Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Humanitarian Needs Overview
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation deteriorated along the Red Sea coast in the central outbreak region during November. Aerial and ground operations treated swarms and groups of adults and hoppers on close to 83,000 ha in Sudan during this month. A few adult locusts were detected on the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen the last week of November. No locusts were reported in Ethiopia, Oman or Somalia and no reports were received from Eritrea or Saudi Arabia during this period (DLCO-EA, DLMCC/Yemen, LCC/Oman, PPD/Sudan).
After a rainy season lull, South Sudan’s warring parties are preparing for major offensives with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) this week launching attacks on Bentiu, capital of oil-producing Unity state (see our recent Conflict Alert). Hardliners in the government and the SPLA-IO appear determined to settle the conflict through war.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm in September in summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region. Only a few adults and hoppers were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad. A similar situation may be present in northern Mali where surveys were not possible.
Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia remained calm during this month.
The U.S. expanded its aerial campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants in late September with strikes in Syria’s north and east. The operation, which targets both IS and fighters linked to al-Qaeda’s central leadership and the affiliated group Jabhat al-Nusra, risks alienating other rebel groups in Syria and strengthening support for IS.
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.
The Netherlands and Tunisia are joining forces to help Mali and Yemen promote women’s rights and sex education. An agreement to this effect was concluded at a meeting between Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation Lilianne Ploumen and the Tunisian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr Mongi Hamdi. This undertaking is part of a larger effort by Ms Ploumen to support other countries on these issues.
The fight for control of Libya between the Misrata-led Islamist-leaning coalition and the Zintan-led forces is escalating by the day. Hundreds have been killed and thousands displaced in over six weeks of clashes and heavy artillery fire. The Misrata side emerged victorious in the battle over Tripoli’s international airport, taking control of the capital, and made advances around Benghazi, but the larger political divide remains unresolved.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm along the Red Sea coasts during April.
Several swarms migrated from northwestern Somalia to eastern Ethiopia where aerial and ground control treated 2,585 ha from 8-30 April. An unconfirmed report of hoppers in Aysha, eastern Ethiopia suggested breeding has begun in those areas (DLCO-EA).
Le Comité spécialisé du Conseil d’Administration de l’AFD pour l’appui aux initiatives des ONG s’est réuni le 17 décembre 2013. Il a approuvé l’attribution de 15 subventions.
AIDES - Accès à la prévention et aux traitements du VIH/sida en Afrique et dans les Caraïbes