Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
1 - May 2013: The Nigerian Government declares The State of emergency in Borno , Yobe and Adamawa states, 3 northeastern states of Nigeria hit by attacks of armed groups.
2 - November 2014: New attacks occur on November 5 in Malam Fatori (3km from Bosso) and November 24 in Damasak (35km from Diffa )
3 - January 2015: 3,000 Nigerian soldiers are deployed in the border area of Nigeria.
Snapshot 15–21 April 2015
Iraq Violence has displaced 14,000 families in and around Ramadi: 7,000 in Anbar; 5,000 in Baghdad, 2,000 on their way to Baghdad. Checkpoints and insecurity hamper IDP movement. UNICEF estimates 8.29 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 5.2 million in February.
Welcome to the April issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) and also on the ACLED website.
Snapshot 9–14 April 2015
Afghanistan: Security incidents have spiked in early April, after the announcement that more NATO troops would remain in the country than originally scheduled. NATO convoys were targeted in Nangarhar and Kabul on 10 April. On the same day, five NGO staff were found dead, having been abducted in Uruzgan province in early March.
Snapshot 1–8 April 2015
Iraq: Violence, looting and serious human rights violations were reported as Iraqi forces and affiliated groups recaptured Tikrit. There are numerous booby traps and tensions are reportedly rising between government forces and militias. Elsewhere, IDPs are returning: tens of thousands have gone home to Diyala, Ninewa and Al Alam in Salah al Din since February.
Editorial: «Le Sahel, un espace menaçant et menacé»
Le Sahel n’est pas une région comme une autre. Longtemps considérée comme l’une des régions les plus pauvres au monde, le Sahel se trouve aujourd’hui simultanément confronté aux effets pervers du changement climatique, au terrorisme, à la montée en puissance du crime organisé transfrontalier, et à la prolifération d’armes et de milices, face à des pays dépourvus de capacités administratives, économiques, militaires, policières et douanières adéquates pour affronter ces multiples périls.
Editorial: "The Sahel, a threatening and threatened space"
The Sahel is not a region like any other.
Long regarded as one of the poorest in the world, the Sahel is now simultaneously faced with the adverse effects of climate change, terrorism, the rise of cross-border organized crime, and the proliferation of weapons and militias, affecting countries lacking the required administrative, economic, military, police and customs capacity to deal with these multiple perils.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
27 mars 2015
Il adopte également des résolutions sur la prévention du génocide, le problème de la drogue, la violence fondée sur la religion et la nomme quatre titulaires de mandat
27 March 2015
Extends Mandate on Mali, Adopts Texts on Libya, Iraq, Guinea and Haiti, on Prevention of Genocide, and on Violence on the Basis of Religion, and Elects Four Mandate Holders
RETOUR DE 500 DÉPLACÉS
Environ 500 personnes déplacées par les combats intercommunautaires qui ont éclaté le 9 mars dans la forêt Goin Débé dans le sud-ouest du pays ont commencé à rentrer chez elles avec l'aide de la communauté et de l'administration locale. Des violences interethniques sporadiques et des attaques par des groupes armés continuent de sévir dans la région ouest de la Côte d'Ivoire. Quelques 2 600 personnes sont toujours déplacées suite aux raids armés contre des villages près de la frontière libérienne survenus plus tôt cette année.
IDPS SLOWLY RETURNING HOME
Around 500 people displaced by inter-community fighting that erupted on 9 March in Goin Débé forest in the country’s southwest have started returning home with the help of the community and the local administration. Sporadic inter-ethnic violence and attacks by armed groups continue to plague Côte d'Ivoire’s western region. Some 2,600 people are still displaced following armed raids on villages near the Liberian border earlier this year.
Snapshot 18-24 March 2015
Syria: The Government carried out over 10,000 airstrikes between October and March, dropping more than 5,300 barrel bombs and killing almost 2,200 civilians. A chlorine attack on 16 March in Idleb killed six people.
Zarzis, Tunisie | | jeudi 19/03/2015 - 19:41 GMT
La dépouille d'un migrant clandestin qui tentait de rallier l'Italie depuis la Libye a été repêchée en mer au large de la Tunisie et 83 autres personnes ont été secourues, a indiqué jeudi le Croissant-Rouge tunisien.
"A la suite d'une panne sur leur embarcation de fortune, ils ont été coincés en mer avant d'être repérés par des marins tunisiens au large de Zarzis", dans le sud-est de la Tunisie, a indiqué le directeur du Croissant-Rouge dans le gouvernorat de Médenine, Mongi Slim.
7407th Meeting* (AM)
During a mission to Africa last week, the Security Council held wide-ranging exchanges with key stakeholders in the peace processes in the Central African Republic and Burundi, witnessing progress and challenges on the ground, and discussed ways of bolstering the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union to ensure broader stability and development in the continent.
Snapshot 11–17 March 2015
Vanuatu: 24 people are confirmed dead so far after Tropical Cyclone Pam hit on 13 March. Shefa, Tafea, Malampa, and Penama are among the worst affected provinces. Access challenges are significant.
Cameroon: The number of people internally displaced in the north has almost doubled since 10 February, to 117,000. This brings the number of displaced in Cameroon to an estimated 412,700, including 66,000 fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria and the rest from the Central African Republic.