Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
On 10 July 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Increased rainfall unlikely to overcome deficits in Central America, Hispaniola, and parts of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season with sporadic light rains in recent weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted livestock health.
Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook July 23 – 30, 2015
A delayed onset of rainfall is leading to abnormally dry conditions in Chad as well as Senegal and Gambia.
Moisture deficits worsen further in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and northwest Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.
The West Africa growing season of 2015 is developing under an evolving El Nino event that will peak in late 2015. Historically, this region shows significant linkages between El Nino events and seasonal rainfall deficits particularly in the more marginal areas.
The first stages of the season were marked by rainfall deficits across the entire region that have led to delays in the start of the growing season and poor conditions for early crop development.
Drought develops over Central America, dryness persists in East and West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the central and northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook July 16 – 22, 2015
Moisture increases for portions of the Senegal region; dry areas farther east show little improvement.
Moisture deficits deepen in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and northwest Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.
L’arrivée tardive des pluies entraîne la prolongation de la soudure pastorale et le retard du dé-marrage de la campagne agricole.
L’indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires est tombé à son plus bas niveau depuis septembre 2009.
La disponibilité globale de céréales demeure satisfaisante dans la plupart des marchés de la région, cependant on observe les premières hausses des prix avec le début de la période de soudure.
Irregular rainfall to persist in Central America and Hispaniola; dryness worsens in West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over parts of this region.
Rains increase for Nigeria and far Western Africa during the past week.
Local parts of southeast Sudan and northwest Ethiopia exhibit increasing rainfall deficits in recent weeks.
Mise à jour des prévisions agro-hydro-climatique de la saison des pluies au mois de juin 2015
La présente mise à jour porte sur les prévisions des caractéristiques agro-hydroclimatiques pour la saison des pluies 2015 au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest. Elle est basée sur la situation actuelle des températures des surfaces des océans et prend en compte les prévisions des modèles climatiques des grands centres mondiaux de prévision.
During July to October 2015, Below average precipitation is very likely over coastal part of Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria and Cameroon.
Near to below average precipitation is very likely over South Sudan, Uganda Western Ethiopia, North-East of DRC, Northern-west Kenya from July to October 2015.
Above average precipitation is likely over Senegal, Southern half of Mali, Southern Mauritania, over Burkina Faso, Western Niger and around lake Chad, from July to October 2015.
Summary: 6 July 2015, Brussels - Today, European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica, co-signed new regional funding for cooperation with representatives of regional organisations from West Africa, covering the time until 2020. The so-called Regional Indicative Programme under the 11th European Development Fund amounts to a total of €1.15 billion.
Afrique de l'Ouest: des opportunités sans précédent en matière de croissance agricole
Un nouveau rapport identifie le renforcement de l’intégration régionale comme un levier majeur pour profiter des évolutions de la demande en produits alimentaires et de la croissance démographique
2 July 2015, Rome - West Africa has unprecedented opportunities for agricultural growth, but making the most of them will require more effective regional integration, says a new report by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
Poor rainfall across parts of the Sahelian zone will likely cause planting delays in some areas
As the Intertropical Front continues its northward migration but over the region it still remains south of its climatological position resulting in below average rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
A slight decrease in rainfall was observed over West Africa during the past week.
Parts of Eastern Africa have received below-average rain since the beginning of the season.
1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
A la suite des travaux de la réunion restreinte du dispositif régional de veille sur la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest, qui s’est tenue les 22 et 23 juin 2015, à Bamako au Mali, les participants font la déclaration suivante :
The market situation is characterised by a good supply in the region. The global cereal supply was also reinforced by carry-over stocks in the Central commercial Basin and cross-border trade flows. However, low supply levels were observed in some markets, mainly in areas of conflict in Northern Mali, Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad Basin. Prices of major commodities remained close to the last five-year average, with downward trends in the Eastern and Central Basins.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in May, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
L'Afrique de l’Ouest peut être divisée en trois zones agro-écologiques ou en trois bassins commerciaux (bassins de l’ouest, bassin du centre, bassin de l’est). Les deux sont importants pour l'interprétation du comportement et de la dynamique du marché.