Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 7 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 32% funded. (OCHA, 7 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Outbreak continues in Mauritania and could develop in Sudan
A Desert Locust outbreak continues in western Mauritania where groups of mature adults are present, and egg-laying and hatching are underway, causing early instar hopper groups and small bands to form. Ground control operations are in progress and have treated nearly 6,500 ha since the beginning of the campaign.
In Morocco, solitarious adults are present in the Adrar Settouf area of the extreme south as well as further north along the southern side of the Atlas Mountains.
Women and men access, use, and benefit from water differently; yet due to existing gender disparities, their relationship to water is often unequal.
In many households, women are the primary users and managers of water for domestic activities, including cooking, cleaning, subsistence agriculture, health and sanitation; men primarily use water resources for income-generating activities such as irrigation for cash crops or supporting livestock.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Africa Weather Hazards
As we write this, Africa is suffering from the strongest El Niño it has faced in decades, causing major floods and droughts throughout Africa, leading to rising economic losses and major impacts on the lives and livelihoods of millions across the continent. Countries across the continent are declaring states of emergency, and are calling on the international community for support.
Au total, ce sont 14 salles de classes dont 06 au camp de Farchana, 06 à Bredjing et 02 à Treguine qui ont été construites par les réfugiés desdits camps avec l’appui du HCR et de ses partenaires de l’Education (Cord et RET).
This report presents DTM Libya’s third round of statistical findings from its Flow Monitoring baseline assessments. It presents the results of data captured on migrants across 6 Flow Monitoring areas in Libya, grouped into 4 regions, between the 5th and the 25th of September 2016, as a result of 57 baseline assessments.
Les pays en développement ont fait des progrès considérables dans la réduction de la faim depuis 2000. L’Indice de la faim dans le monde 2016 (GHI) montre que le niveau de la faim pour l’ensemble des pays en développement a diminué de 29 %. Mais les progrès ont été inégaux et de grandes disparités persistent entre les régions mondiales, les pays ainsi qu’à l’intérieur des pays.
Global Hunger Index: Over 45 Countries on Pace for “Moderate” to “Alarming” Hunger Levels by 2030 UN Deadline OCT 11, 2016
Report Rates Hunger “Serious” or “Alarming” in 50 Countries in 2016
29 Percent Reduction in Global Hunger Index Scores Since 2000
La FAO et le Fonds français pour l’environnement mondial (FFEM) travaillent à protéger les zones humides en rendant la chasse plus durable
FAO and the French Facility for Global Environment aim to protect wetland resources by making water birds hunting more sustainable
6 October 2016, Rome- FAO and the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM) will work together in a new partnership to improve the state of natural resources in the wetlands of Africa's Sahel region, in particular the sustainable management of migratory water birds which are crucial for food security for the local populations.
La population totale de réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile est passée de 386,339 en Aout à 387,829 personnes en Septembre. Ceci représente une augmentation globale de 1,490 personnes composées de nouveaux nés, de nouveaux arrivants et de personnes régularisées au travers des procédures mises en place dans le cadre de l’enregistrement continu.
Au total pour ce mois, 938 nouveaux nés ont été enregistrés dans tous les camps et environ 706 nouveaux arrivants pour la plus part des centrafricains ont été enregistrés au Sud du Tchad (Diba-Vom).
AGGRAVATION DE L’INSÉCURITÉ À KAGA BANDORO
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
WORSENING INSECURITY IN KAGA BANDORO
Since August 2016 the Government of Niger has been implementing stricter measures to control irregular migration of ECOWAS migrants going into Libya or Algeria without valid documentation. To this end, control operations are in place in the region of Agadez with security forces controlling and turning back vehicles transporting migrants irregularly.
The presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points of Arlit and Séguédine has decreased following these measures with a marked decrease of migrants leaving Niger for Algeria or Libya.
As of 30 September 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22 billion to meet the needs of 95 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $9.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $12.6 billion.