150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
23 January 2017 – Spotlighting the desperate plight of millions in Africa’s Lake Chad basin, the top United Nations humanitarian official for the Sahel region called today for international solidarity with the people in urgent need.
“I wish I had good news, but I don’t,” Toby Lanzer, the Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, told a news conference at the UN Headquarters, in New York that was largely focused on the crisis affecting Lake Chad basin countries, which include Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.
With the Nigerian petroleum sector in crisis, the agricultural and solid minerals sectors have recently recorded positive growth. This follows strong support from the Government of Nigeria (GoN) and dynamic private sector responses, and encourages a more diversified economy. Therefore, despite the many challenges facing the Nigerian economy, some positive trends emerge.
Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT
More than 2.5 million new displacements between 24 December and 11 January
14 Million (Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba And Yobe)
11.0 Million in Host Community
1.8 Million Internally Displaced People
1.2 Million Returnees
Nigeria’s north-eastern region, which has historically lagged behind the rest of the country in socio-economic development, is struck by a long-running conflict that has caused widespread destruction and deep human suffering. Some 14 million people are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. They include 8.5 million in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states that are the worst affected by the Boko Haram-related conflict.
Many of the victims being treated after the refugee camp bombing this week are children
By Kieran Guilbert
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Jan 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Lying in a bed in the surgical ward of a hospital in northeast Nigeria, his torso barely visible under heavy bandaging, a 10-year-old boy stares blankly at the ceiling as nurses rush past.
As many as nine Nigerian Red Cross Society volunteers remain in critical condition and dozens of others are receiving psychological and medical care after Tuesday’s accidental military strike on a displacement camp in Nigeria’s volatile northeast.
Conseil de sécurité
7868e séance – matin
GENEVA (19 January 2017) – The new United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs), Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, today expressed dismay at the bombing of a camp housing internally displaced persons in Borno state in the troubled northeast region of Nigeria, in which a counter insurgency against Boko Haram is being waged.
By Obi Anyadike
Editor-at-Large and Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 20 January 2017
Africa, the world’s poorest continent, faces many security challenges. But its leaders are not slow to intervene in crises when they can, as Yahya Jammeh in the Gambia is now discovering.
Read more on IRIN.
7868TH MEETING* (AM)
Presidential Statement Welcomes Decisions on Gambia, Other Political Developments
Expressing its concerns over the prevalence of violent extremism that could be conducive to terrorism, the Security Council strongly condemned all terrorist attacks in West Africa, notably those carried out by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin.
Abuja (ICRC) - Three days after air strikes at a settlement for internally displaced people at Rann in Nigeria, two surgical teams from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with the help of one Nigerian surgeon continue to care for those wounded in the blasts.
Around 100 injured people were evacuated from Rann to Maiduguri. Two surgical teams in Maiduguri have been operating on the most seriously wounded, including more than 20 children.
Monthly regional mixed migration summary for December 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region.
In December, 8,428 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy by sea via the central Mediterranean route.
Nationals from Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea accounted for the largest number of arrivals in December.
In December, an estimated 383 people died or went missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea. In 2016, 5,082 people had died or gone missing in while crossing the Mediterranean, surpassing the 3,777 people who lost their lives in 2015.
Friday, January 20, 2017 — London/Geneva, 20 January 2017: The death toll continues to rise following the horrific military attack on civilians in Rann, Nigeria, according to latest estimates by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
Around 90 people were killed when a Nigerian airforce plane circled twice and dropped two bombs in the middle of the town of Rann, which hosts thousands of internally displaced people. At the time of the attack, an aid distribution was taking place. The majority of the victims were women and children.
Cameroon is hosting around 359 000 refugees. Approximatively 59 000 of them are Nigerian refugees fleeing Boko Haram violence and living in the Minawao camp, and 274 000 are from Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, some 182 000 persons are internally displaced (IDPs) in the Far North region because of the conflict, an increase of 15% since April 2016.
Humanitarian needs in Niger continue to be immense as a result of lasting food insecurity, high global malnutrition of children under age five and the displacement of people fleeing the conflicts in neighbouring Mali* and Nigeria*. Successive food crises, extreme poverty, displacement and rapid population growth continue to erode people’s resilience. Even in good agricultural years, between 4 and 5 million Nigeriens experience food shortages.