In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
In the current Lassa Fever outbreak, sixteen (16) States (Ogun, Bauchi, Plateau, Ebonyi, Ondo, Edo, Taraba, Nasarawa, Rivers,
Kaduna, Gombe, Cross-River, Borno, Kano, Kogi and Enugu) have reported at least one confirmed case – Figure 1
An outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM), which started in December 2016, is ongoing in Nigeria
As at 22nd April, 2017, of the 9,646 suspected cases reported, 277 (2.9%) were laboratory confirmed, and 839 deaths (8.7%) recorded
In the last four weeks (Epi-Week 12-16), 43 Local Government Areas (LGAs) have reached alert/epidemic threshold in seven States — Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Yobe and Plateau
ABUJA | Nigeria
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
94.2 M required for 2017 including special situations
16.0 M contributions received, representing 17% of requirements
78.3 M overall funding gap for Cameroon
All figures are displayed in USD
169.9 M required for 2017
24.1 M contributions received, representing 14% of requirements
145.9 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
All figures are displayed in USD
162.8 M required for 2017 including special situations
21.1 M contributions received, representing 13% of requirements
141.7 M overall funding gap for Chad
All figures are displayed in USD
Extreme levels of acute food insecurity in northeast persist as humanitarian access remains limited
By Mari Carmen Viñoles, MSF Program Manager for the Sahel
For years, the Diffa region in southeastern Niger, which borders Nigeria and Chad, has suffered the consequences of the armed conflict between Boko Haram and armies of the area. According to Nigerien authorities, there are now more than 240,000 internally displaced people and refugees in the region. More than a third of them have been displaced twice or more due to the violence.
Schools are particularly vulnerable to bombings, attacks, and abductions
By Nellie Peyton
DAKAR, April 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - School teachers in the Lake Chad region where Boko Haram is waging an insurgency are being trained to identify and respond to security threats to protect children from the Islamist group, the United Nations said on Thursday.
Schools are particularly vulnerable to bombings, attacks, and abductions by the insurgents but many lack detailed safety plans, the U.N. children's agency (UNICEF) said.
March 27, 2017, Abuja- Farmers supported by FAO in northeast, Nigeria are looking to a very good harvest, going by the amount and quality of crops some of them have so far gathered from their fields.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
FAO and WFP urge swift action to prevent hunger deaths in four countries hit by conflict
28 April 2017, Rome - The leaders of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have called on the international community to urgently step up action to prevent further hunger deaths in four countries stalked by famine: north-eastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen.
The world faces one of the largest food crises in 70 years, with 30 million people in four countries — northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen — suffering severe acute food insecurity. If no action is taken, millions may die of hunger.
Dryness continues to worsen over the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall since late February have resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Food security and nutrition analysis results released in March 2017 indicate that 2.2 million people are affected by food insecurity in Chad from March to May 2017, almost one in five people.
Against all the challenges that lead to precarious living conditions and increased vulnerability to sudden and chronic shocks, a new way of humanitarian-development work must be adopted.
Literacy rate 37.3%
Life expectancy 51.9 years
179 new suspected cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the 3 health districts of Salamat. Since September 2016, the total of cases is 1,314 of which 201 cases were tested and 96 of these confirmed positive and 13 deaths reported (0 this month).