Grave concerns persist for some 20 million people in the Sahel. Recurrent conflict, erratic weather patterns, epidemics and other shocks continue to weaken the resilience of households across a region still suffering chronic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
An estimated 20.4 million people remain food insecure at the start of 2015. At least 2.6 million people have already crossed the crisis threshold, 70 percent of whom are in Niger, Nigeria, Mali and Chad where insecurity and poverty compound food insecurity.
Epidemics continue to demand urgent attention in 2015. Besides cholera, meningitis, Lassa and yellow fever, more recently, Ebola has been posing a serious threat to the Sahel region and has already impacted Mali, Nigeria, and Mali directly.
Beyond the chronic threats of food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemics, violent conflict in and around the Sahel region has led to a surge in population displacement. The region begins 2015 with some 2.8 million people displaced; over a million more than in early 2014. With escalating conflict in northeast Nigeria, an estimated one million people have been internally displaced. Some 150,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The volatile security situation in northern Mali continues to have a devastating impact on civilians, hampering the return of refugees, affecting markets and preventing the full restoration of basic services. Some 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso and more than 80,000 Malians remain internally displaced. As in Nigeria, high levels of insecurity in northern Mali also greatly impact the ability of humanitarians to access those in need. (Sahel: A call for humanitarian aid, 12 Feb 2015)
Due to the ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, Chad is now the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world with over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. At the end of August, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2015)
As of 20 November 2015, the Strategic Response Plan for the Sahel was 41% funded. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2015)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2015 EN/FR
- Humanitarian Needs Overview EN/FR
- 2014-2016 Strategic Response Plans: Sahel Region EN/FR; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Chad; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
24 November 2015 – A civilian staff member of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali was killed today in an explosive device attack on a convoy, but the world Organization will not be deterred from its efforts to bring peace to the West African, Secretary-GeneralBan Ki-moon said.
The attack on the convoy of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) occurred on the Goundam-Timbuktu axis in the Timbuktu region in the north of the country.
In the searing heat, weary elders and mournful parents sit under trees or in front of their assigned concrete shelters in Gubio camp in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State in north-eastern Nigeria. Barefoot children in dirty clothes, some visibly undernourished, stare at or greet visitors. There is a sense of silent tenacity among the group. Each person here has experienced a horrifying story of survival and loss at the hands of Boko Haram, and each has little choice but to will him or herself forward and navigate a new life.
Au lendemain de l'attaque terroriste qui a eu lieu dans un hôtel de Bamako, le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi salue le professionnalisme des forces de défense et de sécurité du Mali (FDSM), et exprime sa gratitude aux pays qui ont apporté leur soutien durant la crise.
"J’adresse également mes plus chaleureuses félicitations aux différentes unités de la MINUSMA qui se sont mobilisées aux côtés de leurs partenaires maliens et internationaux," a-t-il déclaré.
Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict
The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Addis Ababa, 20 November 2015: The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU),
Population movements continue to take place in the Lake Chad region as insecurity continues to deteriorate. The humanitarian community estimates at 82,782 the number of refugees, IDPs, returnees and thirdcountry nationals currently displaced in the Lake region. Of these, 52,300 are IDPs from the latest wave of massive displacement which began in July 2015.
New York, 23 November 2015 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Bureau for Africa today launched an initiative to support African countries to prevent and respond to the growth of violent extremism through a development lens.
According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (including close to 1.1 million children). This presents a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency when compared to the numbers of displaced people reported in August 2015.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali (SRSG) and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, commends the professionalism of the Malian Defense and Security Forces (MDSF), in the aftermath of the terrorist attack against a Bamako hotel on 20 November 2015, and expresses his gratitude to countries having provided support during the crisis.
"I also extend my great appreciation to the various divisions of MINUSMA who mobilized alongside their Malian and international partners," he said.
The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom):
According to the 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods) and the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the nutrition and food security situations have deteriorated compared to previous years. There is an urgent need to scale up the humanitarian response to these ongoing crises in 2016.
Because of the security situation Humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic.
Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
• Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
• Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).
Afghanistan - Earthquake
• 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.
Interview with Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol, MSF Director of Operations
The Lake Chad region has become the epicentre of violence with continued attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP) group, also known as Boko Haram. Government military operations in response are also contributing to mass displacement across the region. To date, over 2.5 million people have been made homeless as a result of violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is scaling up its medical and humanitarian response in the four countries.
ABU DHABI, 22nd November 2015 (WAM) --- The Emirates Red Crescent is carrying out projects in Mali's healthcare, educational and services sectors to support refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in cooperation with international organisations.
Some 28,000 under-five children will benefit from the agency's healthcare projects while 95 percent of children will be vaccinated against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, respiratory infections, hepatitis and measles.