Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Abundant rain has continued across a wide portion of West Africa.
Despite a recent increase in rain, seasonal deficits have persisted over parts of the Greater Horn of Africa.
1) Although an increase in rain has been observed over Eastern Africa during the past few weeks, seasonal deficits have persisted in south-central and eastern Sudan, western Eritrea, and northeastern Ethiopia due to the delayed onset and uneven rainfall distribution to the June-September season.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | AFP | mardi 25/08/2015 - 15:19 GMT
Un gendarme burkinabè blessé après une attaque par des inconnus d'une caserne dans le nord du Burkina, frontalier du Niger et du Mali, est décédé dans un hôpital à Ouagadougou, a-t-on appris mardi de source gouvernementale.
"Le gendarme qui a été blessé dimanche est mort hier (lundi) soir peu avant son admission au bloc opératoire", a indiqué à l’AFP un membre du gouvernement burkinabè.
OUAGADOUGOU, Aug 24 (Reuters) - Unidentified gunmen attacked a police post in northern Burkina Faso, a police statement said on Monday, underscoring the dangers of growing violence in Mali for neighbouring countries.
- The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
- The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
- The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
CINQ MORTS DANS UNE ATTAQUE
FIVE PEOPLE KILLED IN AN ATTACK IN THE LAKE REGION
On 12 August, suspected Boko Haram militants attacked the village of Koyorame in the Lake region. Five people were killed, including two refugees. Due to insecurity, new displacements are still being reported in the area. In the past week, hundreds of people have settled in Walerom after having walked for two weeks, fleeing the attack of their village in Nigeria. As of 14 August, there are 11 new IDP sites in the Lake region, hosting over 40,000 people.
Syntèse par pays
Niger : début août la tendance générale des prix est à la stabilité voire à la baisse sur les marchés de l’Est du pays (Maradi, Zinder) pour les céréales sèches. Les baisses ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Maradi (-6%), à Zinder (-5%) et à Niamey (-3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Maradi et Zinder (-6%) et enfin, iii) pour le maïs à Zinder (-11%) et à Maradi (-6%). Toutefois, des hausses ont été enregistrées particulièrement sur le marché de Dosso (+11% pour le maïs, +9% pour le mil et +2% pour le riz).
- Widespread heavy rain continues and increases risks for flooding over many areas of West Africa.
- Rainfall deficits have persisted over parts of Eastern Africa despite increased rain during the recent weeks
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Limited rain is forecast along the Gulf of Guinea during the next week, likely to sustain moisture deficits.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2016
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Installation définitive de la campagne agricole au Sahel, avec des retards localement importants
Le régime pluviométrique s’est significativement amélioré à partir de mi-juillet et les prévisions sont favorables pour des cumuls supérieurs à la moyenne pour le reste de la saison au Sahel y compris les zones ayant souffert de déficits pluviométriques et retards significatifs notamment le nord Sénégal, le sud-ouest Mauritanie, nord Maradi, nord Zinder, et Diffa, au Niger et le nord-est du Nigeria.
Despite good July rainfall, concern continues for areas where the season started significantly late
Continued northward migration of the Intertropical Front (ITF) has been observed during the past several weeks. The ITF has stayed at or north of its climatological position over most of the region during the last month and a half, resulting in aboveaverage rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
La soudure pastorale perdure malgré l’amélioration des précipitations en fin juillet 2015 dans la zone pastorale.
La campagne agricole tarde à prendre une allure normale en raison d’une persistance du déficit pluviométrique dans la zone sahélienne.
La poursuite des conflits et de l’insécurité civile au Nigeria et au Mali continuent à occasionner les mouvements de population.
L'indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires au niveau mondial est à son plus bas niveau depuis six ans.
FLASH FLOODS IN CENTRAL REGION
Torrential rains triggered flash floods in the Central Region, flooding the Bissighin neighborhood in Ouagadougou and the village of Tanghin Dassouri, 30 km from the capital. Overall, some 1,240 houses were destroyed. Government and partners are providing assistance, primary needs including food and nutrition, health and sanitation. Authorities report that heavy rains and high winds this year so far have resulted in 3,669 people losing their homes and livelihoods.