In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
INFORM is the first global, objective and transparent tool for understanding the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters. It can help identify where and why a crisis might occur, which means we can reduce the risk, build peoples’ resilience and prepare better for when crises do happen.
ÉLECTIONS DANS LE CALME MAIS SANS LES ZONES DE TENSION
Les élections législatives et municipales se sont déroulées pacifiquement le 16 juillet, mais une faible participation électorale a été enregistrée. En outre, les élections n’ont pas pu se tenir dans les six districts de la région du Pool où les habitants sont de plus en plus affectés par les violences qui déchirent la région. Un plan de réponse de 23,7 millions de dollars américains pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires croissants sera lancé le 18 juillet.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR URGES FOR CONTINUED SUPPORT
United Nations Under-Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) Stephen O’Brien arrived in CAR on 16 July for a three-day visit. On 17 July he traveled to Bangassou; a town that is emblematic of the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the country. The visit provided an opportunity for the ERC to discuss the magnitude of the crisis and make an urgent appeal to the international community not to neglect the CAR crisis.
In 2016, 7 million of affected people were reached by the WASH sector among more than 10 million in needs in West and Central Africa (24 countries):
o In DRC, 2.5 million persons in cholera-prone zones benefiting from preventive as well as WASH cholera-response packages;
o In CAR, 0.9 million of affected people were provided with access to improved sources of water and 0.3 million with sanitations facilities.
o In the Sahel region (9 countries):
The situation is marked by a deterioration in the protection of civilians in the border areas of Kaiga Kindjiria and Tchoukoutalia, where several villages have reportedly been attacked.
New displacements were observed as a result of security incidents.
At the same time, return dynamics continue: 11,000 people in need that returned to their villages of origin were identified following a multisector assessment in Kangalom subprefecture.
ÉVALUATION DES BESOINS DES NOUVEAUX RÉFUGIÉS
JOINT ASSESSMENT OF NEW REFUGEES NEEDS
Aussi bien dans les départements d’Abala, d’Ayorou, de Banibangou que d’Ouallam, la situation est très préoccupante mais l’on ne peut pas parler d’une crise humanitaire à proprement dite. La dégradation du tissu socio-économique dans ces milieux pour une population vivant essentiellement de l’agriculture, de l’élevage et des échanges commerciaux avec le Mali est évidente, ce qui génère une précarité qui fait craindre une crise humanitaire certaine dans la zone.
• Only 28.5 per cent of the funds needed for food assistance programmes in north-east Nigeria has been received, prompting cut-backs and readjustments. The Government launches the distribution of 30,000 tons of cereals.
• Humanitarian actors and the authorities in Nigeria’s Borno state develop a contingency plan to provide life-saving assistance during the current rainy season that carries the risks of flooding, food and nutrition insecurity, epidemics and displacement.
Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. More than 2.4 million people remain displaced. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.
La situation est marquée par une détérioration de la protection des civils dans les zones frontalières de Kaiga Kindjiria et Tchoukoutalia, où ont été rapportées plusieurs attaques contre des villages.
De nouveaux déplacements ont été observés suite à des incidents sécuritaires.
En parallèle, les dynamiques de retour continuent : 11 000 personnes dans le besoin retournées dans leurs villages d’origine ont été identifiées suite à une mission d’évaluation multisectorielle dans la souspréfecture de Kangalom.