Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Favorable rains received at start of cropping season with pockets of dryness in Sudanian zone
- Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months
- Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
Growing season started in most parts of the country
Little relief to dryness expected over Guatemala and Honduras
Africa Weather Hazards
L’OIM croit fermement en une migration effectué dans le bon ordre et dans le respect de la dignité humaine et toutes les donn ées présentées par le monitoring des flux servent à informer et mettre en évidence le phénomène migratoire dans une région qui po se certains dangers pour les migrants (difficulté climatiques, routes dangereuse, vulnérabilité à l’exploitation/la traite/autre abus).
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse).
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse). Proportionally, the flows measured by IOM in the Agadez region are heavily concentrated on the route to and from the Libyan border. Migrants going towards Libya represent 68% of recorded migrants while those coming from Libya to Niger represent 20%.
Facts & Figures
65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide:
21.3 million refugees,
40.8 million internally displaced - 1.8 million seeking asylum.
Largest sources of refugees: Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan , Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.
Key Figures Mediterranean
211,385 arrivals by sea in 2016*
2,856 dead/missing in 2016*
*data.unhcr.org/mediterranean as of 15 june 2016
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2016
Niger - IOM notes the shocking discovery this week of the remains of 34 migrants near the Algeria-Niger border which brings to 471 the number of deaths and disappearances recorded on the African continent this year by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project.
Le Tchad fait face à des crises humanitaires multiples et interconnectées, dans un contexte de vulnérabilités chroniques. L’instabilité sécuritaire a entrainé d’importants mouvements de population en provenance des pays voisins (Soudan, RCA, Nigéria) ainsi que des déplacements internes. Des millions de personnes sont touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, en particulier dans la bande sahélienne. Sur le plan supérieure sanitaire, la prévalence de certaines épidémies (rougeole, paludisme) persiste.
Chad faces a number of simultaneous and inter-connected humanitarian crises in a broader context of chronic vulnerability. Insecurity in the region has caused significant population movement from neighbouring countries (Sudan, CAR, Nigeria) as well as internal displacement. Meanwhile, millions are affected by food insecurity and malnutrition, especially in the Sahel belt. In terms of health, the prevalence of some epidemics (measles, malaria) persists. Lastly, recurrent natural disasters such as droughts and flooding are exacerbated by the El Nino phenomenon.
In a wide-ranging opening speech to the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al Hussein sheds a light on "preventable calamities" and worrying trends in human rights around the world, including detailed concerns about the situation in more than 50 countries
Distinguished President of the Council,
Colleagues and friends
7711e séance – matin
Le Conseil de sécurité, présidé par le Ministre des affaires étrangères de la France, M. Jean-Marc Ayrault, a organisé aujourd’hui un débat public de haut niveau sur le thème de la protection des civils dans les opérations de maintien de la paix.
Aujourd’hui, dans la majorité des conflits armés, ce sont les civils qui sont les plus durement touchés, se sont alarmés les 74 intervenants, dont le Président de la République centrafricaine et six ministres africains.
7711th Meeting (AM)
All facets of United Nations peacekeeping missions had a vital role to play in keeping civilians safe, speakers in the Security Council said today, as high-ranking officials, including a Head of State and several ministers, participated in a wide-ranging open debate on the protection of civilians in the context of peacekeeping operations.
Increased rainfall to alleviate dryness in areas of West Africa and Central America
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite increased rainfall over some areas of the Gulf of Guinea over the past fews weeks, low and erratic rainfall in April and May has led to growing moisture deficits over Liberia and parts of Sierra Leone.
How the needs of more than 300,000 Darfuris are neglected by the aid system
By Mahamat Adamou
GOZ BEIDA, 9 June 2016
The Darfur conflict fell out of the headlines years ago, but more than 300,000 Sudanese are still living as refugees in neighbouring Chad, a country with its own problems of poverty, climate change, and insecurity. As humanitarian aid has dried up, how are they surviving in this harsh, arid setting?