Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Voici 10 choses à savoir pour comprendre la situation alimentaire en Mauritanie. Aidez le PAM à faire passer le message en les partageant sur Twitter.
1) La Mauritanie est un pays en déficit alimentaire: le pays ne produit pas assez de nourriture pour subvenir aux besoins de sa population. Ainsi, environ 70% des besoins céréaliers du pays sont couverts grâce aux importations.
2) Bien que la Mauritanie soit un grand pays (d’une superficie de plus de 1, 000,000km2 ), plus de 80% de la surface du pays est déserte. Moins de 4% des terres sont cultivables.
The Support Project for Capacity Building of Teacher Training Institutes and Girls’ Education in Mali, initiated in 2008 with the financial support of the Japanese government, intends to contribute to the achievement of Education for All (EFA) in Mali. It specifically aims to improve girls’ access to Teacher Training Institutes in order to increase their level of education. Indeed, results of multiple research studies in the field of girls’ education have indicated that parents are more favorable to their daughters’ education when they’re being supervised by women.
Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/26/2015 - 17:42 GMT
A weekend attack by Boko Haram in the northeast Nigerian town of Gubio left 37 people dead, with more than 400 buildings destroyed by fire, local vigilantes said Tuesday.
The civilian fighters gave the toll to Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima, who visited the town to assess the devastation.
"The terrorists killed 37 people, including two young boys," said Bukar Mondama, the leader of the vigilantes who briefed the governor.
BAMAKO – Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) a commencé à distribuer une assistance alimentaire à quelque 29 000 personnes déplacées suite à la recrudescence de violence dans le nord du Mali. Le PAM a fourni 13 tonnes de barres de céréales énergétiques samedi dernier et a maintenant commencé à distribuer des rations alimentaires pour un mois.
ABUJA, Nigeria, 26 May 2015 – More women and children have been used as suicide bombers in Northeast Nigeria in the first five months of this year than during the whole of last year, according to reports collated by UNICEF.
In 2014, 26 suicide attacks were recorded, compared to 27 attacks as of May 2015. In at least three-quarters of these incidents, women and children were reportedly used to carry out the attacks.
By Mamoudou Lamine Kane and Jennifer Lazuta
NOUAKCHOTT, 26 May 2015 (IRIN) - As the food security situation in Mauritania continues to deteriorate, aid workers say the next few months could be among the most difficult in years, particularly for those living in the southern and eastern parts of the country.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 5/26/2015 - 14:40 GMT
Suspected Fulani herdsmen killed at least 23 people in central Nigeria, the latest clash in a long-running battle with farming communities in the restive region, police said Tuesday.
"There was an attack by unknown gunmen suspected to be Fulani herdsmen on three villages in Logo local government area, (Benue) state," said police spokesman Austin Ezeani, referring to Saturday's violence.
"As at yesterday, 23 people were (confirmed) killed," he told AFP.
An incident involving a MINUSMA vehicle took place near the Bamako airport yesterday evening at around 7:30 p.m.
One peacekeeper was wounded, while another died of his injuries.
The investigation currently underway will allow MINUSMA to determine the exact circumstances of the incident.
MINUSMA extends its condolences to the family of the deceased and wishes a speedy recovery to the peacekeeper who was injured.
Hier soir vers 19h30, un incident impliquant un véhicule de la MINUSMA a eu lieu dans les environs de l’aéroport de Bamako.
Un Casque bleu a été blessé, un autre a succombé suite à ses blessures.
L'enquête actuellement en cours permettra de déterminer les circonstances exactes de l’incident.
La MINUSMA présente ses condoléances à la famille du défunt et souhaite un prompt rétablissement au blessé.
Several attacks directed mainly at two islands (Tchoukoutalia and Ngouboua) of the Lake, were registered during the first half of April 2015 .
Attacks of Boko Haram on the Lake Region prompted the implementation of new security measures. Henceforth, at least two cars convoy are required for mission on the route N’Djame-na-Bol-Bagasola.
Brussels, 22 May 2015
The European Commission is providing assistance worth €34 million for immediate food aid for the most vulnerable people in Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Niger, Chad and Burkina Faso. Coming at the start of the lean season in the Sahel region, this funding will help bridge the gap until the next harvest.
25 May 2015
Here are ten facts that shed light on the hunger situation in Mauritania. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these important facts on Twitter.
1) Mauritania is a food-deficit country, meaning that it does not produce enough food for the population to live on. It depends on imports for around 70 percent of its cereals needs.
2) Although Mauritania is a huge country – over 1,000,000 square kilometres – over 80 percent of the country’s land surface is desert. Less than 4 percent of the land is arable.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 5/25/2015 - 15:36 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
Boko Haram fighters hacked to death 10 people in remote northeast Nigeria, a local government official said on Monday, as the military claimed to have thwarted a fresh attack.
The attack happened early on Friday in the village of Pambula-Kwamda, the local government chairman of Madagali in the north of Adamawa state told AFP.
The full report is available in: French
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
May 22 2015: The negotiations for a comprehensive peace deal in Mali have been marred by continuing violence and the refusal of key parties to sign the final document. Daniel Ozoukou discusses the prospects of the agreement making a lasting impact.
Transitional justice is always difficult, and nowhere is this truer than in Mali. The country, which is trying to negotiate a lasting settlement to its complicated conflict, will have to deal with a wide variety of issues as it seeks to establish procedures to deal with past and present crimes.
May 21 2015: Towns and villages around Lake Chad are absorbing refugees and migrants from around the region. Elie Djimbarnodji discusses the causes and consequences of this for community relations.
One of the major challenges in the Lac region of Chad concerns how best to ensure peaceful cohabitation between several neighbouring communities. There are four key groups of people:
•Nigerian refugees who have fled towns and villages in Nigeria because of the conflict there.
•Returnees – Chadian migrants who left for Nigeria but have now returned.
The MINUSMA camp in Ber was targeted by a dozen shells shortly after 3 p.m. today.
This attack occurred at the same time as a delegation consisting of civilian personnel of the Mission, accompanied by representatives of the local authorities and civil society, was present for the release of 10 persons who had been held by the Coordination.
The attack caused no casualties and the release of the detainees could be carried out under the protection of the MINUSMA Force.
MINUSMA strongly condemns this terrorist attack.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 5/24/2015 - 21:39 GMT
Boko Haram fighters killed several people and destroyed dozens of homes in a raid on a town in northeast Nigeria's Borno state, local residents, a vigilante and the military said on Sunday.
Scores of Islamist militants in trucks and on motorcycles stormed the town of Gubio, 95 kilometres (60 miles) by road north of the state capital, Maiduguri, on Saturday night.
WASHINGTON, May 22, 2015 — The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved the Population and Health Support Project to support the Government of Niger to improve delivery of reproductive health and nutrition services to women and children in some of Niger’s poorest regions. The project aims to benefit 15 million individuals, of which 60 percent will be women, who will have access to reproductive health services in order to reduce maternal mortality, infant mortality and the high fertility in this targeted regions.