Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
60 MILLION people affected globally at present.
32 MILLION people food insecure in Southern Africa.
10.2 MILLION people in Ethiopia need emergency food assistance.
50 PERCENT crop losses in Haiti due to El Niño-influenced drought.
Mission Participants included representatives from TGH, IOM, HAC and WES.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR NOVEMBER 2016
Appeal Target: US$1,369,000
Balance Requested: US$495,650
Geneva, May 12, 2016
Chad ranks 185 out of 188 on the Human Development Index and 6th on the Fragile State Index. 55% of Chad’s population of approximately 13.2 million people live below the poverty line. OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Plan for 2016 indicates that four major crises directly affect 3.9 million people in Chad. These are: food security and nutrition, displacement, health emergencies and natural disasters.
Washington, D.C., 10 May 2016 -- In response to an invitation by the United Sates Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, the Director of the United Nations Development Programme’s Regional Bureau for Africa Abdoulaye Mar Dieye took part today in a briefing event on Instability in Africa in Washington D.C.
The two-part panel focused on ongoing threats in Africa’s so-called “Arc of Instability”, a region which encompasses the Sahel, the Lake Chad Region and the Horn of Africa.
4.5 MILLION DISPLACED PERSONS (Refugees, IDPs, Returnees)
These maps show displacements of populations in the Sahel due to ongoing regional crises, including Boko Haram-related violence in northeast Nigeria, the conflict in the neighbouring Central African Republic, and the unrest in northern Mali
Leila Zerrougui addresses the African Union Open Session on Children and Armed Conflict
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – Protecting schools from attacks and military use is essential to fulfil one of the promises of the 2030 Agenda: ensuring access to education for all children, Leila Zerrougui, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict told members of the African Union’s Peace and Security Council during the third annual Open Session on children and armed conflict.
· Tchad : Le HCR et les services de l’Etat font front commun en faveur des réfugiés (HCR, 05/05/16)
· Appui de la France aux populations vulnérables (Ambassade de France, 28/04/16)
· Fear of Boko Haram deters displaced in Chad from going home - aid agencies (Reuters, 27/04/16)
· Invisible, Forgotten, and Suffering: Darfuri Refugees in Eastern Chad (Sudan Tribune, 28/04/16)
· Tchad: prorogation de 6 mois de l'état d'urgence contre Boko Haram (AFP, 26/04/16)
La planification humanitaire pour 2016 prévoit 2,3 millions de personnes dans le besoin dont 1,8 million ciblées pour une assistance humanitaire, reflétant des niveaux élevés de vulnérabilité dans tout le pays.
- Augmentation générale de 2,383 personnes par rapport au 31 Mars 2016 dont plus de 1,683 nouveaux nés. Les autres sont des cas de régularisation dans le cadre du processus d’enregistrement continu avec notamment 525 personnes dans le camp de Dar Es Salam.
- Mission de renforcement de capacités dans la Sous-Délégation de Gore afin de systématiser l'utilisation de proGres dans les activités quotidiennes de Protection.
Chad faces a number of simultaneous and inter-connected humanitarian crises in a broader context of chronic vulnerability.Insecurity in the region has caused significant population movement from neighbouring countries (Sudan, CAR, Nigeria) as well as internal displacement. Meanwhile, millions are affected by food insecurity and malnutrition, especially in the Sahel belt. In terms of health, the prevalence of some epidemics persists (measles, malaria). Lastly, recurrent natural disasters such as droughts and flooding are exacerbated by the El Nino phenomenon.
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires multiples et interconnectées, dans un contexte de vulnérabilités chroniques. L’instabilité sécuritaire a entrainé d’importants mouvements de population en provenance des pays voisins (Soudan, RCA, Nigeria) ainsi que des déplacements internes. Des millions de personnes sont touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, en particulier dans la bande sahélienne. Sur le plan sanitaire, la prévalence de certaines épidémies persiste (rougeole, paludisme).
As of 30 April, global funding requirements to meet the needs of 89 million people across 39 countries through humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 amount to over US$20.3 billion. About $3.8 billion in funding has been received so far, leaving a shortfall of $16.5 billion. With the emergence of new humanitarian crises, global financial requirements have increased by around 2 per cent in the first trimester of the year.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.