Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
36 762 personnes déplacées internes (7 019 ménages) ont été enregistrées et identifiées par le programme DTM dans l’ensemble des régions du Mali. 27 422 PDIs sont dans les régions nord et 9 340 PDIs dans les régions sud.
Une enquête réalisée auprès des personnes déplacées montre que 55,2% des ménages interrogés souhaitent retourner dans leur lieu d’origine tandis que 43,2% souhaitent rester sur leur lieu de déplacement.
The majority of migrants recorded by the two flow monitoring points are recorded going from Niger to Libya (estimated 51 225 individuals or 64%). Migrants on this route tend to be young men from english speaking West African countries who intend to go towards Europe.
An estimated 12 025 migrants (15%) came into Niger from Libya. This group is majoritarily Nigerien but includes Nigerians and Malians.
21% of migrants are recorded to be travelling between Niger and Algeria. These migrants more commonly work in the gold mines in the north of Niger.
Situation Générale en avril 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-juin 2016
aggravée en avril au Yémen où des groupes d’ailés et de petits essaims se sont formés sur la côte méridionale puis déplacés dans l’intérieur où ils ont pondu. Les éclosions ont débuté fi n avril et on s’attend, en mai, à des éclosions généralisées suivies de la formation de groupes et bandes larvaires au sein d’une vaste zone où les opérations de prospection et de lutte sont diffi ciles à cause de l’éloignement et l’insécurité.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Weekly trends can fluctuate due to security conditions in the region, the political climate in Niger and neighbouring countries, presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points and availability of transport and opportunities. For more detailed analysis see the flow monitoring survey reports.
The Desert Locust situation has worsened in Yemen as adult groups and a few small swarms formed on the southern coast in early April and moved into the interior where widespread rains led to rapid maturation and egg-laying. Hatching and band formation commenced by the end of the month.
As part of a wider project to understand the profile and motivations of people migrating to the European Union, this factsheet presents key findings related to migration from Mali. Information presented here is based on interviews with key informants, who were asked to report on migration from their community. Findings presented here are based on a small, purposive sample of respondents in Gao, a key transit point for migrants passing through Mali, and should be considered indicative only.
The FAO COMMISSION for controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region (CLCPRO) strengthens national capacities of locustaffected countries in West and Northwest Africa in planning, training, research and effective and timely response to Desert Locust invasions in order to prevent upsurges and plagues.
The Commission contributes significantly to food and livelihoods security in northern Africa through its regional approach in preventing serious damage that locusts can inflict on pastures and agricultural production in the concerned member countries.
Strict vigilance is also required in northwest Africa
12 April 2016, Rome - The presence of recently discovered Desert Locust infestations in Yemen, where conflict is severely hampering control operations, poses a potential threat to crops in the region, FAO warned today. FAO urged neighbouring countries, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Iran, to mobilize survey and control teams and to take all necessary measures to prevent the destructive insects from reaching breeding areas situated in their respective territories.
Détérioration continue de la situation alimentaire des populations déplacées dans le bassin du lac Tchad.
Augmentation du nombre de populations déplacées au Nigeria et au Mali.
Poursuite des activités de cultures de décrue et de contre-saison dans la majeure partie des zones de la région.
Les approvisionnements en céréales sont jugés globalement satisfaisants dans la région.
The month saw violent extremist movements, including the Islamic State (IS) and al-Qaeda-linked groups, carry out major deadly attacks in Turkey, Pakistan, Côte d’Ivoire, Tunisia and Belgium. In Libya, the arrival of Prime Minister Serraj in Tripoli despite warnings from multiple factions could lead to further destabilisation. Meanwhile in Central Africa, political violence rose in Burundi and could break out in Chad around the 10 April presidential election.
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Le projet Missing migrants répertorie les morts de migrants le long des diverses routes migratoires dans le monde. Cette carte montre les différents parcours et concentre le Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Ghana. #MissingMigrants.
Below average precipitation and drought have raged since last year on the SADC region, the outlook for the remaining months of the current season indicated below average precipitation very likely over most of the eastern part of the region including Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, easternmost of Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland and the center of Madagascar. The drought situation and related consequences will persist during the coming months.