Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 18 August 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 34% funded. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
L'agence des Nations unies prépare une intervention massive dans huit pays en 2012
DAKAR/GENÈVE, 9 décembre 2011 - Quelques 1 025 000 enfants vivant dans les pays africains du Sahel sont en grave danger de malnutrition en 2012, selon le Fonds des Nations unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF). L'agence se prépare à relever « un immense défi », et procède d'ores et déjà aux commandes d'aliments thérapeutiques et à la distribution de stocks d'urgence.
Ce bulletin est produit par OCHA en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires. Il est publié par le bureau de OCHA-Tchad et couvre la période allant du 1er au 30 novembre 2011. Le prochain bulletin sera publié vers le 31 décembre 2011.
I. FAITS MAJEURS
• Sécurité alimentaire : baisse de production céréalière de 34%
• Polio : troisième round de la campagne du 25 au 27 novembre
• Environ 85 931 Tchadiens et étrangers retournés de la Libye au 29 novembre
• L’Appel de Fonds Consolidé (CAP) financé à 57% et OCHA à 84% au 30 novembre
Throughout the Sahel, acute malnutrition in children reaches its annual peak during the hunger season. Children under two years of age have the highest risk of becoming sick or dying during this period.
Malnutrition is caused by inadequate food quality and quantity, inadequate care, as well as unhealthy household environment and lack of health services.
Household Economy Approach (HEA) Outcome Analysis: Ouallam Cropping/Herding with High Work Outmigration Livelihood Zone
Preliminary estimates by the joint harvest assessment mission put annual grain production 40 percent under the five-year average.
Pastoral conditions are also poorer than average. Seasonal migration by transhumant herds began earlier than usual, in September/October rather than in December/January as is normally the case.
By George Fominyen
DAKAR (AlertNet) – Aid groups are alerting the world that millions of people are likely to face severe food shortages next year in West Africa’s Sahel, saying the region is especially vulnerable due to the recentness of the 2009-2010 hunger emergency there.
What is different this time compared to the 2009-2010 crisis?
Read the full story on AlertNet
Agency prepares for major malnutrition intervention across eight countries in 2012
DAKAR/GENEVA, 9 December 2011 – An estimated 1,025,000 children in the Sahel region of Africa face severe and life threatening malnutrition during the coming year according to the UN children’s agency, UNICEF. The organisation is preparing to meet what it describes as a “huge challenge” and is already ordering therapeutic foods and distributing emergency stocks.
The 2011-2012 agro-pastoral campaign is marked by an important deficit in cereal and forage, and over half of villages in the country have been declared vulnerable to food insecurity. A new food and nutrition crisis now seems inevitable and the Government of Niger is already working on an early emergency response plan in collaboration with its partners. Meanwhile, the number of children treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (270,924 children as of 20 November 2011) is already well above the expected caseload of 200,000 cases for 2011.
8 December, 2011: With the current drought in the Western Sahel, and in particular in Niger, expected to create another food insecurity crisis for the region in the coming months, Plan International today stressed the need to focus on long-term support as well as emergency aid.With the current drought in the Western Sahel, and in particular in Niger, expected to create another food insecurity crisis for the region in the coming months, Plan International today stressed the need to focus on long-term support as well as emergency aid.
Thanksgiving is my favourite holiday...it focuses on food and family… and it’s over fast. But this year, instead of waking up early to put a turkey in the oven , I found myself in Niger where, one might think, these days there is less to be thankful for than ever.
NIAMEY -- Even at the best of times, Niger struggles to feed itself. It’s one of the poorest places on Earth and now drought has devastated the October harvest bringing those living in that narrow space between hunger and starvation even closer to the edge.
As the year draws to a close, FAO’s latest estimate confirms a record high global cereal production in 2011, which should be sufficient to cover the expected increase in utilization in 2011/12 and also allow a moderate replenishment of world reserves.
International grain prices remained mostly under downward pressure in November, reflecting the confirmation of a strong recovery in production amid deteriorating world economic prospects and a stronger US dollar.
Record cereal harvest forecast
8 December 2011, Rome - The FAO Food Price Index in November was virtually unchanged from its October level. At the new level of 215 points, the Index was 23 points, or 10 percent, below its peak in February 2011 but remained two points, or one percent, above its level in November 2010.
Africa's Sahel region faces a severe food shortage next year because of erratic rainfall and localised dry spells, the EU commissioner for humanitarian aid crisis response has warned.
Read the full story on the Guardian
7 décembre 2011 – Le Fonds central des Nations Unies pour les interventions d'urgence (CERF) a octroyé 6 millions de dollars à trois agences des Nations Unies afin qu'elles puissent lancer des interventions d'urgence pour répondre à la crise alimentaire au Niger, a annoncé le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA).
Faible approvisionnement du marché céréalier, les prix sont à la hausse
Malnutrition et paludisme en baisse à Tahoua
Les conditions d’assainissement et d’hygiènes bientôt améliorées pour 3 communes de Zinder
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Cereal production is estimated to decline by 20 percent in 2011.
- Coarse grains prices increased steeply, reflecting the reduced harvests.
- Assistance is needed for large segments of the population
A reduced crop expected in 2011
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Estimates for the 2011 harvest point to a large decline in coarse grains production
- Cereal prices recorded sharp unseasonal increases during November
- Conflict in Libya is having a serious impact on food security in parts
- Urgent actions are needed to prevent a further deterioration of the food situation
2011 coarse grains production sharply reduced due to rainfall deficits and pest attacks
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Cereal production is estimated to drop by 15 percent in 2011
- Cereal prices are increasing
A reduced crop expected in 2011
The 2011 coarse grains harvest is nearly complete, while harvesting of rice is underway. Following 3 consecutive years of very good crop, a reduced harvest is anticipated this year. Delayed rains and prolonged dry spells have affected 2011 crop production in several parts of the country, notably in the centre and the north.
(New York, 6 December 2011): The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$6 million to three United Nations agencies to jump-start emergency interventions to address food insecurity in Niger.
“Millions of people are facing a severe and worsening humanitarian crisis in Niger,” said Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. “CERF funding will ensure that the response to meet food, nutrition and agriculture needs will be provided when it is desperately needed.”
Remittances from migrants in 2011 dropped significantly when compared to 2010 and typical remittances (based on recall, Figure 1).
Remittances declined significantly from all countries and in all areas assessed. The greatest proportional drop occurred in areas not dependant on remittances from Libya. This indicates that reported declines in remittances in 2011 are not exclusively a result of conflict in destination countries. Instead the trends may also be significantly related to more endogenous factors, such as the bumper harvest of 2010/11.