Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 29 July 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 25% funded. (OCHA, 29 July 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.
Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.
28 juillet 2016 – Le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU a salué jeudi l'amélioration de la situation politique observée récemment en Afrique de l'Ouest, tout en soulignant la nécessité d'accroître la coopération militaire entre les Etats de cette région et du Sahel pour lutter contre le groupe terroriste Boko Haram.
Heavy rains may lead to flooding in East and West Africa, dryness persists in Central America
Consistent and above average rain over the past few weeks has led to moisture surpluses throughout much of Eastern Africa. Torrential rain is forecast to continue over western Sudan and the highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea, which is likely to raise the River Nile and Al Gash River levels further and potentially result in flooding over many areas of Sudan during the next week.
7749th Meeting (AM)
The Security Council today welcomed the merging of the Office of the Special Envoy for the Sahel with the United Nations Office for West Africa, encouraging the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in the region to ensure a unified management structure for the new United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS).
Burkina Faso : 4 morts, des milliers de personnes affectées par les inondations
Les 19 et 20 juillet, des inondations provoquées par des pluies torrentielles dans quatre régions, dont la capitale Ouagadougou, ont tué quatre personnes et affecté des milliers d'autres. Les autorités ont mis en place une cellule pour surveiller l'impact des pluies et activé le Comité national de secours d'urgence et de réhabilitation pour aider les personnes touchées par les inondations.
Burkina Faso: Floods kill four, affect thousands
Floods triggered by torrential rains in four regions, including the capital Ouagadougou killed four people and affected thousands others on 19 and 20 July. The authorities have set up a cell to monitor the impact of the rains and activated the national emergency relief and rehabilitation committee to assist those affected by the floods.
Favorable rainfall patterns allow for intensive agriculture activities across the country
Despite the typical increase in seasonal household demand, the price of staple cereals (with the exception of maize), remain stable as compared to the five year average. Additionally, the seasonal availability of wild forage foods will allow households to access enough food for at least two meals a day. The country will thus remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.
NASA and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) have opened a new environmental monitoring program in West Africa that will enhance the role of space-based observations in the management of climate-sensitive issues facing the world today.
Signé entre la Banque mondiale et la Communauté économique des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Cédéao), à travers l’Organisation ouest-africaine de la santé (OOAS) en décembre 2015, le projet Paludisme et maladies tropicales négligées au Sahel (P/MTN) a été officiellement lancé ce mardi à l’hôtel Radisson Blu de Bamako.
Syntèse par pays
Between January and May 2016, in the nine Sahelian countries, a total of 475,034 children under five suffering of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted in nutrition program in order to receive treatment.
This represents almost 30% of the annual target set up at 1,622,289, and 12% of the annual estimated SAM Burden established at 3,821,948.
Alert 2016! Report on conflicts, human rights and peacebuilding is a yearbook providing an analysis of the state of the world in terms of conflict and peacebuilding from four perspectives: armed conflicts, socio-political crises, peace processes and gender, peace and security.
(Genève) La FIDH et son organisation membre au Burkina Faso, le MBDHP se félicitent de l’issue du premier examen du Burkina Faso devant le Comité des droits de l’Homme de l’ONU, dix-sept ans après l’accession du pays au Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques en 1999.
« Les conclusions et recommandations de l’ONU doivent désormais guider l’action des autorités burkinabè dans la mise en oeuvre des obligations internationales du pays et permettre le passage d’une logique d’engagements répétés à des actes concrets en faveur des droits et libertés. »