Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
By Emily Bamford
Can all of Nigeria be Open Defecation Free by 2025? A Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Committee in the remote northern village of Gidan Darge is paving the way.
JIGAWA STATE, Nigeria, 25 May 2016 – In north-eastern Nigeria, 300 miles north of the capital city of Abuja, lies the village of Gidan Darge. Though the village is located in a dry, remote area, it is pioneering advances in water, sanitation and hygiene for the entire country.
The Borno PSWG Rapid Protection Assessment Report compiles information from both data collection in IDP sites around Maiduguri (Part I) as well as in recently liberated satellite camps of Damboa and Dikwa (Part II).
The assessment of displacement sites around Maiduguri Metropolis (MMC, Jere, Konduga) was conducted in order to obtain a full picture of protection issues and severity in all sites around Maiduguri in order to prioritize the most pressing issues and severe sites, for targeted rapid interventions.
- Rapid assessments in northeastern Nigeria indicate urgent humanitarian needs
- More than 20,000 newly displaced people registered in Cameroon’s Far North Region between February and April
- ERC Stephen O’Brien calls for increased assistance for Lake Chad Basin response
24 mai 2016 – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) a déclaré mardi avoir constaté une augmentation de l'insécurité et une aggravation de la situation humanitaire dans la région de Diffa, dans le sud-est du Niger.
Selon des chiffres gouvernementaux, cette région accueillait à la mi-mai plus de 241.000 réfugiés nigérians, personnes déplacées et Nigériens rapatriés qui vivaient autrefois au Nigéria.
Obagaji, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 5/25/2016 - 03:13 GMT
by Aderogba OBISESAN
Anyebe Peter has only recently returned to his farm in central Nigeria, nearly three months after attacks by Fulani herdsmen killed seven villagers, destroyed 250 homes and forced survivors to flee.
"Nothing is left for us either on our farm or in our village after the attack," he told AFP in Adagbo, a stone's throw from the Benue river that forms the border between Benue and Nasarawa states.
By Aicha Chir Nour
In Chad, the Daresalam refugee camp hosts more than 5,000 refugees from Nigeria and Niger. Here, every individual has fled atrocities and violence that plague their countries. The camp’s school is the only place where Yande Tchari, 17 years old and in first grade, feels safe. “Only in class am I able to take my mind off things. School gives me the opportunity to learn always something new,” she says.
Moki Edwin Kindzeka
TOUROU, CAMEROON— Boko Haram militants are believed to be holding hundreds of captives in Nigeria's Sambisa forest, including more than 200 Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped in 2014.
The armed forces of Nigeria and Cameroon are trying to free the hostages, but the forest is a good place for militants to hide and a dangerous place for soldiers to operate.
The Sambisa forest reserve in northeastern Nigeria has been a key Boko Haram hideout for years.
Posted by Evelyn Rodriguez-Perez on Tuesday, May 24th 2016
Education is a core component of a humanitarian response. However, too often education remains severely underfunded given competing priorities. But without it, children — and girls in particular — are at increased risk of abuse, exploitation, disempowerment or worse.
While working in international education for more than 30 years, I’ve seen how natural disasters, famines and wars can sideline education.
Food Security Sector (FSS) Highlights for April 2016
Summary of on-going humanitarian assistance:
Number of people targeted by 2016 HRP: 1.5 million people
Total budget of Food Security Sector in 2016 HRP: US$ 71.4 million
HRP resources mobilized to dateL US$ 7.9 million
Reached with food and livelihoods assistance in 2016: 347,403 people
Projected needs for the coming lean season (June -September 2016)
A total of 3 million people are in need of assistance through the coming lean season.
Within the Lake Chad Basin crisis, Cameroon is the second country most affected by displacement after Nigeria. In the last month an increase of 20,000 IDPs in the Far North has been reported bringing the number to 190,591 people.
Since the beginning of 2016, 1,361 refugee children under 5 and 9,952 Cameroonian children <5 with SAM have been admitted to therapeutic care.
Regional Security Meeting in Abuja and UNHCR-World Bank Lake Chad Basin Displacement Workshop
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/24/2016 - 18:01 GMT |
A state government in northern Nigeria on Tuesday declared a state of emergency after moths destroyed swathes of tomato fields, threatening supplies of the country's leading staple food.
Nigerian farmers describe the outbreak as 'tomato Ebola' after the deadly disease that devastated West Africa in 2014.
The news from Kaduna state saw Nigerians voice fears on social media they would not be able to make jollof rice -- a beloved national dish made with tomato paste -- because of the scarcity.
ZIKA: SOUCHE DES AMÉRIQUES DÉTECTÉE
ZIKA STRAIN FROM AMERICAS DETECTED
ISTANBUL – Under the Government of Nigeria’s leadership, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is scaling up to assist 430,000 people in Northeast Nigeria where Boko Haram violence has led to one of the most acute and largely forgotten humanitarian crises in the world.
“As areas become more accessible and we collectively develop a more refined understanding of what people need, WFP is working with the Government and other agencies such as UNICEF to urgently reach the most vulnerable,” said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin.
Nigerians who found safety in neighbouring Niger, with thousands of others fleeing militants, move again as insecurity grows.
By: Helene Caux | 24 May 2016
DIFFA, Niger, May 24 (UNHCR) – Bala never imagined he would have to step over dead bodies to save his life. His brother Mahamadou never thought he would have to hide beneath them to save his.
“They were killing children in the streets. They were shooting at pregnant women,” says Bala, 50, remembering how Boko Haram tore through his town, in northern Nigeria.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 24 May 2016, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
By: Adrian Edwards | 24 May 2016