Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Saturday 4/25/2015 - 00:44 GMT
Suspected Boko Haram insurgents have forced hundreds of soldiers to flee Marte, a border town along the shores of the Lake Chad, a local official and witnesses said Friday.
"The terrorists, numbering over 2,000, appeared from various directions on Thursday and engaged the soldiers in Kirenowa town and adjoining communities in Marte," said Imamu Habeeb, a local community leader.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
SRP REQUIREMENTS US$ 1,986 million
SRP FUNDING US$ 327 million
SRP UNMET REQUIREMENTS US$ 1,659 million
FUNDING OUTSIDE SRP US$ 134 million
WASHINGTON, April 23, 2015 - The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors approved today a US$500 million International Development Association (IDA)* credit to significantly improve maternal, child, and nutrition health services for women and children.
Au début du conflit, les attaques de la secte Boko Haram semblaient être dirigées uniquement vers les chrétiens (multiples attaques contre les églises). Ce qui explique le pourcentage élevé de la population de confession chrétienne parmi la population totale du camp (69% dont 54% de protestants et 15% de catholiques). Plus tard, les attaques ont été menées à la fois contre les chrétiens et les musulmans, poussant ces derniers à l’exil (30% de la population totale du camp est de confession musulmane).
Nigeria: Assessments were carried out by IOM’s psychosocial support team in an effort to support the development of a referral pathway in Adamawa.
Chad: 2,010 returnees have been registered to date.
Niger: 1,500 transitional shelter kits were received for upcoming distribution.
Cameroon: Streamlining of displacement data collection approach in consultation with UNHCR.
The Lake Chad region is suffering a humanitarian crisis. Over a million of people have fled the conflict and are currently living under difficult conditions inside Nigeria. Others have moved to Niger, Chad or Cameroon and are in an equally dire situation. The International Committee of the Red Cross is appealing for extra funds so that it can help these people.
19 TUÉS LORS D’UNE ATTAQUE DE BOKO HARAM
19 KILLED IN BOKO HARAM ATTACK
At least 19 people were killed when Boko Haram gunmen raided Bia village in Cameroon’s Far North Region on the night of 16 April. Many of the victims were reportedly beheaded during the attack on the village located on the shores of Lake Chad. The insurgents have carried out several attacks on Cameroonian territory.
Such cross-border raids prompted Nigeria’s neighbours earlier this year to revamp a regional counter-insurgency force that has driven Boko Haram out of several towns and villages in north-eastern Nigeria.
N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | jeudi 23/04/2015 - 06:26 GMT
par Celia LEBUR
Hommes, femmes, véhicules: une fouille minutieuse attend tous les candidats à la traversée du pont Ngueli, par où transite l'essentiel des marchandises importées au Tchad et qui relie la capitale N'Djamena à l'extrême-nord du Cameroun, où sévit le groupe islamiste Boko Haram.
Troops backed by warplanes move into Sambisa forest
Militants were thought to be hiding Chibok girls there
Boko Haram has been pushed out of much territory
Chad, Cameroon expected to join attack soon (Adds Cameroon army source, detail)
By Ardo Abdallah
1 - May 2013: The Nigerian Government declares The State of emergency in Borno , Yobe and Adamawa states, 3 northeastern states of Nigeria hit by attacks of armed groups.
2 - November 2014: New attacks occur on November 5 in Malam Fatori (3km from Bosso) and November 24 in Damasak (35km from Diffa )
3 - January 2015: 3,000 Nigerian soldiers are deployed in the border area of Nigeria.
By Patricia Taft*
The following report summarizes the main findings from data collection and analysis for the November 2014 to January 2015 period.
The number of overall incidents and fatalities reported in 2014 across the eight target states shows the highest levels of violence since 2009. While types of violence vary across states and time periods, the North East remains the most violent region, led by Borno State.
Yaoundé le 20 avril 2015: Le Directeur du Bureau Régional Afrique du Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD), M. Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, et le Ministre des Relations Extérieures du Cameroun, S.E.M. Pierre Moukoko Mbonjo, ont inauguré le19 avril 2015 à Yaoundé, la consultation régionale sur la paix, la sécurité et le développement pour la Région Afrique centrale.
While international attention has focused on the election of President Muhammadu Buhari and the continued instability in the north of the country, events surrounding the gubernatorial elections in Nigeria on April 11 could also have significant repercussions in the coming months, especially with signs of an increasing threat of violence arising from the oil-rich Niger Delta region.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
La finalisation du plan de réponse pour 50 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa à la suite des évènements du 6 février 2015 est en cours.
Un retour timide des personnes déplacées de Bosso a été constaté en avril.
Les récentes explosions de mines constituent un risque de protection pour les populations.
Malgré l’accalmie observée dans la région, de nombreuses écoles restent fermées.
Council conclusions on the Sahel Regional Action Plan 2015-2020
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 4/20/2015 - 17:35 GMT
A botched suspected Boko Haram suicide attack targeting a group of Shiite Muslims injured three people in northeast Nigeria on Monday, witnesses told AFP.
The would-be bomber detonated his explosives a few metres (yards) from an open-air mosque in the Dogo Tebo area of Potiskum shortly after afternoon prayers.