Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Breeding continues in NW Africa while Red Sea area remains calm
Desert Locust breeding is continuing in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where a few small groups formed recently. Limited ground control operations have been carried out in these areas. Breeding will continue during February and may cause a further increase in locust numbers and the formation of hopper and adult groups. As temperatures increase, some adults may move to spring breeding areas south of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and Algeria.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
(*) Diminution globale de plus de 9,710 personnes suite essentiellement à la vérification physique achevée en milieu urbain, dans la région du Lac et dans les villages hôtes du Sud.
(*) L’enregistrement continu a permis la mise à jour des personnes absentes durant la vérification physique, l’enregistrement de nouveaux nés et la régularisation de quelques personnes. Cet ensemble constitue une augmentation d’environ 1,268 individus.
$100 million has been approved from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) during the first 2016 underfunded emergencies allocation round to assist 4.5 million people in nine silent and severely underfunded crises. The funds will sustain life-saving relief in emergencies where levels of risk and vulnerability are alarmingly high, but available resources for humanitarian response are critically low.
(Addis-Abeba/New York, 29 janvier 2016) Aujourd’hui, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies Ban Ki-moon a débloqué 100 millions de dollars du Fonds central de l’ONU pour les interventions d’urgence (CERF) en faveur d’opérations humanitaires qui manquent cruellement de fonds dans le cadre de neuf situations d’urgence négligées.
(Addis Ababa/New York, 29 January 2016) - United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today released US$100 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for severely underfunded aid operations in nine neglected emergencies. The funds will enable life-saving help for millions of people forced from their homes in Central and Eastern Africa, those affected by conflict and food insecurity in Libya and Mali, and the most vulnerable and at risk of malnutrition in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Total affected population: 3.9 million
Total affected children: 2.2 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 1.7 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 1 million
2016 programme targets
- 176,900 children aged 6 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment - 140,000 children received vitamin A supplementation and deworming
Burundi: As the security situation continues to deteriorate, the UN Security Council has expressed concern over possible mass atrocities and ethnic violence. Clashes continues in several areas of the country. Burundian refugees in DRC expressed fears over possible cross-border attacks by government forces.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2016*
APERÇU DE LA CRISE
Quatre crises majeures affectent directement 3,9 millions de personnes au Tchad parmi lesquelles 2,3 millions ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire, dont plus de la moitié de femmes.
Crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 2,3M
Quatre crises majeures affectent directement 3,9 millions de personnes au Tchad. Plus de la moitié d’entre elles, soit 2,3 millions de personnes dont 51% de femmes ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire dans plusieurs secteurs.
Welcome to the January issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report.
Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website, and are also available through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS).
Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.
Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.
DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.
Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.
Aquí hay fotos y videos disponibles para descargar: http://uni.cf/1OR99qX
NUEVA YORK, 12 de enero de 2016 – Casi 24 millones de niños que viven en zonas de crisis en 22 países afectados por conflictos no van a la escuela, dijo hoy UNICEF.
El análisis destaca que casi uno de cada cuatro de los 109,2 millones de niños en edad escolar primaria y secundaria inferior –típicamente entre los 6 y los 15 años– que viven en zonas de conflicto no están recibiendo una educación.
One in four children in conflict zones are out of school
NEW YORK, 12 January 2016 – In 22 countries affected by conflict, nearly 24 million children living in crisis zones are out of school, UNICEF said today.
The analysis highlights that nearly one in four of the 109.2 million children of primary and lower secondary school age - typically between six and 15 years – living in conflict areas are missing out on their education.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2016
Surrounded by countries torn by armed conflict, Chad has become host to more than 344,000 refugees, most from Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR) and, more recently, Nigeria. The volume of refugees has become a massive burden for Chad, which is one of the poorest countries on the planet. Further, hope is dwindling for many that they will ever return home, since most of these refugees have been in Chad for over a decade.
Control operations decline in Mauritania
Control operations against hopper and adult groups that formed as a result of an outbreak in western Mauritania declined in late December. Nevertheless, infestations and breeding have spread further north in the country as well as to adjacent areas of Western Sahara where limited control was undertaken. There remains a risk of further breeding that could cause locust numbers to increase and more groups and perhaps a few small hopper bands to form.