Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Afrique de l'Ouest: des opportunités sans précédent en matière de croissance agricole
Un nouveau rapport identifie le renforcement de l’intégration régionale comme un levier majeur pour profiter des évolutions de la demande en produits alimentaires et de la croissance démographique
Additional help from the UK to provide emergency aid, jobs and education, to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis
A range of new programmes from the UK will provide emergency aid as well as jobs and education to help address the root causes of the migrant crisis, International Development Secretary Justine Greening announced today.
In Nigeria and neighbouring countries, since October 2014
216 Boko Haram related incidents attacks
2 July 2015, Rome - West Africa has unprecedented opportunities for agricultural growth, but making the most of them will require more effective regional integration, says a new report by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
Poor rainfall across parts of the Sahelian zone will likely cause planting delays in some areas
As the Intertropical Front continues its northward migration but over the region it still remains south of its climatological position resulting in below average rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
Cameroun : première distribution du CICR à l'Extrême Nord
Le conflit qui touche l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun a forcé des milliers de personnes à fuir leur maison et à se déplacer en laissant tous leurs biens derrière elles. Pour ces populations et les communautés déjà fragiles chez qui elles ont trouvé refuge, l'accès à la nourriture, à l'eau potable et aux soins de santé est devenu très difficile.
1 juillet 2015 – Face à l'ampleur des exactions commises par Boko Haram, le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l'homme, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, a appelé mercredi à une réponse de grande envergure, tout en exhortant les gouvernements de la région du lac Tchad à veiller au respect des droits humains dans les mesures prises contre le groupe extrémiste.
REGIONAL HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT
A slight decrease in rainfall was observed over West Africa during the past week.
Parts of Eastern Africa have received below-average rain since the beginning of the season.
1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria, The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
11 KILLED IN POLICE RAID
On 29 June, 11 people (five police officers and six suspected insurgents) were killed during a police operation against suspected Boko Haram elements in N’Djamena. Police seized several suicide belts and other explosive devices. The operation comes two weeks after twin attacks targeting police offices in the capital killed 34 people. Separately, in a controlled explosion, police destroyed a vehicle laden with explosives in N’Djamena’s central market.
SECURITY MEASURES TIGHTENED AFTER ATTACKS
11 TUÉS DANS UN RAID POLICIER
Human Rights Council
1st July 2015
Human Rights Council Concludes Interactive Dialogue on Côte d’Ivoire
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 7/1/2015 - 13:57 GMT
A man and a woman apparently trying to target a hospital in northeast Nigeria were killed Wednesday when explosives strapped to their bodies blew up, witnesses said.
The explosions took place in the village of Molai not far from the restive city of Maiduguri, capital of Borno state, where Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo was on a surprise visit.
According to witness Babayo Ismail, one of the pair was a woman aged around 18 who was trying to find her way into Molai General Hospital.
Distinguished Members of the Council,
A la suite des travaux de la réunion restreinte du dispositif régional de veille sur la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest, qui s’est tenue les 22 et 23 juin 2015, à Bamako au Mali, les participants font la déclaration suivante :
· In Cameroon in May, WFP reached 50,000 beneficiaries. In June, WFP extended support to cover all the targeted beneficiary groups – 80,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), 40,000 refugees and 20,000 people amongst the host populations.
· In Chad in May, WFP delivered General Food Distributions (GFD) to 8,000 beneficiaries.
· In Niger in May, WFP reached over 85,000 beneficiaries in the Diffa region.
The market situation is characterised by a good supply in the region. The global cereal supply was also reinforced by carry-over stocks in the Central commercial Basin and cross-border trade flows. However, low supply levels were observed in some markets, mainly in areas of conflict in Northern Mali, Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad Basin. Prices of major commodities remained close to the last five-year average, with downward trends in the Eastern and Central Basins.
Summary of current response
An initial CHF 100,000 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support start-up the early stages of the response operation in Mauritania. The IFRC Sahel Regional Office is providing support to the Mauritanian Red Crescent in the preparation of the MoU and provision of DREF funds (to support the nutrition activities to 2,000 children under 2, pregnant and lactating women), along with the deployment of a Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) delegate to support the operation.
Poor agropastoral households in central and northern areas of the country are unable to meet their food needs without resorting to atypical coping strategies and cutting the size and/or number of their daily meals. These households will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity through September 2015.