Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Conseil de sécurité
8009e séance – matin
8009TH MEETING (AM)
24 JULY 2017
The Security Council today welcomed recent positive political developments in some West African countries, but expressed concern over the threat of terrorism in the region — including attacks by Boko Haram and Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) — as well as a worsening humanitarian situation.
13 JUILLET 2017
CONSEIL DE SÉCURITÉ
8002E SÉANCE – MATIN
Face à la montée du terrorisme et de l’extrémisme violent en Afrique de l’Ouest et au Sahel, le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général et Chef du Bureau des Nations Unies pour la région (UNOWAS), M. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, a appelé, ce matin, le Conseil de sécurité à soutenir davantage les initiatives nationales et régionales contre cette « menace gravissime », en procédant notamment au renforcement de la Stratégie intégrée des Nations Unies pour le Sahel.
Political Will Needed in Fighting Boko Haram, Delegates Stress, as Bolivia, Russian Federation Warn against Interventionism, ‘Outside Meddling’
Despite laudable progress towards democratic consolidation, the security situation in West Africa and the Sahel remained a concern, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative told the Security Council today, stressing that terrorism and violent extremism were hampering efforts to improve infrastructure and create jobs.
29 JUNE 2017
7991ST MEETING (PM)
The Security Council today decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for one year, while maintaining its previous troop level and highlighting such priority tasks as the protection of civilians and support to the country’s defence and security forces.
7979th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council welcomed the deployment of the Group of Five Sahel joint force (Force conjointe du G5 Sahel - FC-G5S) that would address the threat of terrorism, as well as the serious challenges posed by transnational organized crime in the region.
1. Par sa résolution 2295 (2016), le Conseil de sécurité a prorogé le mandat de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) jusqu’au 30 juin 2017 et m’a prié de lui faire rapport tous les trois mois sur la suite donnée à sa résolution, en particulier sur l ’état d’avancement de l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali (voir S/2015/364 et Add.1) et l’action menée par la MINUSMA pour l’appuyer.
1. By its resolution 2295 (2016), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2017 and requested me to report on a quarterly basis on its implementation, focusing on progress in taking forward the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali (see S/2015/364 and Add.1) and the efforts of MINUSMA to support it.
II. Major political developments
Conseil de sécurité
7975e séance – matin
Près de deux ans après la signature de l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali, et alors que la période transitoire touche à sa fin, en juin, le Mali se trouve de nouveau à un tournant, a expliqué au Conseil de sécurité, ce matin, le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour le Mali et Chef de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA), M. Mahamat Saleh Annadif.
7975TH MEETING (AM)
16 JUNE 2017
Foreign Minister Presses Members for Authority to Deploy Counter-Terrorism Force from among Neighbouring G5 Sahel Countries
Despite progress towards peace in Mali, terrorist attacks remained a major obstacle, the head of the United Nations peacekeeping operation in that country told the Security Council today, as the State’s Foreign Minister called for the Council’s authority to deploy a regional counter-terrorism force so as to keep the nation on the road to reconciliation.
7962nd Meeting (AM)
Despite Iraq, Syria Losses, Under-Secretary-General Warns Group Gaining Ground in East Africa, Afghanistan, South-East Asia
While Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) was being hobbled by lost territory and shrinking financial resources, collective efforts must be intensified to finally put an end to the terrorist group’s attacks in the region and beyond and to eradicate its deadly propaganda online, speakers told the Security Council today.
7951st Meeting (AM)
Endless Talks on Ending Violence Pointless as Arms Sales to Criminals, Dictators, Terrorists Continue at Same Time, Says Holy See
Despite 15 years of steadily growing international attention to the question of protecting civilians in conflict situations, life in war zones around the world remained grim, with suffering “pushed to the limits” as cities turned into “death traps”, the Security Council heard today as it held an open debate on attacks against medical personnel and facilities.
1. Dans sa lettre datée du 25 janvier 2017, le Président du Conseil de sécurité a informé le Secrétaire général que le Conseil avait décidé de dépêcher une mission dans la région du bassin du lac Tchad (Cameroun, Tchad, Niger et Nigéria) du 1er au 7 mars 2017. La mission était codirigée par les Représentants permanents de la France, du Sénégal et du Royaume -Uni. On trouvera dans les annexes I et II la composition de la mission et l’énoncé de son mandat.
1. In his letter dated 25 January 2017, the President of the Security Council informed the Secretary-General that the Council had decided to send a mission to the Lake Chad Basin region (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria) from 1 to 7 March 2017. The mission was led jointly by the Permanent Representatives of France, Senegal and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The composition of the mission and its terms of reference are set out in annexes I and II to the present report.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Elbio Rosselli (Uruguay):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack against the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) near Aguelhoc, Mali, on 23 May 2017, which caused the death of two Chadian peacekeepers and injured another and which was claimed by Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims).