In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 2 June 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 25% funded. (OCHA, 2 June 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Synthèse par pays :
Au Niger, la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la hausse pour les céréales sèches et à la stabilité pour le riz. Les hausses sont observées pour le mil à Zinder (+13%), à Tillabéry (+7%), à Maradi, Dosso et Niamey (+4%) et à Agadez (+3%), pour le sorgho à Zinder et Maradi (13%), à Agadez (+10%), à Tillabéry (+8%) et Dosso (+4%) et pour le maïs à Zinder (+18%), à Agadez (+8%) et à Tillabéry (+7%). Aucune baisse n’a été enregistrée sur aucun marché.
DAKAR – The United Nations World Food Programme welcomes the contribution, from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, of 250 metric tonnes of dates, worth US$ 650,000, which will give a nutritional boost to more than 130,000 hungry and vulnerable people in Chad, Mauritania and Burkina Faso this Ramadan season.
Le Secrétaire général salue l'adoption, le 21 juin, de la résolution 2359 (2017), première étape du soutien à la décision du Groupe des cinq pour le Sahel (G5) de mettre en place une force conjointe pour lutter contre le terrorisme et la criminalité transnationale organisée, en coordination avec les forces nationales et internationales.
The Secretary-General welcomes the adoption on 21 June of resolution 2359 (2017) as a first step in support of the decision by the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5) to set up a joint force to combat terrorism and transnational organized crime, in coordination with national and other forces.
By: Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees | 21 June 2017
The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants: Pathways for a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework for Refugees in Africa
Director of Political Affairs,
7979th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council welcomed the deployment of the Group of Five Sahel joint force (Force conjointe du G5 Sahel - FC-G5S) that would address the threat of terrorism, as well as the serious challenges posed by transnational organized crime in the region.
This publication reproduces the first test on the production of Migration Profile. It includes an example for Mali for the Structural Migration Profile (2015) and the Flash Migration Profile for the period August – October 2016.
Stephen O’Brien, Secrétaire général des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence
There has been a spike in displacement due to clashes between armed groups and Afghan security forces in southern Nangarhar. Over 10,000 people were displaced between 11 and 18 June, almost doubling the total displacement figure in the eastern provinces this year. 30 schools have been forced to close due to the escalation in conflict, depriving nearly 15,000 pupils of education.
Persistent instability in northern Mali, Boko Haram-related violence and insecurity in north-east Nigeria, and the impact of the conflict in the neighbouring Central African Republic continue to cause massive population displacements and hinder the return of displaced people to their homes. More than five million people across the Sahel region are facing the consequences of forced displacement.
Dansira Dembele (CCAFS)
On the occasion of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, we highlight how the work of CCAFS helps farmers cope with the scourge of drought in the Sahel, particularly in the context of climate change.
More than 60 million people could leave sub-Saharan Africa's desertified areas for North Africa and Europe by 2020
By Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, June 16 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - African governments have pledged to restore degraded land, invest in agriculture and create "green jobs" for young people in a drive to tackle youth unemployment, fight against radicalisation, and stem the tide of migration to Europe.