Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 28 November 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
For 2017 the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin countries, and resulting from the Boko haram insurgency, triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 4 November 2016, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria host an estimated 3,658,722 affected individuals made up of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees (both in and out of camps), returnees and third country nationals (TCNs).
Augmentation des écoles fermées dans le centre et le nord du pays par rapport à l’année dernière
Aggravation de l’insécurité alimentaire au niveau national
Légère baisse du taux de malnutrition aiguë globale
Fin de l’alerte sur les inondations liée à la crue du fleuve Niger
Plus d’écoles fermées en lien avec l’insécurité
More schools are closed in the north and centre of the country compared with last year
Food security deterioration at the national level
Slight decline in the prevalence of global acute malnutrition
End of the Niger River flood alert
More schools closed in relation to insecurity
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Concerns over performance of 2016 cropping season in Far North Region due to civil insecurity
Prices of cereals around or slightly above yearearlier levels
Food security situation sharply deteriorated in 2015 and 2016 due to massive refugee influx and internal displacements
Concerns over 2016 cropping season in Far North Region
At least 45 people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the north-eastern Nigerian town of Madagali in Adamawa state, officials say.
Read more on the BBC
"A mass and summary deportation of migrants, including men and women who may have fled persecution or have worked for years in Algeria, would violate their rights"
By Edward McAllister
DAKAR, Dec 9 (Reuters) - Algerian authorities have deported hundreds of West African migrants to Niger this week, trucking them thousands of miles across the desert in one of the biggest roundups seen this year, according to officials and human rights groups.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
46% OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED HOUSEHOLDS IN NEWLY ACCESSIBLE SITES HAVE PROTECTION RISKS AND NEEDS
Esta nueva cifra revela por qué la labor de UNICEF en favor de los niños más vulnerables es todavía absolutamente necesaria, 70 años después de su fundación
NUEVA YORK, 9 de diciembre de 2016 – Un total de 535 millones niños y niñas –casi uno de cada cuatro– viven en países afectados por conflictos o desastres, a menudo sin acceso a ningún tipo de atención médica, educación de calidad o una nutrición y protección adecuadas, dijo hoy UNICEF.
Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated since January 2016
New arrivals from Mali in 2016
Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 1 December 2016)
Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 1 December 2016)
of potable water available per person per day
USD 19.4 M
Requested for the operation
Insufficient rain has led to drought in the Greater Horn
Africa Weather Hazards
Locust outbreak has continued in western Mauritania. Breeding has extended to southern Western Sahara, where limited control operations are in progress, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Poor early season precipitation has resulted in increasing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout portions of Angola, southern DRC, and northern Zambia.
POPULATION TOTALE 20M
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 1,9M
PERSONNES CIBLÉES 1,5M
BUDGET (US$) 271M
# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 129
LE COORDONNATEUR HUMANITAIRE
Humanitarian organizations have requested for US$1.5 billion in 2017 to assist 8.2 million people left destitute by the long-running Boko Haram-linked conflict cross the Lake Chad Basin. The violence has so far displaced around 2.4 million people, stoked high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition and accentuated the hardship and suffering faced by some of the world’s most deprived populations.
Un enfant sur quatre est confronté aux conflits ou catastrophes
Environ 535 millions d’enfants, soit près d’un sur quatre, vivent dans des pays touchés par des conflits ou des catastrophes. Ils sont souvent privés de soins médicaux, d’une éducation de qualité et d’une nutrition et d’une protection adéquates, affirme aujourd’huil’UNICEF.
Nigeria - The humanitarian community will soon be able to better coordinate support for northeast Nigeria, where nearly seven million people are in need of life-saving assistance. This is thanks to the setting up of a humanitarian base camp and hub project, which will cover Borno, the state hardest hit by the Boko Haram conflict.
Imagine a doctor’s surgery with gallons of water lined up in jerry cans, purchased because the taps are dry. Lab technicians washing out excrement samples in hand basins without running water. As many as 40 patients a day with only one fetid, backed-up toilet in which to relieve themselves.
1.8 m people displaced, of which 1.3 million in Borno and 0.13 million in Yobe States
(IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, October 2016)
4.4 m people food insecure in Borno and Yobe States
(Phases 3, 4 & 5 Cadre Harmonisé, October 2016)
Alerte au Cameroun: Les 27 cas rapportés ont été recensés en provenance de la prison de Kribi. Les pré-lèvements sont revenus néga&fs. Toutefois, les autorités remontent qu’il y a eu un problème de délai d'acheminement (4 jours) et du milieu de transport (pas de carry blair). Aucun conclusion ne peut être donné sur la confirma&on ou non de ces cas.