Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 22 April 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 12% funded. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Continued deterioration of the food situation of displaced populations in the Lake Chad basin.
Increased number of displaced people in Nigeria and Mali.
Continuation of the recession and off-season crops activities in most areas of the region.
Cereal supplies are deemed generally satisfactory in the region.
Détérioration continue de la situation alimentaire des populations déplacées dans le bassin du lac Tchad.
Augmentation du nombre de populations déplacées au Nigeria et au Mali.
Poursuite des activités de cultures de décrue et de contre-saison dans la majeure partie des zones de la région.
Les approvisionnements en céréales sont jugés globalement satisfaisants dans la région.
Dakar, 30 Mars 2016- Dans le cadre de sa traditionnelle rencontre thématique « Arbre à Palabres », le Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS) a abrité, le 29 mars 2016, une rencontre sur le thème : « L’Exclusion sociale : l’autre défi de la stabilité, de la paix et de la Sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest ».
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Le projet Missing migrants répertorie les morts de migrants le long des diverses routes migratoires dans le monde. Cette carte montre les différents parcours et concentre le Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Ghana. #MissingMigrants.
Below average precipitation and drought have raged since last year on the SADC region, the outlook for the remaining months of the current season indicated below average precipitation very likely over most of the eastern part of the region including Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, easternmost of Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland and the center of Madagascar. The drought situation and related consequences will persist during the coming months.
Actions will require more political will and investments for food security and nutrition
1-2 March 2016, Accra - A two-day strategic workshop on FAO’s contribution to Africa’s 2025 Zero Hunger Challenge held in Accra, Ghana, expressed determination to strengthen partnerships and support regional institutions and member countries in accomplishing the commitment to end hunger by 2025.
Confirmation des niveaux satisfaisants des productions agropastorales en Afrique de l’Ouest et au Sahel : augmentation de 12 pour cent de la production céréalière par rapport à la moyenne des cinq dernières années.
Confirmation de la baisse de 12 pour cent de la production céréalière au Tchad.
La situation sécuritaire dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, qui continue d’impacter négativement sur les personnes déplacées et les populations hôtes mérite une attention particulière.
L'Afrique de l’Ouest peut être divisée en trois zones agro-écologiques ou en trois bassins commerciaux (bassins de l’ouest, bassin du centre, bassin de l’est). Les deux sont importants pour l'interprétation du comportement et de la dynamique du marché.
In This Issue
West Africa: upsurge in terrorism - P 2
2016, an election year in West Africa - P 3
The UN supports ECOWAS in the fight
against drug trafficking and organised crime - P 4
UNOWA strengthens its cooperation with ECOWAS in the areas of conflict prevention and mediation - P 5
Women have to play a greater role in West Africa - P 8
With Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for West Africa
Confirmation of satisfactory levels of agro-pastoral production in West Africa and the Sahel: 12 percent increase in cereal production compared with the average over the past five years.
Confirmation of a 12 percent decrease in cereal production in Chad.
The security situation in the Lake Chad Basin, which continues to have a negative impact on displaced and host populations, deserves particular attention.
Increased domestic supply is pushing down cereal prices.
Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria seek US$531 million to assist 5.2 million people.
El Niño limited impact to date in West and Central Africa, but region remains at risk.
Rising food insecurity and new LRA-related displacement in CAR.
Lassa fever outbreak kills 120 in Nigeria and Benin.
Upcoming elections in West and Central Africa.
Lake Chad Basin: nine million people need assistance
Legal travel channels to the EU available for most West Africans are quite narrow. Some AFIC countries have visa rejection rates close to 50%. This high rate indicates that irregular migratory movements from the AFIC region to the EU are largely perceived as economic migration by consular authorities in the EU.
LE NOMBRE DE CAS DE FIÈVRE DE LASSA ATTEINT 59
Un nouveau cas suspect de fièvre de Lassa a été signalé le 11 février, portant à 59 le nombre de cas suspects depuis le 21 janvier. Sur ce total, six ont été testés positifs pour la fièvre de Lassa et 20 sont décédés. La surveillance épidémiologique, le traitement et la mobilisation communautaire sont en cours pour contrôler l'épidémie.
PLUS DE 3 000 PERSONNES DÉPLACÉES PAR DES ATTAQUES DE LA LRA
LASSA FEVER CASES REACH 59
A new suspected Lassa fever case was reported on 11 February, bringing to 59 the number of suspected cases since 21 January. Of the total, six have tested positive for Lassa fever and 20 have died. Epidemiological surveillance, treatment and community mobilization are ongoing to bring the outbreak under control.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
OVER 3,000 DISPLACED BY LRA ATTACKS
The Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy recently released its annual report covering research and activities progress over the past year. The overall goal of the FSP program is to promote inclusive agricultural productivity growth, improved nutritional outcomes, and enhanced livelihood resilience for men and women through improved policy environments. The goal will be achieved by fostering credible, inclusive, transparent and sustainable policy processes at country and regional levels and filling critical policy evidence gaps.