Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Situation of displaced people in Lake region in numbers
43,000 ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NIGERIAN REFUGEES AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES (UNHCR APRIL 2015)
6,000 ESTIMATED NEW REFUGEES FROM NIGER AND NIGERIA AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES IN DABOUA AND LIWA DISTRICTS (UNICEF RAPID ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY REPORT, MAY 18 )
Le CICR intensifie ses actions dans la région du lac Tchad (L’OBS, 21/05/15)
Alarming Rise of Malnutrition and Food Insecurity in Western Chad (UNICEF, 12/05/15)
L’OIM aide les migrants tchadiens bloqués au Cameroun à rentrer chez eux (OIM, 05/05/15)
Le Tchad vise un taux d’accès à l’eau de 95% pour les 15 prochaines années (Alwihda Info, 21/05/15)
In Chad, making quality education a reality for a million children (UNICEF, 18/05/15)
Return movements, within Nigeria and cross-border, are increasingly reported. IOM Nigeria registered 8,900 returnees from Niger during the reporting period.
Results from a joint UNHCR-IOM assessment have been published, indicating there are 81,693 IDPs in Cameroon’s Far North.
LAGOS—The governor of Nigeria’s Rivers State is hoping an inquiry into violence that happened around this year’s presidential and governor elections will bring a measure of reconciliation to the oil-producing state. But the inquiry has been hamstrung by allegations of partisan bias.
Nigeria’s presidential and governor elections held this year were among the most peaceful since the country returned to democracy in 1999. But one of the places where violence did happen was in Rivers State, in the oil-producing Niger Delta region.
Global weather system that plays havoc with weather across the world could exacerbate region’s dry spell and devastate Sahel as it did in 1972
A global weather phenomenon could cause a famine in the Sahel this year by combining with already dry conditions to create a “double whammy” for the region, scientists and aid groups have warned.
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MAROUA, CAMEROUN, 21 mai 2015 (IRIN) - l devient de plus en plus difficile de trouver de la nourriture dans l’Extrême-Nord camerounais, disent les habitants de la région, non seulement parce que c’est actuellement la période de soudure, mais aussi parce que l’insécurité due à la présence de Boko Haram a gravement perturbé les activités agricoles et le commerce transfrontalier.
When families flee their homes, they can no longer tend their fields. When agricultural production drops, trade falls off; a sweeping, downward economic spiral. And when families flee their homes, they get split up. Many displaced people are hosted in villages and towns. This puts a burden on those communities as well.
For people fleeing the violence, and on the move, there are few opportunities for health care. Pregnant women have been forced to give birth in the most difficult of circumstances, sometimes obliged to abandon their newborn babies in order to save their own lives. Surgeons have had to deal with injuries they are not accustomed to, such as wounds from bomb blasts.
By Emma Batha
CASABLANCA, May 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The Boko Haram crisis in northern Nigeria could fuel child marriage as parents pull their daughters out of school following mass abductions by the militants, campaigners warned on Wednesday.
Read the full article on AlertNet
Many refugees and internally displaced people say that a lack of food is their main concern. Some families have just a tiny bit of rice every day to survive on. With so many people uprooted and gathering in towns like Yola, or Maiduguri in Borno State, the existing infrastructure is struggling to cope.
When violence descended on her home village, Happy Yusuf, 39, and her children fled to the mountains. They were safe, but they had no food or clean water.
"The suffering was too much," she says. "I was exhausted and had to breast feed my little boy."
• UNICEF is supporting the installation of Sayam Forage refugee camp, hosting over 1,200 refugees, by providing squatting plates, water bladders, NFIs and recreational and ECD kits to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation and support safe spaces for children as part of child protection.
UNICEF response to date
• A total of 14,549 children have been admitted to the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme, of which 1,437 children were admitted for treatment in IDP camps in Adamawa and Borno states. A Nutrition Specialist is on ground in Yobe to support the implementation of CMAM programmes in IDP camps.
Jos, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 5/20/2015 - 17:12 GMT
Gunmen killed at least six people in twin attacks in Nigeria's restive central region, the latest bloodshed in a long-running conflict between nomadic herdsmen and farming communities, police said Wednesday.
Officials blamed the violence on the mainly Muslim Fulani ethnic group and said the death toll from Tuesday's attacks had reached 27 but there was no immediate confirmation of the higher figure.