In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 7 July 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 30% funded. (OCHA, 7 July 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
ROME/GENÈVE- Le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies (PAM) a lancé une opération régionale d’urgence aux côtés du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) pour répondre aux besoins alimentaires spécifiques de centaines de milliers de personnes qui ont fui le conflit au Mali et franchi les frontières vers les pays voisins.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· An agreement between Malian authorities and ECOWAS mediators extends the mandate of interim President Traoré and mandates a one-year transition to civilian rule.
· The number of estimated IDPs in Mali has increased to 150,460 after new assessments were conducted in Mopti cercles. A monitoring and identification system is being developed to enable more accurate IDP assessments.
· According to the Government of Mali, 1.76 million people are affected by food insecurity in the north,including Segou and Mopti regions.
22 May 2012 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon strongly condemned today an attack against Mali’s interim President Dioncounda Traoré, which reportedly left the leader with head injuries.
“The Secretary-General urges the Malian military and security institutions to fulfil their primary function of protecting the State and its legitimate interim authorities, and underscores the need for those responsible for the attack to be held accountable,” Mr. Ban’s spokesperson said in a statement.
The British Red Cross is sending a further £120,000 from its Disaster Fund to support the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement’s work in west Africa. The funds will be split evenly between projects in Senegal and Burkina Faso.
Thiombiano L’Oudalan, 71, lives in Burkina Faso. He said: “Last year the situation was bad but it has never been as bad as this year. First was the drought and then the locusts came and ate everything left on the fields.
Larger than expected April price increases compound food Crisis in the Sahel
By ADAM NOSSITER
ZINDER, Niger — Wars keep children out of school. So does sickness. But in Niger, a sun-baked land where drought occurs with alarming frequency, a major impediment to education is thirst and the long trek required to quench it.
Read the story on the New York Times
United Nations agencies have launched a joint emergency operation to help thousands of people displaced by insecurity in northern Mali.
Over 500,000 people have been displaced with over 300,000 seeking refuge in neighbouring countries including Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Niger.
Elisabeth Byrs of the World Food Programme(WFP) says her agency and the UN Refugee agency are providing food and shelter to the displaced Malians.
Pour traiter les enfants souffrant de malnutrition, une équipe MSF intervient dans la région de Brakna, depuis début avril. La situation d’insécurité alimentaire est préoccupante dans cette région du sud de la Mauritanie, bordée par le fleuve Sénégal. Les habitants ont commencé à enregistrer, en décembre, des pertes dans leurs troupeaux, car les pluies avaient été insuffisantes l’an dernier. Puis la sécheresse a continué à faire des dégâts.
ROME/GENEVA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has launched a regional emergency operation alongside the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in response to the specific food needs of hundreds of thousands of people who have fled conflict in Mali and crossed the border into neighbouring countries.
Save the Children welcomes the announcement by Minister Carr to increase humanitarian aid to the Sahel region of West Africa where 13 million people are at risk of severe hunger.
The announcement lifts the Australian Government’s aid package to humanitarian relief organisations responding to the West Africa food crisis to $20 million, still way short of the $128 million contributed by the Australian Government to help tackle last year’s food crisis on the other side of the continent in the Horn of Africa.
IOM is urgently appealing for USD 3.5 million to provide immediate life-saving assistance to internally displaced Malians who have fled fighting and insecurity in the north of the country to seek shelter in the capital Bamako, the northern river port city of Mopti and the western city of Kayes.
IOM is also working with local partners, including the Malian Red Cross, the Association of Municipalities of Mali (AMM) and the Malian Civil Protection to gain access to displaced populations (IDPs) who remain trapped in northern conflict areas without adequate aid.
ABIDJAN, 22 May 2012 (IRIN) - Some 320,000 people in Côte d'Ivoire are grappling with hunger partly because they cannot afford the high prices of imported rice, but government efforts to bring down the cost of the staple food are so far not working well.
More than half of the country’s cereal intake is rice, but just half of the national requirement is produced domestically, making Ivoirians heavily dependent on imported rice. Government statistics record some 837,000mt imported in 2010, and 819,061mt in 2009.
BAMAKO, 21 May 2012 – UNICEF officials are warning that the crisis in the North of Mali has dramatically increased the risks from diseases such as cholera, measles and polio and could increase maternal and infant deaths.
UNICEF Bamako Health Manager George Fom Ameh says the risks of the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio and measles have increased.
A scheduled polio campaign failed to take place last week in the North, and with people moving across borders, the disease risks being imported from neighbouring countries where there are cases.
The following pages contain an analysis of each country affected by the Sahel food crisis. For each country, the context is outlined along with an overview of the current situation. Then the Red Cross Red Crescent presence and activity is provided, followed by the capacities, ongoing actions and plans of the national Red Cross or Red Crescent society.
NEW YORK, USA, 21 May 2012 – As aid agencies warn of a major funding shortage for the crisis in the Sahel, actor and UNICEF Ambassador Ewan McGregor has added his voice to those calling for more help for the region.
March 2012: Actor and UNICEF Ambassador Ewan McGregor delivers a public service announcement appealing for aid for children affected by the Sahel food crisis.
This post originally appeared on UN Dispatch.
The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) now estimates that there are about 60,000 Malian refugees spread out across multiple sites – formal and informal – in northern Burkina Faso.
I. FAITS SAILLANTS/PRINCIPALES PRIORITES
3,5 millions de personnes environ sont touchées par la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Mali. 175000 enfants de moins de cinq ans souffrent de malnutrition aiguë sévère dans le pays, et plus 385 000 souffrent de malnutrition aiguë modérée.
La situation qui prévaut au nord du Mali demeure précaire, mais la grande majorité des personnes touchées par la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle se trouve au sud et nécessite une aide d’urgence.
Desert Locust outbreak in SW Libya: overview
Foreign Minister Bob Carr’s announcement of $16 million of funding to respond to the escalating humanitarian crises in West Africa and South Sudan comes at a critical time for the region, CARE Australia said today.
CARE Australia CEO Dr Julia Newton-Howes said more than 22 million people were affected by the worsening food crises in West Africa and South Sudan.