In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear...Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical...In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
Plus d’1,5 million de personnes ont été assistées par la communauté humanitaire au Tchad en 2016.
Près de 600 000 personnes, étaient en situation de déplacement à l’ouest, au sud et à l’est du Tchad à la fin 2016.
En 2016, plus de 3,7 millions de personnes ont été touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire dont plus d’un million en insécurité alimentaire sévère.
Malgré de multiples défis, plus d’1,5 million de personnes assistées en 2016
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed the announcement last week of a US$85.2 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan. The donation will enable WFP to provide vital food and nutrition assistance in 33 countries across Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
In 2016, CERF allocated US$ 295 million – approximately 67 per cent of annual global allocations – to support life-saving humanitarian activities across Africa. Over $166 million was allocated through CERF’s Rapid Response window to kick-start humanitarian operations in response to new or rapidly deteriorating emergencies, while nearly $129 million was allocated through CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies window to help underfunded and neglected emergencies.
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year was similar to 2015/16 and well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin. The depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria. A recent ban on Nigerian grain exports has had uneven impacts on trade flows along Nigeria’s long and porous borders.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 71 countries in the fourth quarter of 2016 (October to December).1 The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
MAIN TARGETS FOR 2017
In the Lac region, vulnerable IDPs and residents hosting them increase their food production with ICRC-supplied seed and tools – and food rations to get them through the lean season – or the vaccination and deworming of their livestock.
IDPs, refugees and returnees separated from their families owing to armed conflict or other situations of violence reconnect with their relatives through the Movement’s family-links services.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher, Similar, or Lower. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
School year 2016/2017 resumed in Chad
High Commissioner, Fillipo Grande, visit to Chad
Ongoing Nutritional Survey to assess the malnutrition and anemia condition of refugee children
Note by the Secretariat
New York – In her annual report to the Human Rights Council, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict highlighted the progress accomplished since the creation of her mandate twenty years ago, but also urged Member States and parties to conflict to take immediate action to end persistent grave violations against children.
Chad is facing multiple interconnected humanitarian crises in a context of chronic vulnerability. Insecurity in neighbouring countries (Sudan, CAR, Nigeria) resulted in large numbers of people moving to Chad, as well as internal displacement. Millions of people are affected by food insecurity and malnutrition. Locust attacks in September as well as drought and floods often in the same agricultural period exacerbate the situation.
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires multiples et interconnectées, dans un contexte de vulnérabilités chroniques. L’instabilité sécuritaire dans les pays voisins (Soudan, RCA, Nigéria) a entrainé d’importants mouvements de personnes vers le Tchad, ainsi que des déplacements internes. Des millions de personnes sont touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, en particulier dans la bande sahélienne, exacerbée par les attaques acridiennes au mois de septembre, la sécheresse et les inondations souvent dans la même période agricole.