150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
MINAWAO CAMP, Cameroon, Dec 16 2016 (IPS) - Tears spring to Aichatou Njoya’s eyes as she recalls the day Islamic militants from Boko Haram arrived on her doorstep in Nigeria.
“It was on May 24, 2013. My husband was sleeping in his room while I was on the other side of the house with our six children. The youngest was only one month old,” she mutters, pausing to collect herself.
By Mbom Sixtus
KONYE, Cameroon, Aug 28 2016 (IPS)- Tanchenow Daniel fears he will lose more than half a tonne of his cocoa yield during the next harvest at the end of this month.
He usually harvests no less than 1.5 tonnes of cocoa beans during the mid-crop season, but he says every farmer in the Manyu Division of Cameroon’s South West Region is witnessing a catastrophe this year because of a prolonged dry season.
By Mbom Sixtus-Yaounde
YAOUNDE, Cameroon, Mar 18 2016 (IPS) - “They have reduced the quantity of food they used to give us and we still do not know why. But we are managing. We are refugees and we have no choice. All they give us is rice and some soya beans,” John Guige, a Nigerian resident and primary school teacher in the Minawao refugee camp in Cameroon’s Far North region, told IPS.
BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe, 20 déc (IPS) - La contamination par l'aflatoxine est une menace croissante pour le commerce, la sécurité alimentaire et la santé en Afrique subsaharienne, où les petits fermiers font face au défi de la production alimentaire et maintenant le changement climatique, selon des chercheurs.
YAOUNDE, Cameroon, Dec 23 2015 (IPS) - Cameroon is on the path to introduce genetically modified organisms (GMO’s). This would be overseen by the Cameroon Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with the National Biosafety Committee, if the Cameroon Cotton Corporation successfully implements a three-year test cultivation of cotton.
The introduction of GMOs is seen by many as a measure to improve Cameroon’s agricultural yields and guarantee food security, despite health risks.
By Andrea Pettrachin
CEUTA, Sep 4 2015 (IPS) - In the middle of the mountains behind the border fence of Ceuta, the Spanish enclave in Morocco, and eight kilometres from the nearest Moroccan village of Fnideq, an uncertain number of migrants live in the woods. No one knows exactly how many they are but charity workers in Melilla, Spain’s other enclave in Morocco, say they could be in their thousands.
By Mbom Sixtus
YAOUNDE, Aug 2 2015 (IPS) - Marking a shift away from the growing trend of abandoning sustainable life styles and drifting from traditional customs and routines, Joshua Konkankoh is a Cameroonian farmer with a vision – that the answer to food insecurity lies in sustainable and organic methods of farming.
By Lisa Vives
NEW YORK, May 19 2015 (IPS) - In the midst of one of Africa’s largest slums, vegetables are growing.
It began as a French initiative to support jobless youth after a spasm of post-election violence in 2008 – and feed them at the same time.
By Kwame Buist
OHANNESBURG, Mar 27 2015 (IPS) - Over half of the African continent’s population is below the age of 25 and approximately 11 million young Africans are expected to enter the labour market every year for the next decade, say experts.
Despite strong economic growth in many African countries, wage employment is limited and agriculture and agri-business continue to provide income and employment for over 60 percent of sub-Saharan Africa’s population.
Clinton Ikechukwu Ezeigwe is Director of Operations at Christian Fellowship & Care Foundation
OWERRI, Nigeria, Mar 22 2015 (IPS) - In Nigeria, it’s all about the numbers. My nation recently became the largest economy in Africa by some distance, with a GDP of well over 500 billion dollars.
MAROUA, Far North Region, Jan 14 2015 (IPS) - “I’d quit my job before going to work in a place like that.” That is how a primary school teacher responded when IPS asked him why he had not accepted a job in Cameroon’s Far North region.
James Ngoran is not the only teacher who has refused to move to the embattled area bordering Nigeria where Boko Haram has been massing and launching lightning strike attacks on the isolated region.
By Monde Kingsley Nfor
GUIWA, Cameroon, Jun 24 2014 (IPS) - Central African Republic refugees living in Cameroon’s East Region are increasingly becoming frustrated about their deteriorating living conditions and their inability to support themselves as conflict between them and and local villagers has escalated over depleting resources.
They say they have been denied access to farm tools as aid agencies fear they may use them as arms against the local population.
By Matthew Newsome
TUNIS, Mar 28 2014 (IPS) - Still not enough is being done to improve the food emergency in Africa’s Sahel Region as conflict and instability continue to exacerbate any response towards aiding a region where one in eight people suffer from food insecurity.
By Marc-Andre Boisvert
BAMAKO, Feb 6 2014 (IPS) - Under the harsh Sunday afternoon sun, Daouda Dicko washes his client’s clothes on the shore of the Niger River, which runs through Mali’s capital, Bamako. “I started doing this to survive two years ago. Now, I am used to it and I don’t mind the extra money it brings,” Dicko, who also works as a gardener, tells IPS.
BAMAKO, Jan 31 2014 (IPS) - In her traditional orange headdress, Agaichetou Toure sits quietly in a waiting room in Kalaban-Koura, a popular neighbourhood on the outskirts of Mali’s capital Bamako.
It’s taken Toure almost two years to register as an internally displaced person (IDP) because until now she did not know that centres for this existed or that they provided aid for people like her. It was while running errands that she heard a crowd speaking about a new centre that had opened. So she came.
NATIONS UNIES , 22 oct (IPS) - Lorsqu’une guerre éclate, les femmes sont souvent les premières à subir la dure brutalité et les dernières à être appelées à la table des négociations.
Une résolution adoptée le 18 octobre par le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU nous fait avancer d’un pas plus proche de la pleine participation des femmes en tant que leaders pour la paix et la sécurité.
YAOUNDE , 30 sep (IPS) - Dans son village Obala, dans le sud du Cameroun, Jean Olinga explique à ses fils les rudiments de l’utilisation du maïs hybride, indiquant que cette variété est élaborée à l’Institut de recherche agricole pour le développement (IRAD) à Yaoundé, la capitale.
NIAMEY, 23 août (IPS) - De petits producteurs valorisent leur savoir-faire local au Niger et apprennent à adapter les nouvelles technologies de la recherche à leur milieu dans des Parcelles d’initiatives paysannes (PIP), pour accroître leurs rendements agricoles.
Les PIP expérimentées dans la région de Maradi, dans le centre-est de pays sahélien d’Afrique de l’ouest, sont dans un projet financé par le Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA).
OUAGADOUGOU, 10 août (IPS) - Des organisations de gestion des eaux du Bassin de la Volta appellent à des mesures urgentes pour arrêter la dégradation continue des sols, de l’écosystème autour du Bassin de la Volta qui nourrit plusieurs millions de personnes en Afrique de l’ouest.
Soumaila T. Diarra
BAMAKO , 31 juil (IPS) - La première annonce officielle, mardi, des premières tendances des résultats de l’élection présidentielle de dimanche au Mali, suscite une vive polémique susceptible de créer une crise postélectorale alors que le scrutin devrait sortir le pays de sa précédente crise politique multiforme.