Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
On 10 July 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in June with supplies from 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Regionally-produced staple food prices increased seasonally, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by conflict in northeastern Nigeria and neighboring areas, the CAR, and northern Mali.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five - year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
UNDP has begun to implement a programme of early recovery in the northeast of Nigeria that will create hundreds of jobs while promoting peace and social cohesion among conflict-affected communities.
The violence in the northeast has destroyed lives and communities and displaced 1.4 million people, while 4.5 million are at risk of going hungry. Funded by the Government of Norway to the tune of USD 1.7 million, the programme will help communities in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States to making a living, as well as establish new networks to prevent conflict and promote dialogue.
Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 20:05 GMT
Cameroon has deported more than 2,000 Nigerians who were living in the country illegally as part of new security measures intended to prevent suicide attacks by Boko Haram jihadists, sources said Friday.
Regional newspaper L'Oeil du Sahel reported that about 2,500 Nigerians had been "rounded up" in Kousseri, in the far north of Cameroon, and sent back to their country on Thursday.
The weekly posted a photo on its Facebook page showing several departing trucks crammed with hundreds of passengers.
Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | vendredi 31/07/2015 - 19:25 GMT
Plus de 2.000 ressortissants nigérians en situation irrégulière ont été expulsés jeudi du Cameroun vers leur pays, dans le cadre des nouvelles mesures sécuritaires visant à prévenir le risque d'attentats-suicides par les islamistes de Boko Haram, selon des sources concordantes.
IDPs high on the agenda
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 21:54 GMT
by Aminu Abubakar with Ola Awoniyi in Abuja
A female suicide bomber and Boko Haram gunmen killed 16 people in Nigeria as the commander of a new multinational force tasked with fighting the Islamists pledged on Friday to crush the insurgency "very soon".
Major General Iliya Abbah's appointment in an Abuja ceremony as chief of the 8,700-strong force came as a woman bomber on a tricycle killed six people in a busy market in Maiduguri, the largest city in Nigeria's restive northeastern Borno state.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 14:01 GMT
At least 10 people were killed when Boko Haram Islamist gunmen raided a village in Nigeria's northeastern Yobe state in a revenge attack against local vigilantes, an official said Friday.
Some 32 gunmen on motorcycles raided the village of Kukuwa-Gari at around 10:30 pm (2130 GMT) on Wednesday, killing 10 people including two women, said Baba Nuhu, a member of the local government council.
MAROUA, 31 July 2015 (IRIN) - A month ago, the main market in the Cameroonian town of Maroua was bustling with traders and buyers. Now it is a place of fear and suspicion, bordering on paranoia.
Five suicide bombings in just 13 days in the Far North Region, all blamed on Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, have made people jittery. Thousands of troops have been sent north by the government in distant Yaoundé and draconian security measures have come into force across much of the country.
Above-average temperatures and rainfall lead to flooding in Central Asia
Central Asia Weather Hazards
High temperatures during the first half of July have led to mudflows and flooding, damaging infrastructure and displacing populations across eastern Tajikistan.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 7/31/2015 - 02:28 GMT
by Ola Awoniyi
Nigeria on Thursday named the head of a new multinational force created to fight Boko Haram jihadists carrying out a wave of attacks, as the country's outgoing defence chief of staff warned its military was underfunded and poorly equipped.
The announcement came as Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari was in Cameroon in a bid to forge a stronger regional alliance against the Islamists, while the Nigerian military said it had rescued dozens of people held hostage by the militant group.
N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | jeudi 30/07/2015 - 18:36 GMT
par Stéphane YAS à N'Djamena et Célia LEBUR à Libreville
Le Parlement tchadien débattait jeudi d'un projet de loi antiterroriste élaboré après les premiers attentats sanglants de N'Djamena le mois dernier, un texte qui inquiète l'opposition et les défenseurs des droits de l'Homme.
N'Djamena, Chad | AFP | Thursday 7/30/2015 - 18:39 GMT
Chad's parliament was to vote Thursday on a controversial anti-terror bill after a string of deadly Boko Haram attacks, raising fears among opponents and rights activists that the law may be used to curtail freedoms.
After suffering two suicide bombings in a month, including one in a bustling market in the capital N'Djamena, Chad has beefed up security in recent weeks.
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 7/30/2015 - 12:28 GMT
Boko Haram Islamists slit the throats of 10 fishermen in villages near Baga on the shores of the Lake Chad in northeastern Nigeria, a leading fisherman and a resident said Thursday.
"On Monday around 4 pm (1500 GMT), Boko Haram attacked three villages on the shores of Lake Chad where they slaughtered 10 people, all of them fishermen," Abubakar Gamandi, head of the fishermen's union in Borno State, told AFP.
The account was confirmed by a local fisherman, Buhari Dan-Malam, who lives in Doron Baga.
Abnormally wet conditions are continuing for several nations in the western Gulf of Guinea region
Moisture deficits worsen further in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.
33 KILLED IN SUICIDE BLASTS
On 25 July, 20 people were killed when a suicide attacker struck a bar in Maroua town, the capital of the Far North Region. The attack, the most deadly of its kind so far, was the third in the region in two weeks. Cameroon’s Far North Region has been repeatedly targeted by Boko Haram insurgents. No gap in terms of medication and medical material is reported so far, but MSF estimates that in case other attacks occur, capacity of health centres will be overwhelmed.