Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse). Proportionally, the flows measured by IOM in the Agadez region are heavily concentrated on the route to and from the Libyan border. Migrants going towards Libya represent 68% of recorded migrants while those coming from Libya to Niger represent 20%.
Déclaration à la presse
Diffa, le 22 juin 2016
Au nom du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies, je suis venu exprimer notre solidarité au peuple et aux autorités nigériens et à la communauté humanitaire tout entière, à la suite des récentes attaques de Boko Haram contre la ville de Bosso et le camp de déplacés de N’gagam.
Je présente mes condoléances les plus attristées aux familles éprouvées et souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blesses, avec l’expression de ma profonde compassion et de ma très grande sympathie.
New displacements and movements of IDPs have been reported especially in Borno State where over 5,000 people moved from Bama, Gwoza, Marte, Mafa and eastern parts of the State into camps as a result of ongoing conflict between the military and Boko Haram. In Yobe State about 17,000 internally displaced persons are reported to have returned to their areas of origin in Gujba and Gulani local government areas, which are still hard to reach for humanitarian actors. The humanitarian community continues to advocate for all returns and movement to be voluntary, dignified and safe.
The objective of this document is to provide an update on the humanitarian situation at New Prison IDP Settlement. The context is constantly changing and as such partners are encouraged to liaise directly with OCHA Borno Office for further updates.
Since February 2015, more than 115 security incidents have been recorded, leading to the displacement of more than 241,000 people in Diffa region. An upsurge of Boko Haram attacks has taken place since April 2016. In May and beginning of June, six Boko Haram attacks took place in the department of Bosso (including 2 against the IDP site and village of Yebi).
Nigeria - IOM has conducted a four-day training from 20 to 23 June in Maiduguri Borno state on Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) for government agencies and organizations responsible for camp management and emergency response. It is intended to build the capacity of CCCM actors, with a focus on Camp Management Agencies (CMAs) and to raise standard in the sector in order to ensure an appropriate response to needs and gaps in protection and assistance of the internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Substantial rain returned to Uganda and the Lake Victoria region this past week
Africa Weather Hazards
Low and infrequent rainfall since late March has resulted in drought across parts of southeastern Kenya and northeastern Tanzania. The potential for recovery remains unlikely.
Consistently below-normal rainfall over the past 4 weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for portions of Uganda and western Kenya. This pattern has resulted in low soil moisture and poor vegetation health index values.
Return of Nigerian Refugees
UNHCR, in collaboration with Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) and Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) has registered a total of 22,098 Nigerian returnees from Cameroon to Adamawa State from August 2015 through May 2016.
FAO upscales its support in crisis-hit areas to safeguard agricultural livelihoods
Dakar/Accra, 23 June 2016 – Massive population displacements and insecurity in the Lake Chad basin are putting livelihoods and food security at high risk. In northeast Nigeria alone, the impact of the conflict on agriculture is estimated at USD 3.7 billion due to livestock losses and reduced agricultural production, destruction of irrigation and farming facilities, and collapse of extension services including veterinary health facilities.
Quinquagénaire, père de dix enfants, Nassirou veut rester optimiste malgré un avenir incertain.Le visage un peu ridé et la tête entièrement parsemée de cheveux blancs ne reflètent point son âge mais les vicissitudes de la vie qu’il mène maintenant. Après avoir passé 30 de ses plus belles années à Diffa, afin de protéger sa famille des attaques de Boko Haram, Nassirou a été obligé de regagner Zinder, sa ville natale, où il est désormais devenu un étranger.
We, the Governments of Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger, with the support of technical and financial partners gathered in Abuja, Nigeria, on 6 to 8 June 2016 within the framework of the Regional Protection Dialogue on the Lake Chad Basin, hosted by the Federal Government of Nigeria, with the technical facilitation of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to discuss the most urgent protection risks in the Lake Chad Basin resulting from the conflict-induced crisis;
Nous, les Gouvernements du Nigeria, du Cameroun, du Niger et du Tchad avec le soutien des Partenaires Techniques et Financiers, réunis à Abuja au Nigeria du 6 au 8 juin 2016, dans le cadre du Dialogue Régional sur la Protection dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad, organisé par le Gouvernement de la République Fédérale du Nigeria, avec l’appui technique du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés (HCR), pour discuter des risques de protection les plus urgents résultant de la crise causée par le conflit en cours dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad ;
Diffa, Niger | AFP | Wednesday 6/22/2016 - 03:24 GMT | 705 words
by Patrick FORT
Outside the Diffa grand mosque in Niger's southeast, two soldiers stand at the ready, rifles pointed at the wave of worshippers walking towards them.
Unbidden, the men raise their "boubous", the traditional wide-sleeved robes worn across West Africa. They need to show they're not hiding explosives under the tunics.
Facts & Figures
65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide:
21.3 million refugees,
40.8 million internally displaced - 1.8 million seeking asylum.
Largest sources of refugees: Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan , Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.