In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 2 June 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 25% funded. (OCHA, 2 June 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
Federal Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle and Federal Development Minister Dirk Niebel have jointly decided to make available another 15 million euros for those affected by the continuing drought in the Sahel. The additional funds will go to projects involving food aid (3 million euros), humanitarian assistance for refugees and the internally displaced (2.5 million euros) as well as development-oriented transitional aid (9.5 million euros).
Speaking today (10 May) in Berlin, Federal Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle made the following statement:
Ce bulletin est produit par OCHA en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires. Il est publié par le bureau de OCHA-Tchad et couvre la période allant du 1er au 30 avril 2012. Le prochain bulletin sera publié en début juin 2012.
I. FAITS MAJEURS
• Malnutrition : admission en hausse dans les centres nutritionnels
• Méningite : trois districts sanitaires sont en épidémie au 30 avril 2012
• L´appel de Fonds Consolidé (CAP) 2012 financé à 59% a la date du 30 avril 2012
Access to health care is a major challenge for people in northern Mali affected by armed violence. In Gao the hospital is operational again thanks to the efforts of the ICRC, which among other things has delivered surgical supplies.
by Faye Callaghan
“Each year the number of children we see goes up,” says Mahamat Abacar, health focal point at Mao hospital in northern Chad. “In 2010 there were around 800 serious cases, last year 3,900, and this year already we’ve treated over 2,000 babies.”
After two years of very poor harvests, people in many parts of Niger are struggling to get enough food to survive. Outside of Niamey, Niger’s capital, food is being distributed by the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) to people who lost the majority of their crops after the rains stopped early and grain never developed on the heads of the millet crop they had planted.
Food security worsens in northern Mali due to conflict
By Faye Callaghan, in Burkina Faso
Bazam Adizeita is putting all her hope in four scrawny chickens. As they scratch around under her bed in the straw hut, it’s hard to share her optimism. Bazam lives in Northern Burkina Faso, in a village called Menzourou. Since the rains failed and insects devoured her crops, she has nothing to feed her eight children. Relying on the charity of friends and neighbours, her children are managing to avoid malnutrition but Bazam hasn’t eaten for several days.
L'accès aux soins de santé est un défi majeur pour les populations du nord du Mali touchées par les violences armées. À Gao, grâce aux efforts du CICR et notamment à la remise de matériel chirurgical, l'hôpital fonctionne à nouveau.
Il y a risque de perdre une occasion d’aider
10 mai 2012, Madrid - Le Directeur général de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, s'alarme d'un déficit important de financement pour les activités planifiées par la FAO au Sahel et dans la Corne de l'Afrique.
S'addressant au Forum Nueva Economía (Forum économique international), à Madrid, il a souligné que bien qu'il existe "une convergence croissante" entre les mesures de relance de la la sécurité alimentaire et du développement, un problème de taille demeure: le financement.
Convoy of Hope is shipping 400,000 meals to the African countries of Burkina Faso and Niger in the Sahel region, where millions of people are facing deadly famine and drought.
“This is part of our plan to feed as many starving people as we can in the Sahel,” says Kary Kingsland, senior vice president for global initiatives at Convoy of Hope. “Our assessment team recently returned from the region and their report left us with no doubt that we needed to help.”
Risk of losing window of opportunity
Madrid, 10 May 2012 - FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva today warned of a major funding gap for activities planned by FAO in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa.
Speaking at the Foro Nueva Economía international economic forum in Madrid, he said that although there is "increasing convergence" on how to boost food security and development", there is currently a significant problem - funding.
Blogger: Hedinn Halldorsson
I can hear him from outside the clinic. The heavy breathing, the sobbing.
I enter the stabilisation centre and see Abdul Aziz, one of the clinic‘s nurses, about to take a blood sample from Hanafi, a severely malnourished seven-month-old.
This is a stabilisation centre for malnourished children in Matameye, one of five such centres in Niger supported by Save the Children.
No energy to cry
It takes some time to find veins on Hanafi’s body, but eventually Abdul Aziz manages to.
Polio transmission is heating up in northwestern Nigeria just as populations move back along traditional stock routes and into areas now affected by conflict, such as Mali.
In Nigeria, authorities are focusing on making sure vaccination activities are well-implemented in the northwest of the country, particularly in Sokoto and Zamfara states. It is from this area that poliovirus has in the past spread into west Africa, causing outbreaks in previously polio-free areas. This risk is currently magnified by the security situation in Mali, and associated population movements.
La crise alimentaire affecte une fois encore le Sahel. Pour maximiser l'efficacité de la réponse humanitaire et surtout, prévenir d'autres crises, les agences internationales, autorités nationales, ONG et autres acteurs sur le terrain, doivent pouvoir disposer de données fiables et fonctionnelles.
By George Fominyen
DAKAR (AlertNet) – Non-traditional donors like the Gulf states and the private sector should dig deeper in their pockets to help prevent West Africa's food crisis from worsening, a senior U.N. official said in an appeal for funds.
Read the full article on AlertNet.
The arrival of nearly 60,000 Malian refugees (nearly 30,000 in mid-March) in border communities (especially Fassala) has not yet led to strong shocks on local markets.
Grain prices are relatively stable since January, easing access to imported food, particularly imported substitution foods and especially wheat.
Dans la région du Sahel, en Afrique de l’Ouest, des familles font face à une terrible réalité. Une crise alimentaire menace plus de 15 millions de personnes. Sans aide, elles n’auront plus assez à manger.