For yet another year, humanitarian indicators in the Sahel remain alarmingly high. The heavy burden of chronic food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemic risk, compounded by conflict and insecurity, remain the key drivers of humanitarian needs in the region. Heightened levels of vulnerability caused by repeated shocks, associated especially with erratic weather patterns, have left coping capacities heavily compromised. In 2015, humanitarian action in the Sahel will continue to be guided by the 2014-2016 Regional Strategic Response Plan. The three-year strategy aims to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies, while providing a tailored response to the chronic nature of much of the needs across the region and promoting systems and behavioural changes that will help the Sahel’s most vulnerable better cope with shocks. (2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
In Chad, 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. That is nearly one fourth of the 13,2 million population, signaling the high vulnerability levels throughout the country. Under-five mortality dropped between 2009 and 2012 but remains the third highest rate in the world.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
Insécurité alimentaire et malnutrition
Au Tchad, près de 2.4 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire (20%) parmi lesquelles 428 000 personnes (3.6%) sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire sévère. La situation nutritionnelle es t également alarmante, avec 350 000 cas de malnutrition aiguë globale attendus en 2015 pour les enfants de 6 à 59 mois, parmi lesquels 96 000 en situation de malnutrition aigüe sévère.
Mouvements de populations
Seized with a succession of new crises in Europe, the Middle East and across Africa, the Security Council in 2014 tackled an expanding workload in a record number of meetings while seeking to defeat terrorism, prevent conflicts, protect civilians, and improve the effectiveness of sanctions and other tools to quell tensions and neutralize threats.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
L’écart entre les besoins humanitaires et les ressources disponibles pour y répondre continue de croître. Ce document énonce les appels inter-agences qui demandent 16,4 milliards de dollars en 2015 pour aider 57,5 millions de personnes à travers 22 pays.
N’DJAMENA - La campagne agricole 2014/2015 est qualifiée de moyenne à bonne par rapport aux statistiques quinquennales au Tchad. Elle est estimée à 2.6 million de tonnes, soit une hausse d’environ 9%. C'est ce que révèle l’Enquête nationale sur la sécurité alimentaire (ENSA) menée sur un échantillon aléatoire de presque 7000 ménages répartis dans la majorité des 67 départements afin d’identifier les zones de vulnérabilité des ménages au Tchad.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
December 10, 2014 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: In commemoration of the second year anniversary of the entry into force of the Kampala Convention, The Department of Political Affairs of the African Union Commission in partnership with the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) Liaison Office with the AU, successfully concluded a two and half day training workshop on National Responsibility to protect IDPs. The training workshop took place in the African Union headquarters from 8th 10th of December 2014.
Mais les conflits, Ebola et les conditions climatiques défavorables exacerbent l’insécurité alimentaire
11 décembre 2014, Rome – Les dernières indications confirment que la production céréalière mondiale devrait atteindre un niveau record de plus de 2,5 milliards de tonnes en 2014.
Conflict, Ebola and adverse weather exacerbate local food insecurity
11 December 2014, Rome - Latest indications confirm that world cereal production will reach an all-time record of more than 2.5 billion tonnes in 2014.
Buoyed by bumper crops in Europe and a record maize output in the United States of America, this year's cereal output should reach 2.532 billion tonnes, including rice in milled terms, or 0.3% higher than 2013, according to FAO's latest Crop Prospects and Food Situation Report.
Moran and Raleigh on Policies to Address Climate-Conflict Links in Africa
CCAPS researchers Ashley Moran and Clionadh Raleigh, with co-author Yacob Mulugetta, published a new paper with the Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change (GMACCC),exploring how local-level conflict and environmental data can assist policymakers and researchers in assessing links between environmental patterns and violence.
La première distribution alimentaire ciblée s’est achevée avec succès au camp de réfugiés Soudanais de Goz Amir dans la région de Sila fin novembre 2014. Goz-Amir a été choisi par le Gouvernement Tchadien, le HCR et le PAM pour être le site pilote pour la mise en œuvre de leur Programme Conjoint d’autosuffisance des réfugiés de longue durée au Tchad pour une période allant de 2013 à 2017.