Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 7/2/2015 - 17:49 GMT
by Bukar Hussain and Aminu Abubakar in Kano
Suspected Boko Haram militants killed nearly 150 people in northeastern Nigerian villages, mowing down men and children while they prayed in mosques and shooting women preparing food at home, witnesses said Thursday.
Le village nigérian d’Assaga, situé en bordure de la rivière Komadougou, à 15 km à l’est de Diffa, a été attaqué dans la nuit du samedi 27 juin par des présumés insurgés de la secte Boko Haram.
Cette attaque est la troisième enregistrée en deux semaines dans la région de Diffa1 .
Dix personnes ont été tuées et neuf autres blessés.
The Nigerian village of Assaga located along the Komadougou River about 15 km east of Diffa, was attack on the night pf 27 June presumably by Boko Haram
This is the third attack recorded in two weeks in the region of Diffa1 .
Ten people were killed and nine others wounded.
Afrique de l'Ouest: des opportunités sans précédent en matière de croissance agricole
Un nouveau rapport identifie le renforcement de l’intégration régionale comme un levier majeur pour profiter des évolutions de la demande en produits alimentaires et de la croissance démographique
Additional help from the UK to provide emergency aid, jobs and education, to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis
A range of new programmes from the UK will provide emergency aid as well as jobs and education to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis, International Development Secretary Justine Greening announced today.
In Nigeria and neighbouring countries, since October 2014
216 Boko Haram related incidents attacks
2 July 2015, Rome - West Africa has unprecedented opportunities for agricultural growth, but making the most of them will require more effective regional integration, says a new report by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
Poor rainfall across parts of the Sahelian zone will likely cause planting delays in some areas
As the Intertropical Front continues its northward migration but over the region it still remains south of its climatological position resulting in below average rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
1 juillet 2015 – Face à l'ampleur des exactions commises par Boko Haram, le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, a appelé mercredi à une réponse de grande envergure, tout en exhortant les gouvernements de la région du lac Tchad à veiller au respect des droits humains dans les mesures prises contre le groupe extrémiste.
REGIONAL HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT
A slight decrease in rainfall was observed over West Africa during the past week.
Parts of Eastern Africa have received below-average rain since the beginning of the season.
1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
June 2015 – Trends
Afghanistan, Chad, Kuwait, Myanmar, Tunisia
July 2015 – Watchlist
Conflict risk alerts
Conflict resolution opportunities
Human Rights Council
1st July 2015
Human Rights Council Concludes Interactive Dialogue on Côte d’Ivoire
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 7/1/2015 - 13:57 GMT
A man and a woman apparently trying to target a hospital in northeast Nigeria were killed Wednesday when explosives strapped to their bodies blew up, witnesses said.
The explosions took place in the village of Molai not far from the restive city of Maiduguri, capital of Borno state, where Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo was on a surprise visit.
According to witness Babayo Ismail, one of the pair was a woman aged around 18 who was trying to find her way into Molai General Hospital.
Distinguished Members of the Council,
A la suite des travaux de la réunion restreinte du dispositif régional de veille sur la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest, qui s’est tenue les 22 et 23 juin 2015, à Bamako au Mali, les participants font la déclaration suivante :
· In Cameroon in May, WFP reached 50,000 beneficiaries. In June, WFP extended support to cover all the targeted beneficiary groups – 80,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), 40,000 refugees and 20,000 people amongst the host populations.
· In Chad in May, WFP delivered General Food Distributions (GFD) to 8,000 beneficiaries.
· In Niger in May, WFP reached over 85,000 beneficiaries in the Diffa region.
The market situation is characterised by a good supply in the region. The global cereal supply was also reinforced by carry-over stocks in the Central commercial Basin and cross-border trade flows. However, low supply levels were observed in some markets, mainly in areas of conflict in Northern Mali, Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad Basin. Prices of major commodities remained close to the last five-year average, with downward trends in the Eastern and Central Basins.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in May, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.