In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
FLOODS AFFECT OVER 5,000
Floods and violent winds have killed three people, injured 18 others and destroyed more than 750 houses across the country since the start of May. Overall, 5,129 people have been affected in several localities in the country’s East and South-Western regions. The National Emergency Response Council has provided food and basic household items to the affected families.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
DES INONDATIONS AFFECTENT PLUS DE 5 000 PERSONNES
Des inondations et Des vents violents ont tué trois personnes, en ont blessé 18 et ont détruit plus de 750 maisons dans le pays depuis début mai. Au total, 5 129 personnes ont été touchées dans plusieurs localités des régions de l'Est et du Sud-Ouest du pays. Le Conseil National de Secours d'Urgence et de Réhabilitation a fourni de la nourriture et des articles ménagers de base aux familles touchées.
Despite recent seasonal rainfall, moisture deficits remain in central Kenya and Somalia
Following rains during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December has led to continued dryness across many parts of western Angola.
Mostly normal start of season with average or better, well distributed rainfall
The onset of the long season (March to July) rains occurred in early March in the bi-modal zone and gradually expanded northward following the ITF migration to reach the Sudanian-Guinean zone in April and southern Sahelian zone in late April-early May.
Welcome to the May issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website.
285.0 M required for 2017
71.8 M contributions received, representing 25% of requirements
213.2 M funding gap for West Africa
Despite governments' and partners' efforts, the food security and nutrition situation is still alarming in the Lake Chad Basin (Niger-Nigeria-Chad) and in the north of Mali, where 5 million people are classified in Crisis, Emergency and Famine (CH phase 3, 4 and 5).
Confirmation des bonnes productions agropastorales comparées à celles de la campagne 2015-2016 et à la moyenne des cinq dernières années.
Les analyses du Cadre Harmonisé indiquent qu’en période courante (mars, avril et mai 2017), 9,6 millions de personnes sont en situation de crise et au-delà en Afrique de l’Ouest.
Augmentation du nombre de personnes déplacées dans la région du Lac Tchad et au Mali.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 70 countries in the first quarter of 2017 (January to March).1 The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
Dryness continues to worsen over the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall since late February have resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Rainfall remains well below-average during peak rainy season in the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Light, uneven rainfall since late February has resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
10% increase in cereal production compared to last year confirmed in West Africa. Third consecutive year of favourable production conditions.
Restrictive exchange rates development of regional economies such as Liberia, Ghana and Nigeria affecting trade patterns in the region
Difficult macro-economic conditions affecting commercial activities in Chad despite positive agricultural performances
Drop of world cocoa prices has diminished export and budgetary revenues in Côte d’Ivoire
More than 10,000 people were displaced in the Segou and Mopti regions further to an inter-community conflict recorded in February 2017 in the administrative districts of Macina and Niono (Segou region). These new displacements increase the number of displaced people registered in the country due to the 2012 conflict and other inter-community clashes in northern (Menaka, Timbuktu) and central (Mopti) Mali to 45,766 people.
Aperçu de la situation