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28 Jun 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Chad is part of the dynamics of the World Humanitarian Summit.

  • In Lac region sustainable solutions are needed to minimize the impact of the crisis on livelihoods, especially for 130,000 people in situation of food insecurity (“crisis phase”).

  • In preparation for floods, the humanitarian community is taking steps to maintain basic services in potentially inaccessible areas.

World Humanitarian Summit: challenges for Chad

28 Jun 2016 description

FAITS SAILLANTS

  • Le Tchad s’inscrit dans la dynamique du Sommet Humanitaire Mondial.

  • Dans la région du Lac, des solutions durables sont nécessaires pour limiter l’impact de la crise sur les moyens d’existences, notamment pour 130 000 personnes en situation d’insécurité alimentaire (« phase crise »).

  • En préparation aux inondations, la communauté humanitaire prend des mesures pour assurer le maintien des services de base dans les zones potentiellement inaccessibles.

27 Jun 2016 description

(New York, 27 June 2016): The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in the world has soared to a record 130 million and US$16.1 billion is still required to help 95.4 million of the most vulnerable of them this year.

In December 2015, when UN and partners launched the 2016 Global Humanitarian Appeal, the aim was to provide humanitarian assistance to 86.6 million people and the requirements stood at $19.7 billion. This amount has now climbed to $21.6 billion.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • The approaching lean season, as well as low and late funding, continue to increase the overall chronic vulnerability and erode communities' resilience, many of which resort to negative coping strategies.

  • The nutritional situation is critical, with two several regions and departments exceeding the WHO threshold of 15%. The north east of the country is particularly affected by the nutritional crisis, requiring an urgent intervention in the coming months.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Continued forced displacement, killing and secuirty incidents due to insurgency situation.

  • An estimated 16.4 million people are affected by the food insecurity in the northern parts of Nigeria, including 7.3 million in the Northeast states of Adamawa, Borno, Yobe - out of which 3 million are in urgent need of food assistance.

  • Unproportionate resources to address the needs of displaced families such as shelter, health care, WASH, NFIs, education and psychosocial support.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.

  • Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.

  • The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.

  • Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water,sanitation, and hygiene facilities.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), chronic poverty and market instability have contributed to the deterioration of livelihoods and to a lack of opportunities for youth.

  • The presence of State administration and access to basic social services remain limited in areas of insecurity in parts of the north and center of Mali which increases the vulnerability of communities.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Endemic of food insecurity due to crop failure/ poor harvest, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods as a result of frequent natural disasters (droughts, floods).

  • Lack of integrated early warning systems to facilitate early response and assist affected populations to cope better with shocks

  • Poor sanitation and access to clean water are main causes of waterborne diseases. Prevalence of epidemics, lack of access to adequate health services and poor health service delivery.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Food insecurity aggravated by chronic drought and negative coping strategies, in the context of limited capacity. Malnutrition is not only linked to food insecurity, but also caused by poor eating habits.

  • Recent and former population displacement due to conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.

  • Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon, and causes internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.

27 Jun 2016 description

New York/Abuja, 27 June 2016): United Nations humanitarian chief Stephen O’Brien has released US$13 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to provide life-saving assistance to 250,000 people in areas of north-east Nigeria that have just become accessible.

27 Jun 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

  • Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.

  • Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.

24 Jun 2016 description

New displacements and movements of IDPs have been reported especially in Borno State where over 5,000 people moved from Bama, Gwoza, Marte, Mafa and eastern parts of the State into camps as a result of ongoing conflict between the military and Boko Haram. In Yobe State about 17,000 internally displaced persons are reported to have returned to their areas of origin in Gujba and Gulani local government areas, which are still hard to reach for humanitarian actors. The humanitarian community continues to advocate for all returns and movement to be voluntary, dignified and safe.

24 Jun 2016 description

The objective of this document is to provide an update on the humanitarian situation at New Prison IDP Settlement. The context is constantly changing and as such partners are encouraged to liaise directly with OCHA Borno Office for further updates.

Summary