In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region.
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
In a remote corner of northern Nigeria, 95% of children are being reached with the polio vaccine.
In north-eastern Nigeria, Monguno is literally at the end of the line. To get there, you have to fly by helicopter from Maiduguri, capital of the embattled state of Borno, across 100 kilometres of Boko Haram-controlled territory to this piercingly hot and dusty safe haven of a city.
New York — Treize millions de personnes recevront bientôt des moustiquaires imprégnées d'insecticide dans certaines des régions les plus difficiles à atteindre du Tchad.
Alors que l'insécurité dans la région du Lac Tchad continue à provoquer des mouvements de population dans le pays, le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) et le Fonds mondial de lutte contre le VIH / sida, la tuberculose et le paludisme (Fonds mondial) ont lancé une campagne de distribution massive pour aider les plus vulnérables.
South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen have been facing famine conditions since February 2017. A total of 20 million people are threatened by food insecurity brought on by armed conflicts and the climatic impacts of El Niño. The SDC, which already operates in these four countries, has released additional funding to deliver emergency aid and to expand its development assistance activities.
Depuis 2014, le Cameroun est affecté par les effets du mouvement insurgé de l’Etat Islamique en Afrique de l’Ouest (EAIO, ex Boko Haram). L’augmentation des attaques et incursions au Nigéria, au Cameroun et dans les pays frontaliers a créé des déplacements de populations depuis les zones de conflit et de violence.
Cameroon has been feeling the effects of the Islamic State insurgency in West Africa (ISWA, formerly known as Boko Haram) since 2014. The increase of violent attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon and neighbouring countries has led to the significant population movements and displacement.
L’INSECURITE CONTRAINT 1 200 CENTRAFRICAINS A SE REFUGIER AU TCHAD
CHAD UNREST FORCES 1,200 CENTRAL AFRICANS INTO CHAD
More than 1,200 Central Africans have fled into southern Chad in several waves since the start of this month following unrest back home, UNHCR reported on 20 April. Aid agencies and the authorities are providing assistance and amenities are being constructed for the new arrivals. Last year, more than 1,700 people also fled across the border into Chad following violence. Chad currently hosts some 400,000 refugees, including more than 71,000 Central Africans.
QUI ? - Abdou Dieng, Directeur régional du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM),
Richard Danziger Directeur régional de l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM)
Yves Habumugisha, Directeur régional des affaires humanitaires et d'urgence de l’Afrique de l'Ouest pour l’ONG World vision - Allegra Maria Baiocchi, Représentante régionale pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et centrale du Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA)
WHO? - Abdou Dieng, Regional Director, World Food Programme (WFP),
- Richard Danziger Regional Director, International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- Yves Habumugisha, Regional Director for Emergency and Humanitarian Affairs, World Vision
- Allegra Maria Baiocchi, Regional Representative, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
WHAT? Humanitarian Regional Directors visit to Central African Republic
WHEN? From 25 to 28 April 2017
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 42 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
In 2016, 5.45 million people were identified as being in need of protection services in the states of Borno, Yobe, Adamawa and Gombe. The Protection Sector in the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan envisioned assisting 1.64 million of the most critically vulnerable persons for which it estimated requiring $31 million.
The latest results of the Cadre Harmonisé show a marked deterioration of the food security situation.
Some 601, 000 people are estimated to be in urgent need of food assistance compared to 425,000 in 2016. More than half of them are in conflict affected areas where they suffered from localised droughts in the north as well as excessive flooding in the central part of Mali combined with widespread insecurity.
24 avril 2017 – Plus de 25 millions d'enfants dans 22 pays affectés par les conflits sont aujourd'hui absents de l'école, a dénoncé lundi le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF).
Les enfants non-scolarisés en raison des conflits représentent environ 22% des enfants en âge de scolarisation, de 6 à 15 ans, a précisé l'agence onusienne dans un communiqué de presse.
BEIJING - The Government of China has made its largest single donation to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) with US$34 million towards its emergency operations to support people who are at risk of famine in Somalia, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen, as well as those affected by severe food shortages in Kenya and Chad.
Combined with earlier contributions, the Chinese government’s support for WFP totals more than US$138 million since 2005, and builds on China’s increasingly significant backing in recent years for WFP’s operations around the world.
Le plus grand besoin humanitaire au Mali est de protéger la population civile contre la violence, selon John Ging, Directeur de la Division opérationnelle de l'OCHA, le Bureau de la Coordination des affaires humanitaires des Nations Unies, qui a effectué une visite de terrain au Mali, notamment dans le centre du pays, à Mopti.
Projected food assistance needs for October 2017
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 680th meeting held on 18 April 2017, was briefed by the AU Commission and by the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) on the Operations of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) against Boko Haram terrorist group. Council also took note of the statements made by the representatives of Ethiopia (in its capacity as an African Member of the United Nations Security Council (A3)), Liberia (in its capacity as the Chairperson of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the European Union and the United Nations.
“Ils sont venus dans le village voisin. Ils y ont tué beaucoup de gens, ils ont pillé et incendié les maisons. C'est la raison pour laquelle nous sommes partis.”
Yongou et les membres de sa famille ont abandonné leur maison et tous leurs biens lorsque Boko Haram a attaqué le village voisin du leur. Depuis, ils vivent dans un camp pour déplacés aux alentours du Lac Tchad.