Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
N'Djamena, Chad | | Saturday 3/28/2015 - 19:46 GMT
by Celia LEBUR
In the Chadian capital N'Djamena, Modou Mallam brandished his blue voter's card but the Nigerian refugee could not vote in Saturday's presidential ballot like thousands of other refugees scattered across neighbouring countries.
The young man fled to Chad three months ago after a spate of attacks by Boko Haram Islamists against his city of Gamboru in northeast Nigeria, joining a flood others spread across the region.
Abuja, Nigeria | | Saturday 3/28/2015 - 21:44 GMT
by Ola AWONIYI
Problems with new technology on Saturday forced voting to be extended in presidential elections in Africa's most populous nation, Nigeria, as renewed Boko Haram violence hit the knife-edge polls.
The Islamist militants were suspected of killing at least seven people in separate attacks in northeastern Gombe state, including at polling stations, while on Friday, 23 people were beheaded in Borno state.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
ABUJA, 27 March 2015 (IRIN) - Nigeria is increasingly tense in the countdown to presidential elections on Saturday. President Goodluck Jonathan is facing an exceptionally strong challenge from former military ruler, General Muhammadu Buhari. Never has a presidential race been so close, and with that comes an increased risk of major political violence.
• 2 milliards de dollars requis pour l’action humanitaire au Sahel en 2015.
• Plus de 190 000 réfugiés et rapatriés du nord du Nigéria au Cameroun, Tchad et Niger.
• 1,2 millions de déplacés internes dans le nord du Nigéria.
• Les communautés au Nigéria font face à une insécurité alimentaire et à la malnutrition.
•Zéro nouveau cas d'Ebola au Libéria, stagnation des chiffres en Sierra Leone et en Guinée.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | | Friday 3/27/2015 - 15:20 GMT
by Nichole SOBECKI
A woman in a pale and patterned hijab, stares blankly from a bed in a makeshift clinic at a camp for the displaced in Maiduguri, northeast Nigeria, with newborn twins resting on her lap.
After escaping Boko Haram's murderous rampage in the town of Bama, some 70 kilometres (45 miles) away, caring for her infants may be more of a concern than voting in Saturday's presidential election.
Lagos, Nigeria | | Friday 3/27/2015 - 14:10 GMT
by Ola AWONIYI
Nigeria's military on Friday announced that troops had retaken the town of Gwoza from Boko Haram, from which the group declared their caliphate last year.
Defence spokesman Chris Olukolade told a news conference in the capital, Abuja, that the recapture came after "concerted and well-coordinated land and air operations".
"A lot of arms and ammunition have been recovered and the administrative headquarters (of Boko Haram) completely destroyed," he said.
A refugee camp in Chad has provided temporary sanctuary for thousands of fleeing Nigerians.
“I saw Boko Haram with my own eyes and I saw the bodies. If I think about the corpses, I will cry.”
These are the words of 12-year-old Tahiru Abakhar whose family was attacked by Boko Haram in Baga and again hounded by the Islamist group in other towns until they fled to neighbouring Chad.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Provisional estimates point to a reduced cereal production in 2014
Inflation rates increased in 2014 due to higher fuel prices
Dire humanitarian situation among refugees from Central African Republic (CAR) and Nigeria impacting also host communities
March rains help start the cropping season
Situation of displaced people in North-East in numbers
TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE LIVING IN CAMPS (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE LIVING IN HOST COMMUNITIES (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
NUMBER OF IDP CAMPS IN NORTH-EAST (SOURCE: IOM, FEBRUARY 2015)
Bama, Nigeria | | Thursday 3/26/2015 - 18:20 GMT
by Nichole SOBECKI
The devastation is visible from the air in Bama. Corrugated iron roofs lie ripped off among charred debris, the walls of the houses blackened with soot or in ruins.
On the dusty roads that separate properties in the second-biggest town in Borno state, northeast Nigeria, the sight -- and smell -- is much worse, with evidence of atrocities everywhere.
More than 800 people were killed and 65,000 displaced in religion-based election violence in 2011 in the central city.
Jos, Nigeria - Sectarian violence between Christians and Muslims has led to deaths and destroyed property for more than a decade in this city, and people here fear another outbreak ahead of Saturday's election.
Nigeria's two main presidential candidates have signed an agreement to prevent violence in tightly contested elections due on Saturday.
Ex-military ruler Abdulsalami Abubakar brokered the deal in talks between President Goodluck Jonathan and his main challenger Muhammadu Buhari.
Millions of Nigerians live in states where Boko Haram’s repeated attacks, Government counter-insurgency operations and inter-communal violence have led to an alarming amount of displacement. In the run-up to the elections, there are concerns that over 1.2 million displaced people will be unable to vote. During such a crucial time for the country, IDMC explains why IDPs should not be side-lined and must gain access to voting stations.
Urgent Need for Aid, Protection for Fleeing Civilians
(Abuja, March 26, 2015) – Attacks by the Islamist armed group Boko Haram killed more than 1,000 civilians in 2015, based on witness accounts and an analysis of media reports, Human Rights Watch said today. Boko Haram fighters have deliberately attacked villages and committed mass killings and abductions as their attacks have spread from northeast Nigeria into Cameroon, Chad, and Niger since February.
Les bons stocks familiaux entrainent une timide demande sur les marchés et un déclin des prix
Contrairement aux années antérieures, l’accès aux céréales par les achats sur les marchés représentent encore en mars 2015 une faible proportion des sources de nourritures des ménages grâce aux stocks familiaux encore disponibles. Cette situation se matérialise par une demande faible sur les marchés et une tendance soutenue vers la baisse des prix des céréales.
Plus d’un million de Nigérians ont fui les attaques extrêmement violentes du groupe militant islamiste Boko Haram. Se dispersant toujours plus dans les pays avoisinants, ces familles délacées n’ont eu d’autre appui que l’aide de l’Église catholique et celle d’autres groupes humanitaires pour leurs besoins essentiels tels que l’abri, la nourriture et les médicaments. Les 26 et 27 mars, des représentants Caritas de la région se réuniront à Rome afin de concevoir un plan d’action humanitaire pour les familles déplacées, les réfugiés et ceux qui retournent à leurs villages détruits.
Author: Elias Ntungwe Ngalame
MINDIF, Cameroon, March 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A pioneering solar-powered water distribution system is improving access to potable water in a region of Far North Cameroon beset by drought, water-related illness and an influx of refugees fleeing Boko Haram attacks.