Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
IOM firmly believes in humane and orderly migration for all and all data reported through the flow monitoring aims to inform and highlight a migratory phenomenon in an area with dangers for migrants (challenging climate, dangerous road conditions, vulnerability to trafficking/other exploitation/abuse). Proportionally, the flows measured by IOM in the Agadez region are heavily concentrated on the route to and from the Libyan border. Migrants going towards Libya represent 68% of recorded migrants while those coming from Libya to Niger represent 20%.
Du Niger à l’Algérie en passant par l’Arabie Saoudite, Mounirou a tenté plusieurs fois de quitter le pays mais à chaque fois, il a été forcé de revenir chez lui, à Kantché dans la région de Zinder. Voici l’histoire de ses rapatriements à répétition.
La CTB publie son rapport annuel 2015
Niger - IOM notes the shocking discovery this week of the remains of 34 migrants near the Algeria-Niger border which brings to 471 the number of deaths and disappearances recorded on the African continent this year by IOM’s Missing Migrants Project.
Regional mixed migration summary for April 2016 covering mixed migration events, trends and data for the West Africa region (Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Liberia).
Throughout this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, smuggled economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
West African Arrivals to Europe:
Between January and April 2016 an estimated 4,204 Nigerians, 2,296 Ivoirians ,1 602 Guineans and 1 667 Senegalese arrived by sea to Italy using Central Mediterranean Route.
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,
Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,
Environ 20 personnes ont perdu la vie suite au conflit inter communautaire dans la localité de Malemana située dans le cercle de Tenenkou (la région de Mopti). Ce conflit a entrainé le déplacement de d’environ 800 personnes dans la région de Ségou. Le rapport d’évaluation rapide réalisé par CARE, HKI et COOPI fait état de nombreux besoins non couverts dans les domaines de la santé, sécurité alimentaire, eau, hygiène et assainissement, abri et bien non alimentaire et protection.
Les premières prévisions de la FAO concernant la production mondiale de blé de 2016 font entrevoir une petite diminution, de moindres volumes étant attendus en Europe et aux États-Unis d’Amérique.
The month saw Venezuela’s political, economic and humanitarian crisis worsen amid heightened tensions between the government and opposition, a situation which could lead to state collapse and regional destabilisation. Another major setback in electing a new president in Haiti prompted fears of further civil unrest. In West Africa, deadly violence in central Mali and south-east Nigeria spiked, while a power struggle in Guinea-Bissau led to a dangerous standoff.
36 762 personnes déplacées internes (7 019 ménages) ont été enregistrées et identifiées par le programme DTM dans l’ensemble des régions du Mali. 27 422 PDIs sont dans les régions nord et 9 340 PDIs dans les régions sud.
Une enquête réalisée auprès des personnes déplacées montre que 55,2% des ménages interrogés souhaitent retourner dans leur lieu d’origine tandis que 43,2% souhaitent rester sur leur lieu de déplacement.
The majority of migrants recorded by the two flow monitoring points are recorded going from Niger to Libya (estimated 51 225 individuals or 64%). Migrants on this route tend to be young men from english speaking West African countries who intend to go towards Europe.
An estimated 12 025 migrants (15%) came into Niger from Libya. This group is majoritarily Nigerien but includes Nigerians and Malians.
21% of migrants are recorded to be travelling between Niger and Algeria. These migrants more commonly work in the gold mines in the north of Niger.
Situation Générale en avril 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-juin 2016
aggravée en avril au Yémen où des groupes d’ailés et de petits essaims se sont formés sur la côte méridionale puis déplacés dans l’intérieur où ils ont pondu. Les éclosions ont débuté fi n avril et on s’attend, en mai, à des éclosions généralisées suivies de la formation de groupes et bandes larvaires au sein d’une vaste zone où les opérations de prospection et de lutte sont diffi ciles à cause de l’éloignement et l’insécurité.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Weekly trends can fluctuate due to security conditions in the region, the political climate in Niger and neighbouring countries, presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points and availability of transport and opportunities. For more detailed analysis see the flow monitoring survey reports.
The Desert Locust situation has worsened in Yemen as adult groups and a few small swarms formed on the southern coast in early April and moved into the interior where widespread rains led to rapid maturation and egg-laying. Hatching and band formation commenced by the end of the month.
As part of a wider project to understand the profile and motivations of people migrating to the European Union, this factsheet presents key findings related to migration from Mali. Information presented here is based on interviews with key informants, who were asked to report on migration from their community. Findings presented here are based on a small, purposive sample of respondents in Gao, a key transit point for migrants passing through Mali, and should be considered indicative only.
The FAO COMMISSION for controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region (CLCPRO) strengthens national capacities of locustaffected countries in West and Northwest Africa in planning, training, research and effective and timely response to Desert Locust invasions in order to prevent upsurges and plagues.
The Commission contributes significantly to food and livelihoods security in northern Africa through its regional approach in preventing serious damage that locusts can inflict on pastures and agricultural production in the concerned member countries.