Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 23 September 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 31% funded. (OCHA, 23 Sep 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique numéro 2 (Avril - Juin)
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Bamako, Mali | AFP | Tuesday 9/27/2016 - 05:29 GMT | 201 words
One soldier and a civilian were killed in Mali's ancient city of Timbuktu in a suspected jihadist attack, military sources told AFP Monday.
The killers arrived in the town in a vehicle and lay in wait for the victims outside their house before gunning them down with an automatic weapon, a Malian army officer told AFP.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | mardi 27/09/2016 - 02:18 GMT | 281 mots
Un militaire et un civil maliens ont été tués à Tombouctou (nord-ouest du Mali) par des jihadistes présumés, a appris lundi l'AFP de sources militaires.
"Un garde national (composante de l'armée malienne) et un de ses cousins ont été tués dimanche à Tombouctou par de présumés terroristes. C'est une attaque ciblée", a déclaré à l'AFP un officier de l'armée malienne.
The nutritional situation in Chad remains worrying. 112,230 children under five with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were admitted into therapeutic care from January to July 2016, reaching 63% of the revised annual target (193,943). This is 21% more cases of SAM than in the same period in 2015 (87,860). Kanem and Bahr El Gazal Regions are particularly affected as by July they have surpassed their annual target by 106% and 118% respectively.
Participants in the regional technical consultation on agricultural and food prospects in the Sahel and West Africa, held from 19 to 21 September 2016, in Lomé, Togo, draw the following conclusions:
1. As part of preparations for the agro-pastoral season, States and their partners provided support to farmers with inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) and agricultural equipment, even if these efforts have not met the expressed needs.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
- 2 million people food insecure in C.A.R. (40% of the population of the country)
- 450,000 refugees in neighbouring countries
- In C.A.R, the number of people in need of life-saving assistance increased from 1.7 million people in December 2015 to 2 million people in August 2016.
- WFP provided food assistance to 323,654 people in C.A.R, 166,815 in Cameroon, 45,282 people in DRC, 18,125 in RoC and 10,361 in Chad.
- Cholera cases are detected in C.A.R. region.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 9/25/2016 - 04:09 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR Phil HAZLEWOOD
The soldier clutched his book with both hands. He shouted his name, rank and Nigerian Army number to no-one in particular. He stood up straight and ended every reply with a bark of "sah" (sir).
But his eyes were fixed to a slowly cranking ceiling fan in the hospital ward -- the thousand yard stare of someone who had seen too much and didn't want to remember.
By Jean Gough
GWOZA, Nigeria, 23 September 2016 – Ajija is as frail as you possibly can be when alive. The four-year-old should be actively playing with friends but she can barely stand. When she is checked by a health worker, she is unsurprisingly registered as severely malnourished.
“I feel helpless as I can’t do anything, during the past two years life has been hard, there is little food and many illnesses,” her mother Halima says desperately to me.
Depuis 2014 la crise sécuritaire dans la région de l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun a révélé au grand jour les vulnérabilités socioéconomiques et les pesanteurs culturelles qui sapent l’insertion des couches défavorisées, particulièrement les femmes et les jeunes. Ces fragilités sont sources de conflits et exposent les jeunes particulièrement à l’intolérance et à la violence extrême.
23 septembre 2016 – Le Président du Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, a assuré vendredi que les hostilités avaient effectivement cessé entre le gouvernement et les mouvements signataires de l'Accord de paix et de réconciliation au Mali, mais que le processus de paix restait fragile du fait des activités de groupes terroristes.
Dans un discours devant l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, M. Keita a mis en avant les progrès effectués depuis la signature de l'Accord, notamment dans le domaine des réformes politiques et institutionnelles.
Résumé et conclusions principales
24 September 2016. Since February 2015, conflict and insecurity have spread from northeastern Nigeria to Cameroon, Niger, and Chad, affecting a total of nearly 21 million people in what is called the Lake Chad Basin. Across the four countries, at least 2.6 million have been displaced, and most of them are hosted by local communities who are themselves vulnerable. The spreading conflict has resulted in violence against civilians, displacement, and a worsening food security and nutrition crisis for millions of people.
Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
West Africa and the Sahel-Sahara region are faced with peace and security challenges that weaken states and affect state-citizen relations. The emergence and proliferation of violent extremist groups aggravate the climate of fear and insecurity, and the actions of these groups affect peace efforts, sustainable development, and human rights. Faced with this reality, policymakers have recognized that preventing violence requires a multidisciplinary and multistakeholder approach.