Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
For 2017 the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
7818E SÉANCE – MATIN
Sous la présidence du Ministre des affaires étrangères du Sénégal, et en présence du Secrétaire général de l’ONU, le Conseil de sécurité a organisé aujourd’hui un débat public, dans la suite de celui du 26 avril dernier, sur le thème « Eau et paix et sécurité », alors que l’amenuisement des ressources hydriques exacerbe les tensions à l’heure du changement climatique et de l’expansion démographique. Les spécialistes préviennent que l’accès inégal à l’eau sera la principale cause des conflits de demain.
7818TH MEETING (AM)
Speakers Highlight Effective Initiatives in Some Regions, Low Capacity in Others
Management of the world’s precious water resources must be promoted as a means to foster cooperation rather than conflict, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told the Security Council today, as he opened a day-long open debate on water, peace and security.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Fodé Seck (Senegal):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the complex attack that occurred on 6 November 2016 near Douentza, in the centre of Mali, during which two Malian civilians and one Togolese peacekeeper of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) were killed and others injured.
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ 7801E SÉANCE – APRÈS-MIDI
Le Conseil de sécurité a condamné, aujourd’hui, dans une déclaration présidentielle, les violations répétées du cessez-le-feu par les groupes armés des coalitions Plateforme et Coordination à Kidal et dans ses environs ces derniers mois. « Ces violations menacent la viabilité de l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali », s’inquiète le Conseil.
7801ST MEETING (PM)
Strongly condemning repeated ceasefire violations in Mali by armed groups over the last few months, the Security Council urged those factions, as well as the Government to expeditiously carry out all their commitments under the 2015 Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation for the country.
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
1 NOVEMBRE 2016
Les questions africaines seront à l’honneur pendant le mois de novembre au Conseil de sécurité, a annoncé, cet après-midi, le Représentant permanent du Sénégal auprès des Nations Unies, M. Fodé Seck, qui assurera la présidence mensuelle de l’organe chargé du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales.
Open debates on “water, peace and security” and asymmetrical threats to peacekeeping would be highlighted by the Security Council this month, along with a range of items of ongoing concern, Fodé Seck (Senegal), Council President for November, told correspondents at Headquarters this afternoon.
7784th Meeting (PM)
6 October 2016
Almost 18 months since the signing of the Mali peace agreement, the United Nations peacekeeping chief this afternoon called the Security Council’s attention to the absence of concrete progress in implementing the accord and the degrading security environment in the country.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Vitaly Churkin (Russian Federation):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the multiple terrorist attacks that occurred on 3 October 2016 against the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in Aguelhoc, in the north of Mali, during which two peacekeepers from Chad were killed and others injured.
1. Par sa résolution 2295 (2016), le Conseil de sécurité a prorogé le mandat de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies po ur la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) jusqu’au 30 juin 2017 et m’a prié de lui faire rapport tous les trois mois sur la suite donnée à sa résolution, en particulier sur les progrès accomplis dans l’application de l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali et l’action menée par la MINUSMA pour l’appuyer.
II. Faits politiques importants
1. In its resolution 2295 (2016), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2017 and requested me to report on a quarterly basis on its implementation, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and the efforts of MINUSMA to support it.
II. Major political developments
A. Implementation of the peace agreement
Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale et fait le point sur les progrès réalisés dans la mise en oeuvre des recommandations figurant dans le rapport du Secrétaire général sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique (A/65/152-S/2010/526).
The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/292, reviews progress made in the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/65/152-S/2010/526).
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Ramlan Bin Ibrahim (Malaysia):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attacks that occurred between 5 and 7 August 2016 against the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in the northern region of Kidal, killing one peacekeeper and injuring another six.
7750th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council underscored the importance of long-term institution-building as a critical part of peacebuilding in Africa, as it held an open debate today on the topic where speakers emphasized the importance of addressing the root causes of conflict, the need for predictable and sustainable financing, and closer cooperation with the African Union and subregional organizations.
7749th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council today welcomed the merging of the Office of the Special Envoy for the Sahel with the United Nations Office for West Africa, encouraging the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in the region to ensure a unified management structure for the new United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS).
7748th Meeting (AM)
Speakers Hail Regional Military Efforts, Call for More International Support
Violence by Boko Haram had led to massive forced displacement and a widespread humanitarian crisis in West Africa’s Lake Chad Basin, senior United Nations officials told the Security Council today, as speakers called for increased international support for regional efforts to combat terrorism and meet the needs of 9.2 million people facing unimaginable desperation across four countries.
7735th Meeting (AM)
The Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) told the Security Council this morning that he was setting up a regional task force on the prevention of violent extremism in the region, as he appealed for greater efforts to counter the spread of terrorism and associated lawlessness.