Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 21 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
According to the August 2015,there has been a dramatic increase (about 58%), in the number of conflict affected IDPs in the three North East states reaching almost 2 million compared to the figures in June 2015. The Borno IDP population has increased the most (by 65%) with 1.65 million IDPs. The number of returns in Adamawa has also increased (by 18%) to 262,324.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 10/13/2015 - 21:36 GMT |
by Bukar HUSSAIN
Three blasts hit the city of Maiduguri in northeast Nigeria on Tuesday killing a number of people, locals and the Red Cross said.
The "huge explosions" happened in the Ajilari Cross area of the city, which has been targeted by similar attacks twice in the last month, including on September 20 when at least 117 were killed.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
GENÈVE, 13 octobre (HCR) – Le HCR a fermement condamné aujourd'hui deux attentats-suicides survenus le week-end dernier dans l'ouest du Tchad au cours desquels 47 personnes, dont un grand nombre de personnes déracinées du fait des violences au nord du Nigéria, ont été tuées et des dizaines d'autres blessées.
« Le HCR déplore la violence et déplore les pertes en vies humaines causées par des attentats-suicides ce week-end dans la ville de Baga Sola, à l'ouest du Tchad », a déclaré le porte-parole du HCR Leo Dobbs lors d'un point de presse à Genève.
- Boko Haram-related insecurity continues to result in critical humanitarian needs throughout the Lake Chad Basin
- Nigeria’s IDP population increases by 765,000 individuals between June and August
Chad: Violence continues to fuel large-scale displacement in Lac region. Suicide attacks on 10 October killed 41 people and wounded 48 at a busy Bagasola market and a refugee camp on the town’s periphery. Over 71,000 people who have been displaced since July face urgent shelter, food, WASH and health needs.
2,5 millions de personnes déplacées par la crise dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad. Plus de 2,1 millions de PDIs recensées rien qu’au Nigéria et dans plusieurs Etats.
Elections en octobre enGuinée, en Côte d’Ivoire et en RCA. Les élections au Burkina Faso seront probablement reportées.
Diminution des infections liées au virus Ebola en Sierra Leone et en Guinée, pas de nouvelle éruption au Libéria.
GENEVA, Oct 13 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency today strongly condemned two suicide attacks last weekend in western Chad in which a total of 47 people, including many people uprooted as a result of violence in northern Nigeria, were killed and dozens more injured.
"UNHCR deplores the violence and mourns the loss of life caused by suicide attacks at the weekend in the western Chad town of Baga Sola," UNHCR spokesperson Leo Dobbs told a press briefing in Geneva.
In this issue
■ On the Agenda
Special Focus: United Nations General Assembly
Relations between the UN and the AU have ‘improved considerably’ in the last few years.
A PSC summit meeting was held on the margins of the UN General Assembly to discuss the crisis in South Sudan.
African leaders advocated for greater investment by the UN in the fi ght against terrorism.
■ Situation Analysis
Stakes are high as a series of elections looms across Africa.
Addis Abéba, le 12 octobre 2015 : La Présidente de la Commission de l’Union africaine (UA), Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, condamne dans les termes les plus énergiques les attaques barbares perpétrées par le groupe terroriste Boko Haram contre des civils innocents dans un marché et un camp de réfugiés situés dans le village de Baga Sola, à l’ouest du Tchad, et dans le village de Kangaleri, dans l'extrême nord du Cameroun, respectivement les 10 et 11 octobre 2015. Ces attaques ont fait 50 morts et blessé plusieurs autres.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Román Oyarzun Marchesi (Spain):
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the horrific 10 and 11 October terrorist attacks attributed to Boko Haram, perpetrated in the towns of Baga Sola, Chad, and Kangaleri, Cameroon, which resulted in a large number of deaths and casualties.
The Secretary-General condemns the two simultaneous suicide attacks in Kangaleri, Cameroon, on 11 October, by suspected Boko Haram elements. Since July 2015, the Northern State of Cameroon has witnessed fifteen separate suicide attacks, causing the death of scores of civilians. The Secretary-General extends his condolences to the families of the victims and to the Government and people of Cameroon. There is no justification for such indiscriminate violence and killings.
12 octobre 2015 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a condamné lundi deux attentats suicide qui ont été perpétrés simultanément à Kangaleri, au Cameroun, le 11 octobre, par des membres présumés de Boko Haram.
Depuis le mois de juillet 2015, le nord du Cameroun a subi quinze attentats suicide distincts qui ont entrainé la mort d'un nombre important de civils, a noté le porte-parole du Secrétaire général dans une déclaration à la presse.
The humanitarian response for the 57,000 IDPs in Lac region continues despite the unpredictability of displacement.
Only 14% of US$ 10 million required for humanitarian response for IDPs in Lac received.
School gives hope to over 1,000 displaced children in the Lac region, but 24,000 IDP children still missing out on education.
The CAR Returnees’ Reintegration Plan adopted by the Government of Chad provides for a gradual reduction of humanitarian assistance in favour of recovery activities.
La réponse humanitaire aux 57 000 déplacés internes du Lac se déploie malgré la volatilité des déplacements de population.
Seulement 14% des 11 millions de dollars requis pour la réponse humanitaire aux déplacés internes dans la région du Lac ont été reçus.
L’école redonne espoir à plus de 1 000 enfants en déplacement dans la région du Lac, mais 24 000 enfants déplacés restent en attente de scolarisation.
PRAPS: Plus de 240 millions de dollars pour booster l’élevage dans le Sahel (JDT, 08/10/15)
La malnutrition sévit dans le Kanem (Le Progrès 4203, 06/10/15)
Les indicateurs de mortalité au Tchad baissent (Le Progrès 4203, 06/10/15)
UNICEF Sub-regional Update In Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger - September 2015 (UNICEF, 30/09/15)
Tchad: les militaires font des dons de sang (China.org.cn, 06/10/15)
N'Djamena, Chad | AFP | Sunday 10/11/2015 - 12:15 GMT
Forty-one people were killed in triple explosions in a Chadian city on the shores of Lake Chad, blamed on the Nigerian jihadist group Boko Haram, the government said Sunday.
Another 48 people were wounded, the Chadian government said in a statement, after provisional figures by security sources late Saturday put the death toll at 37 with 52 wounded, some seriously.