Substantial humanitarian action will continue to be required in the Sahel in 2014 and beyond. Over 20 million people are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance, including life-saving food security interventions, protection from conflict and violence, strengthening household and community coping mechanisms and supporting longer-term solutions for internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees. A dramatic increase in the number of food insecure to 20 million (from 11.3 million in 2013) is expected, driven in particular by a deterioration in the food security situation in Northern Nigeria, Northern Cameroon and Senegal. These three countries represent over 40% of the overall caseload. A three-year (rather than one-year) regional plan has been developed for the Sahel for the first time. The strategy provides a set of ambitious objectives and targets that will require a sustained, multi-year effort to achieve, and that could not be realistically contemplated on a planning horizon of merely 12 months. (2014-2016 Strategic Response Plan Sahel Region)
Appeals & Funding
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan 2014 - Guide to Giving
The global breeding programme for taro (Colocasia esculenta) and cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) is gathering pace. The International Network for Edible Aroids (INEA) is part of the five-year project Adapting clonally propagated crops to climatic and commercial changes funded by the European Union (EU).
19 November 2014 – Insecurity is on the march again in the countries of Africa’s Sahel belt, where extremists have displaced 1.5 million people in Nigeria and the threat of Ebola is exacerbating an already dire humanitarian crisis, the United Nations humanitarian regional coordinator said today.
Les récoltes en cours améliorent les niveaux des stocks des ménages et des marchés. Malgré les retards d’installation de la saison enregistrés dans plusieurs localités, des productions agricoles moyennes à supérieures à la moyenne sont globalement attendues dans la région. Cependant, des productions inférieures à la moyenne seront observées en Mauritanie, au Sénégal, en Gambie, au nord-est du Nigeria, en Centrafrique et localement dans les autres pays du Sahel.
MICHEL KAFANDO CHOSEN AS INTERIM PRESIDENT
On 18 November, Michel Kafando, was sworn in as Burkina Faso’s interim President. In compliance to the Charter of the Transition signed on 16 November, Mr. Kafando, a former Foreign Minister and diplomat has been chosen to oversee a one-year transition back to civilian rule in Burkina Faso.
Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message, as delivered by Hiroute Guebre Sellassie, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Sahel, to the third meeting of the ministerial coordination platform for the Sahel, held in Bamako today:
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Des milliers de personnes déplacées par le conflit dans le nord-est du Nigéria ont trouvé refuge à Maiduguri.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Flooding and insecurity resulted in disruption of agricultural production and markets, leading to increase in food prices.
About 9.5 million people affected by natural disaster and conflict including insurgency and subsequent state of emergency in N.E.
Nigeria, access to basic services seriously hampered.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
· Les attaques dans le nord du Nigéria ont forcé 1 000 réfugiés dans la région inaccessible du Lac.
· Les inondations dans la région du Salamat ont affecté près de 8 000 personnes.
· Dans la bande sahélienne du Tchad, plus de 670 000 personnes reçoivent une aide alimentaire pendant la période de soudure.
· Le financement des ONG nationales gestionnaires des camps temporaires par le gouvernement sera nécessaire après décembre 2014.
Hotspots: Burkina Faso hosts violent protests, President ousted; Niger attacked by Mali-based group; insurgents take city in Nigeria.
There are presently 13,567 cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa that have resulted in 4,951 deaths.
Mali reports its first Ebola case. Nigeria and Senegal are declared Ebola-free.
WHO to lead Ebola preparedness missions over next six weeks to 15 countries in West Africa.
Summary: Despite a ceasefire announced by the Nigerian authorities, fighting has continued in North-East Nigeria between Nigerian Army Forces and Islamist insurgents, leading to an increase in the number of displaced people fleeing to find refuge in Niger. According to OCHA and the authorities, more than 105,000 people have crossed the border to Niger. The displaced populations are hosted in the communities; no camps have been set up so far.