Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 27 October 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 27 Oct 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
L'intérêt pour les questions d'agriculture et de sécurité alimentaire en Afrique du Nord s’est accentué à la suite de la flambée des prix des produits alimentaires et leur volatilité continue depuis fin 2006. Les pays d'Afrique du Nord se caractérisent par une forte dépendance à l’égard des marchés mondiaux pour leur sécurité alimentaire. Cela ne semblait pas poser de problème tant que les cours mondiaux des produits alimentaires étaient bas et stables pendant les décennies 80 et 90.
Movements towards Europe
9,499 migrants and refugees from West Africa arrived in Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route, including 3,742 Nigerians, 1,150 Guineans, 1,006 Ivoirians, 895 Gambians, 886 Senegalese, 932 Malians, and 757 Ghanaians.
53 people lost their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea, the lowest recorded number of deaths in the Mediterranean Sea this year. 3,179 people have died or gone missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea since January.
Since August 2016 the Government of Niger has been implementing stricter measures to control irregular migration of ECOWAS migrants going into Libya or Algeria without valid documentation. To this end, control operations are in place in the region of Agadez with security forces controlling and turning back vehicles transporting migrants irregularly.
The presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points of Arlit and Séguédine has decreased following these measures with a marked decrease of migrants leaving Niger for Algeria or Libya.
**TRUST FUND FOR STABILITY AND ADDRESSING ROOT CAUSES OF IRREGULAR MIGRATION AND DISPLACED PERSONS IN AFRICA
The European Union and Africa enjoy a long-standing and comprehensive partnership, which has deepened and diversified over decades and in particular since the first Africa-EU Summit in 2000. The Valletta Summit in November 2015 complemented already existing processes with African Countries, focusing on different aspects of migration.
In July 2016 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) and the United Nations (UN) sent a technical team to assess the situation in Mali and the Sahel. This was in response to the continued instability in the country, despite efforts by Malian and international forces. Plans for more offensive action against armed jihadist groups have been afoot for quite some time, but can they work?
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …
CrisisWatch is a monthly early warning bulletin designed to provide a regular update on the state of the most significant situations of conflict around the world.
Global Overview, August 2016
Niger is a significant transit country for migration between West and Central and Northern Africa. There are several reasons for this such as for example, the strategic geographical position of Niger in relation to Libya. Libya is one of the main launching points for boats crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe. Many migrants go to Libya hoping to find a passage towards Italy and many of the migrant deaths that occur in the Mediterrean occur in boats that left Libya.
Germany - As the number of migrant deaths worldwide continues to rise significantly, IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has recorded 23 per cent more migrant deaths during the first half of 2016 compared with the same period in 2015.
The latest IOM GMDAC Data Briefing, “Dangerous Journeys,” released on Tuesday 23 August, was prepared by the International Organization for Migration’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) in Berlin. It takes an in-depth look at the available global figures for migrant deaths and disappearances during the first half of 2016.
The African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF or the Fund) was established by the Regional Committee in 2012 with the aim of providing catalytic resources for initiating timely responses to public health emergencies. Ever since, commitments have been made at every subsequent Regional Committee session to improve the functionality of this solidarity fund.
Heavy rains expected to further increase risk of flooding in West and East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
The persistence of above-average rainfall continues to increase both short-term and long-term rainfall surpluses and trigger flooding throughout many areas in Sudan, South Sudan and western Ethiopia. Above-average rainfall is forecast to continue over the region, further worsening the potential for flooding over many downstream areas of eastern Sudan during the next week.
La réunion de haut niveau sur le projet de l'Union Africaine (UA) - Allemagne sur le renforcement du contrôle des armes légères et de petit calibre (ALPC), la sécurité physique, et la gestion des stocks (PSSM) s'est tenue, le 16 octobre 2015, au siège de l'UA, à Addis Abéba, en Ethiopie.
Résumé des mouvements migratoires mixtes pour le mois de juin 2016 recouvrant les derniers événements et les dernières informations concernant l’Afrique de l’Ouest (en particulier le Niger, le Mali, le Nigeria, le Burkina Faso, la Côte d’Ivoire, la Guinée, le Sénégal et le Liberia).
Movements towards Europe In June, 16,775 migrants and refugees from West Africa arrived in Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route, including 6,196 Nigerians, 2,289 Guineans, 2,088 Ivoirians, 1,908 Gambians, 1,482 Senegalese, 1,416 Malians, and 884 Ghanaians. A total of 70,222 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy via the Central Mediterranean Route between January and June 2016. Migrants and refugees from West Africa made up 54% of these movements in the first half of 2016 compared with 29% during the same period in 2015.
Regional mixed migration summary for June 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region (in particular Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Liberia).
In this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
Movements Toward Europe: Between January and May 2016 West African migrants and refugees made up 55% of arrivals by sea to Italy. An estimated 5,668 Nigerians, 3,023 Ivoirians, 3,025 Guineans and 2,645 Senegalese arrived by sea to Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route since January 2016
Regional mixed migration summary for May 2016 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for the West Africa region (Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Liberia).
Throughout this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum-seekers, trafficked persons, smuggled economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum-seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
Monthly Trend Report
Covering mixed migration to, through & from NORTH AFRICA
About: MHub is the regional knowledge hub and secretariat for the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force, comprising of DRC, IOM, OHCHR, RMMS, Save the Children, UNHCR and UNODC. It promotes a human rights-based approach to ensure the protection of people moving in mixed and complex flows to, through and from North Africa.