Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
L’International Peace Institute (Institut international pour la paix, IPI), en partenariat avec l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) et le Centre pourles Stratégies de sécurité dansle Sahel-Sahara (Centre 4S), a organisé une rencontre intitulée : « L’extrémisme violent : Vers une stratégie de prévention dans l’espace francophone » à Tunis, Tunisie, les 7 et 8 décembre 2015.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Saturday 2/6/2016 - 18:41 GMT
Suspected Boko Haram Islamists have killed four people following raids on villages in Nigeria's northeastern Borno state, a local official and residents said on Saturday.
The motorcycle-riding Islamists late Friday raided two communities, setting homes ablaze, and killing three women and a man in the village of Mairi, they said.
The raids came barely a week after the attack on the village of Dalori, just outside Maiduguri, capital of the restive state, which left at least 85 people dead.
Since 2015, the Emergency Relief Coordinator has released more than US$58 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for life-saving assistance in response to Boko Haram-related violence. Some $27.2 million was allocated in March 2015 to assist more than 1.6 million internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and host communities from Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria; and an additional $31 million was provided in late 2015 and early 2016 for live-saving humanitarian response for more than 700,000 affected people in the Lake Chad Basin region.
ABUJA, Feb 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Almost a year after she was rescued from Boko Haram captivity by the Nigerian army, 16-year-old Zara John is still in love with one of the Islamic militants who abducted her.
Read the full article on Reuters - AlertNet
Food security situation:
By Obi Anyadike, Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 4 February 2016 (IRIN) - Security has been intense over the last few weeks in the Senegalese capital, Dakar, with police and soldiers on the streets, vehicle searches, and round-ups of alleged Islamist militants.
Dropping food to hungry people in remote areas of South Sudan. Treating the injured in Mali. Supporting hospitals in Libya. All over Africa, the ICRC is helping people affected by war and other violence.
The ICRC in Africa
- 29 delegations and missions
- 5,200 employees
- 610 million Swiss franc budget
- 40% of the ICRC's global budget for field operations
Some of the ICRC's key Africa operations: See map
How the tattered remnants of an Islamist sect transformed into a relentless terrorist army that Nigeria cannot defeat
February 03, 2016
In northeast Nigeria's Borno State, the fight between the Nigerian government and the Islamic State’s West-African Province (ISWAP), formerly known as Boko-Haram, is having drastic consequences for public health, causing widespread displacement and limiting access to medical care._
Nigeria's armed conflict has displaced 2 million people and left 7 million in need of humanitarian aid in the four north-eastern states (Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe). Violent communal clashes in the Middle Belt and urban violence in the Niger Delta states have made matters worse.
In 2015, the ICRC significantly scaled up its efforts to deliver such vital aid as food, water, shelter and firewood, provide medical care and restore contact between family members separated by the conflict.
This Emergency Appeal was launched on 9 February, 2015. 1,671,593 Swiss francs required to fully implement this appeal which runs for 5 months. This will enable Cameroon Red Cross provide assistance to some 25,000 persons in emergency health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, emergency shelter, food security, nutrition and livelihoods, National Society capacity building and disaster risk reduction.
Operation update n°1 was issued on 5 March 2015.
DES DÉPLACÉS RETOURNENT DANS LA PROVINCE DE L’OUHAM
Environ 3 800 rapatriés volontaires ont été récemment enregistrés dans le village de Kambakota, dans la province de l'Ouham. Ils avaient été contraints de fuir leurs foyers lors d'affrontements entre des groupes armés en décembre 2015. De retour dans leurs villages, ils sont confrontés à des conditions de vie difficiles. Les besoins prioritaires comprennent l’eau potable, les services de santé et l’éducation.
LES ÉLECTIONS PRÉSIDENTIELLES FIXÉES AU 14 FÉVRIER
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
IDP RETURNS IN OUHAM PROVINCE
Around 3,800 voluntary returnees were recently registered in Kambakota village in Ouham Province. They had been forced to flee their homes during clashes between armed groups in December 2015. Now back to their villages, they are facing tough living conditions . Priority needs include potable water, health services and education.
PRESIDENTIAL RUN-OFF SET FOR 14 FEBRUARY
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
Analysis with Deimos-2 Data Acquired 30 December 2015
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.