Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The male recovery ward in the hospital is all in blue: blue sheets, pillows, curtains. Outside, the temperature hovers around 40 degrees: inside, large fans keep the air moving. All the beds are occupied by adults – except one. Eight-year-old Abba is the exception.
L’OIM croit fermement en une migration effectué dans le bon ordre et dans le respect de la dignité humaine et toutes les donn ées présentées par le monitoring des flux servent à informer et mettre en évidence le phénomène migratoire dans une région qui po se certains dangers pour les migrants (difficulté climatiques, routes dangereuse, vulnérabilité à l’exploitation/la traite/autre abus).
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse).
Le Réseau de systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine (FEWS NET) surveille les tendances des prix des aliments de base dans les pays vulnérables à l'insécurité alimentaire. Pour chaque pays et chaque région couvert par FEWS NET, le Bulletin des prix fournit un ensemble de graphiques indiquant les prix mensuels de l’année commerciale en cours pour certains centres urbains, et permettant à l’utilisateur de comparer les tendances actuelles à la fois aux moyennes quinquennales, qui indiquent les tendances saisonnières, et aux prix de l'année précédente.
By Chris Stein
The last service at the EYN church in Michika started with prayers and ended with gunfire as Boko Haram fighters stormed the town on a Sunday in September 2014.
Those that could ran to the nearby mountains, joining the millions of people that have fled the Islamist insurgency in Nigeria and neighboring countries.
Dakar, 28 juin 2016 - Le Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS), l'Institut International de la Paix (IPI) et le Département fédéral des affaires étrangères de la Confédération suisse (DFAE), ont organisé une rencontre de haut niveau sur le thème : « Investir dans la Paix et la Prévention de la Violence en Afrique de l’Ouest et au Sahel ».
The current protracted crisis in the Lake Basin Chad region is characterized by a strong interconnection between food insecurity, conflict and massive displacements (WFP, Mai 2016). The onset of armed conflict and violence related to Boko Haram continue to displace people across the region within Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria and across borders.
28 juin 2016 – Plus de 9,2 millions de personnes dans le bassin du lac Tchad ont besoin d'une aide humanitaire et plus de 4,4 millions sont en situation d'insécurité alimentaire, a averti mardi le Coordonnateur humanitaire régional de l'ONU pour le Sahel, Toby Lanzer.
« Cela signifie que leur vie est véritablement sur le point d'être en danger et que nous devons faire plus, mieux et plus vite », a déclaré M. Lanzer, lors d'une conférence de presse au siège de l'ONU, à New York.
According to preliminary MSF findings on the nutrition situation in Jakusko (Yobe Sate) following a measles outbreak, the prevalence of Severe Acute Malnutrition in children under five is 8.9%, i.e. well above the emergency threshold. This indicates a critical situation already ahead of the lean season. Yobo State is one of the areas in Northeast Nigeria seriously affected by Boko Haram violence.
World Refugee Day
National: UNHCR, the Federal and State governments of Nigeria commemorated this year’s World Refugee Day (WRD) in Adamawa, Lagos and Sokoto States on the 20th of June, 2016. In Yola, Adamawa State, UNHCR and the American University of Nigeria (AUN) marked the day with Prayers for the Displaced in the Nigerian Police Barak Central Mosque and Adamawa State Government House Chapel, Yola, Adamawa State.
28 June 2016 – More than 9.2 million people in the Lake Chad Basin are in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 4.4 million face severe food insecurity, a senior United Nations relief official said today, appealing for greater efforts from the international community and development partners to meet the region’s growing needs.
“This means that they are really on the verge of a life-threatening situation, and we must do more, better, and faster,” the UN Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, told a news conference at UN Headquarters in New York.
DES CAS DE MICROCÉPHALIE LIÉS AU VIRUS ZIKA SIGNALÉS
ZIKA-LINKED MICROCEPHALY CASES REPORTED
DIFFA, Niger/UNITED NATIONS, New York – Tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee south-eastern Niger following an attack by Boko Haram militants in early June. UNFPA estimates some 3,000 pregnant girls and women are among the displaced, putting them in urgent need of antenatal, maternal and post-partum care.
Assaults on the town of Bosso from 3 to 5 June led to the mass movement of an estimated 75,000 people, including virtually the entire populations of Bosso and the nearby towns of Toumour and Yebi.