Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Janvier - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
Global Overview NOVEMBER 2016
The Crisis Overview 2016: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2017, outlines the countries where needs are greatest, and growing, as we approach the end of 2016.
Libya - On 1 November, IOM assisted 167 stranded Nigerien migrants including 48 women, 40 children and 79 men, to return home to Niger from southern Libya.
The IOM charter flight was coordinated in close cooperation with the Libyan authorities, the Nigerien embassy in Tripoli, its consulate in Sabha, the Libyan Red Crescent in Sabha and IOM Niger.
It departed from Tminhint airport, 30 kilometres from Sabha and 750 kilometres south of the capital Tripoli, and arrived in Niamey airport in Niger the same evening.
Global Overview OCTOBER 2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Crop prospects favourable due to adequate rainfall since beginning of cropping season
Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months
Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
Cereal production expected to recover in 2016
Only 2 out of 5 people in need will receive food security support with current funding levels.
L'intérêt pour les questions d'agriculture et de sécurité alimentaire en Afrique du Nord s’est accentué à la suite de la flambée des prix des produits alimentaires et leur volatilité continue depuis fin 2006. Les pays d'Afrique du Nord se caractérisent par une forte dépendance à l’égard des marchés mondiaux pour leur sécurité alimentaire. Cela ne semblait pas poser de problème tant que les cours mondiaux des produits alimentaires étaient bas et stables pendant les décennies 80 et 90.
This report presents DTM Libya’s third round of statistical findings from its Flow Monitoring baseline assessments. It presents the results of data captured on migrants across 6 Flow Monitoring areas in Libya, grouped into 4 regions, between the 5th and the 25th of September 2016, as a result of 57 baseline assessments.
Movements towards Europe
9,499 migrants and refugees from West Africa arrived in Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route, including 3,742 Nigerians, 1,150 Guineans, 1,006 Ivoirians, 895 Gambians, 886 Senegalese, 932 Malians, and 757 Ghanaians.
53 people lost their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea, the lowest recorded number of deaths in the Mediterranean Sea this year. 3,179 people have died or gone missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea since January.
The highly contagious disease, which is transmitted by mosquitoes or close contact with contaminated animals, has infected 90 people
By Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, Oct 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - An outbreak of Rift Valley fever that has killed at least 28 people in western Niger in recent months could spread to neighbouring Mali and Algeria, health officials warned on Monday.
Since August 2016 the Government of Niger has been implementing stricter measures to control irregular migration of ECOWAS migrants going into Libya or Algeria without valid documentation. To this end, control operations are in place in the region of Agadez with security forces controlling and turning back vehicles transporting migrants irregularly.
The presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points of Arlit and Séguédine has decreased following these measures with a marked decrease of migrants leaving Niger for Algeria or Libya.
As of 30 September 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22 billion to meet the needs of 95 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $9.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $12.6 billion.
20 septembre 2016 – Le Président du Tchad, Idriss Déby Itno, a appelé mardi la communauté internationale à appuyer l'Union africaine (UA) et ses Etats membres dans leurs efforts de lutte contre le terrorisme, qu'il a qualifié de « menace du siècle », dans son discours devant l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU.
I. Candidate countries and potential candidates
On September 19, United Nations (UN) member states came together to formulate a more “coordinated and humane approach to address large movements of refugees and migrants," according to the New York Declaration that was ratified today at the UN's Global Summit on Refugees and Migrants.