150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed the announcement last week of a US$85.2 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan. The donation will enable WFP to provide vital food and nutrition assistance in 33 countries across Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened and to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.
Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) records incidents of explosive violence as they occur around the world. In the last month of 2016, there were at least 3,634 casualties of explosive violence (people killed and injured). Civilians made up 74% of all the people who were recorded killed or injured around the world by explosive weapons in December.
Whilst , the civilian deaths fell compared to the previous month, the armed actor deaths rose. Both returning close to the monthly average for each during 2016.
Cause of displacement
Between 90 and 230 IDPs killed
Press Release 17/2017
25 January 2017
Following a decision by Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen, Finland granted an additional EUR 14 million for humanitarian crisis areas across the world in late December 2016. Emergency relief will be directed at the southern African region that suffers from El Niño-induced drought, Yemen, South Sudan, Kenya, Chad, Iraq, Northern Nigeria, and Afghanistan’s refugee situation. This aid will be channelled through the UN World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF).
Note by the Secretariat
Belgium, a long-time supporter of FAO's work in emergencies, has deepened its commitment to protecting agriculture in countries struck by disaster with a €14-million contribution. This boosts FAO and its member countries' capacity to respond immediately to disasters and crises, and to strengthen the long-term resilience of vulnerable farmers and herders.
Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT
More than 2.5 million new displacements between 24 December and 11 January
Une volonté réaffirmée de protéger les moyens d’existence basés sur l’agriculture en situations d’urgence
Renewed commitment for protecting agriculture-based livelihoods in emergencies
19 January 2017, Rome - Belgium, a long-time supporter of FAO's work in emergencies, has deepened its commitment to protecting agriculture in countries struck by disaster with a €14-million contribution. This boosts FAO and its member countries' capacity to respond immediately to disasters and crises, and to strengthen the long-term resilience of vulnerable farmers and herders.
“La Résolution 46/182 des Nations Unies reste aussi pertinente et fondamentale aujourd’hui qu’en décembre 1991 et les principes d’humanité, de neutralité, indépendance et d’impartialité qu’elle contient continuent de guider une assistance humanitaire stratégique, coordonnée et efficace aux personnes qui en ont besoin”
By Jennifer Dathan on 11 Jan 2017
The responses that have been developed to mitigate the harm caused by Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are diverse, a diversity essential given the multi-faceted nature of the problem. Those various efforts that seek to mitigate IED harm are, as such, often collated under the broad heading of counter-IED (CIED). Traditional CIED efforts have generally comprised three lines of effort: attack the network, defeat the device and train the force.
2016 was a year of challenges and upheaval across the globe. The ongoing migration and refugee crisis has uprooted nearly 50 million children worldwide, leaving them vulnerable to violence and exploitation. Conflict and natural hazards continue to take a toll on children, with nearly 1 in 4 living in areas affected by crisis.
At the beginning of 2017, approximately 65 million people worldwide are displaced from their homes and 130 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of ongoing violence, conflict and natural disaster.
Ireland is responding to these people’s urgent needs through our humanitarian assistance programme, managed by Irish Aid.
2 janvier 2017
Si 2016 nous a appris à nous attendre à l’inattendu, les collaborateurs d’IRIN sur le terrain nous ont donné une bonne idée de ce que la nouvelle année nous réserve. Nous ne pouvons pas garantir que tous les médias couvriront ces sujets, mais en voici dix auxquels nous serons attentifs :
En lire plus sur IRIN
As of 30 December 2016, the inter-agency coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion -- an increase of 10 per cent since it was first launched twelve months ago -- to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. By the end of 2016, $12.6 billion were raised towards the coordinated appeals -- more than ever before. Despite immense donor generosity, it is only 57 percent of the requirements committed, leaving a short fall of $9.5 billion.
While 2016 taught us to expect the unexpected, IRIN’s eyes and ears on the ground have given us an idea of what to look out for in the new year. We can’t promise everyone else will be covering these stories, but here are ten we’ll be watching:
After a year of record humanitarian needs, 2017 looks set to be even more challenging for aid agencies
By Umberto Bacchi
LONDON, Dec 29 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - After a year of record humanitarian needs, 2017 looks set to be even more challenging for aid agencies as they brace for the fallout from protracted conflicts and other escalating crises.
The United Nations estimates almost 93 million people in 33 countries will need humanitarian aid and has appealed for a record $22.2 billion to help them.