Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 19 August 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 28% funded. (OCHA, 26 Aug 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
IOM Libya presents the first publication of its Flow Monitoring initiative. Libya’s Flow Monitoring statistical and analytical reports build on IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Mobility Tracking Packages towards better articulating Libya’s human mobility profile. Each report presented in this document can be read independently or as part of DTM’s comprehensive Flow Monitoring monthly report.
Niger is a significant transit country for migration between West and Central and Northern Africa. There are several reasons for this such as for example, the strategic geographical position of Niger in relation to Libya. Libya is one of the main launching points for boats crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe. Many migrants go to Libya hoping to find a passage towards Italy and many of the migrant deaths that occur in the Mediterrean occur in boats that left Libya.
261.8 M required for 2016
75.2 M contributions received, representing 29% of requirements
186.6 M funding gap for West Africa
Situation alimentaire alarmante chez les personnes déplacées internes à Maiduguri dans l’Etat de Borno – Nigeria.
Installation progressive et quasi définitive de la campagne agricole 2016-2017.
Hausse continuelle de l’indice des prix des produits observée depuis cinq mois.
AMOUNT: EUR 170 024 365.84 2
The African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF or the Fund) was established by the Regional Committee in 2012 with the aim of providing catalytic resources for initiating timely responses to public health emergencies. Ever since, commitments have been made at every subsequent Regional Committee session to improve the functionality of this solidarity fund.
Aid workers carry out life-saving often in dangerous and difficult circumstances. Over the past 16 years, 427 aid workers were killed, wounded or kidnapped in West and Central Africa. The number of victims follows a worrying upward trend with spikes in attacks recorded in recent years. Countries with the highest number of victims are the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Chad and Mali. The majority of victims were national staff, who account for the bulk of humanitarian workers and are often the most exposed to risks
Résumé des mouvements migratoires mixtes pour le mois de juin 2016 recouvrant les derniers événements et les dernières informations concernant l’Afrique de l’Ouest (en particulier le Niger, le Mali, le Nigeria, le Burkina Faso, la Côte d’Ivoire, la Guinée, le Sénégal et le Liberia).
Movements towards Europe In June, 16,775 migrants and refugees from West Africa arrived in Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route, including 6,196 Nigerians, 2,289 Guineans, 2,088 Ivoirians, 1,908 Gambians, 1,482 Senegalese, 1,416 Malians, and 884 Ghanaians. A total of 70,222 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy via the Central Mediterranean Route between January and June 2016. Migrants and refugees from West Africa made up 54% of these movements in the first half of 2016 compared with 29% during the same period in 2015.
Regional mixed migration summary for June 2016 covering mixed migration events, incidents, trends and data for the West Africa region (in particular Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Liberia).
In this report the term migrant/refugee is used to cover all those involved in the mixed migration flows (including asylum seekers, trafficked persons, economic migrants, refugees). If the caseload mentioned refers only to refugees or asylum seekers or trafficked persons it will be clearly stated.
Le Réseau de systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine (FEWS NET) surveille les tendances des prix des aliments de base dans les pays vulnérables à l'insécurité alimentaire. Pour chaque pays et chaque région couvert par FEWS NET, le Bulletin des prix fournit un ensemble de graphiques indiquant les prix mensuels de l’année commerciale en cours pour certains centres urbains, et permettant à l’utilisateur de comparer les tendances actuelles à la fois aux moyennes quinquennales, qui indiquent les tendances saisonnières, et aux prix de l'année précédente.
261.8 M required for 2016
51.1 M contributions received, representing 20% of requirements
210.7 M funding gap for West Africa
«Ensemble, nous construirons un avenir meilleur»
L’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel sont deux espaces géographiques importants dans le continent africain qui possèdent un potentiel humain et économique en mesure de jouer un rôle prépondérant dans le développement de tout le continent. Force est de constater, cependant, que les deux régions restent engluées dans des problèmes récurrents qui freinent, voire handicapent leur développement.
«Together, we can build a better future» West Africa and the Sahel are two important geographical areas in Africa that have the human and economic potential to play a leading role in the development of the continent. However, the two regions remain mired in recurrent problems that hinder their development.
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
Bilan et leçons du séisme au Népal, lancement des versions française et espagnole du CHS, fin des différentes missions d’accompagnement des ONG de l’Observatoire en Haïti, qui a fermé ses portes en 2015, participation aux travaux préparatoires du Sommet humanitaire mondial, implication aux côtés des institutions françaises et européennes dans des thématiques telles que l’environnement, la gestion des risques et catastrophes, le lien urgence-développement, etc. : petit aperçu d’une riche année 2015 pour le Groupe URD.
Looking back at an eventful year, our Annual Report for 2015 covers areas such as: the results and lessons learned from the response to the Nepal earthquake; the launch of the French and Spanish versions of the CHS; the end of the different NGO support projects by the Haiti Observatory, which closed in 2015; the preparations for the World Humanitarian Summit; and work carried out with French and European institutions on topics such as the environment, risk and disaster management and LRRD.
During Q2-2016, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by 6 percent year-on-year but it is 3 percent up compared to Q1-2016. The increase is because of rising maize and rice prices. The FAO global food price index has increased and almost returned to the levels of June 2015 (-1%), because prices particularly for sugar and oil increased significantly.
The real price2 of wheat is 20 percent below Q2-2015.
This is because world supplies are at record levels thanks to increased production as well as beginning stocks.