In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
ACTED has been mobilised in the Sud and Grand’Anse departments since hurricane Matthew hit the region on 4 October 2016 to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations. In all sectors, needs reached high levels: Matthew caused terrible damages, casualties and losses, destroying houses, infrastructure and crops, and leaving 1.4 million Haitians in need of humanitarian assistance.
Horn of Africa
Affected areas Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan
Cause of displacement Disaster (Drought, food insecurity and conflict)
Figures More than 464,000 new displacements between 1 November 2016 and 24 March 2017
United Nations Coordinated Appeals
Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) records incidents of explosive violence as they occur around the world. In the first month of 2017, there were at least 3,565 casualties of explosive violence (people killed and injured). Civilians made up 68% of all the people who were recorded killed or injured around the world by explosive weapons in January.
The average monthly civilian casualty toll in 2016 was 2,674. This means the first month fell just short of this average – with 2,442 civilian deaths and injuries.
The Global Education Cluster (GEC) 2016 Report seeks to illustrate how the work of the GEC has been particularly significant in achieving results. It presents examples of our work that demonstrate how our aim to be as field-focused and field-informed as possible has enabled education responses to be more effective, through better coordination. The report also looks at the changing humanitarian landscape and new opportunities for the field of education in emergencies (EiE), with the launch of the Education Cannot Wait Fund.
New global report on food crises offers benchmark for action needed to avoid disasters
BRUSSELS - Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 million in 2015, according to a new global report on food crises released in Brussels today.
Le monde doit aujourd’hui répondre à un appel à la mobilisation sans précédent face à la situation de quatre pays menacés par la famine, et à la demande croissante d’aide humanitaire et de résilience. Dans ce contexte, il est de la plus haute importance d’informer la communauté de la sécurité alimentaire à l’échelle mondiale et nationale, quant au risque de crises alimentaires et à la sévérité de ces crises. Les parties prenantes ont largement investi dans l’analyse de la sécurité alimentaire et les systèmes d’alerte précoce afin de mieux prévenir et répondre aux crises alimentaires.
The European Union, FAO and WFP have joined forces with FEWS NET, UNICEF and regional organisations like CILSS, IGAD and SICA to coordinate needs assessment to increase the impact of humanitarian and resilience responses through the preparation of the “Global Report on Food Crises”. This Global Report aims to enhance coordination and decision making through a neutral analysis that informs programming and implementation.
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 172,000 new displacements between 19 February and 23 March
Targeted violence against aid workers has escalated in the past two weeks. On 25 March, seven aid workers from South Sudan and Kenya were killed in a road ambush while travelling from Juba, the capital, to Pibor in Jonglei.
This comes after two IOM staff were killed and three injured in a road ambush in Yirol county in Lakes on 14 March, which led to three humanitarian organisations engaged in cholera response in the area suspending their activities on 23 March.
Press release 56/2017 27 March 2017
By decision of Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen, Finland’s humanitarian aid will amount to EUR 61.4 million, of which approximately EUR 20 million will be channelled to the famine-hit countries in the Horn of Africa and to Nigeria and Yemen.
by Adela Suliman | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Friday, 24 March 2017 07:00 GMT
Many women have lost male relatives to war and find themselves in the role of sole breadwinner. One in four Syrian refugee families is now headed by a woman.
By Adela Suliman
LONDON, March 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When Islamic State militants brutally invaded her hometown of Kobani in Syria, Shorash didn't initially see it as a career opportunity.
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul district, Salahuddin governorate
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 43,000 new displacements between January and 5 March
Are you looking for PSEA Networks at country levels ?
Three SEA coordination mechanisms exist in CAR: HCT, UNCT, and SRSG/MINUSCA. Common actors bridge the task-forces at both senior and technical levels i.e. HC, DHC, UNHCR, UNFPA, UNICEF. (HCT) PSEA Task Force
Human Rights Council
7 March 2017
The Human Rights Council in its midday meeting held a clustered interactive dialogue with Marta Santos Pais, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children, and with Leila Zerrougui, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict.
Note du secrétariat
Nota de la Secretaría
The annual report is a global Food Security Cluster accountability product that must be read in conjunction with the evolving global humanitarian environment.
In 2014, the Joint FAO/WFP Evaluation of the Food Security Cluster Coordination was endorsed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Programme Committee and the World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Board, recommendations of which formed the backbone of the global Food Security Cluster (gFSC)
Strategic Plan 2015–2016.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
Puntland, Somalia and Somaliland