150 million people across the Sahel face immense challenges. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further.
Across the Sahel more than 30 million people struggle with food insecurity; one in five children under the age of five suffers from acute malnutrition; 4.9 million people have fled their homes.
Ongoing instability and violence in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and continue to displace people.
In countries that are not affected by active conflict, the absence of violence coincided with two relatively good rainy seasons. This has allowed communities to recover from previous shocks and become more resilient. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal.
In Mali, where a fragile political agreement is in place, the humanitarian situation is stable but remains extremely preoccupying. Some 3.7 million people in Mali, and 135,000 who have sought refuge in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, still need humanitarian assistance.
In the Lake Chad Basin, Boko Haram attacks continue and the scale of suffering is extremely high. Around 11 million people will require emergency relief in 2017. Seven million people – one in three families –and almost half a million children are acutely malnourished and require food.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
In Nigeria, a recent analysis indicates that at least 2,000 famine-related deaths may have occurred in Bama LGA between January and September 2016, many of them young children. While assistance has improved conditions in accessible areas of Borno State, a famine may be ongoing in inaccessible areas where conditions could be similar to those observed in Bama LGA earlier this year. (FEWSNet, 13 Dec 2016)
In February 2017, FAO announced that under the ongoing "Restoring Agricultural Livelihoods of IDPs, Returnees and Vulnerable Host Families in North East Nigeria" project, it is scaling up assistance and reaching some 174,400 people with vegetable seeds and irrigation support for the dry season. (FAO, 22 Feb 2017)
As of 13 January 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan was 50% funded. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months.
With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries over the coming months, the United Nations and its partners will continue to scale up humanitarian operations.
I. FOOD SECURITY DASHBOARD (JANUARY – NOVEMBER 2016)
The Food Security Dashboard tracks and reports on food security situation and number of people reached with various food security interventions. During the period, Dashboard showed that 1,568,850 vulnerable persons were reached with different food security related activities or interventions.
The following are the breakdown of activities/interventions as per the three key FSS objectives of food assistance, livelihoods and agriculture production inputs, as detailed below:
By Moustapha Diallo, IFRC
A crowd of women carrying children under their arms, parades in the courtyard of the health centre of Dahra, located in the region of Louga, in the north-west of Senegal. The scene seems banal and usually happens in all health facilities in the region.
The only difference, we are in a poor area, which has been severely affected by a nutrition crisis. According to most recent analysis, the rates of acute malnutrition are very high. They exceed the emergency threshold, increasing the risk of infection and disease among children.
As of September 2016, the Government of Niger estimated that 302,000 persons, comprised of refugees (30 per cent), IDPs (60 per cent) and returning Niger nationals (10 per cent), was displaced. Insecurity has adversely affected the resilience of the population, turning host families into IDPs, and therefore destroying the socio-economic fabric of the society. In certain areas there are clear signs indicating the degradation of social cohesion.
WOMEN'S PROTECTION AND LIVELIHOODS PROGRAM
There are currently over 107,000 displaced people, over half (54%) of whom are women, from CAR in Southern Chad as a result of the ongoing conflict in CAR which began in December 2012 and continues today. During humanitarian crises, women and girls’ exposure to gender-based violence (GBV) is significantly heightened, often more so during displacement.
February 17, 2017, Abuja- Buoyed by the prospect of restarting life through agricultural livelihoods, many internally displaced persons (IDPs) in North East Nigeria are returning to farms supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Under the ongoing Restoring Agricultural Livelihoods of IDPs, Returnees and Vulnerable Host Families in North East Nigeria project, FAO is reaching 174 400 people with vegetable seeds and irrigation support for the dry season.
La crise humanitaire en cours dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad et, au Tchad, dans la région du Lac, a été largement négligée en 2016. Elle a atteint des proportions graves qui nécessitent une réponse immédiate et forte. L'Allemagne, le Nigeria, la Norvège et les Nations Unies ont décidé d'organiser une Conférence humanitaire à Oslo sur le Nigéria et la région du Lac Tchad. L'urgence de la situation exige une action rapide et décisive pour fournir une aide humanitaire aux personnes dans le besoin et prévenir une crise prolongée.
The new Protracted Relief and Recover Operation (PRRO) 200961 “Strengthening resilience in Niger through an integrated multi-sector and multi-partner safety net approach” started. It will focus on two fundamentals pillars: the zero hunger objective and government capacity development.
At current operational levels of the new resilience project, USD 46 million are urgently needed for the implementation of activities for the next 6 months.
The International Development Secretary Priti Patel has today announced new packages of life-saving UK aid for South Sudan and Somalia and issued a call to action to the international community to step up their support before it is too late.
Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria, 15 February 2017. Representatives of 12 donor countries and agencies completed a three-day mission to Borno State, northeast Nigeria, hosted by the UN Organisation for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).