Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
7566th Meeting (AM)
Citing accelerating terrorist attacks, spikes in displacement and increasingly grave humanitarian challenges, the top United Nations official for the Sahel told the Security Council today that the international community must address the root causes of such threats to prevent further deterioration in the region.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom):
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Román Oyarzun Marchesi (Spain):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the horrific 10 and 11 October terrorist attacks attributed to Boko Haram, perpetrated in the towns of Baga Sola, Chad, and Kangaleri, Cameroon, which resulted in a large number of deaths and casualties.
7528e séance – matin
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
« Le chemin vers la paix au Mali sera jonché d’obstacles », avait prévenu le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour ce pays lors de son précédent exposé devant le Conseil de sécurité. « Il l’est, en effet. Les difficultés rencontrées ont été plus importantes et ont surgi plus tôt que prévu », a confirmé aujourd’hui M. Mongi Hamdi devant les 15 membres de l’organe chargé du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales.
7528th Meeting (AM)
The path to peace in Mali was fraught with unexpected obstacles, and implementation of the peace agreement had been delayed by violations of the ceasefire agreements and actions by terrorist groups and trans-border criminal elements, Mongi Hamdi, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali and head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) told the Security Council this morning.
- The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2227 (2015), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2016 and requested me to report every three months on the situation in Mali, focusing on progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali and on the efforts of MINUSMA to support it. The present report covers the period from 12 June to 16 September 2015.
I have the honour to submit to you the report of the workshop, “Children and Armed Conflict: Implementing Security Council resolution 1998 (2011)” (see annex), convened by the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs on 22 and 23 January 2015 in Berlin. The report reflects the views of the workshop participants.
I should be grateful if you would circulate the present letter and its annex as a document of the General Assembly, under agenda item 64 (a), and of the Security Council.
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
CONFÉRENCES DE PRESSE
La Représentante permanente du Nigéria auprès des Nations Unies, Mme Joy Ogwu, qui préside le Conseil de sécurité pour le mois d’août, a présenté à la presse, cet après-midi, au cours d’une conférence de presse au Siège de l’ONU à New York, le programme de travail mensuel de cet organe.
Ebola, security sector reform, and the role of regional organizations in addressing global challenges would be top priorities of the Security Council in August, said the Permanent Representative of Nigeria, President of the body for the month, at a Headquarters press conference today.
7480th Meeting (PM)
Continuing attacks by Boko Haram, risks of election instability in several nations, transnational organized crime and Ebola were current top concerns in West Africa, a United Nations official in the region told the Security Council this afternoon.
Par une lettre de son président en date du 23 décembre 2013 (S/2013/759), le Conseil de sécurité m’a informé avoir décidé de proroger le mandat du Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest (UNOWA) jusqu’au 31 décembre 2016 comme je l’avais recommandé et m’a prié de lui rendre compte, tous les six mois, de sa mise en œuvre.
7480e séance – après-midi
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
COUVERTURE DES RÉUNIONS
Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest, qui faisait cet après-midi une présentation de l’état de la situation dans la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, s’est dit préoccupé par la persistance des attaques perpétrées par le secte Boko Haram et par leurs effets déstabilisateurs sur la situation humanitaire, les droits de l’homme et la sécurité dans la région du bassin du lac Tchad.
In a letter dated 23 December 2013 (S/2013/759), the President of the Security Council informed me of the Council’s concurrence with my recommendation to extend the mandate of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) until 31 December 2016, and requested that I report to the Council every six months on the implementation of the mandate.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Gerard Jacobus van Bohemen (New Zealand):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack against a convoy of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) on 2 July, in the region of Timbuktu, during which six Burkinabe peacekeepers were killed and others injured.
7479th Meeting (PM)
Peacekeeping, peacebuilding and children in armed conflict had been the centrepieces of the Security Council’s work over the past four weeks, said the Permanent Representative of Malaysia, President of the body for June, in a monthly wrap-up meeting this afternoon.