Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
On 9 December 2015, United Nations agencies and partners launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2015)
As of 24 June 2016, the Humanitarian Response Plan for the Sahel was 23% funded. (OCHA, 24 June 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2016 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
The Minister accompanied by the State minister of Environment Alhaji Ibrahim Usman Jibrin were received by the state Government & NEMA Officials in conjunction with other stakeholders.
Global Overview – Trends and Outlook
All Figures in US$
REQUIREMENTS 316 million
FUNDING 93 million
UNMET REQUIREMENTS 223 million
Mali will begin its lean season (June-September) response by providing 206,000 food insecure people with food, cash and voucher during the lean season.
WFP Mali currently does not have resources to assist people in need of emergency food assistance after the lean season or for any contingency plans should an emergency occur (flooding, displacements due to conflict.)
2,066,783 IDPs (344,564 households) were identified in Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno,
Gombe, Taraba, Yobe, Nasarawa, Plateau, Kaduna, Kano, Zamfara states and Abuja FCT.
In total, 1,808,021 IDPs captured through the DTM assessments have been displaced by the insurgency (87.5% of the total IDP population).
Majority of the IDPs are identified in Borno (1,404,483) followed by Adamawa (159,445) and Yobe (112,671).
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Favorable rains received at start of cropping season with pockets of dryness in Sudanian zone
- Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months
- Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees
Growing season started in most parts of the country
Nigeria - The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) project is currently being implemented in 13 of Nigeria’s states – Abuja FCT, Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Nasarawa, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe, and Zanfara – covering a total of 218 local government areas (LGAs).
From the latest DTM report, 2,066,783 internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been identified in these states. Borno with 1,404,483 IDPs has the largest number, followed by Adamawa (159,445) and Yobe (112,671).
Switzerland - IOM has appealed to donors to address the humanitarian crisis affecting the Lake Chad Basin, which has displaced nearly three million people in four countries, and the crisis in the Central African Republic, which has displaced a further 400,000.
The Lake Chad Basin crisis began in 2014 with the Boko Haram insurgency and ensuing military operations in the region. Thousands have lost their lives and millions have been displaced across Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad.
Since the beginning of 2014, the violence by Boko Haram and the resulting military operations have caused a major humanitarian crisis. An estimated 20,000 people have lost their lives, 21 million people are living in affected areas, and almost three million persons are displaced across Nigeria,
Niger, Cameroon and Chad. This represents the fastest growing displacement crisis in the Region.
A suicide attack in the Far North of Cameroon, in Djakana, close to the Nigerian border, has reportedly killed 11 people and injured four others. The attack is attributed to Boko Haram.
At this point in time, there is no information about possible humanitarian consequences of the attack (e.g. displacement). Due to ongoing Boko Haram violence, over 158 000 Cameroonians have been internally displaced and require assistance.