obliged to fill this gap.”
Cette étude de cas de la réponse du « système humanitaire » aux crises de déplacement entraînées par des conflits dans la région de Diffa, au Niger, a pour but de déterminer si le système est adapté aux objectifs, ou si, en d’autres termes, il y a un « écart en situation d’urgence ».
L’écart en situation d’urgence fait référence ici à l’incapacité d’atteindre un niveau de réponse pouvant être raisonnablement attendu, autrement dit, de formuler une réponse que le système humanitaire international devrait être en mesure de livrer.
Insufficient humanitarian response to crisis in Diffa
Despite having saved thousands of lives, the humanitarian system’s internal dynamics and security restrictions have undermined the deployment of a timely, flexible and sufficient response for the hundreds of thousands of people affected by the conflict in Diffa.
Epidemic outbreaks, population displacements and floods are just some of the situations to which EMUSA (MSF’s rapid emergency response team in Niger and Mali) has responded during the 15 months Adolphe Masudi has worked as EMUSA coordinator. Here, Adolphe tells us about his experience.
What was the first emergency you had to face with EMUSA?
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural disasters and exclusion from healthcare. MSF offers assistance to people based on need, irrespective of race, religion, gender or political affiliation.
DANS CE NUMERO
P1 MSF répond en urgence aux cas suspects d’Hépatite E à Am Timam dans la région de Salamat
Qui sont les Médecins Sans Frontières?
P2 Nos activités au Tchad
Interview: Une psychologue panaméenne dans la zone du Lac
Les enfants de Dr. Uli
P3 Les déplacés du Lac
P4 Lutter contre la malnutrition à Bokoro
P5 Interview Dr Rony Brauman: On soignait tout le monde, civils comme combattants
P6 MSF au Tchad en chiffres
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram (BH) launched attacks in northeastern Nigeria. By 2014, BH controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State and caused large-scale population displacement. In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of all Nigerian territory from BH. Since then, the Nigerian army escalated their operations and have been engaged in active fighting with BH across Borno, including launching airstrikes in areas under BH control.
The ongoing conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian military has had a devastating impact on the people on northeasterm Nigeria's Borno State. In several locations, people seeking safety from the violence are entirely dependent on outside aid, which is not reaching them. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) program coordinator Helle Poulsen-Dobbyns recently returned from Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. Here, she explains MSF's response to malnutrition in the region.
What is the situation in Maiduguri?
Interview with Helle Poulsen-Dobbyns, MSF programme coordinator in Maiduguri
Helle Poulsen-Dobbyns has just returned from Maiduguri – the capital of Borno State in northeastern Nigeria – where she was programme coordinator for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). She explains how malnourished children were flooding into MSFmedical facilities in a region affected by the conflict between Boko Haram and the Nigerian army.
What is the situation in Maiduguri?
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
London/Abuja, Nigeria, 28 September 2016 – The humanitarian emergency in northeastern Nigeria is reaching catastrophic levels. A massive relief effort is needed immediately in remote areas as well as in the state capital, the international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said today.
On September 19, United Nations (UN) member states came together to formulate a more “coordinated and humane approach to address large movements of refugees and migrants," according to the New York Declaration that was ratified today at the UN's Global Summit on Refugees and Migrants.
Hawa Hamad, a small child from a small village near Gambir
Hawa Hamad arrived at the public health centre in Gambir with her parents on a Monday night. She received an injection to stop the diarrhoea and vomiting that she was suffering from.
The family spent the night at the home of some relatives who lived nearby. They knew that the next day MSF staff would be running a mobile clinic in the village and they wanted the team to check on Hawa first thing.
“It’s serious for children here,” says Bernadette Ammaji, an MSF cook, as she prepares food for malnourished children and their mothers at MSF’s therapeutic feeding centre in Bokoro town, central Chad. “Some mums don’t have the means to be able to feed their children. Others do, but they fail to take proper care of them due to a lack of education about hygiene and nutrition. You need to be strong and brave to care for a child here. It’s not easy.”
Over the last few days, more than 200 families from Nigeria and Chad have reached the town of Toumour, located in the east Diffa region, fleeing violence and hunger in their home towns. Most of the new arrivals are women and children. According to their testimonies, they walked for four or five days, though only at night for fear of being attacked by Boko Haram or detained by the army.
Interview with MSF project coordinator Hakim Khaldi
7 September 2016
In August, an MSF team went to Bama, a town 75 kilometres from Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. Bama is on the frontline of the conflict between the Nigerian army and Boko Haram. MSF project coordinator Hakim Khaldi describes the conditions in which emergency assistance was delivered to people living in a camp.
In early August, heavy rains in the Tahoua district of Niger caused severe flooding, killing one person, washing away over 500 houses, and leaving 1,940 households in a dire situation. Many homeless families have been left sheltering in public buildings, some in need of medical attention and most worried about their future.