Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 27 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 27 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires multiples et interconnectées, dans un contexte de vulnérabilités chroniques. L’instabilité sécuritaire a entrainé d’importants mouvements de population en provenance des pays voisins (Soudan, RCA, Nigéria) ainsi que des déplacements internes. Des millions de personnes sont touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, en particulier dans la bande sahélienne.
Chad faces a numerous simultaneous and inter-connected humanitarian crises in a broader context of chronic vulnerability. Insecurity in the region has caused significant population movement from neighbouring countries (Sudan, CAR, Nigeria) as well as internal displacement. Meanwhile, millions are affected by food insecurity and malnutrition, especially in the Sahel belt. The situation is exacerbated by persistent outbreaks of measles and malaria, and plagues of locusts devastated crops in the month of September in areas often affected by droughts and floods in the same crop cycle.
About 34 Boko Haram related incidents targeting military checkpoints, motorists, villagers, food and livestock convoys were reported in 19 out of the 27 LGAs of Borno state during the month of September. In comparison to 17 incidents reported in August, this marked a resurgence of violence with implications for humanitarian access and safety.
Round XI of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reports 1.8 million people displaced across Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe states, with a further 300,000 displaced to other areas across Nigeria. As the Nigerian Armed Forces drive out Boko Haram insurgents, people are beginning to move back towards their areas of origin. However, rather than moving back to their farms, they are gathering in Local Government Area headquarters, where they feel relatively safe from BH attacks.
SUIVI DE LA REPONSE HUMANITAIRE 2016
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CALM RETURNING TO KAGA BANDORO , UNREST HITS BANGUI
RETOUR DU CALME A KAGA BANDORO ET TROUBLES A BANGUI
(Maiduguri, Borno State: 25 October 2016) Nigeria is facing the worst humanitarian crisis on the African continent. Currently up to 400,000 children face starvation and citizens suffer with little or no access to clean water, health, protection, education and food security.
Inondations : plus de18 000 sinistrés p.1 Taux moyen de malnutrition à 30 % depuis 2010 p.2 Rentrée des classes et risque de suspension des repas scolaires p.3 Sensibilisation aux risques de mines p.3 Migrations irrégulières au Mali p.4 Niveau de financement du plan de réponse humanitaire p.6
Assistance aux sinistrés des inondations et risques liés à la cure du fleuve
Risque de suspension des repas scolaires pour faute de financement
In this issue
More than 18 000 people affected by floods p.1 Average rate of malnutrition to 30% since 2010 p.2 Back to school and risk of suspension of school meals p.3 Awareness of the risks of mines p.3 Irregular migration to Mali p.4 Level of funding of the humanitarian response plan p.6
Assistance to flood victims and flood forecasts
School meals at risk of suspension due to lack of funding
Epidémie de Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift pour la première fois au Niger.
Deux sites de réfugiés maliens attaqués entre le 10 septembre et le 6 octobre.
Plus de 123 000 personnes affectées par les inondations.
Plus de 300 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa.
Epidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua