Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 5 Jan 2016, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 44% funded. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Mahamat Saleh Annadif, le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général de l'ONU au Mali (RSSG), a déclaré vendredi que la MINUSMA était « révoltée » par l'attaque meurtrière survenue sur son camp à Kidal.
Vendredi vers 7h, le camp de la MINUSMA basé à Kidal a été la cible d’une attaque complexe qui, selon un bilan provisoire a entraîné la mort de trois Casques bleus et une trentaine de blessés.
The eighth round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix was conducted in January across 13 states, with results to be released at the end of February.
Biometric registration continued in Maiduguri, with 35,842 people registered by the end of January.
Mr. Mahamat Saleh Annadif, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Mali (SRSG), said Friday that MINUSMA was "outraged" by the deadly attack against its camp in Kidal.
Friday at 7 am, MINUSMA camp in Kidal was the target of a complex attack which, according to a provisional toll, has killed three peacekeepers and wounded 30 others.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 2/12/2016 - 15:45 GMT
by Phil HAZLEWOOD
Suicide bombings that killed 58 at a camp for those who fled Boko Haram have raised doubts about the true extent of Nigeria's grip on security in the troubled northeast and its policy of returning the displaced.
President Muhammadu Buhari and his government have said many of the estimated two million internally displaced people (IDPs) can begin to return, as the military now has the upper hand.
At least 8 people were killed and 50 injured in two suicide attacks which occured in Guité and Mitériné on the shores of lake Chad, in Hadjer-Lamis region.
Some 56,000 IDPs have been newly identified on 22 which recently became accessible in the north of Lac region of Chad (Liwa and Daboua subprefectures), according to the findings of a multisector assessment which took place on 14-18 January.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP's assistance focuses on the vulnerable and very poor populations affected by food insecurity and high malnutrition. WFP currently provides food assistance through one protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO), two regional emergency operations and a special operation (SO) to manage the UN humanitarian air service programme.
WFP’s strategy for Mauritania (2011-2016) identifies three priorities, which were developed in consultation with the Government, United Nations agencies and other partners.
WFP responds to challenges in Cameroon through a mix of relief, recovery and development operations. Vital emergency support is provided to refugees from C.A.R and Nigeria, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable host populations through two regional emergency operations. WFP is also supporting the Government in the implementation of its development and recovery priorities.
WFP has been present in Cameroon since 1978 as a key player for both development and humanitarian assistance.
Summary of WFP assistance:
Summary of WFP assistance: In Burkina Faso, WFP’s ongoing operations aim to increase food security and nutrition, as well as national capacities through a country programme (CP 200163) and protracted relief and recovery operations (PRRO 200509 and PRRO 200793). Under a regional emergency operation (EMOP 200438), Malian refugees receive food and nutrition assistance.
Au moins huit personnes ont été tuées et 50 blessées lors de deux attaques suicides survenues le 31 janvier à Guité et Mitériné sur les rives du lac, dans la région du Hadjer-Lamis.
Quelques 56 000 déplacés internes nouvellement identifiés sur 22 sites récemment accessibles au nord de la région du lac (sous-préfectures de Liwa et Daboua), selon les résultats d’une mission d’évaluation multisectorielle qui s’est rendue sur place du 14 au 18 janvier.
In 2016, about 2.5 million people in the country will be in need; i.e, 13.5% of the total population. In the north the return of internally displaced people back to their areas of origin continues. However the number of Malian refugees in neighboring countries is on the rise due to insecurity and inter community conflict along the border with Niger.
Il est estimé qu’en 2016, environ 2,5 millions de personnes au pays seront dans le besoin, soit 13,5 % de la population totale. Le retour des personnes déplacées internes se poursuit vers leurs zones d'origine dans le nord. Cependant le nombre de réfugiés maliens dans les pays voisins a augmenté en lien avec l'insécurité et un conflit intercommunautaire le long de la frontière du Niger.
- En el Día Mundial de la Radio, Acción contra el Hambre se une a la comunidad humanitaria para reivindicar su importante papel, tanto en la alerta y respuesta ante desastres y emergencias como a la hora de ganar batallas al hambre.
Madrid, 12 de febrero de 2016
A new action plan aims to empower Lake Chad communities to adapt to the urgent development challenges exacerbated by climate change, and to consolidate Lake Chad’s contribution to regional food security
The plan was developed by the Lake Chad Basin Commission and its six member countries, with support from the World Bank and the French Development Agency
Bamako, Mali | AFP | Thursday 2/11/2016 - 13:55 GMT
A customs officer and two civilians were killed in an attack by suspected jihadists in northern Mali on Thursday, customs and military sources said.
The assailants arrived in the town of Hombori on two pick-up trucks, a local customs official said told AFP.
"They opened fire on a customs post and killed our colleague Mody Ndiaye, who only arrived on Wednesday to take up his position. Two civilians were also killed," the official said.
NOUAKCHOTT – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) et le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) exhortent les bailleurs de fonds à mobiliser les ressources nécessaires pour maintenir l’assistance vitale apportée aux 50 000 réfugiés maliens dans le camp de Mberra, au sud-est de la Mauritanie. Les trois agences préviennent que les financements actuels permettront à peine de couvrir les besoins jusque fin avril.
NOUAKCHOTT – The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) urge donors to provide immediate support to ensure that 50,000 Malian refugees in Mauritania’s Mberra camp continue to receive life-saving assistance. The three agencies warn that current funding will only cover needs until April.
En 2015, 78 contraintes d’accès ont été enregistrées au Mali soit 3,5 fois plus qu’en 2014 . Plus de la moitié des contraintes d’accès enregistrées concernaient les violences contre le personnel, le bien et/ou les infrastructures humanitaires (61%) et près du cinquième étaient liées au conflit et/ou à la poursuite des hostilités (20%). Les régions principalement affectées sont les régions de Gao (49%) et Tombouctou (40%).