Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 April 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 12% funded. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
7665th Meeting (AM)
Initial Optimism over Signing of Accord Dampened by Terrorism, Says Foreign Minister, Blaming Instability on Libya Situation
Every day lost in implementing the peace agreement in Mali was a day gained by extremist and terrorist groups betting on its collapse, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations said today as he briefed the Security Council on the situation in that country.
1 . The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2227 (2015), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2016 and requested me to report every three months on the situation in Mali, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and the efforts of MINUSMA to support it. It covers the period from 17 December 2015 to 18 March 2016.
7658th Meeting (AM)
Security Council | Meetings Coverage
Their Role Often Lauded, Rarely Visible, Says Gender Entity Chief, as Other Briefers Detail Progress, List Challenges
Women must be placed at the centre of efforts to prevent or resolve conflict in Africa, speakers said today as the Security Council took up the “women, peace and security agenda”, considering the role of women in creating more peaceful and equitable societies on the continent.
As the representative of the current Chair of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa, I have the honour to transmit to you herewith (see annex) the report of the Committee on its forty-first ministerial meeting, which was held in Libreville from 23 to 27 November 2015, together with the following documents:
• Status of implementation of the recommendations of the fortieth meeting and the list of recommendations of the thirty-ninth meeting;
7647e séance – matin
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
Le Conseil de sécurité a entendu, ce matin, les représentants de la France, de l’Angola et du Sénégal faire un compte-rendu de la mission qu’ils ont conduite en Afrique de l’Ouest, du 3 au 9 mars 2016, et au cours de laquelle ils ont réaffirmé l’importance que l’organe chargé du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales attache à la situation dans la région, en particulier au Mali et en Guinée-Bissau, pays où la réconciliation doit primer sur les divisions.
7647th Meeting* (AM)
Members of the Security Council briefed the 15-nation organ today on their visiting missions to Guinea-Bissau, Mali and Senegal, providing a closer examination of the current situations in those West African countries and the wider region.
Africa would be at the heart of the Security Council’s work in March, with the 15-member body travelling to the continent ahead of open debates on the Great Lakes region and the role of women in conflict prevention and resolution, the Permanent Representative of Angola, the 15-member body’s President for the month, said today at a Headquarters press conference.
7604e séance – après-midi
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
7604th Meeting (PM)
Briefing the Security Council today, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa painted a mixed picture of the situation in the region, noting the completion of peaceful elections in several nations, as well as the continuing threats of terrorism, drug trafficking and organized crime.
On trouvera ci-après le texte de la déclaration à la presse faite, aujourd’hui, par le Président du Conseil de sécurité pour le mois de janvier, M. Elbio Rosselli (Uruguay):
Le 11 janvier 2016, les membres du Conseil de sécurité ont entendu un exposé du Secrétaire général adjoint aux opérations de maintien de la paix, M. Hervé Ladsous, sur la situation au Mali.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Elbio Rosselli (Uruguay):
The members of the Security Council heard a briefing on 11 January 2016 by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping operations, Hervé Ladsous, on the situation in Mali.
7600e séance – après-midi
Face à la détermination de groupes extrémistes qui veulent faire échouer le processus de paix, il est urgent de mettre en œuvre l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali signé le 20 juin 2015, a affirmé devant le Conseil de sécurité, cet après-midi, le Secrétaire général adjoint aux opérations de maintien de la paix, M. Hervé Ladsous.
7600th Meeting (PM)
Government Still Committed to Accord, despite Terror Threat, Says Foreign Minister
Delays in implementing elements of Mali’s 2015 peace agreement could unravel the hard-won confidence built between the signatories to the accord, United Nations peacekeeping chief Hervé Ladsous warned today, while briefing the Security Council on the situation in that country.
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2227 (2015), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until June 2016 and requested me to report every three mon ths on the situation in Mali, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and the efforts of MINUSMA to support it. The present report covers the period from 23 September to 16 December 2015.
In a letter dated 23 December 2013 (S/2013/759), the President of the Security Council informed me of the Council’s concurrence with my recommendation that the mandate of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) be extended until 31 December 2016, and requested that I report to the Council every six months on the implementation of the mandate.
7585e séance – après-midi
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
À l’initiative des États-Unis, qui assurent la présidence mensuelle de ses travaux, le Conseil de sécurité a mobilisé, cet après-midi, la communauté internationale contre la traite des êtres humains. C’est la toute première fois de son histoire que le Conseil consacre une réunion à cette question, examinée en présence du Vice-Secrétaire général de l’ONU, M. Jan Eliasson, mais aussi d’une victime de Daech.
7572e séance – matin
Le regain de violences en République centrafricaine, à l’origine de vagues de personnes déplacées et de violations des droits de l’homme, est l’un des faits les plus marquants des six derniers mois en Afrique centrale, une région déjà confrontée à des tensions politiques, a déclaré le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour cette sous-région, M. Abdoulaye Bathily.
7571st Meeting (AM)
Security Council Meetings Coverage
Noting the progress made towards implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS), the Security Council today encouraged further progress, including through support for the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel — Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) in its efforts to address the security and political challenges to the region’s stability and development.