Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Flooding observed in Nigeria and heavy rain continues in Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan
Below-average rainfall since mid-May has led to abnormal dryness across eastern Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping and Pastoral activities.
Repeated weeks of very heavy, above-normal rains have oversaturated the ground in parts of Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan. More heavy rain during the next week is likely to cause further flooding.
179.5 M required for 2017
41.1 M contributions received, representing 23% of requirements
138.3 M funding gap for the Nigeria situation
All figures are displayed in USD
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is launching a supplementary appeal for an additional US$9.5 million to scale up its activities in north-east Nigeria, as a result of an unexpected surge in self-organized returns of Nigerian refugees since the beginning of the year, mainly from Cameroon.
The first report of the Transition Independent Monitoring Board (TIMB) has now been published, following the group’s first meeting last month. The TIMB has been established at the request of the Polio Oversight Board (POB) to independently monitor and guide the polio transition process, especially in the 16 countries prioritized for transition planning. The group’s next meeting will be held in London,
United Kingdom, on 2-3 November. More.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The weekly incidences have continued rising and are well-above the ones of 2016 and 2015. This is due to a high transmission in DR Congo (province of North Kivu with impressive outbreaks in Goma, Kirotshe and Nyirango; provinces of Kinshasa and Kongo Central) and the resurgence of cholera outbreaks in Nigeria (Kwara state and more recently Zamfara).
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord demeure préoccupante. La soirée du 21 juillet a été marquée par une attaque kamikaze à Dabanga dans le département du Logone et Chari faisant deux morts (le kamikaze et un membre du comité de vigilance) et quatre blessés. La situation sécuritaire semble plutôt apaisée dans le département du Mayo-Sava. Les autorités appellent à toujours plus de vigilance.
Mission du Haut-Commissaire Assistant du HCR au Cameroun
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development Cooperation Alexander De Croo has released a budget of 10.5 million EUR for six humanitarian projects of Belgian NGOs in Yemen, Uganda, South Sudan and Nigeria. The aid is part of the promise of Minister De Croo to double donations to the Famine 12-12 campaign.
Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, lance un appel de fonds supplémentaire pour un montant additionnel de 9,5 millions de dollars afin d’intensifier ses activités au nord-est du Nigéria, en raison d’une hausse subite des retours spontanés de réfugiés nigérians depuis le début de l’année, principalement en provenance du Cameroun.
In several areas of the region, food prices have begun to seasonally rise as household stocks decline and market demand increases. The lean season is expected to further exacerbate the food crisis, and the rainy season will limit humanitarian access by drastically impacting road deliveries.
Emergency Appeal start date:19 April 2017
Covered by this update: 19 April to 21 June 2017
314.0 M required for 2017
72.4 M contributions received, representing 23% of requirements
241.5 M funding gap for West Africa
At a glance
3.7 million people of concern as of end of June 2017
202 individuals (INDs) arrived at Bama during the reporting period. These include 62 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Mura in Cameroon, 56 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from neighbouring wards in Bama, 34 INDs who arrived at Banki Camp from Jere LGA and 50 INDs who arrived at General Hospital Camp from Abbaram and Wasala wards in Bama.
41 INDs arrived at Chibok Whuntaku from Korongilum ward of Chibok LGA