Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
160 000 OEUFS DE VOLAILLE DÉTRUITS POUR CONTRER LA GRIPPE AVIAIRE
Comme mesure préventive contre la propagation de l'épidémie de grippe aviaire, plus de 160 000 oeufs ont été saisis et détruits à Manga, dans la région du Centre-Sud. La majorité des cas de grippe aviaire avait été signalée dans cette zone en Février et Mars.
PLUSIEURS BLESSÉS LORS DE NOUVELLES MANIFESTATIONS A CONAKRY
160,000 POULTRY EGGS DESTROYED TO PREVENT AVIAN FLU SPREAD
As a preventive measure against the spread of the Avian Flu epidemic, more than 160,000 eggs were seized and destroyed in Manga, South-Central region. The area had reported the majority of Avian Flu cases in February and March.
NEW PROTESTS IN CONAKRY LEAVE MANY INJURED
This report covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2014. The Operational Plan for 2014 has been implemented with some adjustments to some planned activities due to the limited funding available.
On Saturday 25 April, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on the Richter scale struck the poor, landlocked and mountainous Asian state of Nepal. By 30 April, the death toll had risen to more than 5,500 and the UN estimates that 8million people across the country are affected by the disaster – more than a quarter of the population.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in March, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption. Millet is the staple of the most vulnerable households, while maize and sorghum also contribute to the food basket of a majority of all households.
Sankaryare market is the largest and most important market in Ouagadougou and supplies other markets within the country and region. Koudougou is located in one of the most populated areas in the country, where a majority of households depend on the market for their food needs. Djibo is in the highly vulnerable Sahelian zone.
L'Afrique de l’Ouest peut être divisée en trois zones agro-écologiques ou en trois bassins commerciaux (bassins de l’ouest, bassin du centre, bassin de l’est). Les deux sont importants pour l'interprétation du comportement et de la dynamique du marché.
Nigeria has successfully weathered the stress test of presidential elections. This peaceful transition has reinforced the democratisation process occurring throughout West Africa. Other crucial elections are planned in the region in the coming months.
Both the Ebola crisis and falling oil prices were a shock to the region. West Africa recorded 6% growth in 2014 and will continue the trend this year. The diversification of the economy, in agriculture and in services, will protect against external shocks.
According to UNHCR, there are some 62,000 internally displaced persons in Mali and 16,000 returnees. Burkina Faso shelters 33,000 Malian refugees, while Mauritania and Niger host 53,000 and 49,000 Malian refugees, respectively.
Trois communes du nord confrontés à la consommation inadéquate durant la soudure
La sécurité alimentaire des ménages pauvres et très pauvres des communes de Tin-Akoff, Nassoumbou et Koutougou à l’extrême nord du pays, fortement dégradée, est passée du Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC) à Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC). Ces ménages, dont les stocks céréaliers précocement épuisés depuis janvier, sont en outre confrontés à une forte baisse tendancielle des prix des animaux, leurs principales sources de revenu.
In Q1-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell a further 13 percent year-on-year. It is now 5 percent lower than in Q4-2014.
Real prices of wheat have fallen by 10 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 20 percent lower than in Q1-2014 and at their lowest levels since mid-2010, thanks to large supplies, favourable production forecasts and strong export competition.
SRP REQUIREMENTS US$ 1,986 million
SRP FUNDING US$ 327 million
SRP UNMET REQUIREMENTS US$ 1,659 million
FUNDING OUTSIDE SRP US$ 134 million
WASHINGTON, April 23, 2015 – The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a US$23.2 credit and US$11.6 grant for women and adolescent girls’ empowerment to expand their access to reproductive, child, and maternal health services in Burkina Faso. It will also help promote regional knowledge and data on proven gender development programs.
OUAGADOUGOU - A ceremony to mark a contribution of dates donated by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) was held at the Saudi Embassy here on 16 March.
In attendance were Ben Yahya Ibrahim Khoudair, Representative of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Finance, Dr. Dahir Mootish Alenaze, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Burkina Faso and Jean-Charles Dei, WFP Country Director in Burkina Faso.
Synthèse début avril 2015 : la tendance générale de l’évolution des prix des céréales est à la stabilité au Burkina et au Niger et à la hausse dans le centre et le sud Mali.
Council conclusions on the Sahel Regional Action Plan 2015-2020
In 2015, UNICEF continued to support 30,659 refugees, including 16,939 children, to access education, WASH, health, nutrition and protection services in and around two refugee camps in the Sahel region (Goudebou and Mentao).
Routine vaccination has continued throughout for children in the Malian refugee camps.
A la date du 14 avril 2015, quatre régions et cinq provinces sont affectées par la grippe aviaire : le Kadiogo dans la région du Centre, le Sanguié et le Boulkiemdé dans la région du Centre Ouest, le Houet dans la région des Hauts Bassins et le Poni dans la région du Sud ouest.
Mortalité à la date du 13 avril 2015: 200 000 poules, 2000 pintades, et 55 canards et dindons.