In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
By Suresh Babu
WASHINGTON DC, May 4 2017 (IPS) - The emerging drought-induced humanitarian crisis—prevailing in countries from Niger in West Africa to Somalia in East Africa—and conflict-driven famine conditions in South Sudan, Somalia, and Northeast Nigeria, have become a regular phenomenon.
Even though these food crises can be prevented, they persistently arise due to the development community’s collective amnesia on what has worked and what has not in famine response, recovery, and resilience-building.
By Busani Bafana
DUBAI, UAE, Mar 18 2017 (IPS) - Though still fearful for her life and the safety of her family, one of the girls who escaped abduction by Boko Haram in Nigeria has appealed to global leaders to intervene and help bring back 195 schoolgirls still being held by the terrorist network.
Next month it will be three years since the Nigerian militants abducted more than 270 girls from the town of Chibok in northeastern Nigeria.
MINAWAO CAMP, Cameroon, Dec 16 2016 (IPS) - Tears spring to Aichatou Njoya’s eyes as she recalls the day Islamic militants from Boko Haram arrived on her doorstep in Nigeria.
“It was on May 24, 2013. My husband was sleeping in his room while I was on the other side of the house with our six children. The youngest was only one month old,” she mutters, pausing to collect herself.
By Mbom Sixtus
KONYE, Cameroon, Aug 28 2016 (IPS)- Tanchenow Daniel fears he will lose more than half a tonne of his cocoa yield during the next harvest at the end of this month.
He usually harvests no less than 1.5 tonnes of cocoa beans during the mid-crop season, but he says every farmer in the Manyu Division of Cameroon’s South West Region is witnessing a catastrophe this year because of a prolonged dry season.
By Mbom Sixtus-Yaounde
YAOUNDE, Cameroon, Mar 18 2016 (IPS) - “They have reduced the quantity of food they used to give us and we still do not know why. But we are managing. We are refugees and we have no choice. All they give us is rice and some soya beans,” John Guige, a Nigerian resident and primary school teacher in the Minawao refugee camp in Cameroon’s Far North region, told IPS.
BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe, 20 déc (IPS) - La contamination par l'aflatoxine est une menace croissante pour le commerce, la sécurité alimentaire et la santé en Afrique subsaharienne, où les petits fermiers font face au défi de la production alimentaire et maintenant le changement climatique, selon des chercheurs.
YAOUNDE, Cameroon, Dec 23 2015 (IPS) - Cameroon is on the path to introduce genetically modified organisms (GMO’s). This would be overseen by the Cameroon Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with the National Biosafety Committee, if the Cameroon Cotton Corporation successfully implements a three-year test cultivation of cotton.
The introduction of GMOs is seen by many as a measure to improve Cameroon’s agricultural yields and guarantee food security, despite health risks.
By Andrea Pettrachin
CEUTA, Sep 4 2015 (IPS) - In the middle of the mountains behind the border fence of Ceuta, the Spanish enclave in Morocco, and eight kilometres from the nearest Moroccan village of Fnideq, an uncertain number of migrants live in the woods. No one knows exactly how many they are but charity workers in Melilla, Spain’s other enclave in Morocco, say they could be in their thousands.
By Mbom Sixtus
YAOUNDE, Aug 2 2015 (IPS) - Marking a shift away from the growing trend of abandoning sustainable life styles and drifting from traditional customs and routines, Joshua Konkankoh is a Cameroonian farmer with a vision – that the answer to food insecurity lies in sustainable and organic methods of farming.
By Lisa Vives
NEW YORK, May 19 2015 (IPS) - In the midst of one of Africa’s largest slums, vegetables are growing.
It began as a French initiative to support jobless youth after a spasm of post-election violence in 2008 – and feed them at the same time.
By Kwame Buist
OHANNESBURG, Mar 27 2015 (IPS) - Over half of the African continent’s population is below the age of 25 and approximately 11 million young Africans are expected to enter the labour market every year for the next decade, say experts.
Despite strong economic growth in many African countries, wage employment is limited and agriculture and agri-business continue to provide income and employment for over 60 percent of sub-Saharan Africa’s population.
Clinton Ikechukwu Ezeigwe is Director of Operations at Christian Fellowship & Care Foundation
OWERRI, Nigeria, Mar 22 2015 (IPS) - In Nigeria, it’s all about the numbers. My nation recently became the largest economy in Africa by some distance, with a GDP of well over 500 billion dollars.
MAROUA, Far North Region, Jan 14 2015 (IPS) - “I’d quit my job before going to work in a place like that.” That is how a primary school teacher responded when IPS asked him why he had not accepted a job in Cameroon’s Far North region.
James Ngoran is not the only teacher who has refused to move to the embattled area bordering Nigeria where Boko Haram has been massing and launching lightning strike attacks on the isolated region.
By Monde Kingsley Nfor
GUIWA, Cameroon, Jun 24 2014 (IPS) - Central African Republic refugees living in Cameroon’s East Region are increasingly becoming frustrated about their deteriorating living conditions and their inability to support themselves as conflict between them and and local villagers has escalated over depleting resources.
They say they have been denied access to farm tools as aid agencies fear they may use them as arms against the local population.
By Matthew Newsome
TUNIS, Mar 28 2014 (IPS) - Still not enough is being done to improve the food emergency in Africa’s Sahel Region as conflict and instability continue to exacerbate any response towards aiding a region where one in eight people suffer from food insecurity.
By Marc-Andre Boisvert
BAMAKO, Feb 6 2014 (IPS) - Under the harsh Sunday afternoon sun, Daouda Dicko washes his client’s clothes on the shore of the Niger River, which runs through Mali’s capital, Bamako. “I started doing this to survive two years ago. Now, I am used to it and I don’t mind the extra money it brings,” Dicko, who also works as a gardener, tells IPS.
BAMAKO, Jan 31 2014 (IPS) - In her traditional orange headdress, Agaichetou Toure sits quietly in a waiting room in Kalaban-Koura, a popular neighbourhood on the outskirts of Mali’s capital Bamako.
It’s taken Toure almost two years to register as an internally displaced person (IDP) because until now she did not know that centres for this existed or that they provided aid for people like her. It was while running errands that she heard a crowd speaking about a new centre that had opened. So she came.
NATIONS UNIES , 22 oct (IPS) - Lorsqu’une guerre éclate, les femmes sont souvent les premières à subir la dure brutalité et les dernières à être appelées à la table des négociations.
Une résolution adoptée le 18 octobre par le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU nous fait avancer d’un pas plus proche de la pleine participation des femmes en tant que leaders pour la paix et la sécurité.
YAOUNDE , 30 sep (IPS) - Dans son village Obala, dans le sud du Cameroun, Jean Olinga explique à ses fils les rudiments de l’utilisation du maïs hybride, indiquant que cette variété est élaborée à l’Institut de recherche agricole pour le développement (IRAD) à Yaoundé, la capitale.
NIAMEY, 23 août (IPS) - De petits producteurs valorisent leur savoir-faire local au Niger et apprennent à adapter les nouvelles technologies de la recherche à leur milieu dans des Parcelles d’initiatives paysannes (PIP), pour accroître leurs rendements agricoles.
Les PIP expérimentées dans la région de Maradi, dans le centre-est de pays sahélien d’Afrique de l’ouest, sont dans un projet financé par le Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA).