Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
181,215 Personnes Déplacées Internes.
32,023 ** Retournés.
Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.
Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.
Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2016.
* Ce chiffre comprend 14,871 réfugiés identifiés hors camp à l’issue de l’exercice de profilage.
USD 56, 361,252
Nigeria - As part of its efforts towards strengthening the capacities of the relevant government agencies to prepare and respond to humanitarian crisis in North-Eastern Nigeria, IOM organized a “Handover Workshop” for officials of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), Red Cross, Humanitarian Partners and relevant NGOs in Abuja on 27 September 2016, to mark the end of its current capacity building project.
Tropical cyclone Matthew expected to impact Hispaniola
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Seasonal Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years across the inner Niger delta in Mali.
Low and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall across parts of central Senegal and The Gambia have led to strengthening moisture deficits.
La situation sécuritaire demeure incertaine et volatile dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. La semaine sous rubrique a été marquée par trois incidents, dont une attaque kamikaze perpétrée par les combattants de Boko Haram le 21 septembre dans la localité de Djakana dans le département du Mayo Sava. Le bilan de cette attaque fait état de quatre civils tués et deux blessés, des vivres et du bétail emportés. La région connait également des incidents liés aux inondations du fait des pluies torrentielles.
Abuja (ICRC) – Nearly 80 doctors, nurses and other health care workers from across Nigeria have attended a three-day surgical seminar aimed at improving the skills needed to respond to traumatic injuries. The seminar was sponsored by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Nigeria's Ministry of Health.
"It is quite obvious that one of the most basic needs in the North East right now, is access to adequate medical care, apart from food and shelter." said Karl Anton Mattli, Head of Delegation in Nigeria for the ICRC.
Families returning to newly accessible areas face immense humanitarian challenges including food shortages, X malnutrition, lack of livelihoods, and limited access to water, sanitation and health services.
To improve coordination for effective delivery of humanitarian response the President of Nigeria has appointed an inter-ministerial task force led by State Minister of Budget and National planning.
Faits saillants :
Mise en œuvre de riposte à l’épidémie de Rougeole dans le district de santé (DS) de Kolofata ;
Premier tour de la riposte à l’épidémie de Polio au Nigéria avec des implications pour le Cameroun;
Epidémiologie de la rougeole de 2008 à 2016 : 40 épidémies en moyenne par an depuis 2008 ;
Nouveau foyer de grippe aviaire au Cameroun dans la ville de Bafoussam
ÉPIDÉMIES ENREGISTRÉES DANS LE PAYS
EPIDEMIES DE ROUGEOLE
ABUJA/DAKAR/NEW YORK, 29 September 2016 – UNICEF has revised its humanitarian appeal for Nigeria from US$55 million to US$115 million to assist an additional 750,000 people who can now be reached across conflict-affected areas in the northeast of the country.
As new areas open up to humanitarian assistance, the true scale of the Boko Haram related crisis and its impact on children is being revealed.
Total affected population: 14.8 million
Total affected children (under 18): 7.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 4.5 million
Total children to be reached in 2016: 2.1 million
2016 programme targets
Polio this week as of 27 September 2016
UNHCR's intervention to returnees from Cameroon and Niger includes supporting the monitoring of return movement and profiling of returning Nigerians, providing targeted assistance to returning Nigerians, developing the capacity of key stakeholders to the response and advocating for conditions of returns to comply with International legal norms.
According to the August 2016 Cadre Harmonisé report, there are 4.4 million food insecure people in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States, of which 1.1 million are severely foodinsecure in Borno and Yobe.
WFP continued its cross-border operation from Cameroon to Banki to assist 25,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).
In August 2016, WFP was informed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that it had been granted immunities and privileges to operate in Nigeria.
The continuing spate of arrests and detentions of journalists and bloggers amid the security forces’ violent disruption of peaceful protests underscores how the Nigerian government appears determined to crush dissent and suffocate freedom of expression, said Amnesty International today.
The organization is calling for the authorities to ensure the rights of Nigerians to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression, as guaranteed by international human rights law and the Nigerian Constitution.
Almost 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis, released on 19 August.
FAO is seeking USD 25 million to tackle food insecurity among returnee, IDP and host communities between September 2016 and May 2017. Of this, USD 10 million is needed urgently to support irrigated vegetable production and micro-gardening in the dry season.
(New York, 23 septembre 2016) Les principaux gouvernements, organisations régionales et agences humanitaires se sont engagés à accroître considérablement l’assistance qu’ils apportent aux millions de personnes affectées par la crise humanitaire dans la région du Bassin du Lac Tchad.