Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
As of 14 August 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 35% funded. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region have increased over recent weeks, and military presence in the area has also expanded in response. The number of people who have been forced to flee their homes has more than doubled, bringing the total number of displaced in the area to 75,000. The fear that has been instilled in the population – consisting of refugees from Niger and Nigeria, and Chadians themselves – has only been exacerbated by the continuing violence which shows no sign of abating.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
(Dakar -N’Djamena, le 27 août 2015) – Le Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations-Unies et Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, vient d’effectuer une visite de quatre jours au Tchad durant laquelle il s’est notamment rendu dans la région du Lac Tchad pour y constater l’impact humanitaire de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Au terme de sa visite, Toby Lanzer a exhorté la communauté internationale à se mobiliser davantage face aux multiples défis humanitaires qui touchent le pays. « Le Tchad est le septième pays qui accueille le plus de réfugiés au monde.
(Dakar - N’Djamena, 27 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a four-day visit to Chad during which he travelled to the Lake Chad region to assess the humanitarian impact of ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. At the end of his visit, Toby Lanzer called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. “Chad is the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world.
Qatar Charity Niger and United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have signed an agreement to distribute 18 tons of seeds to 12,000 small farmers and sheep to 100 at-risk female-headed households. As a key strategic implementing partner of FAO, Qatar Charity Niger selected the beneficiaries in the 124 villages who are regularly affected by drought and threatened by period food crises, organized the procurement and logistical arrangements.
“This is the time for Nigeria to be very vigilant, alert and to maintain its extraordinary efforts,” says Dr Arshad Quddus from the World Health Organization.
Dr Arshad Quddus is the coordinator of the Polio Strategy Support and Coordination unit at the World Health Organization (WHO). In August, he took part in the meeting of the Expert Review Committee (ERC) in Nigeria. Here, he speaks about the extraordinary efforts in Nigeria to date, the work still to be done, and what motivates him to eradicate polio.
What was the purpose of the ERC meeting in Nigeria last week?
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
From Nigeria to Cameroon: stories of survival
Civilians continue to suffer the worst of the recurrent, violent attacks in north-east Nigeria and the Lake Chad region. Thousands have died in brutal raids and suicide bombings. In Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Cameroon’s Far North Region, more than 45,000 Nigerians have found refuge. And there are more families arriving every day.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | mercredi 26/08/2015 - 19:15 GMT
Les groupes armés progouvernementaux maliens qui occupent la ville d'Anéfis, dans le nord du pays, ont refusé mercredi de la quitter comme le demandait la médiation internationale pour apaiser la crise, et la situation était tendue sur le terrain, a-t-on appris de sources concordantes.
Bamako, Mali | AFP | Wednesday 8/26/2015 - 19:18 GMT
Pro-government militias in northern Mali refused Wednesday to pull out of a town they occupied last week, as renewed tensions with Tuareg rebels threatened to torpedo a crucial peace deal in the restive region.
The Platform coalition of loyalist fighters seized the town of Anefis, about 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of the northern city of Kidal in deadly clashes last Monday that left at least 10 dead, according to a source with MINUSMA, the UN mission in the country.
Abundant rain has continued across a wide portion of West Africa.
Despite a recent increase in rain, seasonal deficits have persisted over parts of the Greater Horn of Africa.
1) Although an increase in rain has been observed over Eastern Africa during the past few weeks, seasonal deficits have persisted in south-central and eastern Sudan, western Eritrea, and northeastern Ethiopia due to the delayed onset and uneven rainfall distribution to the June-September season.
RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)
TRAVAILLEURS HUMANITAIRES ATTAQUÉS À BAMBARI
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
HUMANITARIAN WORKERS ATTACKED IN BAMBARI
By Soumaila T. Diarra
OUELESSEBOUGOU, Mali, Aug 26 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - At the end of every wet day, Sali Samake walks to a gauge a short distance from the mud brick houses in her village of Tamala in southwest Mali to measure how much rain has fallen.
Read the full article
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced today the appointment of Koen Davidse of the Netherlands as his Deputy Special Representative in the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).
Mr. Davidse succeeds Arnauld Akodjènou of Benin who concludes his tenure as Deputy Special Representative in September. The Secretary-General is grateful for Mr. Akodjènou’s dedicated service in Mali under challenging circumstances.
Qatar Charity Mauritania's annual health convoys have served different areas in the country's remote interior by providing medical check-ups and tests in addition to free medicine for more than 10,000 people at-risk rural dwellers. At a budget exceeding QAR 1.0 million (USD 275,000) and traveling more than 1400 kilometers each direction over very challenging roads, many of those treated in the regions of Hodh Ech Chargui and Hodh El Gharbi suffered from diseases directly related to malnutrition and the lack of potable drinking water.
Ce rapport de synthèse s’articule autour de cinq (05) points à savoir :
Complétude des notes hebdomadaires
Accidents graves / catastrophes
Décès maternels et néonatals
Capacité technique des services
Coopération et partenariat.