Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 6 May 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 15% funded. (OCHA, 6 May 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Reduced rainfall expected to alleviate flooding concerns in the Shabelle River basin
Africa Weather Hazards
Despite more favorable rainfall along the coast during the last week, low and poorly-distributed rainfall during April and May has led to moderate moisture deficits over Liberia, portions of eastern Guinea Conakry, Cote d’Ivoire, and western Ghana.
36 762 personnes déplacées internes (7 019 ménages) ont été enregistrées et identifiées par le programme DTM dans l’ensemble des régions du Mali. 27 422 PDIs sont dans les régions nord et 9 340 PDIs dans les régions sud.
Une enquête réalisée auprès des personnes déplacées montre que 55,2% des ménages interrogés souhaitent retourner dans leur lieu d’origine tandis que 43,2% souhaitent rester sur leur lieu de déplacement.
BAISSE DES CAS DE MENINGITE
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
DECREASE IN MENINGITIS CASES
After the meningitis threshold was exceeded in March in the towns of Kabo and Batangafo, fewer cases are now being reported in the north-western Ouham province. WHO and health actors are curbing the outbreak by monitoring the seasonal meningitis-prone region and by strengthening social mobilization. A national campaign against the disease is planned in October as part of the preventive measure in the meningitis belt in Africa.
The majority of migrants recorded by the two flow monitoring points are recorded going from Niger to Libya (estimated 51 225 individuals or 64%). Migrants on this route tend to be young men from english speaking West African countries who intend to go towards Europe.
An estimated 12 025 migrants (15%) came into Niger from Libya. This group is majoritarily Nigerien but includes Nigerians and Malians.
21% of migrants are recorded to be travelling between Niger and Algeria. These migrants more commonly work in the gold mines in the north of Niger.
The new issue of FMR explores the ideas and practices that are being tried out in order to engage both development and humanitarian work in support of ‘transitions’ and ‘solutions’ for displaced people. What we need, says one author, is “full global recognition that the challenge of forced displacement is an integral part of the development agenda too”. FMR issue 52 includes 32 articles on ‘Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions’, plus ten ‘general’ articles on other aspects of forced migration.
Increased rainfall providing some relief to early season dryness in Guatemala and the Greater Horn
Poorly-distributed rainfall since October 2015 has resulted in large moisture deficits, leading to wilted crops, livestock deaths, and reduced water availability over many areas of Southern Africa. With the season coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.
Weekly trends can fluctuate due to security conditions in the region, the political climate in Niger and neighbouring countries, presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points and availability of transport and opportunities. For more detailed analysis see the flow monitoring survey reports.
Three million people in the Lake Chad region are facing severe food shortages.
In Nigeria’s Borno and Yobe states, 800,000 people need immediate assistance.
Clashes between herders and farmers in Côte d’Ivoire displace over 6,000 people.
Between January and April, DRC reports 5,757 cholera cases.
Ebola resurfaces for the third time in Liberia, Guinea sees its first flare-up.
People displaced in Lake Chad Basin - 2.4M
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Continued deterioration of the food situation of displaced populations in the Lake Chad basin.
Increased number of displaced people in Nigeria and Mali.
Continuation of the recession and off-season crops activities in most areas of the region.
Cereal supplies are deemed generally satisfactory in the region.
Détérioration continue de la situation alimentaire des populations déplacées dans le bassin du lac Tchad.
Augmentation du nombre de populations déplacées au Nigeria et au Mali.
Poursuite des activités de cultures de décrue et de contre-saison dans la majeure partie des zones de la région.
Les approvisionnements en céréales sont jugés globalement satisfaisants dans la région.
Dakar, 30 Mars 2016- Dans le cadre de sa traditionnelle rencontre thématique « Arbre à Palabres », le Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS) a abrité, le 29 mars 2016, une rencontre sur le thème : « L’Exclusion sociale : l’autre défi de la stabilité, de la paix et de la Sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest ».
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
Missing Migrants Project tracks deaths of migrants along migratory routes across the globe. This map shows the different paths with a focus on Niger. #MissingMigrants.
Le projet Missing migrants répertorie les morts de migrants le long des diverses routes migratoires dans le monde. Cette carte montre les différents parcours et concentre le Niger. #MissingMigrants.