In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Côme Niyomgabo has just returned from Mali where for more than two years he has been coordinating MSF’s work in the regions of Gao and Kidal, in the north of the country.
How has Mali changed in these two years?
Nigerian refugees in Cameroon are being forcibly returned to northeast Nigeria. In March 2017, three of them told MSF staff their stories.
Mayara*: “They did not explain why they were sending us away”
I’m originally from a village not too far from here, but fled to Kolofata in Cameroon more than one year ago because of Boko Haram. I came here to Banki four days ago.
The town of Rann in northern Nigeria was hit by an aerial bombardment on 17 January. The Nigerian armed forces have claimed responsibility for the strike which killed at least 90 people and injured hundreds.
Un bref bilan de nos opérations depuis le début de l’année.
Les mois de janvier et février ont vu la poursuite de nos activités sur les différents terrains.
A Kousséri, MSF a inauguré officiellement le bloc opératoire qu’elle a réhabilité et rénové. Désormais, les opérations chirurgicales y auront lieu avec un plateau technique de pointe, dans un cadre totalement adapté.
Mali: MSF warns about the use of humanitarian aid for political and military interests
The incursion of military and political actors in the humanitarian field is putting the provision of humanitarian aid at risk in Mali. This is the main conclusion of a report published this week by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) which analyses the continuous and harmful instrumentalisation of humanitarian aid in the country.
DANS CE NUMERO
P1 A Am Timan, MSF a mis en place un réseau d’agents communautaires de santé pour combattre l’hépatite E
P2 Nos activités au Tchad Flashback: les premiers pas chez MSF de Alexi Makoulou Ngot MSF présente pour les urgences médicales au Tchad. Editorial de Rolland Kaya, Chef de Mission au Tchad
P3 Attaque militaire au Nigeria.
Témoignage d’Alfred Davies, coordinateur terrain pour MSF au Nigeria
P4 Lac Tchad: Le besoin d’assistance persiste
Friday, January 20, 2017 — London/Geneva, 20 January 2017: The death toll continues to rise following the horrific military attack on civilians in Rann, Nigeria, according to latest estimates by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
Around 90 people were killed when a Nigerian airforce plane circled twice and dropped two bombs in the middle of the town of Rann, which hosts thousands of internally displaced people. At the time of the attack, an aid distribution was taking place. The majority of the victims were women and children.
By Alfred Davies, MSF Field Coordinator in Nigeria
Alfred Davies is an MSF Field Coordinator in Nigeria. He was in Rann when the aerial attack occurred, and in the hours that followed. Here is what he witnessed:
“The first bomb fell at 12.30pm and landed just a few metres away from the Red Cross office. The plane circled back around and it dropped a second bomb five minutes later.
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Baga on 9 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment took only place one month after that. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security and protection sectors were part of the assessment team. The shelter and CCM sector team had travelled to Baga two days earlier but used the helicopter to assess 2 other towns in Kukawa LGA (Cross-Kauwa and Kukawa).
Over the past three months, our teams have distributed 810 tonnes of food in Maiduguri, northeastern Nigeria, which is enough to feed 26,000 families for two weeks.
“As a medical organisation, it’s not usually MSF’s role to provide people with food,” says Phillippe Le Vaillant, MSF head of mission. “But there are people in desperate need. Other organisations were not stepping in up until now, so MSF was obliged to fill this gap.”
Cette étude de cas de la réponse du « système humanitaire » aux crises de déplacement entraînées par des conflits dans la région de Diffa, au Niger, a pour but de déterminer si le système est adapté aux objectifs, ou si, en d’autres termes, il y a un « écart en situation d’urgence ».
L’écart en situation d’urgence fait référence ici à l’incapacité d’atteindre un niveau de réponse pouvant être raisonnablement attendu, autrement dit, de formuler une réponse que le système humanitaire international devrait être en mesure de livrer.
Insufficient humanitarian response to crisis in Diffa
Despite having saved thousands of lives, the humanitarian system’s internal dynamics and security restrictions have undermined the deployment of a timely, flexible and sufficient response for the hundreds of thousands of people affected by the conflict in Diffa.