Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 July 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 25% funded. (OCHA, 22 July 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
(Maiduguri, Abuja: 21 July 2016): On Thursday 21 July vital food supplies were transported to Banki in north-east Nigeria when a humanitarian convoy reached the town.
The World Food Program (WFP) team in Cameron delivered 30 metric tons of various life-saving food items. The food was received by the WFP team in Nigeria and immediately distributed to the 25,000 civilians living inside the town of Banki. An additional 700 kilograms of supplementary food for malnourished children was airlifted from the state capital Maiduguri to Banki on the same day.
The situation remains stable in the Lac region, despite the resumption of military operations on the border with Nigeria and Niger.
The second report on humanitarian access in the Lac region concludes that overall, humanitarian access has been satisfactory for most partners during the second quarter 2016.
Since 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator has released more than US$80 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence.
The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to a growing number of attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region. These attacks have caused the internal displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges
La situation est restée globalement calme dans la région du Lac, malgré la reprise des opérations militaires à la frontière avec le Nigeria et le Niger.
Le deuxième rapport sur l’accès humanitaire dans la région du Lac souligne que l’accès humanitaire est globalement satisfaisant pour la plupart des partenaires.
Commitments made at the World Humanitarian Summit are being transformed into an Action Plan.
Some 3.8 million people in the Lake Chad Basin are facing severe food insecurity in the current lean period.
Aid groups step up response to people in need across the Lake Chad Basin, where hunger and malnutrition are on the rise.
Heavy flooding triggered by torrential rains in Ghana, Chad and Niger.
Ebola outbreak is over in the three worst-hit West African countries.
Ce bulletin a été publié par OCHA en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires. Le prochain bulletin sera publié aux environs du 31 juillet 2016.
Faits saillants régionaux
Des niveaux d’urgence en matière de malnutrition aiguë sévère (MAS) et des conditions proches de la famine ont pu être constatés dans l’État de Borno, et en particulier dans 15 camps satellites où vivent quelque 275 000 personnes, et ce, en raison de l’amélioration récente de l’accès humanitaire.
LA FAO PLAIDE POUR LA VIGILANCE AU SUJET DE LA GRIPPE AVIAIRE
FAO CALLS FOR VIGILANCE OVER BIRD FLU
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR has displaced refugees to Cameroon, and caused internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
The Nigerian Government and humanitarian partners jointly declared a food and nutrition emergency in Borno State. This followed reports of worsening food insecurity, severe malnutrition and deaths in Bama and other sites hosting more than 355,000 IDPs, some recently released from Boko Haram captivity. A US$ 13 million CERF funding was approved for rapid response in the more than 15 locations, prioritising food, nutrition, and protection, while partners are finalising micro plans to reach more than 800,000 newly accessible IDPs with emergency assistance.
(N’Djamena, 16 July 2016): At the end of a visit to the Lake Chad Basin countries of Cameroon, Chad and Niger, Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees and Migration of the US Department of State, Ms. Anne Richard, and EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Mr. Christos Stylianides, as well as UN Assistant Secretary-General Toby Lanzer, called on the international donor community to increase their financial support for populations affected by violence.