In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Increase in household demand for cereal products in markets
1,119 Refugee returnees and host community members participated in sensitization sessions on protection-related issues including social cohesion, early and forced marriages, excision and inter-community conflicts
280 Birth certificates were distributed to Mauritanian refugees in Kayes region to facilitate their access to civil documentation.
USD 40 million requested for the operation
"We still have about 10 schools missing teachers due to trauma"
By Emma Farge
OUAGADOUGOU, April 26 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Dozens of teachers in Burkina Faso who fled into hiding after receiving threats from Islamist militants have returned to their classrooms and will receive psychological support after one of them was killed by suspected jihadists, officials said.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: two Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This week, one new event has been reported: an outbreak of hepatitis E in Niger.
Projected food assistance needs for October 2017
Funding gaps are currently jeopardizing the implementation of all activities. Considering the current level of funding, three regions out of seven will be prioritized for the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) and two provinces out of four will be targeted for the Country Programme.
Au Burkina Faso la malnutrition constitue un problème de santé publique du fait de son ampleur et de sa sévérité. Afin de lutter efficacement contre ce mal, le Gouvernement à travers le Ministère de la santé en collaboration avec ses partenaires techniques et financiers ont conjugué leur effort en mettant en place un mécanisme de surveillance par la réalisation annuelle d’enquêtes nutritionnelles nationales selon la méthodologie SMART depuis 2009.
La campagne agropastorale 2016/2017 a été caractérisée par un démarrage timide des pluies qui ne se sont installées définitivement qu’à la deuxième décade de juillet. Puis s’en est suivi un ralentissement de l’activité de la mousson à partir de la deuxième décade de septembre. Elle a été aussi marquée par endroits, par des inondations, des poches de secheresses et des attaques de chenilles et d’oiseaux granivores. En definitive, la campagne agrospastorale peut être jugée moyenne.
10% increase in cereal production compared to last year confirmed in West Africa. Third consecutive year of favourable production conditions.
Restrictive exchange rates development of regional economies such as Liberia, Ghana and Nigeria affecting trade patterns in the region
Difficult macro-economic conditions affecting commercial activities in Chad despite positive agricultural performances
Drop of world cocoa prices has diminished export and budgetary revenues in Côte d’Ivoire
Synthèse par pays :
Au Niger, la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la hausse pour les céréales sèches et à la stabilité pour le riz. Les hausses sont observées pour le mil à Zinder (+17%), à Maradi (+16%), à Agadez (+15%), à Dosso (+10%), à Tillabéry (+6%) et à Niamey (+4%), pour le sorgho à Maradi (+20%), à Zinder (+10%), à Agadez et Niamey (+8%) et Dosso (+5%), et pour le maïs à Maradi (+15%), à Dosso et Agadez (+13%), à Niamey (+11%) et à Zinder et Tillabéry (+8%). Aucune baisse n’a été enregistrée sur aucun marché.
More than 10,000 people were displaced in the Segou and Mopti regions further to an inter-community conflict recorded in February 2017 in the administrative districts of Macina and Niono (Segou region). These new displacements increase the number of displaced people registered in the country due to the 2012 conflict and other inter-community clashes in northern (Menaka, Timbuktu) and central (Mopti) Mali to 45,766 people.