Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
For 2017 the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Mejoran las perspectivas agrícolas mundiales, pero las temporadas de carestía acechan en un futuro inmediato
8 de diciembre de 2016, Roma - Los conflictos civiles y el impacto de una meteorología adversa han afectado gravemente a la seguridad alimentaria en 2016, aumentando el número de países que necesitan ayuda alimentaria, según un informe de la FAO. La nueva edición de Perspectivas de cosechas y situación alimentaria, publicada hoy, subraya que 39 países necesitan de ayuda externa para conseguir alimentos.
Les perspectives agricoles mondiales s’améliorent malgré la menace de saisons maigres dans un futur proche
Aggregate regional cereal production is expected to be above average in 2016/17, contributing to generally stable supply and prices. Regional maize and rice production reached record high levels.
Areas experiencing below average production include import-dependent Gambia, Liberia, and Mauritania. While national-level production in Nigeria is expected to reach record-high levels, production in conflict affected Northeastern Nigeria (Borno States) is expected to be well below average, but slightly above 2015/16 levels.
Ongoing conflicts continue to intensify food insecurity
Global agricultural prospects are improving but lean seasons loom in near future
8 December 2016, Rome - Civil conflict and weather-related shocks have severely stressed food security in 2016, increasing the number of countries in need of food assistance, according to a FAO report. The new edition of the Crop Prospects and Food Situation report, released today, highlights 39 countries that are in need of external assistance for food.
Nearly 5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in north east Nigeria. If humanitarian assistance is not provided, an estimated 400,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition over the next 12 months across the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.
The upcoming Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 targets 6.9 million people living in the three most affected states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, who require immediate, life-saving assistance.
(Dakar, le 7 décembre 2016): Les Nations Unies et les organisations non-gouvernementales partenaires ont lancé aujourd’hui, à Dakar, un appel de fonds d’un total de 2,66 milliards de dollars US afin d’apporter une aide d’urgence à 15 millions de personnes dans le besoin à travers huit pays de la région du Sahel.
Immense challenges face 150 million people across the Sahel. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further. Concerted action in terms of peace and security, trade, development, human rights and humanitarian action are required to help the region’s communities and their governments avert greater insecurity, poverty and migration, and instead reach a more stable and prosperous future.
Following an initial assessment in September and a worsening humanitarian situation the Emergency Telecommunications (ET) Sector was officially activated in North-Eastern Nigeria on 23 November.
In Nigeria, all clusters are being referred to as sectors. The ETC is therefore operating as the ET Sector with all project plans, appeals, services and deployments adhering to established procedures.
WFP is extending the regional EMOP 200777 until December 2017, increasing the number of targeted people in Nigeria in 2017 to 1.8 million. Assistance will be delivered through cash-based transfers and in-kind food assistance.
While an increasing amount of territory has become accessible, suicide bombings and attacks against civilians persisted during the reporting period. Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement, disrupting food supplies, hindering access to basic services, and limiting agricultural activities. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe States are in urgent need of life-saving humanitarian assistance.
The Emergency Telecommunications Sector (ETS) was officially activated in North-East Nigeria on 23 October.
Initial funding has been received from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) which the ETS has used to purchase security telecommunications and Internet connectivity equipment.
Regular Local and Global ETS Nigeria meetings are being held to identify gaps, challenges and activities, and to ensure a coordinated response.
La situation sécuritaire dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord a été marquée, dans la nuit du 1er au 02 Décembre, par une attaque des combattants de Boko Haram repoussée par la Force Mixte Multinationale(FMM) dans le village Ardori dans le Département du Mayo Sava. Les forces de défense camerounaises et la Force Mixte Multinationale(FMM) continuent de mener des opérations coordonnées et un grand déploiement des forces de l’ordre est observé en vue de sécuriser la région en cette période de fêtes de fin d’année.
Turkmen fleeing Tal Afar are stranded near Peshmerga-held territory as PMUs have blocked roads to Syria, where over 3,000 Iraqis have fled since 17 October. In Mosul 300,000 children and their families have lost access to clean water as a pipeline has been destroyed. IS presence is preventing access to repair the damage.
PROLONGED STRIKE HURTING EDUCATION
A teachers strike since September due to non-payment of salaries continues to affect access to education throughout the country. In the eastern Ouaddai region, for instance, only around a quarter of the 365 schools are currently functioning. However, 90 per cent of them are private. As a result, parents in some localities have mobilized to recruit community teachers, but there are concerns about the quality of education provided by these teachers.
LA GRÈVE PROLONGÉE NUIT À L’ÉDUCATION