In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
World Vision warns this season's failed harvest throughout the Sahel region of Africa could bring a devastating food crisis to West Africa within the next two to six months. Early warning systems such as the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS-NET) point to inconsistent rain, insect attacks, and the resulting poor harvest, and some predict a food crisis that could eclipse the current drought in the Horn of Africa and hurt families already vulnerable to hunger and malnutrition after a severe drought swept through the region in 2009.
Résultats de l’enquête nutritionnelle d’Octobre 2011 : Tillabéri enregistre (13.1%). P1
Le tandem UNICEF/Save the children appuie 11,880 ménages vulnérables à Magaria. P4
Situation humanitaire : la Fédération Internationale de la Croix Rouge (FICR) invite à une action rapide. P4
• There was good enough food access in October for at least 80 percent of the local population in all parts of the country to meet their basic food and non-food needs.
• Though there could still be near-average levels of nationwide crop and pasture production, even with the shorter-than-usual growing season, biomass development is not at its usual optimal level, particularly in the northern reaches of the Sahelian zone.
Ce rapport du Groupe de travail du Sahel donne une analyse détaillée de la crise alimentaire chronique qui frappe les pays du Sahel. Il revient sur les changements prometteurs depuis 2005 et les défaillances lors des interventions de 2010, et propose de solides recommandations pour suivre les "chemins de la résilience".
Niger is currently facing considerable agricultural deficit that is threatening the food security of the inhabitants of more than half the 7,000 villages in the country
The lean season, which should have ended in September, extended into October in most rural areas.
Rainfed grain production in agropastoral and rainfed farming areas is expected to be 50 percent below average.
Disparities in pasture development have caused semisedentary pastoralists to begin their seasonal migration.
Seasonal migration does not normally start until March.
The Sahel Working Group, a consortium of International NGOs, today launched a report evaluating the responses to the 2005 and 2010 food crises in the region, concluding that the Sahel is “in a state of permanent crisis” requiring smarter and earlier investment in the region to prevent similar crisis recurring in the future.
With early reports of poor harvests and rising food prices in the region, the group also warns that the lessons of the past need to be learned now in order to avoid serious impacts in 2012 and beyond.
Publié le : 15 Novembre 2011
Le Groupe de travail sur le Sahel, une coalition d’ONG internationales, lance aujourd’hui un rapport évaluant les réponses aux crises alimentaires régionales de 2005 et de 2010. Conclusion majeure : « Le sahel est dans un état permanent de crise ». Ce qui nécessite, pour prévenir la répétition de crises similaires dans la région, des investissements plus rapides et mieux ciblés.
In general, the 2011/12 growing season is expected to produce average grain harvests (millet and sorghum) and good harvests of cash crops (cowpeas, groundnuts, sesame, and chufa nuts).
However, most parts of the Tillabery region are expecting extremely poor millet and sorghum harvests, and poor households will be facing food gaps.
There have been reports pests causing fair amounts of localized damage to crops in the Maradi region.
Across-the-board delay in grain harvests affects market supplies
Though not a source of concern, local market supplies are smaller than normal due to delays in harvests after a late start-of-season. As a result, prices are higher than usual, particularly in the Sahel.
Country programme 200249 (2012–2016) was designed in line with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2012–2016) and the new Economic and Social Policy Document 2011–2015. The objectives of the UNDAF document are to: i) create opportunities for economic development in rural areas; ii) ensure access to basic social services; and iii) improve governance in order to support sustainable human development.
Mauritania country programme 200251 supports government efforts to address food insecurity and malnutrition through the promotion of sustainable hunger solutions. It will focus on food-based social safety nets in the areas of nutrition, education and livelihood support while creating partnerships to advance the Government’s Poverty Reduction Strategy.
31.10.11 | Níger
El proyecto cuenta con un presupuesto de 15 millones de dólares aportados íntegramente por la AECID y su objetivo es aumentar la producción de arroz y restaurar los activos productivos de la región de Tillabery, una de las más afectadas del país en el ámbito de la seguridad alimentaria.
Nouakchott, 10/11/2011 - Le premier ministre, Dr Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf, a annoncé que le Conseil des ministres a approuvé, au cours de sa réunion jeudi à Nouakchott, un plan destiné à faire face au déficit pluviométrique qui a généré un manque de pâturages et une chute de la production agricole, à des degrés divers selon les régions.
Crise libyenne: le récit de voyage de Salissou, un migrant. P4
Agadez : 2.999 nouveaux cas de malnutris sévères dont 28 décès en 2011 contre 713 nouveaux cas dont zéro décès en 2010. P4
Campagne agricole: Tillabéry dans la zone rouge.
Ce bulletin est produit par OCHA en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires. Il est publié par le bureau de OCHA-Tchad et couvre la période allant du 1er au 31 octobre 2011. Le prochain bulletin sera publié vers le 30 novembre 2011.
Choléra : plus de 17 000 cas et 455 décès au 2 novembre
Polio : deuxième round de la campagne du 28 au 30 octobre
Environ 83 244 Tchadiens et étrangers retournés de la Libye au 26 octobre 2011
L’Appel de Fonds Consolidé (CAP) pour le Tchad financé à 56% et OCHA à 84% au 31 octobre
Date of publication: 07.11.2011
Prepared by: ACAPS, Geneva
Nature of the crisis: Food Insecurity
Jenny Aker, Rachid Boumnijel, Amanda McClelland, and Niall Tierney
Conditional and unconditional cash transfers often help improve development outcomes, yet their costs to program recipients and implementing agencies are rarely discussed. Mobile money transfer systems in many developing countries now offer more cost-effective implementation of cash transfer programs.
Experimental monitoring captures field observations
In remote areas of Niger, families at risk of hunger are now using 'smart' cards to withdraw the cash they receive as part of a WFP food assistance programme. Villagers are thrilled with the new technology, but, without the benefit of formal education, they need to find their own ways of remembering their PIN code.