Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
(New York, 23 septembre 2016) Les principaux gouvernements, organisations régionales et agences humanitaires se sont engagés à accroître considérablement l’assistance qu’ils apportent aux millions de personnes affectées par la crise humanitaire dans la région du Bassin du Lac Tchad.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
VIOLENCE CONTINUES TO IMPEDE ACCESS
Violence remains one of the major impediments to humanitarian access in many areas, in spite of a decrease in the number of incidents since the start of the year. So far in September, there have been 15 attacks against aid workers, including break-ins into premises of aid organizations. In August, 34 incidents of insecurity were reported throughout the country, a third of which targeted humanitarian workers.
Over 9 million people across the Lake Chad Basin are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Since 2015, CERF has provided more than $90 million for life-saving humanitarian assistance to 3 million people affected by the conflict and deepening food crisis.
Governments, regional organizations and humanitarian agencies today pledged a major increase in life-saving support to the millions of people affected by the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Lake Chad Basin.
Heeding the call of United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, at a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin, an area which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.
2016 REQUIREMENTS 260 million
FUNDING (1) 111 million
UNMET REQUIREMENTS 149 million
Today, on 23 September, the United Nations Secretary-General, the Presidents of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria, and other world leaders and international partners are attending a high-level event on the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, in the margins of the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly.
Aujourd'hui, le 23 Septembre, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, les présidents du Tchad, du Cameroun, du Niger et du Nigeria, ainsi que d'autres chefs d’Etat et les partenaires internationaux assistent à un événement de haut-niveau sur la crise humanitaire dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, en marge de la 71ème session de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies.
SIX TUÉS DANS DES COMBATS ENTRE MILICES
Selon la force de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies (MINUSCA), des combats entre groupes armés dans les villes de KagaBandoro et Ndomete au nord ont fait six morts le 16 septembre. Dénonçant la violence et mettant en garde contre les tentatives visant à provoquer une instabilité dans le pays, la MINUSCA a également renforcé sa présence dans les deux zones touchées et est intervenue entre les parties au conflit pour protéger les civils.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
SIX KILLED IN MILITIA FIGHTING
Fighting between armed groups in the northern Kaga-Bandoro and Ndomete towns on 16 September claimed six lives, according to the UN peacekeeping force MINUSCA. Denouncing the violence and warning against attempts to cause instability in the country,
MINUSCA has reinforced its presence in the two affected areas and intervened between the warring sides to safeguard civilians.
La Journée Mondiale Humanitaire de 2016 a été célébrée environ trois mois après la tenue du Sommet Humanitaire Mondial les 23 et 24 mai à Istanbul (Turquie).
Le Fonds Central d’Intervention d’Urgence (CERF) a alloué 10 millions de dollars américains en faveur des personnes affectées par la crise oubliée du sud du Tchad.
La situation de protection est de plus en plus inquiétante dans la région du Lac avec des incidents qui exposent les personnes déplacées et des populations hôtes
The World Humanitarian Day 2016 was celebrated three months after the World Humanitarian Summit held 23 and 24 May in Istanbul (Turkey).
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$10 million in favour of those affected by the forgotten crisis in southern Chad.
The protection situation is increasingly worrisome in the Lac with incidents that threaten displaced people and host populations
Population 13.2 m
Literacy rate 37.3
Nigeria’s north-east region is undergoing a humanitarian crisis due to prolonged conflict, continuous violence wrought on civilians by Boko Haram, and counter-insurgency measures to combat the terror. Over the last six years, more than 2 million people have fled towns and villages across Adamawa, Borno, Gobme and Yobe states as their homes and farms were razed to the ground. For the third consecutive year, fields remain unplanted, and hundreds of thousands of people are trapped in inaccessible areas without food, water and basic health services.