Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Abuja, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 11/26/2015 - 14:48 GMT
Senior military, security and intelligence figures in Nigeria on Thursday questioned President Muhammadu Buhari's December deadline for an end to the Boko Haram conflict, calling it "unrealistic".
The Centre for Crisis Communication, a research and advisory body independent of government, said the deadline was "not tenable" given the continued wave of bombings in the northeast.
92 658 Personnes Déplacées Internes.
63 598 * Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.
47 746 Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.
25 143 Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2015.
- Ce chiffre comprend 15 852 réfugiés identifiés hors camp à l’issue de l’exercice de profilage.
Since May 2013, Southeastern Niger (Diffa region) has witnessed an influx of tens of thousands displaced persons from Northern Nigeria following the declaration of the state of emergency in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States in Nigeria on 14 May 2013. The displaced population is seeking shelter in the families and villages of Niger. In December 2014, due to the violent attacks by insurgents in Bosso and the lake chad region, the increased influx gave precedence to construct the Keblewa camp.The camp has a capacity to host 10,000 people extendable to 20,000.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MAY 2016
Kaduna, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 11/26/2015 - 03:28 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Zainabu Ali cradles her infant son Ibrahim in her arms as he sleeps in a three-bedroom house that she shares with about 20 family members in the north Nigerian city of Kaduna.
The family fled Izghe in Borno state in February 2014, when Boko Haram fighters dressed in military uniform stormed the village and slaughtered 106 people, including an elderly woman.
Author: Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, Nov 25 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The world's worst recorded Ebola outbreak and militant violence in West Africa may have shut down schools across the region but governments should see conflict and crisis as an opportunity to reform and improve education, an expert said on Wednesday.
Read the story on the Thompson Reuters Foundation
4 TUES DANS UN ATTENTAT-SUICIDE
Le 21 novembre, un attentat-suicide mené par quatre assaillants a tué quatre personnes dans la ville de Fotokol près de la frontière avec le Nigeria. Le groupe Boko Haram est soupçonné d'être à l’origine de l'attaque, la dernière d'une série d'attentats-suicides dans la région de l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun depuis juillet.
REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
L’INSECURITE PERSISTE A BATANGAFO
SUICIDE BLAST KILLS FOUR
On 21 November, a suicide attack carried out by four assailants killed four people in Fotokol town near the border with Nigeria. Boko Haram is suspected to be behind the attack, the latest in a series of suicide blasts in Cameroon’s Far North region since July.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
LINGERING INSECURITY IN BATANGAFO
In the searing heat, weary elders and mournful parents sit under trees or in front of their assigned concrete shelters in Gubio camp in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State in north-eastern Nigeria. Barefoot children in dirty clothes, some visibly undernourished, stare at or greet visitors. There is a sense of silent tenacity among the group. Each person here has experienced a horrifying story of survival and loss at the hands of Boko Haram, and each has little choice but to will him or herself forward and navigate a new life.
Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Population movements continue to take place in the Lake Chad region as insecurity continues to deteriorate. The humanitarian community estimates at 82,782 the number of refugees, IDPs, returnees and thirdcountry nationals currently displaced in the Lake region. Of these, 52,300 are IDPs from the latest wave of massive displacement which began in July 2015.
New York, 23 November 2015 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Bureau for Africa today launched an initiative to support African countries to prevent and respond to the growth of violent extremism through a development lens.
According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (including close to 1.1 million children). This presents a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency when compared to the numbers of displaced people reported in August 2015.
According to the 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods) and the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the nutrition and food security situations have deteriorated compared to previous years. There is an urgent need to scale up the humanitarian response to these ongoing crises in 2016.
Because of the security situation Humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic.
Interview with Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol, MSF Director of Operations
The Lake Chad region has become the epicentre of violence with continued attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP) group, also known as Boko Haram. Government military operations in response are also contributing to mass displacement across the region. To date, over 2.5 million people have been made homeless as a result of violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is scaling up its medical and humanitarian response in the four countries.