Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 19 August 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 28% funded. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
IOM Libya presents the first publication of its Flow Monitoring initiative. Libya’s Flow Monitoring statistical and analytical reports build on IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Mobility Tracking Packages towards better articulating Libya’s human mobility profile. Each report presented in this document can be read independently or as part of DTM’s comprehensive Flow Monitoring monthly report.
Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 70/292 de l’Assemblée générale et fait le point sur les progrès réalisés dans la mise en oeuvre des recommandations figurant dans le rapport du Secrétaire général sur les causes des conflits et la promotion d’une paix et d’un développement durables en Afrique (A/65/152-S/2010/526).
The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/292, reviews progress made in the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/65/152-S/2010/526).
Niger is a significant transit country for migration between West and Central and Northern Africa. There are several reasons for this such as for example, the strategic geographical position of Niger in relation to Libya. Libya is one of the main launching points for boats crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe. Many migrants go to Libya hoping to find a passage towards Italy and many of the migrant deaths that occur in the Mediterrean occur in boats that left Libya.
Increasingly Complex Conflicts with Devastating Impact on Children, UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict Warns General Assembly in Annual Report
23 Aug 2016
New York – In her annual report to the General Assembly, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Leila Zerrougui, highlighted the devastating impact on children of increasingly complex conflicts, despite concerted efforts and significant progress achieved over the past year.
Excellence Monsieur le Secrétaire Général du Ministère de la Femme, de l’Action Sociale et de la Solidarité Internationale,
Excellence Mesdames et Messieurs les Représentants du Corps Diplomatique,
Mesdames et Messieurs les représentants des Ministères, des Institutions et Services Etatiques,
Mesdames et Messieurs les Chefs de Missions et Représentants des Organisations Non Gouvernementales et des Agences du Système des Nations Unies,
Mesdames, Messieurs les Chefs de Délégation du Mouvement de la Croix Rouge,
816 aid workers reported killed, kidnapped, injured or assaulted between January 2015 and June 2016
In 2015, open sources reported 515 aid workers killed (179), kidnapped (129) and assaulted or injured (207) in 234 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, open sources reported 301 aid workers killed (129), kidnapped (75) and assaulted or injured (97) in 122 severe incidents.
Heavy rains expected to further increase risk of flooding in West and East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
The persistence of above-average rainfall continues to increase both short-term and long-term rainfall surpluses and trigger flooding throughout many areas in Sudan, South Sudan and western Ethiopia. Above-average rainfall is forecast to continue over the region, further worsening the potential for flooding over many downstream areas of eastern Sudan during the next week.
389,511 total number of refugees and asylum seekers assisted by UNHCR in Chad
46,000 received livelihoods support to promote refugee self-reliance
Prevention of statelessness: 7,617 birth certificates issues to returnees since January 2016
VILLAGIZATION MISSION IN SOUTHERN CHAD
AMOUNT: EUR 64 800 000
What is La Niña?
La Niña is the cooling of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every three to five years, lasting from six to 24 months. On average, half of El Niño events are followed by a La Niña, which typically affects global climate patterns in the opposite way El Niño does. The intensity of the La Niña climatic phenomenon generally peaks between October and January
Purpose of this report
Flooding risks remain over East and West Africa, while Central America remains drier than normal
Africa Weather Hazards
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2017
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
WFP provided food assistance to 5,300 newly arrived refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) who sought refuge in Southern Chad, in Mbitoye following a renewed outbreak of violence mid-June.
WFP Chad appealed to partners to urgently address critical funding needs for food assistance to 65,000 CAR refugees and 80,000 returnees in the South of Chad. If funding is not received promptly, WFP will be forced to drastically reduce ongoing assistance programmes in July.
N’DJAMENA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed a contribution of US$ 1.9 million (1.156 billion CFA) from the Government of Japan to food and nutrition assistance programmes in Chad for more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees.
The Republic of Chad is hosting a total of 388,000 refugees, mainly from Sudan and the Central African Republic – many of whom have been living in Chad for over a decade. With Japan’s support, WFP will be able to continue providing food assistance to more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees.