Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 19 August 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 28% funded. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Acutely food-insecure population grows in Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states
UN agencies declare internal L3 emergencies for the crisis in northeastern Nigeria
USG partners continue to respond to urgent needs among populations affected by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin region
94.9 M required for 2016
23.1 M contributions received, representing 24% of requirements
71.8 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
274.0 M required for 2016
77.4 M contributions received, representing 28% of requirements
196.6 M funding gap for West Africa
This SitRep was produced by OCHA in association with humanitarian partners and is focused on the recent internal displacements since 21 July 2015. It was published by OCHA Chad and covers the period from 15 July to 23 August 2016. The next publication will be around 15 September 2016.
Several recent security incidents have affected humanitarian access in border areas, where military operations continue.
On 20 July, WFP delivered a first convoy of food supplies to displaced people in Banki (NE Nigeria) in a UN led cross-border operation from Cameroon.
In July, emergency food assistance was provided to 285,000 people in Cameroon with 4,000 mt of food and USD 600,000 in cash.
From September onwards, WFP plans to scale up support to an additional 20,000 IDPs in the Logone and Chari departments, while in Mora 8,000 additional IDPs will shift from in-kind to cash based food assistance.
Food security analysis raises concern
Schools reopen as IDPs are moved
Working towards greater access to communities in need of humanitarian assistance
#\ people in need of humanitarian assistance 7m
#\ IDPs 2.4m #\ of people facing acute food insecurity 4.5m
#\ severe acute malnourished children in Borno State 244,000
#\ in Borno State in need of food assistance 550,000
The U2 leader singer and co-founder of The ONE Campaign warns thousands of children are facing hunger as UN agencies confront funding shortfalls.
By: Cesar Tshilombo
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria – Rock star Bono has warned that thousands of children displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency in north-east Nigeria face severe hunger if more is not done to support vital relief efforts by the United Nations.
The ICRC has scaled up its humanitarian response to civilians affected by armed violence in North East Nigeria.
In 2016, we continue to provide food, shelter and essential household items to internally displaced persons. Our teams also facilitated access to clean water, shelter, medical care, and restoring family links.
Highlights of our work in Nigeria between January and July 2016:
LE CHOLÉRA INFECTE PLUS DE 230 PERSONNES
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CHOLERA INFECTS OVER 230 PEOPLE
As of 25 August, 235 cholera cases and 25 deaths were recorded in the ongoing outbreak that was declared on 11 August. The Ministry of Health and the joint WASH and Health task force are intensifying response, including setting up water chlorination points, distribution of water purification kits, campaigns on proper hygiene practices and treatment of patients. A hotline remains operational for any cholera-related issues from the general public.
Nutrition situation in Borno and Yobe states is extreme in several locations
By Toby Fricker
With previously inaccessible areas across north-east Nigeria opening up, an additional 750,000 people who were trapped in Boko Haram territory can now be reached. UNICEF is providing critical health and nutrition services to save lives, as well as education and child protection support to help children recover from the horrors they have lived through.
Wide-eyed Sakina Muhammad, who's 2, sits on her mother, Habiba's lap, on a bed in the ICU. Sakina is stick thin, her body withered and emaciated. But she's one of the lucky ones — a malnourished child who came to the health facility in time to be saved. Many starving children don't make it.
Read more here
Ce rapport a été produit par OCHA en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires et concerne les vagues de déplacements internes depuis le 21 juillet 2015. Il est publié par OCHA Tchad et couvre la période du 15 juillet au 23 août 2016. Le prochain rapport sera publié vers le 15 septembre 2016.
Plusieurs incidents sécuritaires récents ont affecté l’accès humanitaire dans les zones frontalières, où les opérations militaires se poursuivent.
The Framework has been put together to engender a more stable, conflict-free region where the envisaged greater atmosphere of peace can help in the realization of the ECOWAS integration goals by pushing conflict prevention and peacebuilding up the political agenda of the governments of the region.
Nigeria - As part of its humanitarian efforts to alleviate the suffering of families displaced by the violence in North East Nigeria, IOM Nigeria and IOM Cameroon in a joint operation distributed 3,000 non-food relief item (NFI) kits to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Nigerian border town of Banki from 23-24 August 2016.
Banki, which shares a border with Cameroon, is located in Bama Local Government Area (LGA) of Borno State, Nigeria. It was once a vibrant border town where trade between Nigeria and Cameroon was the main economic activity.
Government officials from across the Lake Chad sub-region call for a co-ordinated regional response following the recent wild polio cases in Nigeria
IOM Libya presents the first publication of its Flow Monitoring initiative. Libya’s Flow Monitoring statistical and analytical reports build on IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Mobility Tracking Packages towards better articulating Libya’s human mobility profile. Each report presented in this document can be read independently or as part of DTM’s comprehensive Flow Monitoring monthly report.