Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 July 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 25% funded. (OCHA, 22 July 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The Lake Chad basin has in recent years become an important epicentre of violence, its population suffering intensified attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP), also known as Boko Haram. At the end of 2014, ISWAP’s violence expanded from northeast Nigeria to Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
Authors: Hugues Robert, Dorian Job Edesk / OCG
#0. Executive Summary:
MORTALITY AND HEALTH STATUS
London/Geneva, 27 July 2016 – More than 500,000 people are living in “catastrophic” conditions in villages and towns across Borno state, northeastern Nigeria, according to international medical organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), which is calling for the provision of emergency aid for those people in immediate danger of dying from malnutrition and disease.
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of territory from Boko Haram and also stamp out corruption in the country. Since then the Nigerian army has been engaged in fighting with Boko Haram, including by launching airstrikes that began in 2016, in areas under Boko Haram control. The army has now taken back many cities and villages and is securing them.
Abuja & Paris – The health situation in Borno State in northeast Nigeria is critical. At least 500,000 people who are either displaced or cut off in enclaves outside the State capital of Maiduguri are in urgent need of food, medical care, drinking water and shelter.
“Aid agencies must deploy a massive relief operation to respond to this health disaster,” says Dr Isabelle Defourny, director of operations at Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has provided assistance to displaced people living in remote areas in northern Diffa for over a year, far from any humanitarian aid.
MSF delivers water supplies and provides healthcare to people recently displaced by violence in the southeast of Niger.
The attacks that occurred on 3 June 2016 in Bosso, a town in the region of Diffa, caused several tens of thousands of people to take to the road. For many, it was the second time that they had been displaced because of violence related to the group ‘Islamic State West Africa Province’, better known as Boko Haram.
MSF is working to assist the recently displaced people with basic aid
Following an attack on the town of Bosso in the Diffa region on 3 June, most of the population of Bosso, as well as neighbouring Yébi and Toumour, have fled to find safer locations. The majority of these newly displaced, numbering in the thousands, had come to the area seeking refuge from previous attacks.
With simultaneous epidemics of meningitis and measles in Niger, teams from Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) have been supporting the Ministry of Health in its efforts to bring them under control, while taking steps to prevent cholera spreading from neighbouring Nigeria. The areas most affected by the outbreaks are sheltering large numbers of refugees and people displaced from their homes by violence in the region.
MSF assists victims of violence in the district of Bosso, in Diffa region
At least six people were killed and eight more were severely injured last Thursday in an attack in Yebi, Bosso district, Niger, where thousands of people displaced from the Lake Chad area have settled looking for refuge. According to the Nigerien authorities, the attack was carried out by the group Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP), also known as Boko Haram.
- 05th to 10th April 2016 : data collection
- 11 th to 18th April 2016 : data entry, analysis and reporting
RUWASA, ACF, CARITAS, UNICEF, DDPs leaders SEMA, MSF Spain, ICRC
Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) pediatrics advisor Dr. David Green recently arrived in Koutiala, southern Mali, to begin an extended visit to one of MSF’s largest pediatric programs at Koutiala Reference Hospital. Here, he describes a day working with the hospital’s Malian doctors, whose wealth of experience keeps the six-year-old project running.
Large-scale humanitarian needs go unmet as millions displaced by the ongoing crisis
With more than 2.7 million people uprooted from their homes, the Lake Chad basin is currently home to one of the African continent’s biggest humanitarian crises. The region is reaching breaking point due to attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province group (ISWAP), also known as Boko Haram, and a strong military response which has been launched to curb the violence.
Paris/New York—The routine use of antibiotics in the treatment of severe acute malnutrition has minimal impact on the likelihood of recovery, according to a major study of more than 2,000 children by the medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and its research arm Epicentre, published today in _The New England Journal of Medicine_.
February 03, 2016
In northeast Nigeria's Borno State, the fight between the Nigerian government and the Islamic State’s West-African Province (ISWAP), formerly known as Boko-Haram, is having drastic consequences for public health, causing widespread displacement and limiting access to medical care._
Nos opérations en bref:
January 06, 2016
In 2005, an innovative strategy consisting of moving the treatment of severe acute malnutrition out of hospitals was expanded massively for the first time, and reached a record number of children.Ten years later, strategies to tackle other deadly diseases in Niger are combining with the fight against malnutrition in a public health approach.
Elyse Aichatou is a nurse. Having just left midwifery school in 2005, she was recruited by MSF to take care of malnourished children when the country was hit by an extremely serious nutritional crisis. For 10 years, Elyse has continued her work at MSF’s nutritional centres in southern Niger. Here she talks about her experience and the problem of malnutrition in the Zinder region from 2005 until today. “I was born in Zinder, Niger’s second largest city, situated in the south of the country. In 2005, with my midwifery degree in hand, I was recruited by MSF.